Serge Haroche

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Serge Haroche
Serge Haroche 1 2012.jpg
Serge Haroche in Stockholm (2012)
Born (1944-09-11) September 11, 1944 (age 70)
Casablanca, Morocco[1]
(then a French protectorate)
Nationality French
Institutions Pierre-and-Marie-Curie University
Collège de France
Alma mater École normale supérieure
Pierre-and-Marie-Curie University (Ph.D.)
Doctoral advisor Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
Notable awards CNRS Gold medal (2009)
Nobel Prize for Physics (2012)
Website
www.college-de-france.fr/site/en-serge-haroche

Serge Haroche (born 11 September 1944)[1] is a French physicist who was awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics jointly with David J. Wineland for "ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems", a study of the particle of light, the photon.[2][3][4] Since 2001, Haroche is a Professor at the Collège de France and holds the Chair of Quantum Physics. In 1971 he defended his doctoral thesis in physics at the University of Paris VI, his research has been conducted under the direction of Claude Cohen-Tannoudji. [5]

Personal life and family[edit]

Serge Haroche was born in Casablanca, Morocco, to Albert Haroche (1920–1998) and Valentine Haroche, née Roubleva (1921–1998) a teacher who was born in Odessa to Jewish family that relocated to Paris in the early 1920s. His father, a lawyer, comes from a family originally from Marrakech (Isaac and Esther Haroche), who settled in Casablanca to work as teachers at the École de l’Alliance israélite.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12]

Haroche left Morocco and settled in France in 1956, at the end of the French protectorate treaty.

He currently lives in Paris; he is married to the sociologist Claudine Haroche (née Zeligson), also descending from the Russian Jewish émigrés family, with two children (aged 40 and 43).[13][14][15] He is the uncle of French singer–songwriter and actor Raphaël Haroche (known as Raphaël, his stage name).[16]

Career[edit]

Haroche worked in the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) as a research scientist from 1967 to 1975, and spent a year (1972­–1973) as a visiting post-doc in Stanford University, in Arthur Leonard Schawlow's team. In 1975 he moved to a professor position at Paris VI University. At the same time he taught in other institutions, in particular at the École polytechnique (1973–1984), Harvard University (1981), Yale University (1984–1993) and Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (2000). He was head of the Physics department at the École normale supérieure from 1994 to 2000.

Since 2001, Haroche has been a Professor at the Collège de France and holds the Chair of Quantum Physics. He is a member of the Société Française de Physique, the European Physical society and a fellow and member of the American Physical Society.

In September 2012, Serge Haroche was elected by his peers to the position of administrator of the Collège de France.

On October 9, 2012, Haroche was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, together with the American physicist David Wineland, for their work regarding measurement and manipulation of individual quantum systems.

Research[edit]

Haroche works primarily in atomic physics and quantum optics.[17][18][19][20][21][22][23] He is principally known for proving quantum decoherence by experimental observation, while working with colleagues at the École normale supérieure in Paris in 1996.

After a PhD dissertation on dressed atoms under the supervision of Claude Cohen-Tannoudji (himself a Nobel Prize recipient) from 1967 to 1971, he developed new methods for laser spectroscopy in the seventies, based on the study of quantum beats and superradiance. He then moved on to Rydberg atoms, giant atomic states particularly sensitive to microwaves, which makes them well adapted for studying the interactions between light and matter. He showed that such atoms, coupled to a superconducting cavity containing a few photons, are well-suited to the testing of quantum decoherence and to the realization of quantum logic operations necessary for the treatment of quantum information.

Awards[edit]

Serge Haroche after his Nobel Lecture

Bibliography[edit]

