World record progression 50 metres freestyle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The first world record in the men's 50 metres freestyle in long course (50 metres) swimming was recognized by the International Swimming Federation (FINA) in 1976. In the short course (25 metres) swimming events the world's governing body recognizes world records since March 3, 1991.

The drop in world record times in the 2008/2009 coincided with the introduction of polyurethane suits from Speedo (LZR, 50% polyurethane) in 2008 and by Arena (X-Glide), Adidas (Hydrofoil) and Italian swimming suit manufacturer Jaked (all 100% polyurethane) in 2009. FINA's ban on non-textile suit came into effect on January 2010.[1] FINA also released a list of approved suits.

Graphic data for World Record Progression in Men and Women Swimming 50m-100m-200m Long and Short Course Butterfly-Backstroke-Breaststroke-Freestyle

Men[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1  23.86 
Skinner , Jonty Jonty Skinner  South Africa August 14, 1976 AAU Nationals Philadelphia, PA, United States
2  23.74  Bottom , Joe Joe Bottom  United States July 3, 1977 - Etobicoke, Canada
3  23.72  Manganiello , Ron Ron Manganiello  United States Jul 29, 1978 - Miami, FL, United States
4  23.70  Steinbach , Klaus Klaus Steinbach  West Germany Jul 23, 1979 - Freiburg, West Germany
5  23.66  Cavanaugh , Chris Chris Cavanaugh  United States Feb 2, 1980 International Invitational Amersfoort, Netherlands
6  23.12  (h)
Cavanaugh , Chris Chris Cavanaugh  United States Apr 10, 1980 USA Spring Nationals Austin, TX, United States
7  22.96  (h)
Gaines , Rowdy Rowdy Gaines  United States Apr 10, 1980 USA Spring Nationals Austin, TX, United States
8  22.83  (h)
Stahl , Bruce Bruce Stahl  United States Apr 10, 1980 USA Spring Nationals Austin, TX, United States
8=  22.83  (h)
Bottom , Joe Joe Bottom  United States Aug 15, 1980 Hawaiian Invitational Honolulu, HI, United States
9  22.71  Bottom , Joe Joe Bottom  United States Aug 15, 1980 Hawaiian Invitational Honolulu, HI, United States
10  22.54  (h)
Leamy , Robin Robin Leamy  United States Aug 15, 1981 USA Nationals Brown Deer, WI, United States
11  22.52  Halsall , Dano Dano Halsall  Switzerland Jul 21, 1985 SUI Nationals Bellinzona, Switzerland
12  22.40  Jager , Tom Tom Jager  United States Dec 6, 1985 USS Invitational Austin, TX, United States
13  22.33  Biondi , Matt Matt Biondi  United States Jun 26, 1986 USA World Championship Trials Orlando, FL, United States
13=  22.33  Biondi , Matt Matt Biondi  United States Jul 30, 1987 USA Nationals & Pan Pacific Trials Clovis, CA, United States
14  22.32  Jager , Tom Tom Jager  United States Aug 13, 1987 Pan Pacific Championships Brisbane, Australia
15  22.23  Jager , Tom Tom Jager  United States Mar 25, 1988 USA Spring Nationals Orlando, FL, United States
-[2]  22.18  Williams , Peter Peter Williams  South Africa Apr 10, 1988 CSCA Invitational Indianapolis, IN, United States
16  22.14  Biondi , Matt Matt Biondi  United States Sep 24, 1988 Olympic Games Seoul, South Korea
17  22.12  Jager , Tom Tom Jager  United States Aug 20, 1989 Pan Pacific Championships Tokyo, Japan
18  21.98  (sf)
Jager , Tom Tom Jager  United States Mar 24, 1990 US Sprint Nashville, TN, United States
19  21.81  Jager , Tom Tom Jager  United States Mar 24, 1990 US Sprint Nashville, TN, United States
20  21.64  (tt)
Popov , Alexander Alexander Popov  Russia Jun 1, 2000 Russian Olympic Trials Moscow, Russia
21  21.56  Sullivan , Eamon Eamon Sullivan  Australia Feb 17, 2008 New South Wales State Championships Sydney, Australia
22  21.50  (sf2)
Bernard , Alain Alain Bernard  France Mar 23, 2008 European Championships Eindhoven, Netherlands
23  21.41  (sf2)
Sullivan , Eamon Eamon Sullivan  Australia Mar 27, 2008 Australian Championships & Olympic Trials Sydney, Australia
24  21.28  Sullivan , Eamon Eamon Sullivan  Australia Mar 28, 2008 Australian Championships & Olympic Trials Sydney, Australia [3]
25  20.94  Bousquet , Frédérick Frédérick Bousquet  France Apr 26, 2009 French Championships Montpellier, France [4]
26  20.91  Cielo , César César Cielo  Brazil Dec 18, 2009 CBDA Open - Brazilian Championships São Paulo, Brazil [5]

