United States congressional delegations from Alabama

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These are tables of congressional delegations from Alabama to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives.

Current delegation
Richard Shelby
Senator Richard Shelby
(R)
Jeff Sessions
Senator Jeff Sessions
(R)

B. Byrne
Martha Roby
Mike D. Rogers
Robert Aderholt
Mo Brooks
Gary Palmer
Terri Sewell
Alabama's current delegation

United States Senate[edit]

Class 2 Congress Class 3
William R. King (D-R)   16th Congress
(1819–1821)
  John Williams Walker (D-R)
17th Congress
(1821–1823)
William Kelly (D-R)
William R. King (Jackson D-R)   18th Congress
(1823–1825)
William Kelly (Jackson D-R)
William R. King (J) 19th Congress
(1825–1827)
  Henry H. Chambers (J)
Israel Pickens (J)
John McKinley (J)
20th Congress
(1827–1829)
  21st Congress
(1829–1831)
22nd Congress
(1831–1833)
  Gabriel Moore (J)
23rd Congress
(1833–1835)
  24th Congress
(1835–1837)
William R. King (D) 25th Congress
(1837–1839)
  John McKinley (D)
Clement Comer Clay (D)
26th Congress
(1839–1841)
  27th Congress
(1841–1843)
Arthur P. Bagby (D)
28th Congress
(1843–1845)
 
Dixon Hall Lewis (D)
29th Congress
(1845–1847)
  30th Congress
(1847–1849)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) William R. King (D)
31st Congress
(1849–1851)
 
Jeremiah Clemens (D)
32nd Congress
(1851–1853)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
Vacant[1]   33rd Congress
(1853–1855)
Clement Claiborne Clay (D)
34th Congress
(1855–1857)
  Vacant [1]
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
35th Congress
(1857–1859)
  36th Congress
(1859–1861)
American Civil War

[2]
American Civil War
37th Congress
(1861–1863)
 
38th Congress
(1863–1865)
  39th Congress
(1865–1867)
40th Congress
(1867–1869)
 
Willard Warner (R) George E. Spencer (R)
41st Congress
(1869–1871)
George Goldthwaite (D)   42nd Congress
(1871–1873)
43rd Congress
(1873–1875)
 
44th Congress
(1875–1877)
John Tyler Morgan (D)   45th Congress
(1877–1879)
46th Congress
(1879–1881)
  George S. Houston (D)
Luke Pryor (D)
James L. Pugh (D)
47th Congress
(1881–1883)
  48th Congress
(1883–1885)
49th Congress
(1885–1887)
 
50th Congress
(1887–1889)
  51st Congress
(1889–1891)
52nd Congress
(1891–1893)
 
53rd Congress
(1893–1895)
  54th Congress
(1895–1897)
55th Congress
(1897–1899)
  Edmund Pettus (D)
56th Congress
(1899–1901)
  57th Congress
(1901–1903)
58th Congress
(1903–1905)
 
59th Congress
(1905–1907)
  60th Congress
(1907–1909)
John H. Bankhead (D) Joseph F. Johnston (D)
61st Congress
(1909–1911)
 
62nd Congress
(1911–1913)
  63rd Congress
(1913–1915)
  Vacant[3]
Francis S. White (D)
64th Congress
(1915–1917)
Oscar W. Underwood (D)
65th Congress
(1917–1919)
  66th Congress
(1919–1921)
B. B. Comer (D)  
J. Thomas Heflin (D)  
  67th Congress
(1921–1923)
 
68th Congress
(1923–1925)
  69th Congress
(1925–1927)
70th Congress
(1927–1929)
  Hugo L. Black (D)
71st Congress
(1929–1931)
John H. Bankhead II (D)   72nd Congress
(1931–1933)
73rd Congress
(1933–1935)
 
74th Congress
(1935–1937)
  75th Congress
(1937–1939)
Dixie Bibb Graves (D)
J. Lister Hill (D)
76th Congress
(1939–1941)
 
77th Congress
(1941–1943)
  78th Congress
(1943–1945)
79th Congress
(1945–1947)
 
George R. Swift (D)
John J. Sparkman (D)
80th Congress
(1947–1949)
  81st Congress
(1949–1951)
82nd Congress
(1951–1953)
 
83rd Congress
(1953–1955)
  84th Congress
(1955–1957)
85th Congress
(1957–1959)
 
