|949 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1702|
|Balinese saka calendar||870–871|
|Chinese calendar||戊申年 (Earth Monkey)|
3645 or 3585
— to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
3646 or 3586
|- Vikram Samvat||1005–1006|
|- Shaka Samvat||870–871|
|- Kali Yuga||4049–4050|
|Japanese calendar||Tenryaku 3|
|Minguo calendar||963 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1260/1261 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1491–1492|
1075 or 694 or −78
— to —
1076 or 695 or −77
Year 949 (CMXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
- Arab-Byzantine War: Hamdanid forces under Sayf al-Dawla raid into the theme of Lykandos, but are defeated. The Byzantines counter-attack and seize Germanikeia, defeating an army from Tarsus, and raiding as far south as Antioch. General (strategos) Theophilos Kourkouas captures Theodosiopolis (modern-day Erzurum) after a 7-month siege.
- A Byzantine expeditionary force under Constantine Gongyles attempts to re-conquer the Emirate of Crete from the Saracens. The expedition ends in a disastrous failure; the Byzantine camp is destroyed in a surprise attack. Gongyles himself barely escapes on his flagship.
- Abd al-Rahman III the Caliph of Córdoba declares Jihad, preparing a large army & conquers the city of Lugo in the extreme North of Iberia. This raid shows to be one of the furthest raids Muslims in Spain ever conducted, done as a show of strength of the Muslim State in Al-Andalus.
- King Miroslav (or Miroslaus) is killed by Ban Pribina during a civil war started by his younger brother Michael Krešimir II, who succeeds him as ruler of Croatia.
- Summer – The Hungarians defeat a Bavarian army at Laa (modern Austria).
- September 14 – Fujiwara no Tadahira, a politician and chancellor (kampaku), dies at his native Kyoto. Having governed Japan as regent under Emperor Suzaku since 930. The Fujiwara clan will continue to hold the regency until 1180, controlling the imperial government.
- Fujiwara no Nagatō, Japanese bureaucrat and poet (d. 1009)
- Gebhard of Constance, German bishop (d. 995)
- Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill, High King of Ireland (d. 1022)
- Mathilde, German abbess and granddaughter of Otto I (d. 1011)
- Ranna, Kannada poet (India) (approximate date)
- Symeon (the New Theologian), Byzantine monk and poet (d. 1022)
- Uma no Naishi, Japanese nobleman and waka poet (d. 1011)
- June 1 – Godfrey, Frankish nobleman (approximate date)
- August 17 – Li Shouzhen, Chinese general and governor
- September 14 – Fujiwara no Tadahira, Japanese statesman and regent (b. 880)
- September/October – Abdallah ibn al-Mustakfi, Abbasid caliph (b. 905)
- December – Imad al-Dawla, founder of the Buyid dynasty (Iran)
- December 2 – Odo of Wetterau, German nobleman
- December 10 – Herman I, duke of Swabia
- date unknown
- An, Chinese imperial consort (Five Dynasties)
- Eadric, ealdorman of Wessex (approximate date)
- Jeongjong, king of Goryeo (Korea) (b. 923)
- Miroslav (or Miroslaus), king of Croatia
- Xiao Han, general of the Khitan Liao dynasty
- Yunmen Wenyan, Chinese Zen Buddhist monk
- Zhao Tingyin, general of Later Shu (b. 883)
- ^ a b Treadgold, Warren T. (1997), A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, p. 489, ISBN 0-8047-2630-2
- ^ Bóna, István (2000). The Hungarians and Europe in the 9th-10th centuries. Budapest: Historia - MTA Történettudományi Intézete, p. 27. ISBN 963-8312-67-X.
- ^ Ethelwerd (1962). The chronicle of Æthelweard. Nelson. p. xiii.
- ^ Bowen, Harold (1928). The Life and Times of ʿAlí Ibn ʿÍsà: The Good Vizier. Cambridge University Press. p. 385.
- ^ Francis Ralph Preveden (1962). A History of the Croatian People from Their Arrival on the Shores of the Adriatic to the Present Day: Prehistory and early period until 1397 A.D. Philosophical Library. p. 67.
- ^ Beata Grant (1994). Mount Lu Revisited: Buddhism in the Life and Writings of Su Shih. University of Hawaii Press. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8248-1625-4.