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1  21.64  Crocker , Steve Steve Crocker  United States 21 March 1992 - Dallas, TX, United States
2  21.60  Foster , Mark Mark Foster  Great Britain 17 February 1993 World Cup Sheffield, United Kingdom
3  21.50  Popov , Alexander Alexander Popov  Russia 13 March 1994 World Cup Desenzano del Garda, Italy
4  21.48  (h)
Foster , Mark Mark Foster  Great Britain 13 December 1998 European SC Championships Sheffield, United Kingdom
5  21.31  Foster , Mark Mark Foster  Great Britain 13 December 1998 European SC Championships Sheffield, United Kingdom
5=  21.31  (h)
Schoeman , Roland Roland Schoeman  South Africa 23 March 2000 NCAA Men's Division 1 Championships Minneapolis, MN, United States
6  21.21  Ervin , Anthony Anthony Ervin  United States 23 March 2000 NCAA Men's Division 1 Championships Minneapolis, MN, United States
7  21.13  Foster , Mark Mark Foster  Great Britain 28 January 2001 World Cup Paris, France
8  21.10  Bousquet , Frédérick Frédérick Bousquet  France 25 Mar 2004 NCAA Men's Division 1 Championships East Meadow, NY, United States
9  20.98  (h)
Schoeman , Roland Roland Schoeman  South Africa 12 Aug 2006 Invitational Hamburg, Germany
10  20.93  Nystrand , Stefan Stefan Nystrand  Sweden 18 November 2007 World Cup Berlin, Germany
11  20.81  Draganja , Duje Duje Draganja  Croatia 11 April 2008 World SC Championships Manchester, United Kingdom
12  20.64  Schoeman , Roland Roland Schoeman  South Africa 7 September 2008 South African SC Championships Germiston, South Africa [6]
13  20.48  Leveaux , Amaury Amaury Leveaux  France 11 December 2008 European SC Championships Rijeka, Croatia [7]
14  20.30  (sf)
Schoeman , Roland Roland Schoeman  South Africa 8 August 2009 South African SC Championships Pietermaritzburg, South Africa [8]

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Women[edit]