86th Congress
(1959–1961)
  87th Congress
(1961–1963)
88th Congress
(1963–1965)
 
89th Congress
(1965–1967)
  90th Congress
(1967–1969)
91st Congress
(1969–1971)
  James B. Allen (D)
92nd Congress
(1971–1973)
  93rd Congress
(1973–1975)
94th Congress
(1975–1977)
 
95th Congress
(1977–1979)
Maryon Pittman Allen (D)
Donald W. Stewart (D)
Howell T. Heflin (D)   96th Congress
(1979–1981)
Jeremiah Denton (R)
97th Congress
(1981–1983)
 
98th Congress
(1983–1985)
  99th Congress
(1985–1987)
100th Congress
(1987–1989)
  Richard Shelby (D)
101st Congress
(1989–1991)
  102nd Congress
(1991–1993)
103rd Congress
(1993–1995)
 
Richard Shelby (R)
104th Congress
(1995–1997)
Jeff Sessions (R)   105th Congress
(1997–1999)
106th Congress
(1999–2001)
 
107th Congress
(2001–2003)
  108th Congress
(2003–2005)
109th Congress
(2005–2007)
 
110th Congress
(2007–2009)
  111th Congress
(2009–2011)
112th Congress
(2011–2013)
 
113th Congress
(2013–2015)
  114th Congress
(2015–2017)
Class 2 Congress Class 3

House of Representatives[edit]

1818 – 1819: 1 non-voting delegate[edit]

Starting on January 29, 1818, Alabama Territory sent a non-voting delegate to the House.

Congress Delegate
15th Congress
(1817–1819)
John Crowell (D-R)
16th Congress
(March 4, 1819 –
December 14, 1819)
Vacant

1819 – 1823: 1 seat[edit]

After statehood on December 14, 1819, Alabama had one seat in the House.

Congress At-large district
16th Congress
(December 14, 1819 –
1821)
John Crowell (D-R)
17th Congress
(1821–1823)
Gabriel Moore (D-R)

1823 – 1833: 3 seats[edit]

Following the 1820 census, Alabama had three seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd
18th Congress
(1823–1825)
Gabriel Moore (J-DR) John McKee (J-DR) George W. Owen (J-DR)
19th Congress
(1825–1827)
Gabriel Moore (J) John McKee (J) George W. Owen (J)
20th Congress
(1827–1829)
21st Congress
(1829–1831)
Clement Comer Clay (J) Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (J)
22nd Congress
(1831–1833)
Samuel Wright Mardis (J)

1833 – 1843: 5 seats[edit]

Following the 1830 census, Alabama had five seats. During the 27th Congress, those seats were all elected state-wide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
23rd Congress
(1833–1835)
Clement Comer Clay (J) John McKinley (J) Samuel Wright Mardis (J) Dixon Hall Lewis (N) John Murphy (J)
24th Congress
(1835–1837)
Reuben Chapman (J) Joshua L. Martin (J) Joab Lawler (J) Francis Strother Lyon (AJ)
25th Congress
(1837–1839)
Reuben Chapman (D) Joshua L. Martin (D) Joab Lawler (W) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Francis Strother Lyon (W)
George Whitfield Crabb (W)
26th Congress
(1839–1841)
David Hubbard (D) James Dellet (W)
27th Congress
(1841–1843)
5 seats elected at-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat
Reuben Chapman (D) George S. Houston (D) William Winter Payne (D) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Benjamin Glover Shields (D)

1843 – 1863: 7 seats[edit]

Following the 1840 census, Alabama resumed the use of districts, now increased to seven.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
28th Congress
(1843–1845)
James Dellet (W) James Edwin Belser (D) Dixon Hall Lewis (D) William Winter Payne (D) George S. Houston (D) Reuben Chapman (D) Felix Grundy McConnell (D)
William Lowndes Yancey (D)
29th Congress
(1845–1847)
Edmund Strother Dargan (D) Henry Washington Hilliard (W)
James La Fayette Cottrell (D) Franklin Welsh Bowdon (D)
30th Congress
(1847–1849)
John Gayle (W) Sampson Willis Harris (D) Samuel Williams Inge (D) Williamson Robert Winfield Cobb (D)
31st Congress
(1849–1851)
William Jeffreys Alston (W) David Hubbard (D)
32nd Congress
(1851–1853)
John Bragg (D) James Abercrombie (W) William Russell Smith (K-N) George S. Houston (D) Alexander White (W)
33rd Congress
(1853–1855)
Philip Phillips (D) James Ferguson Dowdell (D)
34th Congress
(1855–1857)
Percy Walker (K-N) Eli Sims Shorter (D) James Ferguson Dowdell (D) Sampson Willis Harris (D)
35th Congress
(1857–1859)
James Adams Stallworth (D) Sydenham Moore (D) Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry (D)
36th Congress
(1859–1861)
James L. Pugh (D) David Clopton (D)
Vacant during American Civil War
37th Congress
(1861–1863)

