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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1892.
- February 22 – Oscar Wilde's comedy Lady Windermere's Fan premières at St James's Theatre in London starring Winifred Emery and Marion Terry.
- April 27 – The magazine Isis is established by students at the University of Oxford.
- July 15 – The Bibliographical Society is established in London.
- September 12 – 11-year-old Virginia Stephen, the later novelist Virginia Woolf, takes a boat trip to Godrevy Lighthouse on a family holiday in Cornwall.
- October 14 – The first collection of Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories from The Strand Magazine (June 1891–June 1892), The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, is published by George Newnes in London; it includes Doyle's favourite, "The Adventure of the Speckled Band" (originally published in February).
- October 20 (O. S.: October 8) – Constantin Dobrescu-Argeș inaugurates Romania's first rural printing press, at Mușătești.
- December 9 – George Bernard Shaw's first play Widowers' Houses has its first performance, at the Royalty Theatre in London under the auspices of the Independent Theatre Society. The author is booed.
- December 21 – Brandon Thomas' farce Charley's Aunt begins a record-breaking London run at the Royalty Theatre (following a pre-London opening at Bury St Edmunds on February 29).
- Rehearsals for the première of Oscar Wilde's play Salome for inclusion in Sarah Bernhardt's London season are halted when the British Lord Chamberlain's licensor of plays prohibits it for inclusion of Biblical characters.
- The Irish Literary Society is founded by W. B. Yeats, T. W. Rolleston and Charles Gavan Duffy in London, and the National Literary Society by Yeats in Dublin with scholar Douglas Hyde as its first president.
- Carlo Collodi's The Adventures of Pinocchio is first translated into English, by Mary Alice Murray.
- Shadows Uplifted by Frances Ellen Watkins Harper becomes the second novel by an African-American woman published in the United States.
- The Schauspielhaus Zürich opens as the Volkstheater am Pfauen, a music hall.
Children and young people
- January 3 – J. R. R. Tolkien, South African-born English novelist and scholar (died 1973)
- February 8 – Ralph Chubb, English poet, printer and artist (died 1960)
- February 22 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet (died 1950)
- February 23 – Agnes Smedley, American journalist and writer (died 1950)
- March 1 – Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese short story writer and poet (suicide 1927)
- March 9 – David Garnett, English novelist (died 1981)
- March 18 – Robert P. T. Coffin, American poet, essayist, novelist and academic (died 1955)
- March 22 – Karel Poláček, Czech writer, humorist and journalist (died 1944)
- May 26 – Maxwell Bodenheim, American poet and novelist (murdered 1954)
- May 29 – Max Brand, born Frederick Schiller Faust, American Western, pulp fiction and screenwriter (died 1944)
- June 12 – Djuna Barnes, American writer (died 1982)
- June 26 – Pearl S. Buck, born Pearl Sydenstricker, American novelist (died 1973)
- July 1 – James M. Cain, American author and journalist (died 1977)
- July 12 – Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and artist (killed 1942)
- August 5 – Margery Fish, English gardening writer (died 1969)
- October 8 (September 26 O.S.) – Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (suicide 1941)
- October 9 – Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian novelist and Nobel Prize winner (died 1975)
- October 27 – Victor E. van Vriesland, Dutch writer (died 1974)
- December 10 – Lucy M. Boston, born Lucy Maria Wood, English children's novelist (died 1990)
- December 21 – Amy Clarke, English poet, author, and academic (died 1980)
- January 20 – Christopher Pearse Cranch, American poet and magazine editor (born 1813)
- January 28 – Gustav Zerffi, Hungarian journalist and rationalist (born 1820)
- March 16 – Edward Augustus Freeman, English historian and politician (born 1823)
- March 26 – Walt Whitman, American poet (born 1819)
- April 15 – Amelia Edwards, English fiction writer and Egyptologist (born 1831)
- July 10 – Rudolf Westphal, German classical scholar (born 1826)
- July 15 – Thomas Cooper, English Chartist poet (born 1805)
- July 18 – Rose Terry Cooke, American poet and novelist (born 1827)
- August 25 – Richard Lewis Nettleship, English philosopher (born 1846)
- September 7 – John Greenleaf Whittier, American Quaker poet (born 1807)
- September 17 – Ignaz Vincenz Zingerle, Austrian poet (born 1825)
- September 23 – George Grub, Scottish church historian (born 1812)
- October 2 – Teréz Karacs, Hungarian novelist, poet and memoirist (born 1808)
- October 17 – David Edelstadt, Russian-born American poet in Yiddish (born 1866)
- October 21 – Anne Charlotte Leffler, Swedish novelist and dramatist (born 1849)
- October 24 – Anton Gindely, Bohemian historian (born 1829)
- December 27 – Orange Judd, American editor and publisher (born 1822)
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