From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the year 1232.
|Centuries:||12th century – 13th century – 14th century|
|Decades:||1200s 1210s 1220s – 1230s – 1240s 1250s 1260s|
|Years:||1229 1230 1231 – 1232 – 1233 1234 1235|
|1232 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1232 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1985|
|English Regnal year||16 Hen. 3 – 17 Hen. 3|
|Chinese calendar||辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)
3928 or 3868
— to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
3929 or 3869
|- Vikram Samvat||1288–1289|
|- Shaka Samvat||1154–1155|
|- Kali Yuga||4333–4334|
|Japanese calendar||Kangi 4 / Jōei 1
|Minguo calendar||680 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1774–1775|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1232.|
- The Almohad army besieges Ceuta where Abu Musa, the rebellious brother of the caliph, has received shelter and the support of the population. The Genoese rent a part of their fleet to the rebels who successfully resist the forces of the caliph. The consequences of this revolt are threefold: the city becomes de facto independent from the Almohads, but its reliance on the Italian maritime powers increases and the trans-Saharan trade routes begin to shift eastward due to the local turmoil.
- The first edition of Tripitaka Koreana is destroyed by Mongol invaders.
- April 8 – The Jin dynasty in China defend their capital against the Mongol siege on Kaifeng during the Mongol–Jin War. The battle involves the use of rockets.
- June 15 – Battle of Agridi: Henry I of Cyprus defeats the armies of Frederick II.
- Spain: Muhammad Ibn Yusuf Ibn Nasr rebels against the independent ruler of al-Andalus, Ibn Hud al-Yadami and takes control of the city of Arjona. This is the foundation of the Nasrid dynasty.
- Italy: Pope Gregory IX, driven from Rome by a revolt, takes refuge at Anagni.
- Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II promulgates the Statutum in favorem principum.
- The northern French city of Troyes issues its first recorded life annuities, confirming the trend of consolidation of local public debts initiated in 1218 by the neighboring city of Reims.
- May 30 – Anthony of Padua is canonized by Pope Gregory IX at Spoleto less than a year after his death; he becomes the patron saint of lost items.
- Arnolfo di Cambio, Florentine architect (d. 1310)
- Manfred of Sicily (approximate date; d. 1266)
- Bernard Saisset, Occitan bishop of Pamiers (d. 1311)
- Ramon Llull, Majorcan missionary (d. 1316)
- July 18 – John de Braose, Marcher Lord of Bramber and Gower
- Michael Scot, Scottish mathematician and astrologer (b. 1175)
- Tolui, son of Genghis Khan (b. c. 1190)
- William III of Sicily (executed) (b. 1208)
- Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
- Peter Linehan (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia. The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–673. ISBN 0-521-36289-X.
- Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-9-00417565-5.
- Dal-Gal, Niccolò (1907). "St. Anthony of Padua". The Catholic Encyclopedia 1. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2011-06-13.