United States House of Representatives elections, 1824

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United States House of Representatives elections, 1824
United States
1822 ←
July 7, 1824 - August 30, 1825 → 1826

All 213 seats to the United States House of Representatives
107 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JohnWTaylor.jpg AndrewStevenson.jpg
Leader John W. Taylor Andrew Stevenson
Party Adams Jacksonian
Leader's seat New York-17th Virginia-9th
Last election 24 seats 189 seats
Seats won 109 104
Seat change Increase 85 Decrease 85

Speaker before election

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

John W. Taylor
Adams

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 19th Congress coincided with the contentious presidential election of that year. While the bulk of states held their elections in 1824, six states scheduled their general elections at various times during 1825.[1]

By 1823, the year that marked the end of the consensus-driven Era of Good Feelings, the national wing of the Federalist Party had disbanded and the Democratic-Republican Party, which was left as the only major political party, was being destroyed by internal divisions. The party fractured after the 1824 presidential election between those who supported the new president, John Quincy Adams, and those who supported Andrew Jackson. Jackson was defeated after the House decided the contested election in favor of Adams. Representatives who supported Adams won a slim majority in the House, and would later form the National Republican Party in 1825. Jackson supporters continued calling themselves Democratic-Republicans, and later became the Democratic Party in 1828.[1]

Election summaries[edit]

The earlier distinction between Democratic-Republican and Federalist had dissolved at this time, with Representatives and Senators being grouped into Adams supporters (the Adams-Clay factions of the previous parties) and Jackson supporters (the Jackson factions of the previous parties). Crawford's supporters were divided between the Adams and Jackson factions.

109 104
Anti-Jacksonian Jacksonian
State Type Date Total
seats
Adams Jacksonian
Seats Change Seats Change
Delaware At-large October 5, 1824 1 0 Steady 1 Increase1
Georgia At-large October 4, 1824 7 0 Steady 7 Increase7
Illinois At-large August 2, 1824 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana District (3) August 2, 1824 3 2 Increase2 1 Decrease2
Kentucky District (12) August 2, 1824 12 7 Decrease1 5 Increase1
Louisiana District (3) July 7–9, 1824 3 2 Steady 1 Steady
Maine District (7) September 13, 1824[2] 7 6 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Maryland District (8[3]) October 4, 1824 9 7 Increase2 2 Decrease1
Massachusetts District (13) November 1, 1824[4] 13 12 Steady 1 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 2–3, 1824 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Missouri At-large August 2, 1824 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
New Hampshire At-large November 1, 1824[5] 6 5 Decrease1 1 Increase1
New Jersey At-large November 2, 1824 6 3 Increase2 3 Decrease2
New York District (30[6]) November 1–3, 1824 34 26 Increase8 8 Increase6
Ohio District (14) October 12, 1824 14 12 Increase2 2 Steady
Pennsylvania District (18[7] October 12, 1824 26 4 Increase3 22 Decrease3
South Carolina District (9) October 11–12, 1824 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
Vermont District[8] September 7, 1824[9] 5 4 Decrease1 1 Increase1
1825 elections
Alabama District (3) August 1–3, 1825 3 0 Steady 3 Steady
Connecticut At-large April 4, 1825 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina District (13) August 11, 1825 13 2 Increase1 11 Increase9
Rhode Island At-large August 30, 1825[10] 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District (9) August 4–5, 1825 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
Virginia District (22) April, 1825 22 7 Increase6 15 Increase14
Total 213 109
51.2%
Increase22 104
48.8%
Increase33
House seats
Adams
  
51.17%
Jacksonian
  
48.83%

Complete returns[edit]

Alabama[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Alabama 1
Known as the Northern district
Gabriel Moore Jacksonian Republican 1821 Re-elected Gabriel Moore (J) 71.1%
Clement Comer Clay (J) 28.9%
Alabama 2
Known as the Middle district
John McKee Jacksonian Republican 1823 Re-elected John McKee (J) 40.9%
Robert E. B. Baylor (J) 39.2%
John D. Terrill (A) 19.9%
Alabama 3
Known as the Southern district
George W. Owen Jacksonian Republican 1823 Re-elected George W. Owen (J) 100%

Connecticut[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Connecticut at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Gideon Tomlinson Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Re-elected Gideon Tomlinson (A) 15.85%
Elisha Phelps (A) 14.9%
Ralph I. Ingersoll (A) 13.9%
Orange Merwin (A) 13.9%
Noyes Barber (A) 11.1%
John Baldwin (A) 9.2%

Daniel Burrows (DR) 4.5%
Elisha Tracy 3.8%
Timothy Pitkin (F) 3.3%
Calvin Willey (A) 2.3%
Samuel A. Foot (A) 1.4%
Dennis Kimberly 1.0%
Asa Barron 1.0%
George Learnid 1.0%
Samuel Church 0.8%
Robert Fairchild 0.6%
Roger Sherman 0.5%
Lyman Law (F) 0.4%
Calvin Goddard (F) 0.4%
Thomas Williams (F) 0.4%
Ansel Sterling Adams-Clay Republican 1821 Retired
Adams hold
Samuel A. Foote Adams-Clay Republican 1823 Lost re-election
Adams hold
Lemuel Whitman Adams-Clay Republican 1823 Retired
Adams hold
Noyes Barber Adams-Clay Republican 1821 Re-elected
Ebenezer Stoddard Adams-Clay Republican 1821 Retired
Adams hold

Delaware[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large Louis McLane Crawford Federalist 1816 Re-elected Louis McLane (J) 51.7%
Arnold Naudain (A) 48.3%

Georgia[edit]

