1250s in England
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Events from the 1250s in England.
Monarch – Henry III
- 6 August – Expedition by Henry III to Gascony to repel a rumoured invasion from Castile. Eleanor of Provence is regent and de facto Lord Chancellor in England during her husband's absence.
- Simon de Montfort returns to England where he allies himself with barons who oppose Henry III.
- John Maunsell becomes England's first Secretary of State.
- The Domus Conversorum established in London for Jewish converts to Christianity.
- 11 February – Parliament is summoned, for the first time including elected representatives; two knights from each shire.
- 1 April – Treaty of Toledo ensures peace between England and Castile.
- 26 April – A Parliament assembles which refuses to grant a subsidy to Henry III.
- 1 November – Edward Plantagenet (the future Edward I, aged 15) marries Eleanor of Castile (aged c. 13) at the Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos. His father Henry III has demanded the marriage in exchange for ending the war with her brother Alfonso X of Castile.
- Llewelyn the Last becomes sole ruler of northern Wales.
- August – Henry III has his supporters put in control of the Scottish regency council.
- In an instance of blood libel, nineteen Jews of Lincoln are executed on suspicion of being involved in a boy's murder.
- King Louis IX of France gifts Henry with an elephant, which he keeps in the Tower of London.
- Approximate date – Benedictine cell established on the Farne Islands.
- 2 May – Simon de Montfort, together with six other barons, forces Henry III to accept legal reforms.
- 12 June – Provisions of Oxford enacted, creating an elected Council of barons to advise the King.
- 29 September – Consecration of the newly rebuilt Salisbury Cathedral.
- 27 October to 4 November – The Oxford Parliament assembles, with Peter de Montfort presiding.
- Irish, assisted by Scottish gallowglasses, halt the English advance westward through Ireland.
- Simons, Paul (2008). Since Records Began. London: Collins. pp. 135–6. ISBN 978-0-00-728463-4.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 141–144. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 84–86. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Abbey arms". Abingdon School. Retrieved 2011-11-30.