1863 – 1873: 6 seats[edit]

Following the 1860 census, Alabama was apportioned six seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th
38th Congress
(1863–1865)
Vacant during American Civil War
39th Congress
(1865–1867)
40th Congress
(1867–1869)
Francis William Kellogg (R) Charles Waldron Buckley (R) Benjamin White Norris (R) Charles Wilson Pierce (R) John Benton Callis (R) Thomas Haughey (R)
41st Congress
(1869–1871)
Alfred Eliab Buck (R) Robert Stell Heflin (R) Charles Hays (R) Peter Myndert Dox (D) William Crawford Sherrod (D)
42nd Congress
(1871–1873)
Benjamin Sterling Turner (R) William Anderson Handley (D) Joseph Humphrey Sloss (D)

1873 – 1893: 8 seats[edit]

Following the 1870 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats. From 1873 to 1877, the two new seats were elected at large, state-wide. After 1877, however, the entire delegation was redistricted.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 1st seat 2nd seat
43rd Congress
(1873–1875)
Frederick George Bromberg
(Liberal R)
James T. Rapier (R) Charles Pelham (R) Charles Hays (R) John Henry Caldwell (D) Joseph Humphrey Sloss (D) Charles Christopher Sheats (R) Alexander White (R)
44th Congress
(1875–1877)
Jeremiah Haralson (R) Jeremiah Norman Williams (D) Taul Bradford (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) William H. Forney (D) Burwell Boykin Lewis (D)
45th Congress
(1877–1879)
James T. Jones (D) Hilary A. Herbert (D) Jeremiah Norman Williams (D) Charles M. Shelley (D) Robert Fulwood Ligon (D) 7th district 8th district
William H. Forney (D) William Willis Garth (D)
46th Congress
(1879–1881)
Thomas H. Herndon (D) William James Samford (D) Thomas Williams (D) Burwell Boykin Lewis (D) William M. Lowe (GB)
Newton Nash Clements (D)
47th Congress
(1881–1883)
William C. Oates (D) Goldsmith W. Hewitt (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
Vacant[4] William M. Lowe[5] (GB)
Charles M. Shelley (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
48th Congress
(1883–1885)
Luke Pryor (D)
James T. Jones (D) George Henry Craig (R)
49th Congress
(1885–1887)
Alexander C. Davidson (D) Thomas William Sadler (D) John Mason Martin (D) Joseph Wheeler (D)
50th Congress
(1887–1889)
James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D)
51st Congress
(1889–1891)
Richard Henry Clarke (D) Louis Washington Turpin (D)
John Van McDuffie (R)
52nd Congress
(1891–1893)
Louis Washington Turpin (D)

1893 – 1913: 9 seats[edit]

Following the 1890 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
53rd Congress
(1893–1895)
Richard Henry Clarke (D) Jesse F. Stallings (D) William C. Oates (D) Gaston A. Robbins (D) James E. Cobb (D) John H. Bankhead (D) William Henry Denson (D) Joseph Wheeler (D) Louis Washington Turpin (D)
George Paul Harrison, Jr. (D)
54th Congress
(1895–1897)
Milford W. Howard (Pop) Oscar W. Underwood (D)
William F. Aldrich (R) Albert Taylor Goodwyn (Pop) Truman Heminway Aldrich (R)
55th Congress
(1897–1899)
George W. Taylor (D) Henry D. Clayton (D) Thomas S. Plowman (D) Willis Brewer (D) Oscar W. Underwood (D)
William F. Aldrich (R)
56th Congress
(1899–1901)
Gaston A. Robbins (D) John L. Burnett (D)
William F. Aldrich (R) William N. Richardson
57th Congress
(1901–1903)
Ariosto A. Wiley (D) Sydney J. Bowie (D) Charles Winston Thompson (D)
58th Congress
(1903–1905)
J. Thomas Heflin (D)
59th Congress
(1905–1907)
60th Congress
(1907–1909)
William B. Craig (D) Richmond P. Hobson (D)
Oliver C. Wiley (D)
61st Congress
(1909–1911)
S. Hubert Dent, Jr. (D)
62nd Congress
(1911–1913)
Fred L. Blackmon (D)

