Jerome Isaac Friedman
||This article has an unclear citation style. (February 2013)|
|Jerome Isaac Friedman|
March 28, 1930 |
|Alma mater||University of Chicago|
|Doctoral advisor||Enrico Fermi|
|Known for||Experimental proof of quarks|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physics (1990)|
|Spouse||Tania Letetsky-Baranovsky (m. 1956; 4 children)|
Dr. Jerome Isaac Friedman, Ph.D (born March 28, 1930) is an American physicist.
Life and career
Born in Chicago, Illinois to Lillian (née Warsaw) and Selig Friedman, a sewing machine salesman, Friedman's Jewish parents emigrated to the U.S. from Russia. Jerome Friedman excelled in art but became interested in physics after reading a book on relativity written by Albert Einstein. He turned down a scholarship to the Art Institute of Chicago in order to study physics at the University of Chicago. Whilst there he worked under Enrico Fermi, and eventually received his Ph.D in physics in 1956. In 1960 he joined the physics faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In 1968-69, commuting between MIT and California, he conducted experiments with Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center which gave the first experimental evidence that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks. For this, Friedman, Kendall and Taylor shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Prof. Friedman is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
In 2008, Friedman received an honorary Ph.D from the University of Belgrade. He is an honorary professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Physics  and Faculty's world famous institutes: Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics , Institute of Physics Zemun  and Vinca Nuclear Institute.
- Friedman, J. I., Kendall, H. W., et al. "Experimental Search for a Heavy Electron", Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission, (September 1967).
- Friedman, J. I. "Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering: Experimental", Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission, (October 1971).
- "Универзитет у Београду - 200 година Универзитета у Београду и високог школства у Србији" (in Serbian). University of Belgrade. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
- "Notable Signers". Humanism and its Aspirations. American Humanist Association. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Jerome Isaac Friedman|
- Bibliographic Resources--Development of the Quark, from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, United States Department of Energy
- Nobel Autobiography
- Friedman page at MIT
- Jerome Friedman Playlist Appearance on WMBR's Dinnertime Sampler radio show January 5, 2005
- their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons
- Friedman Explains Role of Quarks in Killian Talk, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, (April 1, 2001)
- Will Innovation Flourish in the Future?-Opinion by Jerome Friedman, American Institute of Physics