Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Joel Coen
Ethan Coen (uncredited)
|Produced by||Ethan Coen
Joel Coen (uncredited)
|Written by||Joel Coen
M. Emmet Walsh
|Music by||Carter Burwell|
|Edited by||Joel Coen
(as Roderick Jaynes)
River Road Productions
|Distributed by||Circle Films (1985)
USA Films (2000)
|September 7, 1984
(Toronto International Film Festival)
October 12, 1984
(New York Film Festival)
January 18, 1985 (USA)
Blood Simple is a 1984 American neo-noir psychological crime thriller film written, edited, produced and directed by Joel and Ethan Coen. It was the directorial debut of the Coens and the first major film of cinematographer Barry Sonnenfeld, who later became a noted director, as well as the feature film debut of Joel Coen's wife Frances McDormand, who subsequently starred in many of his features.
The film's title derives from the Dashiell Hammett novel Red Harvest (1929), in which the term "blood simple" describes the addled, fearful mindset of people after a prolonged immersion in violent situations.
Julian Marty (Dan Hedaya), who owns a Texas bar, suspects his wife Abby (Frances McDormand) is having an affair with one of his bartenders, Ray (John Getz). She protects herself with a revolver and three bullets.
When Visser reports back to Marty, he teases Marty about being cuckolded. The morning after their tryst, Marty makes a silent phone call to Ray and Abby.
The following day, Ray confronts Marty and quits his job. Marty threatens Ray's life and advises him to not trust Abby, that she will one day tell him she "hasn't done anything funny," and he won't believe her.
Marty then hires Visser to kill the couple while he takes a fishing trip to Corpus Christi to establish an alibi. Visser breaks into Ray's home, steals Abby's gun, and photographs the sleeping couple through the bedroom window.
Visser presents a photo apparently of their corpses to Marty, who dumps four dead fish on his desk. He goes to the bathroom to vomit, then opens the safe to give Visser his $10,000 fee. Visser then shoots Marty with Abby's gun in a double cross, leaving her gun at the scene, and accidentally leaving his cigarette lighter.
Ray returns to the bar to get his last paycheck. He accidentally kicks Abby's gun firing it. He finds a motionless Marty. He decides to cover up the murder, cleans up the blood, and disposes of evidence in a backyard incinerator, loading Marty's body with Abby's gun in the body's coat pocket into his back seat. While Ray is driving down a lonely country road at night to dispose of the body he sees that Marty is still alive and stops the car and runs into a field. When he catches his breath and returns to the car, Marty is out of the car and slowly crawling down the road. Ray struggles to get him back into the car as a truck approaches. The scene jumps to Ray digging a grave in a freshly plowed field. As he throw dirt onto Marty's body, Marty pulls the gun out and tries twice to shoot Ray, but the gun just clicks at the empty chambers. Ray takes the gun and buries Marty alive. Ray calls Abby from a phone booth and tells her he loves her, and she thanks him.
Visser burns the doctored photos, but realizes one is missing; He decides Marty must have locked it in the bar's safe when he was taking out his payment. Visser also realizes he left his cigarette lighter in Marty's office.
A distraught Ray tells Abby, "I cleaned up your mess". Abby insists she "hasn't done anything funny." They argue. They are interrupted by a telephone call from Visser, who says nothing. Abby tells Ray that it was Marty again. A confused Ray storms out.
The other bartender, Meurice, listens to several old phone messages from Marty, accusing him or Ray of stealing money from the safe. Meurice arrives at Ray's house and accuses him of stealing money from the safe. Ray is silent, hiding the blood in the backseat of his car.
Visser goes to the bar to get the photo and the lighter. He takes a hammer to the safe, but is interrupted by Abby who wants to find out why Ray has been acting so strangely. Visser hides. Abby finds the bar ransacked.
Abby finds Ray packing to leave, and tells him she thinks he killed Marty. Ray explains that he found her gun at the bar and that he buried Marty alive. She leaves with the misunderstanding still not resolved. Meurice later tries to assure her that Marty is still alive.
Ray returns once more to the bar and finds Visser's faked photo, and leaves for Abby's apartment, noticing headlights in his rear view mirror. When Abby arrives home she turns on a light and finds Ray looking out the large window. He tells Abby to turn off the light, because he thinks someone is watching. Abby thinks Ray is threatening her and turns the light back on. Visser is on a nearby rooftop with a rifle, and shoots Ray dead through the window. Barely escaping a second shot, and then hearing approaching footsteps, Abby knocks out the light bulb with her shoe. She hides in the bathroom as Visser arrives. Visser goes to the bathroom to kill Abby, muttering, "I don't know what you two thought you were going to pull off ," but he finds the bathroom empty and the window open. Reaching out the window, he opens the window to the next room, but Abby slams the sash down on his wrist and drives a knife through his gloved hand into the sill. Visser shoots holes through the wall, then punches through, and removes the knife while Abby retreats and waits outside the bathroom, holding the gun Ray returned to her.
As Visser is about to emerge, she fires through the door, hitting him. "I'm not afraid of you, Marty", Abby says. Visser, lying on the bathroom floor, mortally wounded, bursts into cackling laughter. "Well, ma'am, if I see him, I'll sure give him the message," he says. Visser focus on a water droplet forming directly over his head, on the pipes under the bathroom sink. The Four Tops' "It's the Same Old Song" (1965) start to play and as the droplet falls the screen cuts to black.
