1689 in England
|See also:||Other events of 1689|
Events from the year 1689 in the Kingdom of England.
- 22 January – the Convention Parliament is convened to determine if James II, the last Roman Catholic king, had vacated the throne when he fled to France at the end of 1688. The settlement of this is agreed on 8 February.
- 13 February – William III and Mary II are proclaimed co-rulers of England, Scotland and Ireland in a ceremony at the Guildhall in the City of London but are not yet recognised in Scotland or Ireland.
- 12 March – start of the Williamite War in Ireland: James II lands at Kinsale with 6,000 French soldiers and marches for Dublin.
- 11 April – crowning of William and Mary as King and Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey by the Bishop of London, Henry Compton. Ireland does not yet recognise them.
- 18 April
- Williamite War in Ireland: Siege of Derry: James II arrives at the gates of Derry and asks for its surrender. This is refused by Majors Henry Baker and George Walker, who have taken over command of its defences from the Governor Robert Lundy.
- Boston Revolt: Governor of the Dominion of New England Sir Edmund Andros and other officials are overthrown by a mob in Boston, Massachusetts.
- 1 May (11 May N.S.) – Williamite War in Ireland: Battle of Bantry Bay between the English Royal Navy under the Earl of Torrington and the French fleet under the Marquis de Châteaurenault. The French are able to protect their transports unloading supplies for James II and withdraw unpursued.
- 12 May – King William's War: William joins the Grand Alliance (League of Augsburg), starting the war (the North American theatre of the Nine Years' War).
- 24 May – the Act of Toleration passed by Parliament protecting freedom of worship for Protestant Nonconformists (Roman Catholics are intentionally excluded). This effectively concludes the Glorious Revolution.
- 25 May – last collection of hearth tax; it is replaced by a poll tax.
- 25 July
- 27 July – first Jacobite rising: Scottish Covenanter supporters of William and Mary (under Hugh Mackay) are defeated by Jacobite supporters of James at the Battle of Killiecrankie but the latter's leader, John Graham, Viscount Dundee, is killed.
- 28 July – relief of the Siege of Derry after 105 days: English sailors break through a floating boom across the River Foyle to end the Siege.
- 1 August – Archbishop of Canterbury William Sancroft, along with eight bishops and around 400 other clergymen, is suspended for refusing to swear allegiance to William and Mary. He is dismissed from office the following year.
- 21 August – first Jacobite rising: Battle of Dunkeld: Covenanter Cameronians defeat the Jacobites in Scotland.
- 27 August – a Williamite force sailing from England takes the Jacobite port of Carrickfergus in County Antrim.
- 16 December – the Bill of Rights officially comes into force.
- Supporters of William seize Liverpool Castle.
- Thomas Shadwell becomes Poet Laureate and Historiographer Royal.
- The march Lillibullero is first published in its present form by Henry Purcell in his compilation Music's Handmaid; the satirical text is attributed to Thomas Wharton.
- Windsor Guildhall in Berkshire, designed by Sir Thomas Fitz (or Fiddes), is completed by Christopher Wren.
- Gardens at Levens Hall in the north-west begin to be laid out; the plan remains substantially unaltered into the 21st century and includes one of the country's earliest ha-has.
- John Locke's Two Treatises of Government; A Letter Concerning Toleration; and An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (the latter dated 1690).
- 24 May – Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, politician (died 1769)
- 26 May – Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, writer (died 1762)
- 24 July – William, Duke of Gloucester (died 1700)
- 19 August – Samuel Richardson, writer (died 1761)
- Henrietta Howard, Countess of Suffolk, née Hobart, mistress of King George II and patron of the arts (died 1767)
- 6 January – Bishop Seth Ward, mathematician and astronomer (born 1617)
- 18 March – John Dixwell, judge (born 1607)
- 16 April – Aphra Behn, author (born 1640)
- 18 April – Judge Jeffreys, Lord Chief Justice (born 1648)
- 25 June – William Thomas, bishop (born 1613)
- 29 December – Thomas Sydenham, physician (born 1624)
- Kenyon, J. P. (1978). Stuart England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-022076-6.
- Claydon, Tony (2004). "William III and II (1650–1702)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29450. Retrieved 2012-07-16. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
- Miller, John (2000). James II. Yale English monarchs (3rd ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 222–227. ISBN 978-0-300-08728-4.
- "The Siege of Derry in Ulster Protestant mythology". Cruithni. 2001-12-31. Archived from the original on 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
- Lynn, John A. (1999). The Wars of Louis XIV, 1667–1714. Harlow: Longman. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-582-05629-9.
- Firth, C. H. (2004). "Ludlow, Edmund (1616/17–1692)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/17161. Retrieved 2012-10-24.
- "Parades and Marches – Chronology 2: Historical Dates and Events". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Archived from the original on 2013-10-05. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 197–198. ISBN 978-0-7126-5616-0.
- "Liverpool Castle". Mike Royden's Local History Pages. Archived from the original on 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 978-1-85986-000-7.
- "The Town Hall at Windsor". The Royal Windsor Web Site. Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2010-09-13.