Neil Harbisson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Neil Harbisson
Neil Harbisson cyborgist.jpg
Born (1984-07-27) 27 July 1984 (age 34)[1]
Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Nationality
Education
Known for
Notable work
  • Cyborg Antenna, Transdental Communication, Solar Crown, Sound Portraits
MovementCyborg art
Awards
  • 2018  Guinness World Record[5][6][7]
    Guinness Book of Records
  • 2016  Tribeca X Award[8]
    Tribeca Film Festival, New York
  • 2015  Futurum Award[9]
    Futurum, Monaco
  • 2014  Bram Stoker Gold Medal[10]
    Trinity College, Dublin
  • 2013  Focus Forward Grand Jury Award[11]
    Sundance Film Festival, USA
  • 2010  Cre@tic Award 2010[12]
    Tecnocampus Mataro
  • 2009  Phonos Music Grant[13]
    IUA Phonos, Spain
  • 2005  Best Performing Story[14]
    ResearchTV, UK
  • 2004  Innovation Award 2004
    Submerge (Bristol, UK)
  • 2004  Europrix Multimedia Award[15]
    Vienna, Austria
  • 2001 & 2010  Stage Creation Award[16]
    IMAC Mataro, Spain
WebsiteHarbisson.com

Neil Harbisson (born 27 July 1984) is a Catalan-raised, Northern Irish-born[17] cyborg artist and transpecies activist based in New York City.[18] He is best known for being the first person in the world with an antenna implanted in his skull[19] and for being legally recognized as a cyborg by a government.[20][21] His antenna sends audible vibrations in his skull to report information to him. This includes measurements of electromagnetic radiation, phone calls, music as well as video or images which are translated into audible vibrations.[22] His WiFi-enabled antenna also allows him to receive signals and data from satellites.[23]

Since 2004, international media has described him as the world's first cyborg[24] or the world's first cyborg artist.[25] In 2010, he co-founded the Cyborg Foundation, an international organisation that defends cyborg rights, promotes cyborg art and supports people who want to become cyborgs.[26][27] In 2017, he co-founded the Transpecies Society, an association that gives voice to people with non-human identities, raises awareness of the challenges transpecies face, advocates for the freedom of self-design and offers the development of new senses and organs in community.[28]

Early life[edit]

Harbisson is the son of a Spanish mother and a Northern Irish father.[29] He was born with an extreme form of colour blindness that results in seeing in greyscale.[30] He grew up in Barcelona where he studied piano[31][32] and began to compose music at the age of 11.[33] At 16, he studied fine art at the Institut Alexandre Satorras, where he was given special permission to use no colour in his work. His early works are all in black and white.[34][35]

As a teenager, Harbisson lived in a tree for several days in Mataró to save three trees from being cut down.[36][37] His initiative was supported by over 3,000 people who signed a petition to maintain the trees.[38] After days of protest, the city hall announced the trees would not be cut.[39]

At the age of 19, he moved to England to study music composition at Dartington College of Arts.[40]

Works[edit]

Harbisson defines his work as cyborg art, the art of designing new senses and new organs, and the art of merging with them.[41] He compares his practice with sculpture; his aim is to mould his mind in order to create new perceptions of reality.[42] He defines this particular branch of cyborg art as perceptionism, the art of designing new perceptions of reality and sees it as a post-art movement because its practicality makes no distinction between the artist, the work of art, the space where it exists and the audience. Harbisson is the artist, the work of art, the space where it exists and the only one in the audience.[43]

Sense of Colour: Cyborg Antenna[edit]

The Cyborg Antenna is a new sensory device created to extend the human limitations of color perception.[44] It is implanted and osseointegrated in Harbisson’s head and it sprouts from within his occipital bone. It has been permanently attached to Harbisson’s head since 2004 and it allows him to feel and hear colours as audible vibrations inside his head,[45] including colours invisible to the human eye such as infrareds and ultraviolets.[46] The antenna also allows internet connection and therefore the reception of colour from other sensors or from satellites.[25] Harbisson began developing the antenna at college in 2003 with Adam Montandon[47] and it was upgraded by Peter Kese and Matias Lizana among others.[45] The antenna implant surgery was repeatedly rejected by bioethical committees but went underway regardless by anonymous doctors.[48]