- John Getz as Ray
- Frances McDormand as Abby Marty
- Dan Hedaya as Julian Marty
- M. Emmet Walsh as Investigator Loren Visser
- Samm-Art Williams as Meurice
- Deborah Neumann as Debra
- Holly Hunter as Helene Trend (voice only, uncredited)
While the film was only a modest box office success, it was a huge critical success. The film currently holds a 94% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, where its critical consensus reads: "Brutally violent and shockingly funny in equal measure, Blood Simple offers early evidence of the Coen Brothers' twisted sensibilities and filmmaking ingenuity."
"Director's Cut" and home media
The film was released on VHS tape in 1995 with a 99-minute running time, and, after the film had been re-released theatrically in 1998 (premiering at the Austin Film Festival on October 3) as a "Director's Cut" with a 96-minute running time, this version was released on DVD in 2001. This shorter version was released again on DVD in 2008 by MGM.
Unusual for such an exercise, the "Director's Cut" is some three minutes shorter than the original 1985 theatrical release. The Coens reduced the running time with tighter editing, shortening some shots, and removing others altogether. Additionally, they resolved long-standing rights issues with the music: the original theatrical version of the film made prominent use of The Four Tops' "It's the Same Old Song" (1965); the Coens had replaced it with Neil Diamond's "I'm a Believer" (1966) for the 1995 U.S. home video edition on VHS. The "Director's Cut" reinstated the Four Tops track.
2001 DVD release
The 2001 DVD release features several spoofs of DVD "special features". One is an introduction to the film by fictional film historian "Mortimer Young", who claims the "Director's Cut" removes some of "the boring bits" and adds other parts; this was also included in the theatrical release of the "Director's Cut".
The 2001 DVD release also includes an audio commentary by "Kenneth Loring", the fictional artistic director of the equally fictional "Forever Young Films". Loring offers several entirely spurious "facts": for example, he claims the scene with Ray and Abby driving in the rain, talking about Marty, was acted out in reverse as well as upside down, to synch the headlights of the passing car just as certain lines were said. (He claims filming the scene backwards and upside down was the logical choice to get the timing right, and the actors are wearing hair spray to keep their hair pointing "down".) Elsewhere in the commentary, he claims that, in scenes with both dialogue and music, the actors simply mouth the words and record them in post-production, so they won't interfere with the music; that Marty's dog is animatronic; that the sweat on various actors is "movie sweat", gathered from the flanks of Palomino horses; that Fred Astaire and Rosemary Clooney were at one time intended for the film; and that a fly buzzing about is not real, but the product of computer generated imagery. "Loring" is voiced by actor Jim Piddock, using a script written by the Coen brothers.
2008 MGM release
The 2008 MGM release is a barebones DVD edition of the 96-minute "Director's Cut", billed as Blood Simple: Director's Cut with no commentary or extras.
|Original Motion Picture Soundtracks: Raising Arizona and Blood Simple|
|Soundtrack album by Carter Burwell|
|Coen Brothers film soundtracks chronology|
Carter Burwell wrote the Blood Simple score, the first of his collaborations with the Coen Brothers; he went on to write scores for the majority of their films. Blood Simple was also the first feature film score for Burwell, and he became a much-in-demand composer in Hollywood.
In 1987, seven selections from Burwell's Blood Simple score were released on, and comprise the final tracks on, a 17-track album that also features selections from the soundtrack of Coens' next film, Raising Arizona (1987).
Blood Simple selections on the 1987 album:
- "Crash and Burn" – (2:40)
- "Blood Simple" – (3:33)
- "Chain Gang" – (4:47)
- "The March" – (3:34)
- "Monkey Chant" – (1:04)
- "The Shooting" – (2:52)
- "Blood Simpler" – (1:22)
- Other songs from the film that are not on the album
- 
- "It's the Same Old Song" performed by The Four Tops
- "Louie Louie" performed by Toots & the Maytals
- "The Lady in Red" performed by Xavier Cugat and his Orchestra
- "He'll Have to Go" performed by Joan Black
- "El Sueno" performed by Johnny Ventura
- "Anahi" performed by Maria Luisa Buchino and her Llameros
- "Sweet Dreams" performed by Patsy Cline
In December 2009, Zhang Yimou released a loose remake of the film as a comedy. The film, titled A Simple Noodle Story (known internationally as A Woman, a Gun and a Noodle Shop), is set in a Chinese noodle shop in a desert and revolves around the restaurant owner's plan to murder his adulterous wife and her lover.
- Falsani, Cathleen. (2009). The Dude Abides: The Gospel According to the Coen Brothers. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan. p. 31.
- "Blood Simple (1984)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- Beckett, david (March 27, 2013). "Blood Simple – Director's Cut (2013) DVD". Film 365.
- Blood Simple at AllMusic
- Graser, Marc (28 July 2009). "SPC to distribute Yimou's 'Blood': Chinese director remaking Coen brothers' pic". Variety. New York: Reed Business Information. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Blood Simple|
- Blood Simple at the Internet Movie Database
- Blood Simple at AllMovie
- Blood Simple at Box Office Mojo
- Blood Simple at Rotten Tomatoes
|Sundance Grand Jury Prize: U.S. Dramatic