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|History of Japan|
Jōei (貞永?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Kangi and before Tenpuku. This period spanned the years from April 1232 to April 1233. The reigning emperors were Go-Horikawa-tennō (後堀河天皇?) and Shijō-tennō (四条天皇?).
Change of era
- 1232 Jōei gannen (貞永元年?): The era name was changed to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Kangi 4.
Events of the Jōei Era
- 1232 (Jōei 1, i2nd month): Kujō Yoritsune is raised to the second rank of the 3rd class in the dōjō kuge.
- 1232 (Jōei 1, 11th month): In the 11th year of Emperor Go-Horikawa's reign (後堀河天皇11年), he abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by a his oldest son. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Shijō is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōei" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 429; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File[permanent dead link].
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 238-241; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 226-227.
- Titsingh, p. 241.
- Titsingh, p. 241-242; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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