Salim Ahmed Salim
|Salim Ahmed Salim
سلیم احمد سلیم
سليم احمد سليم
|7th Secretary General of the
Organisation of African Unity
19 September 1989 – 17 September 2001
|Preceded by||Ide Oumarou|
|Succeeded by||Amara Essy|
|Minister of Defense and National Service|
|President||Ali Hassan Mwinyi|
|4th Prime Minister of Tanzania|
24 April 1984 – 5 November 1985
|Preceded by||Edward Sokoine|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Warioba|
|8th Minister for Foreign Affairs|
|Preceded by||Benjamin Mkapa|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Mkapa|
|Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations|
23 January 1942 |
Sultanate of Zanzibar
|Alma mater||University of Delhi
SIPA, Columbia (MIA)
|Committees||Chair, Mo Ibrahim Prize selection committee|
Salim Ahmed Salim (Arabic: سليم احمد سليم, Urdu: سلیم احمد سلیم, Swahili: Salim Ahmad Salim, born 23 January 1942) is a Tanzanian diplomat who has worked in the international diplomatic arena since the early 1960s.
Salim was born in what was then considered the Sultanate of Zanzibar to Sheikh Ahmad Salim Riyami, an ethnic Arab of Omani descent from Oman while his mother was a local-born mixed-race Tanzanian, born to an ethnic Arab father and a mixed-race Indian and Afro-Arab mother.
He was educated at Lumumba College in Zanzibar and later pursued his undergraduate studies at the St. Stephen's College of the University of Delhi and obtained his master's degree in International Affairs from the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University in New York. He became a student activist in the early 1960s and was founder and first Vice President of the All-Zanzibar Student union.
Positions held in Tanzania
- Chief Editor of a Zanzibar daily paper, Secretary General of the All-Zanzibar Journalists Organisation 1963–1964
- Minister for Foreign Affairs 1980–1984
- Prime Minister of Tanzania 1984–1985
- Deputy Prime Minister of Tanzania 1986–1989
- Minister for Defence and National Service 1986–1989
- President of the Julius K. Nyerere Foundation 2001 – current
- Member of the Central Committee of the ruling political party in Tanzania (Chama Cha Mapinduzi).
- Member of the Tanzania Commission for Constitution Review 2012-2014
Diplomatic positions held
- Deputy Chief Representative of the Zanzibar Office based in Havana, Cuba 1961–1962
- Tanzania Ambassador to the Arab Republic of Egypt 1964–1965
- Tanzanian High Commissioner (i.e. Ambassador) to India 1965–1968
- Tanzania Ambassador to the People’s Republic of China 1969–1970
- Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations 1970–1980
- Tanzania Ambassador to Cuba 1970–1980 (served while at the UN)
- Tanzanian High Commissioner to Guyana, Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago 1970–1980 (served while at the UN)
- Secretary-General of the OAU 1989–2001
- African Union Special Envoy on the Darfur Conflict 2004–2008
Positions at the United Nations
- June/July 1972: Chairman of the United Nations Special Mission to Niue
- August 1972: Drafting Committee of the Political Committee of the Ministerial Conference of non-Aligned States, Georgetown, Guyana
- 1972 to 1980: Chairman of the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization (Committee of 24).
- April 1973: Chairman of the Political Committee of International Conference of Experts in Support of the Victims of Colonialism and Apartheid in Southern Africa, Oslo
- 1975: Chairman of the Security Council's Committee on Sanctions against Southern Rhodesia
- 1976: President of the United Nations Security Council
- 1979: President of the United Nations General Assembly for the Thirty-fourth, Sixth emergency special, Seventh emergency special, and Eleventh special sessions.
- 1981: President of the International Conference on Sanctions against South Africa.
- 1984: President of the Paris International Conference Against Apartheid.
Campaign for UN Secretary General
In 1981, Salim Ahmed Salim ran for Secretary-General of the United Nations against the two-term incumbent, Kurt Waldheim of Austria. Salim was then serving as President of the United Nations General Assembly, and he had the support of the Organisation of African Unity and the Non-Aligned Movement. He could also count on China to veto Waldheim in the Security Council. However, Salim was opposed by the Reagan administration in the United States, which regarded him as an anti-American radical who was hostile to South Africa and supported Palestinian statehood. The Soviet Union also opposed Salim for his activism and his pro-China stance.
Salim won the first round of voting with 11 votes to Waldheim's 10. As expected, Salim was vetoed by the United States, and Waldheim was vetoed by China. Salim's support dropped after the first round, as some countries believed that the United States was implacably opposed to Salim, while China had previously dropped its veto of Waldheim in 1971 and 1976. However, neither country would relent, as the selection deadlocked for 6 weeks over a total of 16 rounds of voting. The deadlock finally ended when Waldheim and Salim both withdrew from the race, opening up the selection to other candidates.
In 1996, Salim was again mentioned for the office. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was running unopposed for a second term and had the support of 14 of the 15 members of the Security Council. The United States was opposed to Boutros-Ghali and offered to support any other African candidate, including Salim Ahmed Salim. However, France made it clear that it would veto Salim, so he was not nominated.
