Ben Goertzel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ben Goertzel
Dr Ben Goertzel.jpg
Goertzel after giving a talk at the 2009 Humanity+ Summit in Irvine, California
Born (1966-12-08) 8 December 1966 (age 56)
Occupation(s)CEO and founder of SingularityNET

Ben Goertzel is a cognitive scientist, artificial intelligence researcher, CEO and founder of SingularityNET,[1] leader of the OpenCog Foundation,[2] and the AGI Society,[3] and chair of Humanity+.[4] He helped popularize the term 'artificial general intelligence'.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Three of Goertzel's Jewish great-grandparents emigrated to New York from Lithuania and Poland.[6] Goertzel's father is Ted Goertzel, a former professor of sociology at Rutgers University.[7] Goertzel left high school after the tenth grade to attend Bard College at Simon's Rock, where he graduated with a bachelor's degree in Quantitative Studies.[8] Goertzel graduated with a PhD in mathematics from Temple University under the supervision of Avi Lin in 1990, at age 23.[9]


Goertzel is the founder and CEO of SingularityNET, a project combining artificial intelligence and blockchain to democratize access to artificial intelligence.[10] He was a Director of Research of the Machine Intelligence Research Institute.[11] He is also chief scientist and chairman of AI software company Novamente LLC; chairman of the OpenCog Foundation; and advisor to Singularity University.[citation needed]

Goertzel was the Chief Scientist of Hanson Robotics, the company that created Sophia the Robot.[12]

Views on AI[edit]

Dr. Goertzel is a leading developer of the OpenCog framework for artificial general intelligence. He has published many technical papers on the OpenCog architecture.[13]

Ben Goertzel at Brain Bar

In May 2007, Goertzel spoke at a Google tech talk about his approach to creating artificial general intelligence.[14] He defines intelligence as the ability to detect patterns in the world and in the agent itself, measurable in terms of emergent behavior of "achieving complex goals in complex environments".[15] A "baby-like" artificial intelligence is initialized, then trained as an agent in a simulated or virtual world such as Second Life[16] to produce a more powerful intelligence.[17] Knowledge is represented in a network whose nodes and links carry probabilistic truth values as well as "attention values", with the attention values resembling the weights in a neural network. Several algorithms operate on this network, the central one being a combination of a probabilistic inference engine and a custom version of evolutionary programming.[18]

The 2012 documentary The Singularity by independent filmmaker Doug Wolens showcased Goertzel's vision and understanding of making artificial general intelligence.[19][20]


  • Ben Goertzel (1992). The Structure of Intelligence: A New Mathematical Model of Mind. Springer.
  • Ben Goertzel (1992). The Evolving Mind. Gordon and Breach.
  • Ben Goertzel (1994). Chaotic Logic: Language, Thought, and Reality from the Perspective of Complex Systems Science. Plenum.
  • Ben Goertzel and Ted Goertzel (1996). Linus Pauling: A Life in Science and Politics. Basic.
  • Ben Goertzel (2001). Creating Internet Intelligence. Springer.
  • Ben Goertzel (2005). Artificial General Intelligence. Springer.
  • Ben Goertzel (2006). Probabilistic Logic Networks: A Comprehensive Framework for Uncertain Inference. Plenum.
  • Ben Goertzel (2006). The Hidden Pattern: A Patternist Philosophy of Mind. Brown Walker.
  • Ben Goertzel (2007). The Path to Posthumanity. Academica.
  • Ben Goertzel (2010). A Cosmist Manifesto: Practical Philosophy for the Posthuman Age. Humanity+ Press.
  • Ben Goertzel (2011). Real-World Reasoning: Scalable Spatial Temporal and Causal Inference. Atlantis Press.
  • Ben Goertzel (2012). Theoretical Foundations of Artificial General Intelligence. Atlantis Press.
  • Ben Goertzel (2014). Engineering General Intelligence, Volumes 1 & 2. Atlantis Press.
  • Ben Goertzel (2014). Between Ape and Artilect: Conversations with Pioneers of AGI and Other Transformative Technologies. Humanity+ Press.
  • Ben Goertzel (2014). Ten Years to the Singularity If We Really Really Try. Humanity+ Press.
  • Ben Goertzel (2015). The End of the Beginning: Life, Society and Economy on the Brink of the Singularity. Humanity+ Press.
  • Ben Goertzel (2016). AGI Revolution: An Inside View of the Rise of Artificial General Intelligence. Humanity+ Press.
  • Ben Goertzel (2018). The Evidence for Psi: Thirteen Empirical Research Reports. McFarland.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Walch, Kathleen. "Is Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) On The Horizon? Interview With Dr. Ben Goertzel, CEO & Founder, SingularityNET Foundation". Forbes. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Leadership". 27 April 2010. Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  3. ^ "About –". Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  4. ^ "Leadership".
  5. ^ "Who coined the term "AGI"? »". Archived from the original on 28 December 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018., via Life 3.0: 'The term "AGI" was popularized by... Shane Legg, Mark Gubrud and Ben Goertzel'
  6. ^ Ben Goertzel: Artificial General Intelligence | AI Podcast #103 with Lex Fridman, YouTube, 22 June 2020
  7. ^ Pauling's Prizes, The New York Times, 5 November 1995
  8. ^ Goertzel, Benjamin (1985). Nonclassical Arithmetics and Calculi. Simon's Rock of Bard College.
  9. ^ Ben Goertzel at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  10. ^ Popper, Nathaniel (20 October 2018). "How the Blockchain Could Break Big Tech's Hold on A.I." The New York Times. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  11. ^ "The Singularity Institute's Scary Idea (and Why I Don't Buy It)", The Multiverse According to Ben, 29 October 2010
  12. ^ Vincent, James (10 November 2017). "Sophia the robot's co-creator says the bot may not be true AI, but it is a work of art". The Verge. The Verge. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  13. ^ "Background Publications - OpenCog". Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  14. ^ Goertzel, Ben (30 May 2007). "Artificial General Intelligence: Now Is the Time". GoogleTalks Archive. Retrieved 31 December 2021 – via YouTube.
  15. ^ Roberts, Jacob (2016). "Thinking Machines: The Search for Artificial Intelligence". Distillations. 2 (2): 14–23. Archived from the original on 19 August 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Online worlds to be AI incubators", BBC News, 13 September 2007
  17. ^ "Virtual worlds making artificial intelligence apps 'smarter'" Archived 21 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Computerworld, 13 September 2007
  18. ^ "Patterns, Hypergraphs and Embodied General Intelligence", Ben Goertzel, WCCI Panel Discussion: "A Roadmap to Human-Level Intelligence"[permanent dead link], July 2006
  19. ^ "The Singularity: A Documentary by Doug Wolens". Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  20. ^ "Pondering Our Cyborg Future in a Documentary About the Singularity – Kasia Cieplak-Mayr von Baldegg". The Atlantic. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.

External links[edit]