1664 in England
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Events from the year 1664 in the Kingdom of England.
- Monarch – Charles II
- 12 March – Province of New Jersey becomes an English colony in North America.
- 5 April – Passing of the Triennial Parliaments Act.
- May – Parliament passes the Conventicle Act preventing groups of more than five non-followers of the Church of England from assembling (comes into effect 1 July).
- 18 August – England annexes the New Netherland colony in North America, renaming it the Province of New York (after James, Duke of York).
- 27 September – Dutch Governor Peter Stuyvesant surrenders New Amsterdam to an English naval squadron commanded by Colonel Richard Nicolls.
- 28 October – The "Duke of York and Albany's maritime regiment of foot" is formed in London, origin of the Royal Marines.
- Robert Holmes's second African expedition to the Guinea coast captures Dutch forts and ships.
- Construction begins of the Sheldonian Theatre for university ceremonial in Oxford as designed by Christopher Wren.
- Francis Child enters the London goldsmith's business which, as the private banking house of Child & Co., will continue into the 21st century.
- 24 January (bapt.) – John Vanbrugh, playwright and architect (died 1726)
- 28 February – Thomas Newcomen, inventor (died 1729)
- 3 July – James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby, politician (died 1736)
- 21 July – Matthew Prior, poet and diplomat (died 1721)
- 3 September – Richard Newport, 2nd Earl of Bradford, peer and politician (died 1723)
- 5 September – Charlotte Lee, Countess of Lichfield, daughter of Charles II (died 1718)
- 18 October – George Compton, 4th Earl of Northampton, (died 1727)
- 9 November – Henry Wharton, writer (died 1695)
- probable – William Mountfort, actor (died 1692)
- possible – Daniel Purcell, composer (died 1717)
- 20 January – Isaac Ambrose, diarist (born 1604)
- February – John Hoskins, painter (year of birth unknown)
- 7 May – John Tufton, 2nd Earl of Thanet, noble (born 1608)
- 22 June – Katherine Philips, poet (born 1631)
- August – John Lisle, Regicide of Charles I (born 1610)
- 8 October – John Boys, Royalist (born 1607)
- Sir Henry Brooke, 1st Baronet, Parliamentary supporter in the English Civil War (year of birth unknown)
- Charlotte Stanley, Countess of Derby, Royalist (born 1599)
- Accepted Frewen, Archbishop (born 1588)
- John Goodyer, botanist (born 1592)
- John Hutchinson, Roundhead (born 1615)
- Richard Overton, Leveller (born 1599)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 271. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Button, Henry G. (1976). The Guinness Book of the Business World. Enfield: Guinness Superlatives. p. 107. ISBN 0-900424-32-X.