5Rhythms is a movement meditation practice devised by Gabrielle Roth in the late 1970s. It draws from indigenous and world traditions using tenets of shamanistic, ecstatic, mystical and eastern philosophy. It also draws from Gestalt therapy, the human potential movement and transpersonal psychology. Fundamental to the practice is the idea that everything is energy, and moves in waves, patterns and rhythms.
Roth describes the practice as a soul journey, and says that by moving the body, releasing the heart, and freeing the mind, one can connect to the essence of the soul, the source of inspiration in which an individual has unlimited possibility and potential.
The practice of the five rhythms is said by Gabrielle Roth to put the body in motion in order to still the mind. The five rhythms (in order) are flowing, staccato, chaos, lyrical, and stillness. The five rhythms, when danced in sequence, are known as a "Wave." A typical Wave takes about an hour to dance.
Longer workshops may, according to The Dancing Path, explore emotion, the cycle of life, the ego, relationships and spiritual vision.
The 5Rhythms Maps
The work is taught through a series of maps that explore the terrain of the inner and outer worlds of individuals, their relationships to others and the space around them. The maps offer a soul journey by exploring embodiment, emotions, the life cycle, the psyche, and the archetypes. The rhythms offer understanding of people's innate powers – being, loving, knowing, seeing and healing.
The first map, "Waves" teaches embodiment of the five distinct rhythms. To embody the rhythms means to access the deep internal wisdom that human bodies contain. The "Heartbeat" map teaches how people have embodied and how they express the emotions of fear, anger, sadness, joy and compassion; while the "Cycles" map provides insight and understanding about how one has internalized conditioning and relationships throughout the life cycle, specifically in the stages of birth, childhood, puberty, maturity and death. Insight and understanding of the ego is delivered through the psyche map, "Mirrors".
While the practice is transformative and can be therapeutic, Gabrielle Roth does not describe 5Rhythms as a form of dance therapy. However, many therapists have obtained a 5Rhythms certification to support their therapeutic practice.
Schools and teachers
Roth founded The Moving Center in New York in 1977 as a base for her workshops, and to train and develop teachers. 5Rhythms teachers Andrea Juhan, Kathy Altman and Lori Saltzman were invited by Roth to co-direct the opening of a 2nd branch of The Moving Center in Mill Valley, California in 1994. Altman, Saltzman and Juhan began to teach their own movement methodology, Open Floor, and The Moving Center in California has since been renamed Open Floor School California.
The 5Rhythms movement has spread worldwide with 293 certified teachers (in 2016)
Charlotte Macleod, writing in the London Evening Standard, describes dancing the 5Rhythms as a kind of antidote to life in a large city, and how she was attracted to a dance class by a video of Thom Yorke. The class leaves her "mentally and physically refreshed, and oddly connected to the other dancers." The dance was "a kind of moving meditation" for her.
Christine Ottery, writing in The Guardian, states that "ecstatic dancing has an image problem" and "encompasses everything from large global movements such as 5Rhythms and Biodanza to local drum'n'dance meet-ups". She suggests that readers may "find 5 Rhythms a good place to start", and does so herself: "Nervously, I stretch and warm my muscles. As the rhythms take off, I shake off my shyness." She dances in different ways, alone or with partners. "My body is expressing itself - it's utter abandonment and a complete high."
Jed Lipinski, writing in The New York Times, notes that 5Rhythms is suitable for all ages, unlike some other forms of dance and movement. He observes that "At a recent 5Rhythms class ... in Manhattan, more than 100 people were gleefully writhing and leaping to tribal drumming courtesy of Ms. Roth's husband, Robert Ansell... Dancers occasionally released guttural howls, as if exorcising the demons of the workweek."
The Daily Telegraph writes of 5Rhythms that "I love it precisely because it isn't based on learned steps. Instead, the idea is to find your own dance by moving your body in whatever way you fancy. For those of us keen to improve our fitness, it can also be an energetic aerobic workout."
Academics working in mental health and other fields are starting to carry out research about the 5Rhythms. The Mental Health Foundation, a UK charity published the 'Dancing for Living Report' describing a group of women's experience of 5Rhythms dance and the effects on their emotional wellbeing. The 5Rhythms have been the subject of a number of PhD theses.
Parody in popular culture
The British TV sitcom Peep Show featured an episode ("Dance Class") where the two principal male characters attend a 'Rainbow Rhythms' class which invites its participants to interpretatively dance 'colours', featuring guidance and a closing circle reminiscent of a 5Rhythms class.
- North, Madelaine (20 February 2005). "TALK OF THE TOWN: Just do it Rhythm is a dancer". Independent on Sunday.
- Gabrielle Roth. Maps to Ecstasy, 1989.
- "The Dancing Path". 5 rhythms global. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
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- 5Rhythms: Moving Center New York. Retrieved February 4, 2014
- "Vormingscentrum lesgevers & begeleiders: Kathy Altman". Souldance. 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2014. (in English)
- "Open Floor School California". Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- "Find A Teacher". 5Rhythms Global. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Macleod, Charlotte (April 6, 2011). "Thom Yorke and the new 5Rhythms dance craze". London Evening Standard. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- Ottery, Christine (21 July 2009). "Ecstatic dance: rhythm to beat the blues". The Guardian. Retrieved March 18, 2012.
- Lipinski, Jed (4 August 2010). "Dance, Dance, Dance. And That's It.". Fashion and Style. The New York Times. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
- "Feel the rhythm from head to heal". Telegraph.co.uk. 6 January 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- Cook, Sarah; Ledger, Karen; Scott, Nadine (2003), Dancing for Living Report: Women's experience of 5 Rhythms dance and the effects on their emotional wellbeing, Sheffield: UK Advocacy Network
- "WorldCat Listing of Andrea Juhan's Thesis". WorldCat Listing. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Hogya, Anne Marie (March 2004). "5RHYTHMS™ IN THE WORKPLACE: EXPLORING MOVEMENT AS A CORPORATE TRAINING APPROACH" (PDF). Royal Roads University. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- Roth, Gabrielle; Maps to Ecstasy; 1989; Nataraj Publishing; Novato, CA
- Roth, Gabrielle; Sweat Your Prayers; 1997; Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin; NY, NY
- Roth, Gabrielle; Connections; 2004; Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin; NY, NY
- Stewart, Iris J.; Sacred Woman, Sacred Dance: Awakening Spirituality Through Movement and Ritual. Inner Traditions, 2000.