A Serious Man
|A Serious Man|
|Directed by||Joel Coen|
|Music by||Carter Burwell|
|Distributed by||Focus Features (Worldwide)|
|Box office||$31.4 million|
A Serious Man is a 2009 black comedy-drama film written, produced, edited and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen. Set in 1967, the film stars Michael Stuhlbarg as a Minnesota Jewish man whose life crumbles both professionally and personally, leading him to questions about his faith.
A Serious Man received widespread positive critical response, including a place on both the American Film Institute's and National Board of Review's Top 10 Film Lists of 2009. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, and Stuhlbarg was nominated for a Golden Globe Award.
In a prologue, a Jewish man in a 19th-century Eastern European shtetl tells his wife that he was helped on his way home by Reb Groshkover, whom he has invited in for soup. She says Groshkover is dead and the man he invited must be a dybbuk. Groshkover arrives and laughs off the accusation, but she plunges an ice pick into his chest. Bleeding, he exits their home into the snowy night.
In 1967, Larry Gopnik is a professor of physics living in St. Louis Park, Minnesota. His wife, Judith, tells him that she needs a get so she can marry widower Sy Ableman, with whom she has fallen in love. Meanwhile, their son Danny owes twenty dollars to an intimidating Hebrew school classmate for marijuana. He has the money, but it is hidden in a transistor radio that was confiscated by his teacher. Daughter Sarah is always washing her hair and going out. Larry's brother, Arthur, sleeps on the couch and spends his free time filling a notebook with what he calls a "probability map of the universe".
Larry faces an impending vote on his application for tenure, and his department head lets slip that anonymous letters have urged the committee to deny him. Clive Park, a South Korean student worried about losing his scholarship, meets with Larry in his office to argue he should not fail the class. After he leaves, Larry finds an envelope stuffed with cash. When Larry attempts to return it, Clive's father threatens to sue Larry either for defamation if Larry accuses Clive of bribery, or for keeping the money if he does not give him a passing grade.
At the insistence of Judith and Sy, Larry and Arthur move into a nearby motel. Judith empties the couple's bank accounts, leaving Larry penniless, so he enlists the services of a divorce attorney. Larry learns Arthur faces charges of solicitation and sodomy.
Larry turns to his Jewish faith for consolation. He consults two rabbis but his synagogue's senior rabbi, Marshak, is never available. The first, a junior rabbi, advises Larry to change his "perspective"; the second rabbi tells Larry a parable about a dentist. Larry and Sy are involved in separate, simultaneous car crashes. Larry is unharmed, but Sy dies. At Judith's insistence, Larry pays for Sy's funeral. At the funeral, Sy is eulogized as "a serious man".
Larry calls on his neighbor, Vivienne Samsky, whom he has seen sunbathing naked. She introduces him to marijuana. He later dreams that he is having sex with her, but this turns into another nightmare.
Larry is proud and moved by Danny's Bar Mitzvah, unaware that his son is under the influence of marijuana. During the service, Judith apologizes to Larry for all the recent trouble and informs him that Sy respected him so much that he even wrote letters to the tenure committee. Danny meets with Marshak, a brief encounter in which Marshak only quotes Jefferson Airplane's "Somebody to Love," names some members of the band, returns the radio, and tells Danny to "be a good boy".
Larry's department head compliments him on Danny's Bar Mitzvah and hints that he will receive tenure. The mail brings a $3,000 bill from Arthur's lawyer. Larry decides to change Clive's grade from F to C−, whereupon Larry's doctor calls, asking to see him immediately about the results of a chest X-ray. Meanwhile, Danny's teacher struggles to open the emergency shelter as a massive tornado closes in on the school.
- Michael Stuhlbarg as Lawrence "Larry" Gopnik
- Richard Kind as Arthur Gopnik
- Fred Melamed as Sy Ableman
- Sari Lennick as Judith Gopnik
- Aaron Wolff as Danny Gopnik
- Jessica McManus as Sarah Gopnik
- Alan Mandell as Rabbi Marshak
- Adam Arkin as Don Milgram
- George Wyner as Rabbi Nachtner
- Amy Landecker as Mrs. Vivienne Samsky
- Peter Breitmayer as Mr. Brandt
- Brent Braunschweig as Mitch Brandt
- Katherine Borowitz as Mimi Nudell
- Allen Lewis Rickman as Velvel
- Yelena Shmulenson as Dora
- Fyvush Finkel as Traitl Groshkover
- Simon Helberg as Rabbi Scott Ginsler
- Raye Birk as Dr. Shapiro
- Michael Lerner as Solomon Schlutz
- David Kang as Clive
- Steve Park as Clive's father
- Ari Hoptman as Arlen Finkle
Considerable attention was paid to the setting; it was important to the Coens to find a neighborhood of original-looking suburban rambler homes as they would have appeared in St. Louis Park, Minnesota, in the late 1960s. Locations were scouted in nearby Edina, Richfield, Brooklyn Center, and Hopkins before a suitable location was found in Bloomington. The film's look is partly based on the Brad Zellar book Suburban World: The Norling Photographs, a collection of photographs of Bloomington in the 1950s and 60s.
