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Becontree tube station

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Becontree London Underground
Becontree station building.JPG
Entrance from Gale Street
Becontree is located in Greater London
Becontree
Becontree
Location of Becontree in Greater London
LocationBecontree
Local authorityLondon Borough of Barking and Dagenham
Managed byLondon Underground
Number of platforms2
Fare zone5
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Increase 3.04 million[1]
2014Increase 3.40 million[1]
2015Increase 3.49 million[1]
2016Increase 3.55 million[1]
2017Increase 3.64 million[1]
Key dates
1926Opened as Gale Street Halt
1932Enlarged and renamed
Other information
External links
WGS8451°32′25″N 00°07′36″E / 51.54028°N 0.12667°E / 51.54028; 0.12667Coordinates: 51°32′25″N 00°07′36″E / 51.54028°N 0.12667°E / 51.54028; 0.12667
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Becontree is a London Underground station on Gale Street in the Becontree neighbourhood of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham in northeast London, England. The station is on the District line, between Upney and Dagenham Heathway stations and is in Travelcard Zone 5.[2] The station was originally opened as Gale Street Halt in 1926 by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway on the existing route from Fenchurch Street to Southend. The station was renamed and completely rebuilt in 1932 with an additional pair of platforms to serve the electric District Railway (now the District line) local service. National rail services ceased to call at the station since the 1960s, leaving only two platforms in operation.

Geography[edit]

The station is located on the west side of Gale Street. It serves the residential area of Becontree, which is to the north of the station. There is a commercial area to the south of the station, while Parsloes Park is to the north. Nearby landmarks include a driving school, the Jo Richardson Community School, Roding Primary School and The James Campbell Primary School.[3]

The railway here was crossed by Becontree Estate Railway, a temporary railway constructed as part of the building of the Becontree housing estate which operated between 1921 and 1934.[4] Becontree estate was constructed in the 1920s by C. J. Wills and Sons Ltd., with the remainder completed in 1938. The estate was once to be served by high speed tramways, with services starting from Ilford, branching out into the estate and then rejoining the current line to Barking. This was not supported by Ilford and Barking councils, and was abandoned due to problems with Ilford authorities and the need to electrify the Barking to Upminster line. There was also a deferred plan for a Kearney Monorail tube connecting Becontree to the city.[5]

History[edit]

Becontree in 1961, with the former LT&SR tracks and platforms in the foreground.

In 1858 a line through East Ham was constructed to provide a faster connection between Barking and the city of London, which connects to the London and Blackwall Railway route to Fenchurch Street. Between 1885 and 1888, the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (LT&SR) constructed a line between Barking and Pitsea via Upminster to provide a more direct route between the two cities.[6] The station was not built at the time.[7]

The London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMSR) took ownership of the LT&SR in 1923 and the station opened as Gale Street Halt on 28 June 1926 to serve the new Becontree Estate and subsequent residential areas. Initially, there were no roads leading to the station.[5] In 1929, the company proposed quadrupling their line between Barking and Upminster[8] and electrifying one pair of tracks for the District line.[note 1] The station was rebuilt and new platforms were constructed for the new pair of tracks.[9] Gale Street Halt was renamed as Becontree and the new station building to the designs of the architect William Henry Hamlyn[10] opened on 18 July 1932, with electrified District line services starting operation 2 months after on 12 September.[11] In addition to the start of electrified services, two new adjacent stations on the District line named Upney and Heathway (now Dagenham Heathway) opened.[9][12]

By 1935, there were approximately 18,000 homes in this area, and together with developers, Dagenham Council added more than 5000 homes until 1965. By 1940, the population grew to 116,000.[13] This particular section of the line between Barking and Upminster was popular among commuters getting to West and East Ham which reduced the need for bus services. Other reasons were a shortened travel time to Charing Cross of up to 35 minutes and the good availability of trains servicing this part of the line.[5][note 2]

The slow tracks on the former LT&SR line to Upminster were shared with steam locomotive hauled goods and passenger services, until 1961 when the District line took over exclusive use of the DC electrified lines.[14] LT&SR services ceased to stop at the station on 15 June 1962.[15][16]

The station today[edit]

Westbound platform looking east, with the fenced off LT&SR platform visible to the right.

