William Alfred Fowler
August 9, 1911|
|Died||March 14, 1995
|Doctoral advisor||Charles Christian Lauritsen|
|Doctoral students||J. Richard Bond, Donald Clayton, George M. Fuller, F. Curtis Michel|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physics (1983)|
William Alfred "Willy" Fowler (//; August 9, 1911 – March 14, 1995) was an American astrophysicist who, with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar won the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics; (he is not to be confused with the British astronomer Alfred Fowler).
Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Fowler moved with his family to Lima, Ohio at the age of two. He graduated from the Ohio State University, where he was a member of the Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity, and went on to receive a Ph.D. in nuclear physics at the California Institute of Technology. His seminal paper, entitled "Synthesis of the Elements in Stars", coauthored with E. Margaret Burbidge, Geoffrey Burbidge, and Fred Hoyle, was published in 1957. The paper explained how the abundances of essentially all but the lightest chemical elements could be explained by the process of nucleosynthesis in stars. It is widely known as the B2FH paper.
Fowler won the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the American Astronomical Society in 1963, the Vetlesen Prize in 1973, the Eddington Medal in 1978, the Bruce Medal of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific in 1979, and the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983 for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the universe (shared with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar).
- Burbidge, E. M.; Burbidge, G. R.; Fowler, W. A.; Hoyle, F. (1957). "Synthesis of the Elements in Stars". Reviews of Modern Physics 29 (4): 547–650. Bibcode:1957RvMP...29..547B. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.29.547.
- Fowler, W. A. (1958). Temperature and Density Conditions for Nucleogenesis by Fusion Processes in Stars. W. K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory. OSTI 4308210.
- Seeger, P. A.; Fowler, W. A. (1965). "Integrated Flux Distributions in Neutron Capture in Stars". Astrophysical Journal (Los Alamos Scientific Lab) 144: 822. Bibcode:1966ApJ...144..822S. doi:10.1086/148662. OSTI 4533940.
- Colgate, S. A.; Audouze, J.; Fowler, W. A. (1977). Helium (3) Rich Solar Flares. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. OSTI 7284990.
- Woosley, Stanford E. (1995). "Obituary: William A. Fowler, 1911-1995". Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society ; vol. 27 27: 1475. Bibcode:1995BAAS...27.1475W.
- Dicke, W. (16 March 1995). "William A. Fowler, 83, Astrophysicist, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-12-06.
- Clayton, Donald D. (1996). "William Alfred Fowler (1911-1995)". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 108: 1. Bibcode:1996PASP..108....1C. doi:10.1086/133686.
- Burbidge, G. (1996). "William Alfred Fowler, 1911 - 14 March 1995". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 37: 89. Bibcode:1996QJRAS..37...89B.
- Biography and Bibliographic Resources, from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, United States Department of Energy
- W.A. Fowler: Radioactive elements of a low atomic number, Ph.D. dissertation
- A Brief Autobiography of W.A. Fowler
- Bruce Medal page
- Guide to the Papers of William A. Fowler, 1917-1994
- Caughlan and Fowler 1988: THERMONUCLEAR REACTION RATES, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
- Interview with William A. Fowler, Caltech Archives Oral Histories Online