1230s

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
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The 1230s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1230, and ended on December 31, 1239.

Events[edit]

1230

By area[edit]

Africa[edit]
Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts[edit]

1231[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
  • April 9 – After a bizarre weather phenomena of yellowish clouds and dust chokes the air around Hangzhou, Song Dynasty, China, obscuring the sky and sun, a fire breaks out at night in the southeast of the city, which continues into the next day. Fighting the flames is difficult due to limited visibility. When the fires are extinguished, it is discovered that an entire district of some 10,000 houses in the southeast of the city were consumed by the flames.
  • Mongol troops cross the Yalu River into Korea, then under the Goryeo Kingdom.
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


1232[edit]

By area[edit]

Africa[edit]
  • The Almohad army besieges Ceuta, where Abu Musa, the rebellious brother of the caliph, has received shelter and the support of the population. The Genoese rent a part of their fleet to the rebels, who successfully resist the forces of the caliph.[6] The consequences of this revolt are threefold: the city becomes de facto independent from the Almohads, but its reliance on the Italian maritime powers increases, and the trans-Saharan trade routes begin to shift eastward, due to the local turmoil.
Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Markets[edit]
Religion[edit]

1233[edit]

By area[edit]

Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


1234[edit]

By area[edit]

Africa[edit]
Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]


1235[edit]


1236[edit]

By area[edit]

Africa[edit]
Asia[edit]
Europe[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts[edit]
Markets[edit]
  • A drought causes the harvest to fail, and leads to one of the great famines of the century in Europe.

Religion[edit]


1237[edit]


1238[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]
Asia[edit]


1239[edit]


Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5. 
  2. ^ a b c d Peter Linehan (1999). "Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre". In David Abulafia. The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–673. ISBN 0-521-36289-X. 
  3. ^ a b Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9. 
  4. ^ Carmina Burana. Die Lieder der Benediktbeurer Handschrift. Zweisprachige Ausgabe, hg. u. übers. v. Carl Fischer und Hugo Kuhn, dtv, München 1991; wenn man dagegen z. B. CB 211 und 211a jeweils als zwei Lieder zählt, kommt man auf insgesamt 315 Texte in der Sammlung, so auch Dieter Schaller, Carmina Burana, in: Lexikon des Mittelalters, Bd. 2, Artemis Verlag, München und Zürich 1983, Sp. 1513
  5. ^ Rashdall, Hastings (1895). The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Clarendon Press. p. 85. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ Picard, Christophe (1997). La mer et les musulmans d'Occident VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 
  7. ^ Zuijderduijn, Jaco (2009). Medieval Capital Markets. Markets for renten, state formation and private investment in Holland (1300-1550). Leiden/Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-9-00417565-5. 
  8. ^ Dal-Gal, Niccolò (1907). "St. Anthony of Padua". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  9. ^ Lourie, Elena (2004). Jews, Muslims, and Christians in and around the Crown of Aragon: essays in honour of Professor Elena Lourie. Brill. p. 270. ISBN 90-04-12951-0. 
  10. ^ Hey, David. Medieval South Yorkshire. 
  11. ^ de Epalza, Miguel (1999). Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror. Brill. p. 96. ISBN 90-04-11244-8.