Other diplomatic positions
At the continental level, following the invitation of the President of the African Development Bank, he has since March, 2002 been acting as African Water Ambassador whose responsibilities include advocacy, sensitization, and mobilization of support on African water issues. He also serves as:
- Chairperson, Advisory Board, Institute of Security Studies (ISS) based in Pretoria, South Africa
- Chairperson of the International Board of Trustees, Africa Humanitarian Action (AHI) based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
- Member and Chairperson of the Advisory Board of Trustees of the Institute of Peace, Leadership and Governance, Africa University, Mutare, Zimbabwe
- Member of the Panel of the Wise, a consultative body of the African Union
At international level, Salim serves on the following boards, panels and commissions:
- Co-chair, Eminent Persons Group (EPG) on Small Arms and Light Weapons (Secretariat, based in Washington DC)
- Member of the Board at the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, an organisation which supports good governance and great leadership in Africa. Salim is also Chair of the Foundation’s Ibrahim Prize Committee, having taken over from the inaugural chair, Kofi Annan in 2011.
- Member of the Global Leadership Foundation, an organization which works to support democratic leadership, prevent and resolve conflict through mediation and promote good governance in the form of democratic institutions, open markets, human rights and the rule of law. It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today’s national leaders. It is a not-for-profit organization composed of former heads of government, senior governmental and international organization officials who work closely with Heads of Government on governance-related issues of concern to them.
- Member of the Board of the South Centre (Secretariat based in Geneva)
- Member, Policy Advisory Commission, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
- Member of the Foundation Council, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue based in Geneva
- Eminent Member of the Sergio Vieira de Mello Foundation
Honours and awards
|Order of the Star of Africa||Liberia||1980|
|Order of the United Republic of Tanzania||Tanzania||1985|
|National Order of a Thousand Hills||Rwanda||1993|
|Grand Cross of the Order of Devotion||Republic of the Congo||1994|
|Order of Merit (Grand Officer)||Central African Republic||1994|
|Medal of Africa||Libyan Arab Jamahiriya||1999|
|National Order of the Lion (Grand Officer)||Senegal||2000|
|Order of the Two Niles||Sudan||2001|
|Order of Mono||Togo||2001|
|National Order of Mali (Commander)||Mali||2001|
|Order of the Companions of O. R. Tambo (Gold)||South Africa||2004|
|Order of the Uhuru Torch (Second Class)||Tanzania||2011|
|University of the Philippines Los Baños||Philippines||Doctor of Laws||1980|
|University of Maiduguri||Nigeria||Doctor of Humanities||1983|
|University of Mauritius||Mauritius||Doctor of Civil Law||1991|
|University of Khartoum||Sudan||Doctor of Arts in International Affairs||1995|
|University of Bologna||Italy||Doctor of Philosophy in International Relations||1996|
|University of Cape Town||South Africa||Doctor of Laws||1998|
|Addis Ababa University||Ethiopia||Doctor of Laws||2003|
Recipient of the 2006 Martin Luther King "Drum Major for Justice" award.
- "Biography of Dr. Salim Ahmed Salim". United Nations. April 2002. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- "Permanent Representatives". Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
- Nossiter, Bernard D. (1 November 1981). "Someone is Trying to Fire Dr. Waldheim". The New York Times.
- Berlin, Michael J. (16 November 1981). "Both Contenders Hoping for a Breakthrough in U.N. Election". The Washington Post.
- Gargan, Edward A. (26 October 1981). "Chinese Widening Role at the U.N.". The New York Times.
- Berlin, Michael J. (11 September 1981). "Waldheim Declares Candidacy For Unprecedented 3rd Term". The Washington Post.
- Berlin, Michael J. (25 October 1981). "North vs. South in U.N. Contest". The Washington Post.
- "Tanzanian Ends Drive to Become Head of the U.N.". The New York Times. 9 December 1981.
- Berlin, Michael J. (28 October 1981). "Vetoes Deadlock Election of U.N. Secretary General". The Washington Post.
- Crossette, Barbara (23 July 1996). "U.S. Warns U.N. on Campaigning for Post". The New York Times.
- Crossette, Barbara (12 December 1996). "In Jockeying to Lead U.N., Ghanaian Is Moving Ahead". The New York Times.
- "Press Release" (PDF). African Union. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Magubira, Patty (23 October 2014). "Salim crowned ‘Son of Africa’". The Citizen. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Lauree Honoris Causa : Salim Salim Ahmed". University of Bologna. 1996. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- "UCT Honours Roll". University of Cape Town. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- "Over 4,000 Graduate From Addis Ababa University". Addis Tribune via allafrica.com. 1 August 2003. Retrieved 17 February 2013.
- Presidents of the General Assembly
- The South Center – Geneva
- East African Center for Constitutional Development
- Salim's Speech on HIV/AIDS
- Salim on Darfur
- Press release on Darfur
- AU in Darfur
|Prime Minister of Tanzania
Benjamin William Mkapa
|Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
Benjamin William Mkapa
|President of the United Nations General Assembly
Rüdiger von Wechmar