1913 – 1933: 10 seats[edit]

Following the 1910 census, Alabama was apportioned ten seats. At first, the extra seat was elected at-large. Starting with the 1916 elections, the seats were redistricted and a tenth district was added.

Congress District At-large
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
63rd Congress
(1913–1915)
George W. Taylor (D) S. Hubert Dent, Jr. (D) Henry D. Clayton (D) Fred L. Blackmon (D) J. Thomas Heflin (D) Richmond P. Hobson (D) John L. Burnett (D) William N. Richardson (D) Oscar W. Underwood (D) John Abercrombie (D)
William Oscar Mulkey (D) Christopher Columbus Harris (D)
64th Congress
(1915–1917)
Oscar Lee Gray (D) Henry B. Steagall (D) William B. Oliver (D) Edward B. Almon (D) George Huddleston (D)
65th Congress
(1917–1919)
10th district
William B. Bankhead (D)
66th Congress
(1919–1921)
John McDuffie (D)
William B. Bowling (D) Lilius Bratton Rainey (D)
67th Congress
(1921–1923)
John R. Tyson (D) Lamar Jeffers (D)
68th Congress
(1923–1925)
Miles C. Allgood (D)
J. Lister Hill (D)
69th Congress
(1925–1927)
70th Congress
(1927–1929)
LaFayette L. Patterson (D)
71st Congress
(1929–1931)
72nd Congress
(1931–1933)

1933 – 1963: 9 seats[edit]

Following the 1930 census, Alabama was apportioned nine seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th
73rd Congress
(1933–1935)
John McDuffie (D) J. Lister Hill (D) Henry B. Steagall (D) Lamar Jeffers (D) Miles C. Allgood (D) William B. Oliver (D) William B. Bankhead (D) Archibald Hill Carmichael (D) George Huddleston (D)
74th Congress
(1935–1937)
Frank W. Boykin (D) Sam Hobbs (D) Joe Starnes (D)
75th Congress
(1937–1939)
Pete Jarman (D) John J. Sparkman (D) Luther Patrick (D)
George M. Grant (D)
76th Congress
(1939–1941)
Zadoc L. Weatherford (D)
77th Congress
(1941–1943)
Walter W. Bankhead (D)
Carter Manasco (D)
78th Congress
(1943–1945)
George W. Andrews (D) John P. Newsome (D)
79th Congress
(1945–1947)
Albert Rains (D) Luther Patrick (D)
80th Congress
(1947–1949)
Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D) Laurie C. Battle (D)
81st Congress
(1949–1951)
Edward deGraffenried (D) Carl Elliott (D)
82nd Congress
(1951–1953)
Kenneth A. Roberts (D)
83rd Congress
(1953–1955)
Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (D)
84th Congress
(1955–1957)
George Huddleston, Jr. (D)
85th Congress
(1957–1959)
86th Congress
(1959–1961)
87th Congress
(1961–1963)

1963 – 1973: 8 seats[edit]

Following the 1960 census, Alabama was apportioned eight seats.

Congress State-wide at-large on a general ticket
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat 6th seat 7th seat 8th seat
88th Congress
(1963–1965)
George Huddleston, Jr. (D) George M. Grant (D) George W. Andrews (D) Kenneth A. Roberts (D) Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (D) Albert Rains (D) Carl Elliott (D) Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D)
Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
89th Congress
(1965–1967)
Jack Edwards (R) William Louis Dickinson (R) George W. Andrews (D) Arthur Glenn Andrews (R) Armistead I. Selden, Jr. (D) John Hall Buchanan, Jr. (R) James D. Martin (R) Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D)
90th Congress
(1967–1969)
William Flynt Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D)
91st Congress
(1969–1971)
Walter Flowers (D)
92nd Congress
(1971–1973)
Elizabeth B. Andrews (D)

1973 – Present: 7 seats[edit]

Since the 1970 census, Alabama has been apportioned seven seats.