  • Serge Haroche, Jean-Michel Raimond, Exploring the quantum. Atoms, cavities and photons, Oxford University Press, 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Serge Haroche – Biographical". nobelprize.org. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Press release – Particle control in a quantum world". Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Haroche, S. (2012). "The secrets of my prizewinning research". Nature 490 (7420): 311. doi:10.1038/490311a. PMID 23075943.  edit
  4. ^ Phillips, William Daniel (2013). "Profile of David Wineland and Serge Haroche, 2012 Nobel Laureates in Physics". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (18): 7110–1. doi:10.1073/pnas.1221825110. PMID 23584018.  edit
  5. ^ http://www.college-de-france.fr/site/en-serge-haroche/biography.htm
  6. ^ "French Jew, American researcher share Nobel Prize in Physics". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  7. ^ Laskier, Michael M. (1983). The Alliance Israélite Universelle and the Jewish Communities of Morocco: 1862–1962. New York: SUNY Press. p. 192. 
  8. ^ "MAROC LXXV E 2.25". Europeana. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  9. ^ "French Jew wins 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics along with American colleague". European Jewish Press. 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  10. ^ Jean-Louis Beaucarnot (2012-10-09). "Origines et généalogie de Serge Haroche, prix Nobel de physique". La Revue française de Généalogie. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  11. ^ alexandra j. wall (2004-06-04). "New Jewish Agenda founder Roublev dies at 69". jweekly.com. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  12. ^ Columbia University School of Public Health and Administrative Medicine, class of 1958 (p. 30): Alexander Roublev, M.D. (Serge Haroche's grandfather)
  13. ^ Claudine Haroche (Zeligson). Iiac.cnrs.fr. Retrieved on 2013-01-27.
  14. ^ "Marriage of Louis Zeligson and Raymonde Sandberg, Serge Haroche's in-laws". Le Figaro. 1936. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  15. ^ Obituary of Raymonde Zeligson (née Sandberg), «Le Monde» (March 8, 2008)
  16. ^ "Die Nobelpreisträger 2012". Handelsblatt. 2012-10-11. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
  17. ^ Haroche, S. (2012). "The secrets of my prizewinning research". Nature 490 (7420): 311. doi:10.1038/490311a. PMID 23075943.  edit
  18. ^ Sayrin, C. M.; Dotsenko, I.; Zhou, X.; Peaudecerf, B.; Rybarczyk, T. O.; Gleyzes, S. B.; Rouchon, P.; Mirrahimi, M.; Amini, H.; Brune, M.; Raimond, J. M.; Haroche, S. (2011). "Real-time quantum feedback prepares and stabilizes photon number states". Nature 477 (7362): 73–77. doi:10.1038/nature10376. PMID 21886159.  edit
  19. ^ Deléglise, S.; Dotsenko, I.; Sayrin, C. M.; Bernu, J.; Brune, M.; Raimond, J. M.; Haroche, S. (2008). "Reconstruction of non-classical cavity field states with snapshots of their decoherence". Nature 455 (7212): 510–514. doi:10.1038/nature07288. PMID 18818653.  edit
  20. ^ Guerlin, C.; Bernu, J.; Deléglise, S.; Sayrin, C. M.; Gleyzes, S. B.; Kuhr, S.; Brune, M.; Raimond, J. M.; Haroche, S. (2007). "Progressive field-state collapse and quantum non-demolition photon counting". Nature 448 (7156): 889–893. doi:10.1038/nature06057. PMID 17713527.  edit
  21. ^ Gleyzes, S. B.; Kuhr, S.; Guerlin, C.; Bernu, J.; Deléglise, S.; Busk Hoff, U.; Brune, M.; Raimond, J. M.; Haroche, S. (2007). "Quantum jumps of light recording the birth and death of a photon in a cavity". Nature 446 (7133): 297–300. doi:10.1038/nature05589. PMID 17361178.  edit
  22. ^ Bertet, P.; Osnaghi, S.; Rauschenbeutel, A.; Nogues, G.; Auffeves, A.; Brune, M.; Raimond, J. M.; Haroche, S. (2001). "A complementarity experiment with an interferometer at the quantum-classical boundary". Nature 411 (6834): 166–170. doi:10.1038/35075517. PMID 11346787.  edit
  23. ^ Jean-Michel Raimond; Serge Haroche (2006). Exploring the quantum: atoms, cavities and photons. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850914-6. 
  24. ^ "Franklin Laureate Database – Albert A. Michelson Medal Laureates". Franklin Institute. Retrieved June 16, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Charles Hard Townes Award". Optical Society. Retrieved 2013-01-12. 
Awards
Preceded by
Saul Perlmutter
Adam G. Riess
Brian P. Schmidt
Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
2012
With: David J. Wineland
Succeeded by
François Englert
Peter Higgs