There were only 7 candidates who ran state-wide in 1824. There were several other candidates who received votes in a small number of states, but vote totals were only available for the seven winning candidates. The minor candidates only received a few hundred votes each.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Joel Abbot Crawford Republican 1816 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Wiley Thompson (J) 15.4%
John Forsyth (J) 14.9%
Edward F. Tattnall (J) 14.6%
Alfred Cuthbert (J) 14.5%
George Cary (J) 14.1%
James Meriwether (J) 13.6%
Charles E. Haynes (J) 12.9%

Duncan G. Campbell (J)
Samuel Rockwell (J)
Charles J. MacDonald (J)
Longstreet[11]
Thomas W. Cobb (J)
Joel Abbot (J)
Alfred Cuthbert Crawford Republican 1820 Re-elected
George Cary Crawford Republican 1822 Re-elected
Edward F. Tattnall Crawford Republican 1820 Re-elected
John Forsyth Crawford Republican 1822 Re-elected
Wiley Thompson Crawford Republican 1820 Re-elected
Thomas W. Cobb Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Jacksonian hold

Illinois[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Illinois at-large Daniel P. Cook Adams-Clay Republican 1819 Re-elected Daniel P. Cook (A) 61.0%
Shadrach Bond (DR) 39.0%

Indiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Indiana 1 William Prince Jacksonian Republican 1822 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Ratliff Boon (J) 42.1%
Jacob Call[12] (J) 31.7%
Thomas H. Blake (A) 26.2%
Indiana 2 Jonathan Jennings Jacksonian Republican 1822 (special) Re-elected as Adams Party Jonathan Jennings (A) 53.2%
Jeremiah Sullivan (A) 46.8%
Indiana 3 John Test Jacksonian Republican 1822 Re-elected as Adams Party John Test (A) 47.1%
James Brown Ray (A) 33.9%
Daniel J. Caswell 19.0%

Kentucky[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1 David Trimble Adams-Clay Republican 1816 Re-elected David Trimble[13] (A)
Kentucky 2 Thomas Metcalfe Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Re-elected Thomas Metcalfe (A) 82.3%
Walker Reed 13.2%
William Worthington 4.5%
Kentucky 3 Henry Clay Adams-Clay Republican 1810
1822
Re-elected Henry Clay (A) 100%
Kentucky 4 Robert P. Letcher Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Robert P. Letcher (A) 60.1%
John Speed Smith 39.9%
Kentucky 5 John T. Johnson Jackson Republican 1820 Retired
Jacksonian hold
James Johnson (J) 55.8%
Robert L. McHatton[14] (J) 44.2%
Kentucky 6 David White Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Joseph Lecompte[13] (J)
John Logan
Kentucky 7 Thomas P. Moore Jacksonian Republican 1822 Re-elected Thomas P. Moore[13] (J)
Samuel Woodson
Kentucky 8 Richard A. Buckner Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Richard A. Buckner (A) 86.7%
Tunstall Quarles 13.3%
Kentucky 9 Charles A. Wickliffe Jacksonian Republican 1822 Re-elected Charles A. Wickliffe (J) 58.5%
Burr Harrison 28.7%
Norborne B. Beall 12.8%
Kentucky 10 Francis Johnson Adams-Clay Republican 1820 (special) Re-elected Francis Johnson (A) 70.1%
Robert F. Slaughter 29.9%
Kentucky 11 Philip Thompson Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Adams hold
William S. Young[13] (A)
John Calhoon (A)
Philip Thompson (A)
Francis E. Walker
Kentucky 12 Robert P. Henry Jacksonian Republican 1822 Re-elected Robert P. Henry[13] (J)

There were three subsequent vacancies.

In the 3rd district, Henry Clay (A) resigned March 6, 1825 upon being named Secretary of State and was replaced in a special election by James Clark (A).

In the 5th district, James Johnson (J) died August 13, 1826 and was replaced in a special election by Robert L. McHatton (J).

In the 12th district, Robert P. Henry (J) died on August 25, 1826 and was replaced in a special election by John F. Henry (A).

Louisiana[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Louisiana 1 Edward Livingston Jacksonian Republican 1822 Re-elected Edward Livingston (J) 98.4%
Others 1.6%
Louisiana 2 Henry H. Gurley Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Henry H. Gurley (A) 100%
Louisiana 3 William L. Brent Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected William L. Brent (A) 60.8%
Henry Bullard 39.2%

Maine[edit]

Maine law at the time required a majority vote for election, necessitating additional ballots in the 3rd and 4th districts.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot Third ballot Fourth ballot
Maine 1 William Burleigh Adams-Clay Republican 1823 Re-elected William Burleigh (A) 67.6%
Rufus MacIntire 22.0%
John MacDonald 8.2%
Others 2.1%
Maine 2 Stephen Longfellow Adams-Clay Federalist 1823 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John Anderson (J) 55.9%
Stephen Longfellow (A) 43.2%
Others 0.9%
Maine 3 Ebenezer Herrick Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Re-elected Ebenezer Herrick (A) 46.2%
Albert Smith 35.7%
Ebenezer Thatcher 14.3%
Other 3.7%
Ebenezer Herrick (A) 44.3%
Albert Smith 27.2%
Ebenezer Thatcher 24.3%
Elisha J. Ford 1.8%
Moses Carlton 1.2%
Others 1.1%
Ebenezer Herrick (A) 49.6%
Albert Smith 31.7%
Ebenezer Thatcher 15.1%
Daniel Rose 2.0%
Others 1.6%
Ebenezer Herrick (A) 55.5%
Albert Smith 25.8%
Daniel Rose 17.6%
Others 1.2%
Maine 4 Joshua Cushman Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Adams hold
Thomas Fillebrown 27.7%
Peleg Sprague (A) 23.6%
Joshua Cushman (A) 19.0%
Robert C. Vose 9.5%
Sanford Kingsbury 6.5%
Rufus Burnham 4.0%
Ebenezer T. Warren 2.7%
John Comings 1.2%
Thomas Bond 1.1%
Others 4.7%
No data available for 2nd trial Peleg Sprague (A) 65.9%
Robert C. Vose 15.0%
Thomas Fillebrown 13.6%
Joshua Cushman (A) 2.1%
Timothy Boutelle 2.1%
Sanford Kingsbury 1.0%
Others 0.3%
Maine 5 Enoch Lincoln Adams-Clay Republican 1818 (special) Re-elected Enoch Lincoln (A) 97.9%
Others 2.1%
Maine 6 Jeremiah O'Brien Adams-Clay Republican 1823 Re-elected Jeremiah O'Brien (A) 78.7%
Ebenezer Poor 21.3%
Maine 7 David Kidder Adams-Clay Republican 1823 Re-elected David Kidder (A) 65.0%
William D. Williamson 23.2%
Allen Gilman 3.8%
David Perham 1.8%
Jediah Herrick 1.6%
Others 4.6%

