Events from the year 1649 in England.
Monarch – Charles I (to 30 January); Interregnum
- 3 January – An explosion of several barrels of gunpowder in Tower Street, London kills 67 people and destroys 60 houses.
- 4 January – The Rump Parliament passes an ordinance to set up a High Court of Justice for the trial of Charles I for high treason in the name of the people of England.
- 20 to 27 January – Trial and conviction of King Charles I by the High Court of Justice convened in Westminster Hall.
- 30 January
- 9 February – Eikon Basilike: the Pourtrature of His Sacred Majestie in His Solitudes and Sufferings, purporting to be the spiritual autobiography of Charles I, is published.
- 23 February – Ships of the Parliamentary navy are to fly the flag of England.
- 17 March – The Rump Parliament formally abolishes the English monarchy by passing an act abolishing the kingship creating the Commonwealth of England, a republican form of government later extended to Scotland and Ireland.
- 19 March – The House of Commons passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring that it is "useless and dangerous to the people of England".
- March – Robert Blake is promoted to become a General at Sea of the English fleet.
- 2 May – Lawyer and regicide Sir Isaac Dorislaus, while in The Hague to negotiate an alliance with the Dutch Republic, is murdered by royalist exiles.
- 17 May – Banbury mutiny ends – leaders of the Leveller mutineers in the New Model Army are hanged at Burford.
- 19 May – An act declaring England to be a Commonwealth is passed by the Rump Parliament.
- 22 May–October – Robert Blake blockades Prince Rupert's fleet in Kinsale, Ireland.
- August – The Diggers abandon their last major colony, at St. George's Hill, Weybridge.
- 15 August – Oliver Cromwell lands in Dublin to begin the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland.
- 3–11 September – Siege of Drogheda in Ireland: Cromwell's New Model Army massacres the Irish Catholic Confederation garrison.
- 2–11 October – Sack of Wexford in Ireland: New Model Army massacres the Irish Catholic Confederation garrison.
- October – John Milton's Eikonoklastes: in Answer to a Book Intitl'd Eikon Basilike, a defence of the execution of Charles I, is published.
- ^ Munsell, Joel (1858). The Every Day Book of History and Chronology. D. Appleton & Co.
- ^ "BBC London, Features, Tower Street". Archived from the original on 25 February 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2007.
- ^ a b c Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 185–186. ISBN 978-0-7126-5616-0.
- ^ a b Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
- ^ Groom, Nick (2007). The Union Jack: the story of the British flag (Paperback ed.). London: Atlantic Books. p. 145. ISBN 978-1-84354-337-4.
- ^ Baumber, Michael (2004). "Blake, Robert (bap. 1598, d. 1657)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2582. Retrieved 24 August 2010. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- ^ Todd, Margo (2004). "Dorislaus, Isaac (1595–1649)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7832. Retrieved 2012-10-24.