Internet of Senses: Harbisson has given permission to 5 friends, one in each continent, to send colours, images, videos or sounds directly into his head. If he receives colours while asleep his friends can colour and alter his dreams.[49] The first public demonstration of a skull transmitted image was broadcast live on Al Jazeera's chat show The Stream.[50] The first person to make a phone call directly into his skull was Ruby Wax.[51]

Neil Harbisson conducting a colour concert at Palau de la Musica Catalana, Barcelona (2014)[52]

In 2014, Harbisson executed the world’s first skull-transmitted painting. Colours sent from audience members in Times Square as they painted simple colored stripes onto a canvas were received live via internet directly into Harbisson's brain.[53] He correctly identified and painted the same color stripes onto a canvas in front of an audience at The Red Door, 10 blocks away from Times Square.[54]

Sense of Time: Solar Crown[edit]

The Solar Crown is a sensory device for the sense of time. A rotating point of heat takes 24 hours to slowly orbit around Harbisson's head.[55] When he feels the point of heat in the middle of his forehead it is midday solar time in London (longitude 0°), when the heat reaches his right ear it is midday in New Orleans (longitude 90°).[56] Harbisson's aim is to take Albert Einstein's theory of time relativity into practice by creating time illusions.[57] When his brain gets accustomed to the passage of time on his head, he will explore if he can modify his perception of time by altering the speed of rotation.[58] Harbisson states that in the same way we can create optical illusions because we have eyes for the sense of sight, we should be able to create time illusions if we have an organ for the sense of time.[59] If time illusions work he will then be able to stretch or control his perception of time, age and time travel.[60]

Transdental Communication System: Bluetooth Tooth[edit]

The transdental communication system is composed by two teeth, each containing a bluetooth enabled button and a mini vibrator.[61] Whenever the button is pressed it sends a vibration to the other person’s tooth.[62] One tooth was installed in Harbisson's mouth and the other tooth in Moon Ribas' mouth. Both Harbisson and Ribas know how to communicate in morse code therefore they are able to communicate from tooth to tooth.[63] The first demonstration of the system was presented in São Paulo.[64]

Performances and exhibitions[edit]

Sonochromatic Records exhibited at Pioneer Works, New York (2014)

Harbisson's art work has been ranked together with the works of Yoko Ono and Marina Abramović as one of the 10 most shocking art performances ever.[65] His work is focused on the creation of new senses and the creation of external art works through these new senses.[66]

His main works have been exhibited during the 54th Venice Biennale[67] at Palazzo Foscari,[68] Savina Museum of Contemporary Art ,[69] Museumsquartier (Vienna), CCCB,[70] Pioneer Works (New York City),[71]ArtScience Museum (Singapore)[72] Centre d'Art Santa Mònica,[73] Pollock Gallery,[74] and at the American Visionary Art Museum,[75] among others.[76][77]

Sound Portraits: To create a sound portrait Harbisson stands in front of the person and points his antenna at different parts of the face, he then writes down the different notes he hears and later creates a sound file. He has created live portraits of: Philip Glass, Robert De Niro, Iris Apfel, Oliver Stone, Steve Reich, Bono, Buzz Aldrin, Solange, Bill Viola, Prince Charles, Woody Allen,[78] Antoni Tàpies, Leonardo DiCaprio, Judi Dench,[79] Moby, James Cameron, Peter Brook, Al Gore, Tim Berners-Lee, Macy Gray, Gael García Bernal,[80] Alfonso Cuarón, Ryoji Ikeda, Gabriel Byrne,[81] Prince Albert II of Monaco, Steve Wozniak,[82] Oliver Sacks and Giorgio Moroder, among others.[83]