Enoch Lincoln (A) of the 5th district resigned some time in 1826 and was replaced in a special election by James W. Ripley (J)

Maryland[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 Raphael Neale Adams-Clay Federalist 1818 Lost re-election
Adams hold
Clement Dorsey (A) 55.3%
Raphael Neale (A) 44.7%
Maryland 2 Joseph Kent Adams-Clay Republican 1810
1818
Re-elected Joseph Kent (A) 52.3%
John C. Weems[14] (J) 47.7%
Maryland 3 Henry R. Warfield Adams-Clay Federalist 1820 Retired
Jacksonian gain
George Peter (J) 52.5%
George C. Washington (A) 47.%
Maryland 4 John Lee Jackson Federalist 1822 Lost re-election
Adams gain
Thomas C. Worthington (A) 55.3%
John Lee (J) 44.7%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Isaac McKim Jackson Republican 1822 (special) Lost re-election
Adams gain
Peter Little (A) 47.1%
John Barney (A) 26.8%

Isaac McKim (J) 26.0%
Peter Little Jackson Republican 1810
1816
Re-elected as Adams Party
Maryland 6 George E. Mitchell Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected as Jacksonian George E. Mitchell (J) 53.9%
Phillip Reed 46.1%
Maryland 7 William Hayward, Jr. Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Adams gain
John Leeds Kerr (A) 50.3%
Thomas Emory 49.7%
Maryland 8 John S. Spence Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Adams hold
Robert N. Martin (A) 51.9%
John S. Spence (A) 48.1%

Joseph Kent (A) of the 2nd district resigned January 6, 1826 to become Governor of Maryland and was replaced in a special election by John C. Weems (J)

Massachusetts[edit]

District[15] Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First trial Second trial Third trial Fourth trial
Massachusetts 1
Known as the Suffolk district
Daniel Webster Adams-Clay Federalist 1812[16]
1822
Re-elected Daniel Webster (A) 100%
Massachusetts 2
Known as the Essex South district
Benjamin W. Crowninshield Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Benjamin W. Crowninshield (A) 58.1%
Frederick Howed 32.0%
Others 9.9%
Massachusetts 3
Known as the Essex North district
Jeremiah Nelson Adams-Clay Federalist 1804
1814
Retired
Adams hold
John Varnum (A) 49.3%
John Merrill 48.3%
Others 2.4%
John Varnum (A) 50.2%
John Merrill 48.0%
Moses Wingate 1.0%
Others 0.8
Massachusetts 4
Known as the Middlesex district
Timothy Fuller Adams-Clay Republican 1816 Retired
Adams hold
Edward Everett (A) 58.5%
John Keyes 41.5%
Massachusetts 5
Known as the Worcester South district
Jonas Sibley Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Adams hold
John Davis (A) 43.4%
Jonas Sibley (A) 31.1%
Sumner Barstow 16.7%
Bezaleel Taft 6.1%
Others 0.7%
John Davis (A) 47.8%
Jonas Sibley (A) 46.8%
Sumner Barstow 5.4%
John Davis (A) 49.8%
Jonas Sibley (A) 43.6%
Sumner Barstow 6.6%
John Davis (A) 51.4%
Jonas Sibley (A) 48.6%
Massachusetts 6
Known as the Worcester North district
John Locke Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected John Locke (A) 60.6%
Joseph G. Kendall (A) 16.8%
Eleazer James 7.4%
Others 15.2%
Massachusetts 7
Known as the Franklin district
Samuel C. Allen Adams-Clay Republican 1816 Re-elected George Grennell, Jr. 46.2%
Samuel C. Allen (A) 44.1%
Elihu Lyman 7.6
Others 2.1%
Samuel C. Allen (A) 56.4%
George Grennell, Jr. 43.6%
Massachusetts 8
Known as the Hampden district
Samuel Lathrop Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Re-elected Samuel Lathrop (A) 48.8%
John Mills 36.3%
Isaac C. Bates (A) 11.3%
Thomas Shepherd 3.6%
Samuel Lathrop (A) 62.2%
John Mills 37.8%
Samuel Lathrop (A) 60.9%
John Mills 39.1%
Massachusetts 9
Known as the Berkshire district
Henry W. Dwight Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Re-elected Henry W. Dwight (A) 55.9%
Nathan Willis 44.1%
Massachusetts 10
Known as the Norfolk district
John Bailey Adams-Clay Republican 1823 (special) Re-elected John Bailey (A) 43.0%
Richard Sullivan 26.4%
Samuel Bugbee 22.4%
Sher Leland 3.5%
Ebenezer Seaver 3.0%
Others 1.7%
John Bailey (A) 57.3%
Sher Leland 34.0%
Others 8.7%
Massachusetts 11
Known as the Plymouth district
Aaron Hobart Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Re-elected Aaron Hobart (A) 72.4%
Ebenezer Gay 14.6%
William Baylies (F) 12.0%
Massachusetts 12
Known as the Bristol district
Francis Baylies Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Re-elected as Jacksonian Francis Baylies (J) 49.3%
James L. Hodges (A) 45.8%
Others 5.0%
Francis Baylies (J) 56.6%
James L. Hodges (A) 43.4%
Massachusetts 13
Known as the Barnstable district
John Reed Adams-Clay Republican 1812
1820
Re-elected John Reed (A) 58.3%
Barker Burnell 25.4%
Walter Folger 16.4%

