381 series

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381 series
381 series image
A 381 series on a Mahoroba service in May 2010
In service 1973–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo
Replaced 183 series
Refurbishment 1997–2011 (JR-West)
Number built 277 vehicles
Number in service 136 vehicles (as of 1 April 2015)
Number preserved 2 vehicles
Number scrapped 94 vehicles
Formation 3/4/6/7/9 cars per trainset
Operator(s) JNR (1973–1987)
JR Central (1987–2008)
JR-West (1987–Present)
Depot(s) Hineno, Goto, Fukuchiyama
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium alloy
Car length 21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in)
Width 2,920 mm (9 ft 7 in)
Height 3,383 mm (11 ft 1.2 in)
Maximum speed 120 km/h (75 mph)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC
Current collection method Overhead wire
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 381 series (381系 Sanbyaku-hachijūichi-kei?) is a tilting DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1973 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West), and formerly also operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan.[1]

Fleet[edit]

As of 1 April 2015, 136 vehicles were operated by JR-West.[2]

Operations[edit]

JR Central[edit]

JR-West[edit]

  • Kuroshio (from October 1978 until 30 October 2015[3])
  • Yakumo
  • Kounotori (until 31 May 2011,[4] from 1 June 2012[5] until 30 October 2015[6])
  • Kinosaki (from 1 June 2012[5] until 30 October 2015[6])
  • Hashidate (from 16 March 2013 until 30 October 2015[6])
  • Hanwa Liner rapid service (until March 2011)
  • Yamatoji Liner rapid service (until March 2011)

Livery variations[edit]

History[edit]

The 381 series EMU was developed from the experimental 591 series 3-car articulated tilting EMU tested from 1970.[7]

The 381 series entered revenue service from 10 July 1973 on the Shinano limited express between Nagoya and Nagano.[7]

JR-West 381 series trains were removed from Kuroshio, Kounotori, Kinosaki, and Hashidate limited express services in October 2015, with the last services operating on 30 October.[6]

Preserved examples[edit]

Preserved KuHa 381-1 at the SCMaglev and Railway Park, April 2011
  • KuHa 381-1: (built 1973 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries) SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya[8]
  • KuRo 381-11: (built 1974 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries) SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ JR電車編成表 2015夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2015] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 20 May 2015. p. 406. ISBN 978-4-330-56915-4. 
  3. ^ くろしお381系引退へ…パンダシートも見納め [Kuroshio 381 series to be withdrawn - Also end of panda seats]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "新型車両(287 系)追加投入の詳細" [Details of further introduction of new (287 series) trains] (pdf). JR-West news release (in Japanese). West Japan Railway Company. 28 April 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "JR西日本 381系福知山車FE編成が営業運転開始" [JR-West: Fukichiyama-based 381 series FE sets enter service]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 41 (340): 75. August 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d 381系が関西地区の定期運用から離脱 [381 series removed from scheduled Kansai area services]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2015. 
  7. ^ a b プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. pp. 12–19. OCLC 170056962. 
  8. ^ a b "「リニア・鉄道館」ファーストガイド" ["SCMaglev and Railway Park" First Guide]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 40 (324): 20–33. April 2011.