Color Scores:[84] are a series of paintings based on the transposition of sounds, music or voices into color.[85]

Studies: In 2009 Harbisson published the Human Color Wheel based on the hue and light detected on hundreds of human skins from 2004 to 2009.[86] The aim of the study was to state that humans are not black or white, humans are different shades of orange - from very very dark orange to very light orange.[87]

Under the title Capital Colors,[88][89] Harbisson has exhibited the dominant colours of different cities he has visited.[90][91] He scans the colors of each city until he is able to represent it with at least two hues.[92][93]

Media[edit]

Neil Harbisson giving a talk at the Science Museum, London, 2015

Harbisson has contributed significantly to the public awareness of cyborgs, transpecies, artificial senses and human evolution by giving regular public lectures at universities, conferences and LAN parties sometimes to audiences of thousands.[94] He has taken part in science, music, fashion and art festivals[95] such as the British Science Festival,[96] TEDGlobal,[97] London Fashion Week,[98] and Sónar[99] among others.[100] He has become trending topic on Twitter[101] in several occasions.[102][103][104]

In 2013, a short film about Neil Harbisson[105] won the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival's Focus Forward Filmmakers Competition.[106] Since 2014, a short fictional film about Harbisson's life is being filmed.[107][108] In 2015, Hearing Colors, a black and white documentary about Harbisson in New York became a Vimeo "Staff Pick" and became the winner of New York's Tribeca Film Festival X Award in 2016.

He has appeared on documentaries by Discovery Channel,[109] Documentos TV,[110] Redes; in specific documentaries about his life[111][112] and on a number of chat shows including NBC's Last Call with Carson Daly,[113] Richard & Judy, Buenafuente,[114] and Fantástico.[115] He has taken part in radio shows on New York's Public Radio International,[116] BBC World Service,[117] Cadena SER,[118] and has contributed in newspapers and magazines[119][120] such as The New York Times,[121] The New Scientist,[122] Wired,[123] and The Scientist,[124] among others.[125][45]

Harbisson appears in Aladdin, an independent film directed by Adam Green and starred by Macaulay Culkin, Natasha Lyonne and Francesco Clemente among others.[126]

Activism[edit]

In 2004, Harbisson's British passport renewal was rejected. The UK Passport Office would not allow him to appear with an electronic device on his head. Harbisson wrote back explaining that he identified as a cyborg and that his antenna should be treated as an organ not a device. After weeks of correspondence, Harbisson's photo was accepted.[127][86]

In 2011 during a demonstration in Barcelona, Harbisson's antenna was damaged by police who believed they were being filmed.[128][129] Harbisson filed a complaint of physical aggression, not as damage to personal property, as he considers the antenna to be a body part.[130]

Collaborations[edit]