Although Lathrop won a majority on the second election in the 8th district, a third election was ordered due to the fact that elections had not been held in the towns of Holland and South Brimfield[17]

Mississippi[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Mississippi at-large Christopher Rankin Jacksonian Republican 1819 Re-elected Christopher Rankin (J) 98.4%
George Poindexter (A) 1.6%

Christopher Rankin (J) died March 14, 1826 and was replaced in a special election by William Haile (J)

Missouri[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Missouri at-large John Scott Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Re-elected John Scott (A) 47.0%
George F. Strother (J) 42.4%
Robert Wash 10.5%

New Hampshire[edit]

New Hampshire's electoral laws required candidates to receive votes from a majority of voters for election. As only five candidates received votes from a majority of voters, a run-off election had to be held for the sixth seat.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Ichabod Bartlett Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Ichabod Bartlett (A) 17.0%
Jonathan Harvey (J) 12.7%
James Miller 10.2%
Nehemiah Eastman (A) 10.0%
Thomas Whipple, Jr. (A) 9.0%

Ezekiel Webster 8.7%
Joseph Healy (A) 8.0%
Phinehas Handerson 7.8%
Titus Brown[14] (A) 7.7%
Daniel C. Atkinson 6.9%
Estwicke Evans 1.0%
Others 1.2%
Joseph Healy (A) 56.7%
Ezekiel Webster 43.3%
Arthur Livermore Adams-Clay Republican 1816
1822
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Matthew Harvey Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Retired
Adams hold
Aaron Matson Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Retired
Adams hold
Thomas Whipple, Jr. Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Re-elected
William Plumer, Jr. Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Retired
Adams hold

James Miller declined to serve and was replaced in a special election by Titus Brown (A)

New Jersey[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Lewis Condict Jacksonian Republican 1820 Re-elected as Adams Party George Holcombe (J) 16.8%
Samuel Swan (A) 16.8%
Lewis Condict (A) 16.8%
Daniel Garrison (J) 16.7%
George Cassedy (J)16.7%
Ebenezer Tucker (A) 16.2%
George Holcombe Jacksonian Republican 1820 Re-elected
George Cassedy Jacksonian Republican 1820 Re-elected
Daniel Garrison Jacksonian Republican 1822 Re-elected
Samuel Swan Jacksonian Republican 1820 Re-elected as Adams Party
James Matlack Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Retired
Adams hold

New York[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Silas Wood Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Re-elected Silas Wood (A) 60.5%
James Lent (J) 39.5%
New York 2 Jacob Tyson Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Adams gain
Joshua Sands (A) 53.1%
John T. Bergen (J) 46.9%
New York 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Churchill C. Cambreleng Crawford Republican 1821 Re-elected Churchill C. Cambreleng (J) 20.8%
Gulian Verplanck (J) 17.7%
Jeromus Johnson (J) 16.7%

John Rathbone 14.5%
Charles G. Haines 14.0%
Peter Sharpe (DR-AC) 13.6%
Henry Wheaton 2.7%
Peter Sharpe Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John J. Morgan Jacksonian Republican 1821 Retired
Jacksonian hold
New York 4 Joel Frost Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Adams gain
Aaron Ward (A) 39.0%
Jonathan Ward (DR) 31.9%
John Hunter 29.2%
New York 5 William W. Van Wyck Adams-Clay Republican 1821 Retired
Adams hold
Bartow White (A) 52.8%
Peter Livingston (DR) 47.2%
New York 6 Hector Craig Jacksonian Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
John Hallock, Jr. (J) 47.2%
Hector Craig (J) 44.4%
Walter Case (DR) 8.4%
New York 7 Lemuel Jenkins Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Adams gain
Abraham B. Hasbrouck (A) 51.2%
John Lounsberry 48.8%
New York 8 James Strong Adams-Clay Federalist 1818
1822
Re-elected James Strong 60.0%
Robert Livingston (F) 40.0%
New York 9 James L. Hogeboom Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Adams gain
William McManus (A) 56.6%
George R. Davis 43.4%
New York 10 Stephen Van Rensselaer Adams-Clay Federalist 1822 (special) Re-elected Stephen Van Rensselaer (A) 100%
New York 11 Charles A. Foote Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Henry Ashley (J) 56.1%
William Heermance 42.9%
Amos Hamlin 1.0%
New York 12 Lewis Eaton Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Jacksonian gain
William Dietz (J) 56.3%
Constant Brown 42.6%
Others 1.1%
New York 13 Isaac Williams, Jr. Adams-Clay Republican 1812
1822
Retired
Adams hold
William G. Angel (A) 52.2%
William Campbell 47.8%
New York 14 Henry R. Storrs Adams-Clay Federalist 1816
1822
Re-elected Henry R. Storrs (A) 57.3%
James Lynch 42.7%
New York 15 John Herkimer Adams-Clay Republican 1816
1822
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Michael Hoffman (J) 52.7%
John Herkimer (DR-AC) 47.3%
New York 16 John W. Cady Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Retired
Adams hold
Henry Markell (A) 54.9%
William Dodge 45.1%
New York 17 John W. Taylor Adams-Clay Republican 1812 Re-elected John W. Taylor (A) 100%
New York 18 Henry C. Martindale Adams-Clay Federalist 1822 Re-elected Henry C. Martindale (A) 64.6%
John Gale 35.4%
New York 19 John Richards Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Adams gain
Henry Ross (A) 52.3%
William Hogan 47.7%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Ela Collins Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Adams gain
Nicoll Fosdick (A) 25.5%
Egbert Ten Eyck (J) 24.6%

