Authie Town Hall
|Intercommunality||Caen la Mer|
|• Mayor (1983–2020)||Joël Pizy|
|Area1||3.21 km2 (1.24 sq mi)|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||14030 /14280|
|Elevation||60–73 m (197–240 ft)
(avg. 65 m or 213 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Althavillais or Althavillaises.
The commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.
Authie is located some 6 km (4 mi) north-west of the centre of Caen. Access to the commune is by road D220 from Villons-les-Buissons in the north-east which passes through the centre of the commune and the village and continues to Carpiquet in the south. The D220C also goes south-east from the village to the urban area of Caen. There are also the hamlets of Hameau de Saint-Louet, Franqueville, Fermie du Calvaire, and Cussy in the commune. Apart from the large residential area the commune is entirely farmland.
The name of the town is attested in the forms Alteium in 1227 and Auteya in 1264.
Albert Dauzat matched Authie with Authie in Somme department (Altegiam 830) on the coastal river Authie (Alteia 723) and considers it primarily as a hydronym but does not provide any further explanation.
François de Beaurepaire sees a Gallic (Celtic) element in the alt in Authou.
This analyses to ad- (pre-verb) and tegia meaning "house" (cf. Old Irish teg, old Welsh tig, Welsh Ty, Old Breton tig, and Breton ti all meaning "house").
It is likely that Authie contains the same element tegia preceded by another prefix. From a phonetic point of view there is a palatalization of the intervocalic consonant where [g] becomes [j] and then an Amuïssement or attenuation of [j]>[∅], a recurrent phenomenon in phonetics.
The same author explains that Arthies (Artegiae 680) may come from *Are-tegia which is a possible solution for Authie, knowing that [r] regularly becomes [l] before a consonant.
The name Altavilla is either a medieval romanization of a place named Hauteville as in Hauteville in Manche department and therefore does not relate to Authie. It may be a scribal error for *Alteia Villa or *Villa Alteia which mentions a villa, i.e. a rural area in medieval Latin, in a place called Alteia which is Authie.
In 1832 Authie (466 inhabitants in 1831) absorbed Saint-Louet-près-Authie (9 people) in the west of its territory.
The commune was liberated on 8 June 1944 but was largely destroyed in the bombing.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
- North Baddesley (United Kingdom) since 1993.
In 2010 the commune had 1,394 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The commune has one site that is registered as an historical monument:
- An Ornamental Garden in the Château of Authie (18th century)
- The Monument to the Canadians dedicated to the victims of the taking of the village in 1944
The commune has two religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
The Church contains one item that is registered as an historical object:
- A Bronze Bell (1704)
The Nave of the church
- Authie on Lion1906
- Authie on Google Maps
- Authie on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Authie on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Authie on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
- Authie in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (French)
- Google Maps
- Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Librairie Guénégaud Paris 6th edition, 1979, p. 39a. (French)
- Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, op. cit.
- René Lepelley, Etymological Dictionary of commune names in Normandy, Charles Corlet éditions PUC 1994, p. 54b - 55a. ISBN 978-2-905461-80-3 (French)
- The names of communes and old parishes in Eure, A. and J. Picard, François de Beaurepaire, preface by Marcel Baudot, 1981, Paris, 221 pages, ISBN 2-7084-0067-3, OCLC 9675154, p. 56 (French)
- Xavier Delamarre, Dictionary of the Gallic language, éditions Errance 2003, p. 59. (French)
- Xavier Delamarre, op. cit. (French)
- Communal Notice - Authie (French)
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA80000395 Ornamental Garden in the Château of Authie (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111024 Church of Saint Vigor (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111023 Cemetery Cross (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM80000272 Bronze bell (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Authie (Calvados).|