Harbisson has collaborated extensively with his childhood friend and cyborg artist Moon Ribas in performances[131][132] and art projects.[133] His first performances as a cyborg were at Dartington College of Arts, using pianos[134] and collaborating with other students.[135] He has performed with artist Pau Riba with whom he shares the same interest in cyborgs.[136] They first performed in Barcelona followed by other performances.[137][138] One of their projects is Avigram.[139]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Registre El Maresme Issue 224, Summer 1984.
  2. ^ Neil's the first UK cyborg – official. It says so on his passport, Totnes Times, 1 December 2004.
  3. ^ Colourblind artist wants cyborg eye in his Irish passport, Belfast Telegraph, 15 May 2012.
  4. ^ "I listen to color", CNN, 10 September 2012
  5. ^ "2018 Guinness World Records holders revealed: Eyelashes, nails, cat tails and a slam-dunking bunny". ITV News. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  6. ^ "Meet the stars of the Guinness World Records 2018". Metro. 2017-09-08. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  7. ^ "The 2018 Guinness Book of World Records, in pictures". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  8. ^ Éditorial "Hearing Colors wins Tribeca Film Festival award", Adweek, 21 April 2016
  9. ^ Éditorial "Un award pour l'artiste à l'antenne greffée sur la tête", Monaco-Matin, 4 November 2015
  10. ^ Fionn McGorry "Human cyborg visits TCD", Trinity News, 11 October 2014
  11. ^ Geli, Carles "Un documental catalán, premiado en Sundance", El País, 27 January 2013.
  12. ^ Martinez, Lluis "La Fundació Cyborg s'endú el primer premi dels Cre@tic", El Punt, 20 November 2010.
  13. ^ Becas Phonos IUA (Institut Universitari d'Audiovisuals), Universitat Pompeu Fabra [1] Archived 10 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "Cyborgs and Stem Cells triumph in research movie oscars", AIB News Archive, 26 April 2006
  15. ^ "Europrix Multimedia Awards 2004"
  16. ^ "Temporada del Monumental" Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Capgròs, 27 August 2010.
  17. ^ As told to Sally Davies, FT Magazine I'm a human cyborg – I can hear colour, First Person: Neil Harbisson I was born in Belfast but grew up in Catalonia., 17 August 2012.
  18. ^ Rawle, Tom "EXCLUSIVE: Human cyborg who hears colour is using antenna to 'see' space", Daily Star, 24 April 2015
  19. ^ Wade, Greg. "Seeing things in a different light", BBC, 19 January 2005.
  20. ^ CNN, Madeleine Stix,. "World's first cyborg wants to hack your body - CNN". CNN. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  21. ^ CNN [2]
  22. ^ Jeffries, Stuart "World's first cyborg artist", The Guardian, 6 May 2014
  23. ^ Rawle, Tom "EXCLUSIVE: Human cyborg who HEARS colour is using antenna to 'see' SPACE", Daily Star, 24 April 2015
  24. ^ Radnedge, Aidan. "World's first cyborg", Metro, 2 December 2004.
  25. ^ a b Jeffries, Stuart "Neil Harbisson, the world's first cyborg artist", The Guardian, 5 May 2014
  26. ^ García, F.C. "Nace una fundación dedicada a convertir humanos en ciborgs", La Vanguardia, 1 March 2011.
  27. ^ Minor, Jordan "North Sense implant turns you into a human compass", Geek, 27 May 2016.
  28. ^ Suzuki, Hiromi "Transpecies Identities", Wired, Japan, 1 January 2018.
  29. ^ Editor "Artist wants cyborg eye in Irish passport", Belfast Telegraph, 15 May 2012
  30. ^ "How a Color-Blind Artist Became the World's First Cyborg". 2017-04-03. Retrieved 2017-09-15.
  31. ^ FC "Més de 4000 espectadors ja han vist els Pastorets que acaben diumenge" Capgros 12–19 February 1999