Location filming began on September 8, 2008, in Minnesota. An office scene was shot at Normandale Community College in Bloomington. The film also used a set built in the school's library, as well as small sections of the second floor science building hallway. The synagogue is the B'nai Emet Synagogue in St. Louis Park. The Coens also shot some scenes in St. Olaf College's old science building because of its similar period architecture. Scenes were also shot at the Minneapolis legal offices of Meshbesher & Spence, the name of whose founder and president, Ronald I. Meshbesher, is mentioned as the criminal lawyer recommended to Larry in the film. Filming wrapped on November 6, 2008, after 44 days, ahead of schedule and within budget.
Longtime collaborator Roger Deakins rejoined the Coens as cinematographer, following his absence from Burn After Reading. This was his tenth film with them. Costume designer Mary Zophres returned for her ninth collaboration with the directors.
The Coens themselves stated that the "germ" of the story was a rabbi from their adolescence: a "mysterious figure" who had a private conversation with each student at the conclusion of their religious education. Ethan Coen said that it seemed appropriate to open the film with a Yiddish folk tale, but as the brothers did not know any suitable ones, they wrote their own.
Open auditions for the roles of Danny and Sarah were held on May 4, 2008, at the Sabes Jewish Community Center in St. Louis Park, Minnesota, one of the scheduled shooting locations. Open auditions for the role of Sarah were also held in June 2008 in Chicago, Illinois.
All of the film's original music is by Carter Burwell, who also worked on every previous Coen brothers film except O Brother, Where Art Thou? The film also contains pieces of Yiddish music including "Dem Milner's Trern" by Mark Warshawsky and performed by Sidor Belarsky, which deals with the abuse and recurring evictions of Jews from Shtetlekh.
The soundtrack also includes the following songs by popular 1960s artists:
|1.||"Somebody to Love"||Jefferson Airplane||2:58|
|3.||"Comin' Back to Me"||Jefferson Airplane||5:16|
|4.||"3/5 of a Mile in 10 Seconds"||Jefferson Airplane||3:40|
|5.||"Machine Gun"||Jimi Hendrix||12:36|
|Film||Release date||Box office revenue||Box office ranking||Budget||Reference|
|United States||United States||International||Worldwide||All time United States||All time worldwide|
|A Serious Man||October 2, 2009||$9,228,768||$22,201,566||$31,430,334||#3,818||Unknown||$7,000,000|||
A Serious Man grossed $9,228,768 domestically, and $22,201,566 internationally, making for a worldwide gross of $31,430,334.
A Serious Man received mostly positive reviews from critics, and holds a 90% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 223 reviews, with an average rating of 7.94/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Blending dark humor with profoundly personal themes, the Coen brothers deliver what might be their most mature—if not their best—film to date." The film also holds a score of 82 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on 38 critics, indicating "Universal acclaim".
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times rated the film four out of four stars. His review highlighted the film's Yiddish folktale prologue, suggesting that though the Coens maintain it has no relation to the rest of the film, "maybe because an ancestor invited a dybbuk (wandering soul) to cross his threshold, Larry is cursed." In an essay in Jung Journal: Culture and Psyche, Steve Zemmelman considers that the prologue may link to the Jefferson Airplane soundtrack motif, reflecting Larry's normal sense of order becoming increasingly disrupted. He writes, "what can happen when 'the wheel falls off the cart', as Velvel says happened to him on the road that night, or 'when the truth is found to be lies', that lyric from 'Somebody to Love' that serves as bookends for this film."
Claudia Puig of USA Today wrote, "A Serious Man is a wonderfully odd, bleakly comic and thoroughly engrossing film. Underlying the grim humor are serious questions about faith, family, mortality and misfortune." Time magazine critic Richard Corliss called it "disquieting" and "haunting".