Long course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1  26.99  (r)†
Ender , Kornelia Kornelia Ender  East Germany Jul 26, 1975 World Championships Cali, Colombia
2  26.95  Malloy , Johanna Johanna Malloy  Canada Aug 16, 1977 - St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda
3  26.74  Jardin , Anne Anne Jardin  Canada Aug 19, 1978 - Etobicoke, Canada
4  26.61  (h)
Woodhead , Cynthia Cynthia Woodhead  United States Apr 10, 1980 USA Spring Nationals Austin, TX, United States
5  26.53  (h)
Asplund , Kelly Kelly Asplund  United States Apr 10, 1980 USA Spring Nationals Austin, TX, United States
6  26.32  (h)
Sterkel , Jill Jill Sterkel  United States Apr 10, 1980 USA Spring Nationals Austin, TX, United States
7  25.96  Sterkel , Jill Jill Sterkel  United States Apr 10, 1980 USA Spring Nationals Austin, TX, United States
8  25.79  (tt)
Sterkel , Jill Jill Sterkel  United States Apr 3, 1981 Longhorn Invitational Austin, TX, United States
9  25.69  (h)
Torres , Dara Dara Torres  United States Jan 29, 1983 Speedo International Amersfoort, Netherlands
10  25.64  Verstappen , Annemarie Annemarie Verstappen  Netherlands Jul 9, 1983 NED Nationals Amersfoort, Netherlands
11  25.62  Torres , Dara Dara Torres  United States Aug 5, 1983 USA Nationals Clovis, CA, United States
12  25.61  (r)
Torres , Dara Dara Torres  United States Jul 21, 1984 Pre-Olympic meet Mission Viejo, CA, United States
13  25.50  (h)
Costache , Tamara Tamara Costache  Romania Jul 16, 1986 ROU Nationals & World Championship Trials Bucharest, Romania
14  25.34  Costache , Tamara Tamara Costache  Romania Jul 16, 1986 ROU Nationals & World Championship Trials Bucharest, Romania
15  25.31  Costache , Tamara Tamara Costache  Romania Aug 1, 1986 Balkan Games Sofia, Bulgaria
16  25.28  Costache , Tamara Tamara Costache  Romania Aug 23, 1986 World Championships Madrid, Spain
17  24.98  Yang Wenyi  China Apr 11, 1988 Asian Swimming Championships Guangzhou, China
18  24.79  Yang Wenyi  China Jul 31, 1992 Olympic Games Barcelona, Spain
19  24.51  Le Jingyi  China Sep 11, 1994 World Championships Rome, Italy
19=  24.51  (h)
Bruijn , Inge de Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands May 26, 2000 Super Speedo Grand Prix Sheffield, United Kingdom
20  24.48  Bruijn , Inge de Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands Jun 4, 2000 NED Olympic Trials Drachten, Netherlands
21  24.39  Bruijn , Inge de Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands Jun 10, 2000 Trofeu Jose Finkel & BRA Olympic Trials Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
22  24.13  (sf2)
Bruijn , Inge de Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands Sep 22, 2000 Olympic Games Sydney, Australia
23  24.09  Veldhuis , Marleen Marleen Veldhuis  Netherlands Mar 24, 2008 European Championships Eindhoven, Netherlands
24  23.97  Trickett , Libby Libby Trickett  Australia Mar 29, 2008 Australian Championships & Olympic Trials Sydney, Australia [9]
25  23.96  Veldhuis , Marleen Marleen Veldhuis  Netherlands 19 Apr 2009 Amsterdam Swim Cup Amsterdam, Netherlands [10]
26  23.73  Steffen , Britta Britta Steffen  Germany 2 Aug 2009 World Championships Rome, Italy

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Short course[edit]

# Time Name Nationality Date Meet Location Ref
1  24.75  Almsick , Franziska van Franziska van Almsick  Germany Nov 4, 1992 - Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany
2  24.62  (h)
Le Jingyi  China Dec 3, 1993 World SC Championships Palma de Mallorca, Spain
3  24.23  Le Jingyi  China Dec 3, 1993 World SC Championships Palma de Mallorca, Spain
4  24.09  Alshammar , Therese Therese Alshammar  Sweden Dec 11, 1999 European SC Championships Lisbon, Portugal
5  23.59  Alshammar , Therese Therese Alshammar  Sweden Mar 18, 2000 World SC Championships Athens, Greece
6  23.58  Veldhuis , Marleen Marleen Veldhuis  Netherlands Nov 17, 2007 World Cup Berlin, Germany
7  23.25  Veldhuis , Marleen Marleen Veldhuis  Netherlands Apr 13, 2008 World SC Championships Manchester, United Kingdom [11]
8  23.24  Kromowidjojo , Ranomi Ranomi Kromowidjojo  Netherlands Aug 7, 2013 World Cup Eindhoven, Netherlands

Legend: # – Record awaiting ratification by FINA;
Records not set in finals: h – heat; sf – semifinal; r – relay 1st leg; rh – relay heat 1st leg; b – B final; – en route to final mark; tt – time trial


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Hi-tech suits banned from January". BBC News/BBC Sport. 2009-07-31. Archived from the original on 31 July 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Peter Williams' 1988 time was officially recognised, but not as a world record, because South Africa was banned from international competition at the time. Performance on all time performance list
  3. ^ "Sullivan snaps 50m record again". ABC News. 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  4. ^ Craig Lord (2009-04-26). "Bousquet: 20.94 WR 50 Free". Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  5. ^ Lydia Gismondi (2009-12-18). "Cielo: 20.91 WR 50 Free". Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  6. ^ "Schoeman breaks 50m freestyle world record". South Africa: The Good News. 2008-09-08. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  7. ^ "Leveaux sets short-course record in 50 freestyle". 
  8. ^ "South African Short Course Championships: Roland Schoeman Lowers World Record". Swimming World Magazine. 
  9. ^ Cowley, Michael (2008-03-30). "Just the Trickett: Libby breaks the speed barrier". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  10. ^ "Amsterdam Swim Cup result 50 freestyle women". amsterdamswimcup.nl. 2009-04-19. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  11. ^ "WR: Veldhuis 50m Free 23.25". swimnews.com. 2008-04-13. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 

References[edit]