  32. ^ JV "Alumnes del Campeny representen Terra Baixa" Crònica de Mataró 16 May 1998
  33. ^ Mas, Pere. "Neil Harbisson, ciborg de colors", Catalunya Ràdio, 25 August 2009
  34. ^ Brennan, Ciarán. "When what you see is not in colour", The Irish Times, 5 May 2008.
  35. ^ Bryony Gordon. "From black and white to colour . . . eyes opened to sound of socks", The Independent, 13 January 2005.
  36. ^ Ferran, Helena. "Un «cyborg» català al Regne Unit", El Punt, 5 December 2004.
  37. ^ de la Fuente, Antonia. "Barones rampantes de Mataró se instalan en árboles para impedir que los corten", La Vanguardia, 27 May 2001.
  38. ^ "Penjats pels arbres" Front page of El Punt 26 May 2001
  39. ^ Ferran, Helena. "Famós a Mataró per <<salvar>> arbres", El Punt, 5 December 2004.
  40. ^ Martinez Arias, Alberto. "Primer ciborg del mundo reconocido por un gobierno", Puntos de Vista,Radio Exterior de España, 23 January 2012.
  41. ^ Jeffries, Stuart (2014-05-06). "Neil Harbisson: the world's first cyborg artist". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077.
  42. ^ "Hearing Color Through a Cyborg - Science Friday". Science Friday.
  43. ^ Pristauz, Julius (1 December 2017). "Neil Harbisson, the reality of a cyborg". Metal Magazine.
  44. ^ Sanchis, Ima. "La veo en blanco y negro pero la oigo en colores", La Contra de La Vanguardia, 10 July 2010.
  45. ^ a b c Harbisson, Neil. "Painting by ear" Archived 3 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Modern Painters, The International Contemporary Art Magazine pp.70–73. New York, June 2008.
  46. ^ Alfredo M. Ronchi: Eculture: Cultural Content in the Digital Age. Springer (New York, 2009). p.319 ISBN 978-3-540-75273-8
  47. ^ Nadotti, Cristina. "Daltonici, mondo a colori con l'aiuto di "Eye-borg"", La Repubblica, 31 May 2005.
  48. ^ BROKEN LINK Millás, Juan José. "El Cyborg del Tercer Ojo"[permanent dead link], El País, 15 January 2012.
  49. ^ Williams, Alison "Cyborg Series #1" Archived 30 November 2014 at Archive.is, Not Impossible Now, 29 October 2014
  50. ^ The Stream"The World's First Cyborg", Al Jazeera, 27 November 2014.
  51. ^ [Shin, Nara "Cool Hunting: Neil Harbisson", Coolhunting, 5 May 2014
  52. ^ Vodafone "First color conducted concert"[permanent dead link], Firsts, January 2014
  53. ^ Jones, Jonathan "Will cyborgs turn art into a supersensory futureworld?", The Guardian, 27 August 2014.
  54. ^ Pearlman, Ellen "I, Cyborg", PAJ (journal), May 2015
  55. ^ "Neil Harbisson, Metal Magazine". Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  56. ^ "Así suenan los colores para Neil Harbisson, el 'ciborg' que dejó boquiabiertos a todos en Masterchef". El Español (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-12-03.
  57. ^ "Neil Harbisson: "Me pondré en la cabeza un órgano para sentir el paso del tiempo"". abc (in Spanish).
  58. ^ "See the world from a cyborg's point of view: A chat with Neil Harbisson". Techly. 2017-08-25.
  59. ^ "Următorul pas în evoluția omenirii: tipul ăsta are Internet în craniu, aude culori și acum vrea să simtă Soarele sub piele". Noizz.ro (in Romanian). 2017-10-05.
  60. ^ "Episode 40: The World's First Cyborg ft. Neil Harbisson | HVMN Podcast". HVMN.
  61. ^ Vanhalakka, Vesa "Tämä mies on elävä kyborgi – kalloon ruuvatusta antennista on tullut osa hänen kehoaan", Aamulehti, 16 October 2016
  62. ^ "The Renaissance of our Species", Museum Next, New York, November 2016
  63. ^ Kędzierski, Robert "Człowiek przyszłości będzie postrzegał świat przez zmysły, które dopiero stworzymy", Gazeta, 2 May 2017
  64. ^ Zuin, Lidia "A talk with cyborg activists Neil Harbisson and Moon Ribas", Kill Screen, 2016