Horace Allen (DR) 24.5%
Daniel Hugunin, Jr.[18] (A) 23.3%
"Daniel Hugunin, Junior" 1.2%
"Daniel Hugunin" 0.9%
Egbert Ten Eyck Crawford Republican 1822 Re-elected
New York 21 Lot Clark Crawford Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Adams gain
Elias Whitmore (A) 50.4%
Lot Clark (DR-C) 49.6%
New York 22 Justin Dwinell Crawford Republican 1822 Retired
Adams gain
John Miller (A) 54.3%
John Lynde 45.7%
New York 23 Elisha Litchfield Crawford Republican 1821 Lost re-election
Adams gain
Luther Badger (A) 50.8%
Elisha Litchfield (DR-C) 49.2%
New York 24 Rowland Day Crawford Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Charles Kellogg (J) 53.1%
Rowland Day (DR-C) 46.9%
New York 25 Samuel Lawrence Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Retired
Adams hold
Charles Humphrey (A) 51.2%
David Woodcock 48.8%
New York 26
Plural district with 2 seats
Dudley Marvin Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Dudley Marvin (A) 40.9%
Robert S. Rose (A) 24.0%

John Maynard (A) 21.7%
Aaron Remer 13.4%
Robert S. Rose Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected
New York 27 Moses Hayden Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Moses Hayden (A) 59.5%
Charles H. Carroll 40.5%
New York 28 William Woods Adams-Clay Republican 1823 (special) Lost re-election
Adams hold
Timothy Porter (A) 35.3%
William Woods (A) 32.6%
Daniel Cruger (DR) 28.5%
New York 29 Parmenio Adams Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Parmenio Adams (A) 57.6%
Isaac Wilson (DR-AC) 42.4%
New York 30 Albert H. Tracy Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Retired
Adams hold
Daniel Garnsey (A) 35.4%
William Hotchkiss 33.1%
John G. Camp 31.5%

Egbert Ten Eyck (J) of the 20th district was initially declared the winner of the second seat in the district. However, Daniel Hugunin, Jr. (A) successfully contested the election on the basis that 275 votes had been certified for "Daniel Hugunin, Junior" and another 195 for "Daniel Hugunin", and that those votes were intended for himself. The House Committee on Elections concurred and the seat was awarded to Hugunin, who took his seat on December 15, 1825.

North Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
North Carolina 1 Alfred M. Gatlin Crawford Republican 1823 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Lemuel Sawyer (J) 59.8%
Alfred M. Gatlin (DR-C) 40.2%
North Carolina 2 George Outlaw Crawford Republican 1825 (special) Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Willis Alston (J) 42.1%
George Outlaw (DR-C) 31.2%
James Grant (A) 26.7%
North Carolina 3 Thomas H. Hall Crawford Republican 1817 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Richard Hines (J) 52.7%
Thomas H. Hall (DR-C) 47.3%
North Carolina 4 Richard D. Spaight, Jr. Crawford Republican 1798 (special)
1823
Lost re-election
Adams gain
John H. Bryan (A) 51.0%
Richard D. Spaight, Jr. (DR-C) 49.0%
North Carolina 5 Charles Hooks Crawford Republican 1816 (special)
1819
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Gabriel Holmes (J) 62.8%
Charles Hooks (DR-C) 37.2%
North Carolina 6 Weldon N. Edwards Crawford Republican 1816 (special) Re-elected Weldon N. Edwards 100%
North Carolina 7 John Culpepper Adams-Clay Federalist 1807
1823
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Archibald McNeill (J) 51.5%
John Culpepper (A) 48.5%
North Carolina 8 Willie P. Mangum Crawford Republican 1823 Re-elected Willie P. Mangum (J) 50.6%
Josiah Crudup (F-J) 49.4%
North Carolina 9 Romulus M. Saunders Crawford Republican 1821 Re-elected Romulus M. Saunders (J) 59.0%
Scattering 41.0%
North Carolina 10 John Long Crawford Republican 1821 Re-elected John Long (A) 52.9%
John Giles (J) 47.1%
North Carolina 11 Henry W. Connor Jackson Republican 1821 Re-elected Henry W. Connor (J) 90.9%
Thomas T. Hunt (A) 9.1%
North Carolina 12 Robert B. Vance Crawford Republican 1823 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Samuel P. Carson (J) 35.2%
Robert B. Vance (J) 32.6%
James Graham (A) 32.2%
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Crawford Republican 1815 Re-elected Lewis Williams (A) 56.7%
Meshack Franklin 43.3%

Willie P. Mangum (J) of the 8th district resigned March 18, 1826 and was replaced in a special election by Daniel L. Barringer (J)