The station has four platforms, of which two are used by the District line and another two are disused since the LT&SR service was withdrawn in 1962.[15][16] One of the platforms is fenced off from the westbound District line platform. The single-storey brick station buildings are of typical 1930s design which are also constructed at Dagenham East, Hornchurch and Upminster at the time. Station refurbishment works were completed by Metronet in 2006,[17] where heritage features were restored, CCTV equipment replaced and PA system enhanced. New wall tiles and ceilings were clad, and new tactile strips, customer Help Points and better lighting were installed. Whilst these works were done between 2005 and 2006, the station was closed on several weekends whereby replacement buses operated to Dagenham Heathway station.[18]

Services and connections[edit]

Becontree is on the Upminster part of the line between Upney and Dagenham Heathway on the London Underground District line. The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:[11]

London Bus routes 62 and 145 serve the station.[19]

In popular culture[edit]

The station is said to be haunted by a faceless woman with long blonde hair that several staff members have sighted.[20]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Government assistance was provided for these works, under the Development (Loan Guarantees and Grants) Act, 1929.[5]
  2. ^ Lord Ashfield was initially concerned about the difficulty in generating revenue from this line but was impressed by the actual turnover. Patronage was increased by 40 per cent on the Upminster line while other lines increased by a mere 26 per cent.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  2. ^ Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. May 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Becontree tube station" (Map). Google Maps. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  4. ^ McCarthy & McCarthy 2009, p. 6.
  5. ^ a b c d e Jackson 2018, pp. 291–311.
  6. ^ "London, Tilbury and Southend Railway" (PDF), Local Studies Information Sheets, Barking and Dagenham London Borough Council, 2008, archived from the original (PDF) on 23 October 2015, retrieved 21 February 2016
  7. ^ Rose 2007.
  8. ^ "The London, Tilbury and Southend Railway" (PDF). Local Studies Information Sheet No. 10. London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  9. ^ a b Horne 2006, p. 61.
  10. ^ Lawrence, David (2018). British Rail Architecture 1948–97. Crecy Publishing Ltd. p. 20. ISBN 9780860936855.
  11. ^ a b Feather, Clive. "District line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 3 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
  12. ^ Jarrier, Franklin. "Greater London Transport Tracks Map" (PDF) (Map). CartoMetro London Edition. 3.7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 November 2018.
  13. ^ Crookston 2013, p. 31.
  14. ^ Horne 2006, pp. 80–82.
  15. ^ a b Brailsford, Martyn (2016). Railway Track Diagrams Book 2 Eastern. Frome: Trackmaps. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-9549866-8-1.
  16. ^ a b Brown, Joe (2015). London Railway Atlas. Hersham: Ian Allan. pp. 27–30, 43–46. ISBN 9780711038196.
  17. ^ "Station Refurbishment Summary" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. July 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Refurbishment Work to Improve Becontree station" (Press release). Transport for London. 27 October 2005. Archived from the original on 1 February 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Buses from Becontree" (PDF). Transport for London. 30 September 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 December 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  20. ^ Heffernan, Mike (12 September 2008). "Ghosts on the London Underground". Archived from the original on 6 December 2018. Retrieved 6 December 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Crookston, Martin (4 December 2013). Garden Suburbs of Tomorrow?: A New Future for the Cottage Estates. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-3178-2147-2.
  • Horne, Mike (2006). The District Line. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-292-5.
  • McCarthy, Colin; McCarthy, David (2009). Railways of Britain – London North of the Thames. Hersham, Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7110-3346-7.
  • Rose, Douglas (December 2007) [1980]. The London Underground: A Diagrammatic History (8th ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-315-0.
  • Jackson, Alan A. (2018) [1973]. Semi-Detached London: Suburban Development, Life and Transport, 1900–39. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-35117-512-8.
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
District line
towards Upminster
  Historical railways  
Barking   British Rail Eastern Region
London, Tilbury and Southend Railway
  Dagenham East