  65. ^ Jones, Jonathan. "The 10 most shocking performance artworks ever", The Guardian, 11 November 2013
  66. ^ Editorial Board. "El Artista que escucha los Colores" BBC Mundo 27 May 2010
  67. ^ Editorial Board "Eyeborg" Venice Connected June 2011
  68. ^ Giorcelli, Rosalba. [3] Archived 23 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Style.com (Italy), 16 June 2011.
  69. ^ "Color Study", Art Korea TV, 4 August 2015
  70. ^ Farré, Natàlia "Viviremos en otro planeta?, El Periodico, 7 October 2015
  71. ^ "Neil Harbisson: Cyborg Artist at the Creative Frontier", Master Dynamic, 18 September 2014
  72. ^ Wong, Cara "Human cyborg steers clear of drunk women", Strait Times, 22 May 2017.
  73. ^ Frisach, Montse "La Música del Món" Avui 30 April 2012
  74. ^ Escobedo, Lee. "From A-Z" Arts and Culture Texas Magazine October 2015.
  75. ^ Scharper, Julie "AVAM's 'Human, Soul & Machine' explores technology's power", The Baltimore Sun, 6 October 2013
  76. ^ Pedrico, Marta "Poner color al sonido..." La Vanguardia 7 October 2011.
  77. ^ Bosco, Roberta. "El Pintor que oye colores" El País 18 May 2005.
  78. ^ Bergós, Mónica "El primer 'cyborg'", El Correo, 15 May 2010.
  79. ^ Editor "Neil Harbisson, Sentidos Cosmicos", Abrigo Portatil, Num.5. Brazil 2016.
  80. ^ Pesantes, Karla "Todos deberiamos queres ser cyborgs" Vistazo 19 October 2011
  81. ^ Davies, Sally "Encounters with the Posthuman",Nautilus, 29 April 2013
  82. ^ Bryant, Ross "People will start becoming technology says human cyborg" "Dezeen Magazine" 20 November 2013
  83. ^ Neil Harbisson [@NeilHarbisson] (25 April 2014). "Listening to @giorgiomoroder's moustache today at @Moogfest with @moonribas" (Tweet) – via Twitter. /photo/1/large "Neil Harbisson creating a sound portrait of Giorgio Moroder
  84. ^ Pearce, Marcus. "The vision thing: Art and illusion", The Guardian, 22 September 2008.
  85. ^ Jarque, Miquel "L'art de pintar els sons", Catalunya Ràdio, 8 May 2010.
  86. ^ a b Serra, Laura "No som blancs ni negres, tots som taronges" Ara, 19 January 2011.
  87. ^ Hadden, Gerry "Color-Blind Artist Neil Harbisson Uses Webcam-Like Eyeborg to ‘Hear’ Color", The World, Public Radio International, 28 February 2012.
  88. ^ Marković, Stjepan. "Kiborg iz Engleske u Zagrebu 'slusao' boje" 24 sata Promotivni Primjerak Front Page, 17 December 2007
  89. ^ Marković, Stjepan. "Prvi sluzbeni covjek kiborg cuje trideset i sest boja" Archived 6 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine. 24 sata pp.12–13, 17 December 2007
  90. ^ Brooks, Richard. "Colour-blind artist learns to paint by hearing", The Sunday Times, 24 February 2008.
  91. ^ Dee, Michael. "Neil Harbisson – en kunstnerisk kyborg", Kunst for alle, p.32-35 Issue 3, 2009.
  92. ^ Bojka "Katalonci "čudnim zvukovima" odredili boju Zagreba" Lupiga, 29 November 2007.
  93. ^ "Zivi sa zicama na vrhu glave" 24 sata Front Page, 17 December 2007
  94. ^ Redaccion "7,000 geeks se despiden y superan un reto tecnologico", El Economista, 24 July 2011.
  95. ^ Europa Press "La música electrónica se cuela entre el arte moderno", El Mundo, 11 September 2011.
  96. ^ Pearce, Marcus "The vision thing: Art and illusion", The Guardian, 22 September 2008.
  97. ^ "I listen to color", TED Global, 27 June 2012.
  98. ^ "London Fashion Week Talks", The Galleon, October 2014
  99. ^ "Apps que marcan tendencia mañana en el Sónar", Euroxpress, 12 June 2012
  100. ^ Redaccion "A historia do mozo que escoita as cores, no ALT", Galicia Hoxe, 12 March 2011.