Ohio[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Ohio 1 James W. Gazlay Jackson Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
James Findlay (J) 37.2%
James W. Gazlay (J) 36.6%
David Morris 20.0%
Benjamin Piatt 6.1%
Ohio 2 Thomas R. Ross Crawford Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Adams gain
John Woods (A) 55.6%
Thomas R. Ross (DR-C) 43.4%
Ohio 3 William McLean Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected William McLean (A) 80.1%
James Riley 19.9%
Ohio 4 Joseph Vance Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Re-elected Joseph Vance (A) 99.6%
Ohio 5 John W. Campbell Jackson Republican 1816 Re-elected as Adams Party John W. Campbell (A) 100%
Ohio 6 Duncan McArthur Adams-Clay Republican 1812
1822
Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
John Thomson (J) 56.0%
Duncan McArthur (A) 44.0%
Ohio 7 Samuel F. Vinton Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Samuel F. Vinton (A) 78.3%
Levi Barber (DR) 21.7%
Ohio 8 William Wilson Crawford Republican 1822 Re-elected William Wilson 62.3%
Orris Parish 37.7%
Ohio 9 Philemon Beecher Adams-Clay Republican 1816
1822
Re-elected Philemon Beecher (A) 40.5%
David Chambers (DR) 33.4%
William W. Irvin (J) 19.6%
Robert MacConnel 6.6%
Ohio 10 John Patterson Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Adams hold
David Jennings (A) 54.4%
John Patterson (A) 45.6%
Ohio 11 John C. Wright Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected John C. Wright (A) 62.8%
Walter B. Bebee 37.1%
Ohio 12 John Sloan Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Re-elected John Sloan (A) 57.8%
Joseph Richardson 42.2%
Ohio 13 Elisha Whittlesey Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Elisha Whittlesey (A) 68.2%
Eli Baldwin 30.5%
Ohio 14 Mordecai Bartley Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Re-elected Mordecai Bartley (A) 36.7%
Alfred Kelly 34.3%
Eleutheros Cooke 28.9%

David Jennings (A) of the 10th district resigned May 25, 1826 and was replaced in a special election by Thomas Shannon (A).

Pennsylvania[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[19]
Pennsylvania 1 Samuel Breck Adams-Clay Federalist 1822 Retired
Jacksonian gain
John Wurts (J) 52.1%
Joel B. Sutherland (J) 47.9%
Pennsylvania 2 Joseph Hemphill Jackson Federalist 1800
1818
Re-elected Joseph Hemphill (J) 57.5%
William J. Duane (DR) 42.%
Pennsylvania 3 Daniel H. Miller Jackson Republican 1822 Re-elected Daniel H. Miller (J) 55.6%
Stephen Duncan (F) 30.3%
Jacob Shearer (DR) 14.0%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
James Buchanan Jackson Federalist 1820 Re-elected James Buchanan (J) 18.0%
Samuel Edwards (J) 17.5%
Charles Miner (A) 17.4%

Isaac D. Barnard (DR) 15.8%
William Anderson (DR) 15.7%
Samuel Houston (DR) 15.5%
Samuel Edwards Jackson Federalist 1818 Re-elected
Isaac Wayne Jackson Federalist 1822 Retired
Adams gain
Pennsylvania 5 Philip S. Markley Jackson Republican 1822 Re-elected
as Adams Party
Philip S. Markley (A) 100%
Pennsylvania 6 Robert Harris Jackson Republican 1822 Re-elected Robert Harris (J) 62.0%
Christian Gleim (F) 38.0%
Pennsylvania 7
Plural district with 2 seats
Henry Wilson Jackson Republican 1822 Re-elected William Addams (J) 32.7%
Henry Wilson (J) 32.1%

George Keck (F) 18.0%
Daniel Rose 17.3%
Daniel Udree Jackson Republican 1813 (special)
1822 (special)
Retired
Jacksonian hold
Pennsylvania 8
Plural district with 2 seats
Previous incumbent Thomas Jones Rogers (DR-J) resigned April 24, 1824 Jacksonian hold Samuel D. Ingham (J) 50.1%
George Wolf[12] (J) 49.9%
Samuel D. Ingham Jackson Republican 1812
1822 (special)
Re-elected
Pennsylvania 9
Plural district with 3 seats
George Kremer Jackson Republican 1822 Re-elected Samuel McKean (J) 31.2%
George Kremer (J) 30.9%
Espy Van Horne (J) 21.3%

William Cox Ellis (Ind-Rep) 16.7%
William Cox Ellis Jackson Federalist 1820
1822
Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Samuel McKean Jackson Republican 1822 Re-elected
Pennsylvania 10 James S. Mitchell Jackson Republican 1820 Re-elected James S. Mitchell (J) 100%
Pennsylvania 11
Plural district with 2 seats
James Wilson Jackson Republican 1822 Re-elected as Adams Party James Wilson (A) 48.2%
John Findlay (J) 46.2%

Others 5.6%
John Findlay Jackson Republican 1821 (special) Re-elected
Pennsylvania 12 John Brown Jackson Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
John Mitchell (J) 37.1%
John Brown (J) 35.9%
Robert Allison (DR-old school) 26.9%
Pennsylvania 13 Vacant after previous incumbent John Tod (DR-J) resigned Jacksonian hold Alexander Thomson[12] (J) 100%
Pennsylvania 14 Andrew Stewart Jackson Republican 1820 Re-elected Andrew Stewart (J) 100%
Pennsylvania 15 Thomas Patterson Jackson Republican 1816 Retired
Adams gain
Joseph Lawrence (A) 100%
Pennsylvania 16
Plural district with 2 seats
James Allison, Jr. Jackson Republican 1822 Re-elected James Allison, Jr. (J) 22.0%
James S. Stevenson (J) 21.9%

Robert Moore (DR) 19.4%
Walter Forward (J) 18.0%
John Negley 9.7%
George Sutton 8.9%
Walter Forward Jackson Republican 1822 (special) Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
Pennsylvania 17 George Plumer Jackson Republican 1820 Re-elected George Plumer (J) 58.3%
Jonathan H. Wise (F) 41.7%
Pennsylvania 18 Patrick Farrelly Jackson Republican 1820 Re-elected Patrick Farrelly (J) 80.5%
Samuel Williamson (DR) 19.5%

There were five vacancies during the 19th Congress in Pennsylvania's Congressional delegation.[20]

The first occurred in the 16th district, when James Allison, Jr. resigned on August 26, 1825, before the first session of the 19th Congress, which vacancy was filled in a special election by Robert Orr, Jr..