Some critics commented on the link between the film and the Biblical Book of Job. K. L. Evans wrote, "we identify it as a Job story because its central character is tormented by his failure to account for the miseries that befall him". In his essay "Job of Suburbia?", David Tollerton wrote, "the more substantial connection between A Serious Man and the Book of Job—the connection that reaches deeper—is their similarly absurd presentations of the human struggle with anguish and the divine." Slate magazine critic Juliet Lapidos considered that the folktale prologue may be an endorsement of the "gumption" of "taking matters into her own hands".
The Wall Street Journal's Joe Morgenstern disliked what he saw as the film's misanthropy, saying that "their caricatures range from dislikable through despicable, with not a smidgeon of humanity to redeem them." David Denby of The New Yorker enjoyed the film's look and feel, but found fault with the script and characterization: "A Serious Man, like Burn After Reading, is in their bleak, black, belittling mode, and it's hell to sit through ... As a piece of movie-making craft, A Serious Man is fascinating; in every other way, it's intolerable." Zemmelman wrote that this kind of viewer response results from the film's lack of narrative resolution: "The film is perplexing and the dialogue reminds the viewer repeatedly that we are in an encounter with the ever-conflictual and the infinitely mysterious."
Todd McCarthy said, "A Serious Man is the kind of picture you get to make after you've won an Oscar." Awarding the film five stars in The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw said, "this strange and wonderful film is rounded off with a gloriously well-crafted apocalyptic vision and a chilling intimation of divine retribution for earthly wrongdoing. The Coens have finished the noughties as America's preeminent filmmakers".
A Serious Man received numerous awards and nominations, mostly within for Best Picture, Screenplay, Cast, and Cinematography. Joel and Ethan Coen were awarded Best Original Screenplay at the 2009 National Board of Review Awards and the 2010 National Society of Film Critics Awards. The screenplay was also nominated for Best Original Screenplay at the 2010 Academy Awards. Other nominations for Best Original Screenplay include acknowledgment from the Writers Guild of America Awards, BAFTA, the Broadcast Film Critics Association's 15th Annual Critic's Choice Awards and the 2010 Boston Society of Film Critics.
The film was also nominated for Best Picture at the 82nd Academy Awards; BBC News called it "one of the less talked about nominees". Other nominations for Best Picture include the Broadcast Film Critics Association's 15th Annual Critics' Choice Awards, Boston Society of Film Critics and the Chicago Film Critics Association. The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures, the American Film Institute, the Satellite Awards, and the Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards all listed the film as one of the ten best of 2009.
Stuhlbarg was awarded the Chaplin Virtuoso Award at the Santa Barbara International Film Festival and nominated for Best Actor at the 2010 Golden Globe Awards. Stuhlbarg, Kind, Melamed and Lennick were nominated for a Gotham Award for Best Performance by an Ensemble Cast. Ethan Coen, Joel Coen, casting directors Ellen Chenoweth and Rachel Tenner, and actors Kind, Lennick, Melamed, Stuhlbarg, Wolff and McManus were awarded the 2010 Robert Altman Award by Film Independent for Excellence in Collaborative Cinematic Achievement by Directors, Casting Directors alongside an Ensemble Cast and Best Cinematography at the 2010 Independent Spirit Awards.
Roger Deakins received the Best Cinematography awards at both the 2009 Hollywood Awards and the 2009 San Francisco Film Critics Circle Awards, along with the Nikola Tesla Award at the 2009 14th Satellite Awards.
- "A Serious Man". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Booker, M. Keith (2011). Historical Dictionary of American Cinema. Scarecrow Press. p. 75. ISBN 9780810874596.
- "A Serious Man Production Notes". Focus Features. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "The Lost Roles of Marc Maron". April 4, 2013.
- "The Lost Roles of Patton Oswalt". December 8, 2011.
- Campbell, Tim (September 28, 2007). "Coen brothers to get 'Serious' in Minnesota". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on November 3, 2009. Retrieved November 22, 2009.
- Covert, Colin (September 6, 2008). "In Twin Cities, Coen brothers shoot from heart". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2009.
- Hewitt, Chris (September 27, 2009). "'Serious' film was nostalgic pleasure for Coen brothers". St. Paul Pioneer Press. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Henke, David (August 19, 2008). "Coen brothers will use St. Olaf for movie". Northfield News. Retrieved December 1, 2009.
- Gonnerman, David (October 9, 2008). "St. Olaf gets 'Serious'". St. Olaf College. Archived from the original on August 8, 2010. Retrieved December 1, 2009.