  101. ^ Trending Topic Twitter Archived 27 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  102. ^ Redacción "Harbisson: el joven que escucha colores", El Economista, 21 July 2011.
  103. ^ "Mesh Conference Coverage, by /newsrooms". /newsrooms. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  104. ^ "Neil Harbisson - Today I became 'trending topic' in Spain... | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  105. ^ Cyborg Foundation
  106. ^ Pond, Steve "Cyborg Foundation" wins $100K Focus Forward prize, Chicago Tribune, 22 January 2013
  107. ^ The Sound of Colours
  108. ^ Sastre, Cristina "El Sonido de los Colores", El Mundo, 17 January 2014
  109. ^ "Art and Science", Daily Planet, Discovery Channel, 2 April 2009
  110. ^ "Ciborgs buy humanos", Documentos TV, Televisión Española, 12 June 2012
  111. ^ La importància dels colors Archived 15 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  112. ^ El Ciborg dels Colors
  113. ^ NBC, "Last Call with Carson Daly" Archived 12 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine., 29 September 2014
  114. ^ Buenafuente, Andreu "La vida en blanco y negro" Archived 2 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine., Buenafuente, La Sexta, 27 May 2010
  115. ^ "Homem identifica cores através dos sons", Fantástico, Rede Globo, 5 February 2012
  116. ^ Molinsky, Eric "Neil Harbisson, cyborg" Archived 28 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Studio 360, WNYC, 4 November 2011
  117. ^ Bannister, Matthew "The Man who hears color, Outlook, BBC World Service, 23 January 2012
  118. ^ Beltran, P."Mamá quiero ser artista y ciborg", Cadena Ser, 16 January 2012.
  119. ^ Redaccion "Los colores tambien se escuchan", Muy Interesante, 31 January 2012
  120. ^ Redaccion "El primer cyborg del mundo", ¡Hola!, 17 February 2012
  121. ^ Lee, Jennifer "A Surgical Implant for Seeing Colors Through Sound", The New York Times, 2 July 2012
  122. ^ Else, Liz "Cyborg makes art using seventh sense", The New Scientist, 29 June 2012
  123. ^ Finn, Christine "Cyborg enables color blind artist to hear his palette", Wired, 24 February 2008
  124. ^ Akst, Jef "The Sound of Color", The Scientist, May 2012
  125. ^ Rottenschlager, Andreas "The Sound of the Cyborg", The Red Bulletin, 22 February 2011.
  126. ^ Cartelera Adam Green's Aladdin, La Vanguardia, 2016
  127. ^ Miah, Andy / Rich, Emma. The medicalization of cyberspace, Routledge (New York, 2008). p.130 ISBN 978-0-415-37622-8
  128. ^ BBC News – The man who hears colour
  129. ^ Twitter / @NeilHarbisson: Eyeborg broken by police a …
  130. ^ Twitter / @NeilHarbisson: Secret police have just br …
  131. ^ "Laboratori de creació: una cançó, un intèrpret, una dansa", Televisió de Catalunya, 29 April 2012.
  132. ^ Blanch, Anna "El món sonocromàtic d'‘El so del taronger' arriba a Mataró", El Punt, 17 December 2010.
  133. ^ Serra, Laura "No hi ha blancs ni negres, tots som taronges", Diari Ara, 19 January 2011
  134. ^ Woodcock, Jo. "Cyborg student, the first at Dartington", Life After Dartington, page 10, Issue 26, Summer 2005.
  135. ^ "Carne Cruda","Radio Nacional de España", 2 June 2010.
  136. ^ Putx, Donat. "Mi madre es un cyborg", La Vanguardia, 28 January 2009.
  137. ^ Tramullas, Gemma. "Pau Riba invita a disfrutar de un orgasmo folclórico", El Periódico, 27 September 2009.
  138. ^ Bueno, Vern "Una performance porta 99 nous el dia 9 del 9, de 9 del matí a 9 de la nit" Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Capgròs, 8 September 2009.
  139. ^ "Tres artistes locals i Pau Riba creen una instal·lació a les Cinc Sènies" Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Capgròs, 22 Abril 2010.

External links[edit]