381 series on
Mahoroba service, May 2010
Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo
1997–2011 (JR West)
Number in service
181 vehicles (as of 1 April 2011)
JR Central (1987–2008)
JR West (1987–Present)
Hineno, Goto, Fukuchiyama
Tōkaidō Main Line, Osaka Loop Line, Hanwa Line, Kisei Main Line, Sanyō Main Line, Hakubi Line, Sanin Main Line, Fukuchiyama Line, Kitakinki Tango Railway Miyafuku Line, Kitakinki Tango Railway Miyazu Line
Car body construction
120 km/h (75 mph)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC
Current collection method Overhead wire
( 1,067 mm 3 ft 6 in)
381 series ( is a tilting 381系) DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1973 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West), and formerly also operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) in Japan. [1 ]
Operations [ edit ]
JR Central [ edit ]
JR West [ edit ]
Livery variations [ edit ]
JNR Livery (JR Central
Shinano set), July 2006
Kuroshio refurbished set
Super Kuroshio set, 1992
Super Kuroshio KuRo 380 refurbished car
Yakumo set, July 2007
JR West set in
Super Yakumo livery, September 2007
JR West set in
Yuttari Yakumo livery, December 2009
History [ edit ]
The 381 series EMU was developed from the experimental 591 series 3-car articulated tilting EMU tested from 1970.
The 381 series entered revenue service from 10 July 1973 on the
limited express between Nagoya and Nagano. Shinano [5 ]
Preserved examples [ edit ]
Preserved KuHa 381-1 at the SCMaglev and Railway Park, April 2011
KuHa 381-1: (built 1973 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries) SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya [6 ]
KuRo 381-11: (built 1974 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries) SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya [6 ]
References [ edit ]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
. 381 series
^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [ JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
^ "Railnews". (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) Japan Railfan Magazine 55 (647): p.171. March 2015.
^ "新型車両（287 系）追加投入の詳細" [Details of further introduction of new (287 series) trains] (pdf). JR West news release (in Japanese). West Japan Railway Company. 28 April 2011 . Retrieved . 2 May 2011
^ a b "JR西日本 381系福知山車ＦＥ編成が営業運転開始" [JR West: Fukichiyama-based 381 series FE sets enter service]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 41 (340): p.75. August 2012.
^ a b プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. pp. 12–19. OCLC 170056962.
^ a b "「リニア・鉄道館」ファーストガイド" ["SCMaglev and Railway Park" First Guide]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 40 (324): p.20–33. April 2011.