- C.J. (October 2, 2009). "Meshbesher's star turn". Minneapolis Star Tribune. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- "It's a wrap! Coen brothers' latest film is in the can". Star Tribune. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
- "Production Begins on the Coen's A Serious Man". ComingSoon.net. September 9, 2008. Archived from the original on September 9, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
- "Coen Bros. On Wet Horses, Kid Stars: It's A Wild West". NPR. January 12, 2011. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- "For Best Picture: A Serious Man". CBS News.
- "A Serious Man Production Notes". Focus Features. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- "Coens cast about to fill three roles in 'A Serious Man'". Star Tribune. April 25, 2008. Retrieved February 18, 2010.
- "Carter Burwell On A Serious Man (2009)". Carter Burwell. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
- "Carter Burwell Filmography". Carter Burwell. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
- "A Serious Man (2009) - Soundtrack". IMDB. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
- Jung Journal: Culture & Psyche, First Edition, Taylor & Francis Group, Philadelphia, 2006, p.29
- Evans, Ian (2009). "A Serious Man premiere at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival". DigitalHit.com. Retrieved December 12, 2009.
- "Oscar-winning Coens head home with "A Serious Man"". Reuters. September 13, 2009. Retrieved September 14, 2009.
- Franklin, Garth (October 2, 2009). "A Serious Man | Film". Dark Horizons. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- "A Serious Man (2009)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- "A Serious Man (2009)". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on February 7, 2010. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
- "A Serious Man (2009)". Metacritic. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- Ebert, Roger (October 7, 2009). "A Serious Man". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on December 7, 2009. Retrieved November 22, 2009.
- Zemmelman, Steve (2013). "The Tempest Speaks: Liminality in A Serious Man". Jung Journal: Culture and Psyche. 7 (3): 16–24. doi:10.1080/19342039.2013.813342. S2CID 142913038.
- Puig, Claudia (October 4, 2009). "'A Serious Man' is a seriously good departure for Coens". USA Today. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Corliss, Richard (September 12, 2009). "A Serious Man: The Coen Brothers' Jewish Question". Time. Archived from the original on September 15, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Evans, K.L. Evans (2012). "How Job Begat Larry: The Present Situation in A Serious Man". In Conard, Mark T. (ed.). The Philosophy of the Coen Brothers. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 289–303. ISBN 978-0813134451.
- Journal of Religion & Film Vol 15, First Edition, University of Nebraska Omaha, Nebraska, 2012, p10
- Lapido, Juliet (March 2, 2010). "Revisiting A Serious Man, the most puzzling of the best-picture nominees". Slate. Retrieved June 5, 2017.
- Morgenstern, Joe (October 2, 2009). "A Serious Man". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Denby, David (September 27, 2009). "Gods and Victims: "A Serious Man" and "Capitalism: A Love Story"". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
- Zemmelman, Steve (2013). "Four Papers on the Coen Brothers' Film A Serious Man". Jung Journal: Culture and Psyche. 7 (3): 14–15. doi:10.1080/19342039.2013.813342. S2CID 142913038.
- Adams, Jeffrey (2015). The Cinema Of The Coen Brothers. New York • Chichester, West Sussex: Columbia University Press. pp. 131–140. ISBN 978-0-231-85081-0.
- Bradshaw, Peter (November 19, 2009). "Film review: A Serious Man". The Guardian. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "The 21st century's 100 greatest films". BBC. August 23, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- "A Serious Man Movie - Official Website - Buy Now - Focus Features". A Serious Man Movie - Official Website - Buy Now - Focus Features. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "A Serious Man". IMDb. November 6, 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- ""Hurt Locker" leads 2009 awards". Archived from the original on February 17, 2015.
-  Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- "15th Annual Critics' Choice Movie Awards (2010) - Best Picture: The Hurt Locker - Critics' Choice Awards". Criticschoice.com. Archived from the original on September 30, 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Past Award Winners - Boston Society of Film Critics". Bostonfilmcritics.org. Archived from the original on October 8, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- [dead link]
- Masters, Tim (March 7, 2010). "Cast of Coen Brothers comedy mull Oscar chances". BBC News Online. Retrieved March 7, 2010.
- "2010 Film and Award History". Archived from the original on February 17, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
- "Winners & Nominees 2009". Hfpa.org. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved March 4, 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 19, 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Friday February 20, 2015
- "Nikola Tesla Award - International Press Academy". Pressacademy.com. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: A Serious Man|