The second vacancy was in the 18th district caused by the death of Patrick Farrelly on January 26, 1826, which was filled by Thomas H. Sill.

The third was in the 13th district by the resignation of Alexander Thomson on May 1, 1826, filled by Chauncey Forward.

The fourth was in the 2nd district caused by the resignation of Joseph Hemphill sometime after May, 1826, filled by Thomas Kittera.

The final vacancy was in the 7th district caused by the death of Henry Wilson on August 14, 1826, and was filled by Jacob Krebs.

Rhode Island[edit]

Rhode Island law required a candidate receive votes from a majority of voters for election, as only one candidate received a majority in this election, a second election was held for the remaining seat

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First ballot Second ballot
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Samuel Eddy Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Lost re-election
Adams hold
Tristam Burges (A) 27.8%
Dutee J. Pearce (A) 24.0%
Job Durfee (DR-AC) 23.4%
Samuel Eddy (DR-AC) 20.1%
William Hunter 3.5%
Others 1.3%
Dutee J. Pearce (A) 56.9%
Job Durfee (DR-AC) 43.0%
Others 0.1%
Job Durfee Adams-Clay Republican 1820 Lost re-election
Adams hold

South Carolina[edit]

District[15] Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 Joel R. Poinsett Jackson Republican 1820 Re-elected Joel R. Poinsett (J) 58.2%
Samuel Warren 41.8%
South Carolina 2 James Hamilton, Jr. Jackson Republican 1822 (special) Re-elected James Hamilton, Jr.[13] (J)
South Carolina 3 Robert B. Campbell Jackson Republican 1823 Retired
Jacksonian hold
Thomas R. Mitchell (J) 100%
South Carolina 4 Andrew R. Govan Jackson Republican 1822 (special) Re-elected Andrew R. Govan[21] (J)
South Carolina 5 George McDuffie Jackson Republican 1820 Re-elected George McDuffie[13] (J)
South Carolina 6 John Wilson Jackson Republican 1820 Re-elected John Wilson (J) 50.8%
Warren R. Davis (J) 49.2%
South Carolina 7 Joseph Gist Jackson Republican 1820 Re-elected Joseph Gist (J) 56.9%
James McCreary (A) 28.9%
Fracis W. Davie (J) 14.4%
South Carolina 8 John Carter Jackson Republican 1822 (special) Re-elected John Carter (J) 46.2%
James G. Spann 27.9%
Chapman Levy 25.9%
South Carolina 9 Starling Tucker Jackson Republican 1816 Re-elected Starling Tucker[13] (J)

Joel R. Poinsett (J) of the 1st district resigned March 7, 1825 to become Minister to Mexico and was replaced in a special election by William Drayton (J).

Tennessee[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Blair Jackson Republican 1823 Re-elected John Blair (J) 51.9%
John Tipton 48.1%
Tennessee 2 John Cocke Jackson Republican 1819 Re-elected John Cocke (J) 56.1%
Thomas Arnold (A) 43.9%
Tennessee 3 James I. Standifer Jackson Republican 1823 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
James C. Mitchell (J) 53.3%
James I. Standifer (J) 46.7%
Tennessee 4 Jacob C. Isacks Jackson Republican 1823 Re-elected Jacob C. Isacks (J) 100%
Tennessee 5 Robert Allen Jackson Republican 1819 Re-elected Robert Allen (J) 100%
Tennessee 6 James T. Sandford Jackson Republican 1823 Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
James K. Polk (J) 35.3%
Andrew Erwin 26.5%
Lunsford M. Bramlett 22.7%
James T. Sandford (J) 14.6%
Francis Willis 1.0%
Tennessee 7 Sam Houston Jackson Republican 1823 Re-elected Sam Houston (J) 84.8%
John Bruce 15.1%
Tennessee 8 James B. Reynolds Jackson Republican 1815
1823
Lost re-election
Jacksonian hold
John H. Marable (J) 38.7%
James B. Reynolds (J) 34.1%
Willie Blount (DR) 27.2%
Tennessee 9 Adam R. Alexander Jackson Republican 1823 Re-elected Adam R. Alexander (J) 42.0%
David Crockett (J) 38.1%
James Ferrill 13.4%
Thomas H. Pearsons 6.6%

Vermont[edit]

Congressional districts were re-established in Vermont for the 1824 election. Vermont had used an at-large district 1812-1818 and 1822. A majority was required for election, which was not met in the 1st district, necessitating a second election

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
First trial Second trial
Vermont 1 William C. Bradley
Redistricted from the at-large district
Adams-Clay Republican 1812
1822
Re-elected William C. Bradley (A) 49.8%
Phineas White (F) 36.9%
Calvin Sheldon (DR) 10.7%
Others 2.6%
William C. Bradley (A) 62.0%
Phineas White (F) 34.9%
Others 3.1%
Vermont 2 Rollin C. Mallary
Redistricted from the at-large district
Adams-Clay Republican 1818 Re-elected Rollin C. Mallary (A) 95.6%
Charles K. Williams (DR) 2.2%
Others 2.3%
Vermont 3 None (District created) Adams gain George E. Wales (A) 69.3%
Horace Everett (F) 23.9%
Elias Keyes (DR) 4.8%
Others 1.3%
Vermont 4 Samuel C. Crafts
Redistricted from the at-large district
Adams-Clay Republican 1816 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Ezra Meech (J) 54.6%
Benjamin Swift (A) 32.4%
Stephen Royce 7.2%
Herman Allen (F) 3.6%
Samuel C. Crafts 0.6%
Others 1.7%
Vermont 5 Daniel A. A. Buck
Redistricted from the at-large district
Adams-Clay Republican 1822 Lost re-election
Adams hold
John Mattocks (A) 51.9%
Daniel A. A. Buck (DR-AC) 46.4%
Others 1.7%

Virginia[edit]

District[15] Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1 Thomas Newton, Jr. Adams-Clay Republican 1801 Re-elected Thomas Newton, Jr.[13]
Virginia 2 Arthur Smith Crawford Republican 1821 Retired
Jacksonian gain
James Trezvant (J) 75.7%
Richard Eppes (DR) 24.3%
Virginia 3 William S. Archer Crawford Republican 1820 (special) Re-elected William S. Archer (J) 100%
Virginia 4 Mark Alexander Crawford Republican 1819 Re-elected Mark Alexander[13] (J)
Virginia 5 John Randolph Crawford Republican 1799
1819
Re-elected John Randolph (J) 100%
Virginia 6 George Tucker Crawford Republican 1819 Retired
Jacksonian gain
Thomas Davenport (J) 53.9%
James Lanier 22.6%
Barzillai Graves 16.3%
John D. Urquhart 7.2%
Virginia 7 Jabez Leftwich Crawford Republican 1821 Lost re-election
Jacksonian gain
Nathaniel H. Claiborne (J) 51.4%
Jabez Leftwich (C-DR) 48.6%
Virginia 8 Burwell Bassett Crawford Republican 1805
1821
Re-elected Burwell Bassett (J) 95.3%
Servant Jones (DR) 4.5%
Reuben Washer 0.2%
Virginia 9 Andrew Stevenson Crawford Republican 1821 Re-elected Andrew Stevenson (J) 100%
Virginia 10 William C. Rives Crawford Republican 1823 Re-elected William C. Rives (J) 100%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Crawford Republican 1814 (special) Retired
Adams gain
Robert Taylor (A) 100%
Virginia 12 Robert S. Garnett Crawford Republican 1817 Re-elected Robert S. Garnett (J) 68.5%
John H. Upshaw 31.5%
Virginia 13 John Taliaferro Crawford Republican 1824 (special) Re-elected John Taliaferro (A) 63.3%
John Hooe (F) 26.7%
Virginia 14 Charles F. Mercer Crawford Republican 1817 Re-elected Charles F. Mercer[13] (A)
Virginia 15 John S. Barbour Crawford Republican 1823 Re-elected John S. Barbour (J) 53.7%
Thomas Marshall (F) 46.3%
Virginia 16 James Stephenson Federalist 1821 Retired
Adams gain
William Armstrong (A) 57.1%
Edward Colston (F) 42.9%
Virginia 17 Jared Williams Crawford Republican 1819 Retired
Adams gain
Alfred H. Powell (A) 42.0%
William Steenergen (DR) 21.5%
Augustine C. Smith (DR) 20.3%
Samuel Kercheval (DR) 13.6%
Robert Allen (DR) 2.6%
Virginia 18 Joseph Johnson Jackson Republican 1823 Re-elected Joseph Johnson (J) 62.0%
Phillip Doddridge (F) 38.0%
Virginia 19 William McCoy Crawford Republican 1811 Re-elected William McCoy (J) 70.2%
Daniel Sheffey (F) 29.8%
Virginia 20 John Floyd Crawford Republican 1817 Re-elected John Floyd (J) 84.7%
Allen Taylor (F) 15.3%
Virginia 21 William Smith Crawford Republican 1821 Re-elected William Smith (J) 55.2%
James Lovell (DR) 44.8%
Virginia 22 Alexander Smyth Crawford Republican 1817 Retired
Adams gain
Benjamin Estil (A) 58.9%
Joseph Crockett (DR) 32.0%
William Graham (DR) 9.1%

John Randolph (J) of the 5th district resigned December 26, 1825 having been elected to the Senate and was replaced in a special election by George W. Crump (J).

Non-voting delegates[edit]

District Incumbent First
elected
Result Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large Henry Conway 1822 Re-elected Henry Conway 80.2%
James W. Bates 19.8%
Florida Territory at-large Richard Keith Call 1822 Retired Joseph M. White 47.4%
James Gadsen 29.4%
Joseph Hernandez 23.1%
Michigan Territory at-large Gabriel Richard 1822 Lost re-election Austin Eli Wing[13]
Gabriel Richard
John Biddle

See also[edit]

http://clerk.house.gov/art_history/house_history/index.html

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Congressional Quarterly's Guide to Elections (1975).
  2. ^ Maine had a majority requirement for election, necessitating additional elections held on January 3, April 4, and September 12, 1825
  3. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  4. ^ Massachusetts had a majority requirement for election, which necessitated additional elections held January 3, April 1, and August 1, 1825
  5. ^ Run-off election for 6th seat held on March 8, 1825
  6. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  7. ^ Includes 6 plural districts
  8. ^ Changed from at-large
  9. ^ Vermont required a majority for election, necessitating an additional election held on December 6, 1824
  10. ^ Run-off election for second seat held on November 25, 1825
  11. ^ Full name not given in source
  12. ^ a b c Elected in special election to fill vacancy in 18th Congress
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data
  14. ^ a b c Elected in subsequent special election
  15. ^ a b c District numbers vary between sources
  16. ^ In New Hampshire
  17. ^ Description of race from Ourcampaigns.com
  18. ^ Successfully contested election
  19. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  20. ^ Membership roster for 19th Congress
  21. ^ Source does not give complete data, but partial returns available in source suggest a very large margin