Congress District
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
93rd Congress
(1973–1975)
Jack Edwards (R) William Louis Dickinson (R) William Flynt Nichols (D) Tom Bevill (D) Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D) John Hall Buchanan, Jr. (R) Walter Flowers (D)
94th Congress
(1975–1977)
95th Congress
(1977–1979)
Ronnie Flippo (D)
96th Congress
(1979–1981)
Richard Shelby (D)
97th Congress
(1981–1983)
Albert L. Smith, Jr. (R)
98th Congress
(1983–1985)
Ben Erdreich
(D)
99th Congress
(1985–1987)
Sonny Callahan (R)
100th Congress
(1987–1989)
Claude Harris, Jr. (D)
101st Congress
(1989–1991)
Glen Browder (D)
102nd Congress
(1991–1993)
Bud Cramer (D)
103rd Congress
(1993–1995)
Terry Everett (R) Spencer Bachus (R) Earl F. Hilliard (D)
104th Congress
(1995–1997)
105th Congress
(1997–1999)
Bob Riley (R) Robert B. Aderholt (R)
106th Congress
(1999–2001)
107th Congress
(2001–2003)
108th Congress
(2003–2005)
Jo Bonner (R) Mike D. Rogers (R) Artur Davis (D)
109th Congress
(2005–2007)
110th Congress
(2007–2009)
111th Congress
(2009–2011)
Bobby Bright (D) Parker Griffith (D)[6]
Parker Griffith (R)
112th Congress
(2011–2013)
Martha Roby (R) Mo Brooks (R) Terri Sewell (D)
113th Congress
(2013–2015)
Bradley Byrne (R)
114th Congress
(2015–2017)
Gary Palmer (R)
Congress 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th
District

Living former Members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama[edit]

As of April 2015, there are seventeen former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from the U.S. State of Alabama who are currently living at this time.

Representative Term of office District Date of birth (and age)
James D. Martin 1965–1967 7th (1918-09-01) September 1, 1918 (age 96)
John Hall Buchanan, Jr. 1965–1981 6th (1928-03-19) March 19, 1928 (age 87)
Jack Edwards 1965–1985 1st (1928-09-20) September 20, 1928 (age 86)
Ronnie Flippo 1977–1991 5th (1937-08-15) August 15, 1937 (age 78)
Richard Shelby 1979–1987 7th (1934-05-06) May 6, 1934 (age 81)
Ben Erdreich 1983–1993 6th (1938-12-09) December 9, 1938 (age 76)
Sonny Callahan 1985–2003 1st (1932-09-11) September 11, 1932 (age 82)
Glen Browder 1989–1997 3rd (1943-01-15) January 15, 1943 (age 72)
Robert E. Cramer 1991–2009 5th (1947-08-22) August 22, 1947 (age 68)
Earl F. Hilliard 1993–2003 7th (1942-04-09) April 9, 1942 (age 73)
Terry Everett 1993–2009 2nd (1937-02-15) February 15, 1937 (age 78)
Spencer Bachus 1993–2015 6th (1947-12-28) December 28, 1947 (age 67)
Bob Riley 1997–2003 3rd (1944-10-03) October 3, 1944 (age 70)
Artur Davis 2003–2011 7th (1967-10-09) October 9, 1967 (age 47)
Jo Bonner 2003–2013 1st (1959-11-19) November 19, 1959 (age 55)
Parker Griffith 2009–2011 5th (1942-08-06) August 6, 1942 (age 73)
Bobby Bright 2009–2011 2nd (1952-07-21) July 21, 1952 (age 63)

Living former U.S. Senators from Alabama[edit]

As of April 2015, there are two former U.S. Senators from the U.S. State of Alabama who are currently living at this time, two from Class 3.

Senator Term of office Class Date of birth (and age)
Maryon P. Allen 1978 3 (1925-11-30) November 30, 1925 (age 89)
Donald W. Stewart 1978–1981 3 (1940-02-04) February 4, 1940 (age 75)

Key[edit]

Key to party COLORS and ABBREVIATIONS for Members of the U.S. Congress
American (Know-Nothing) (K-N)
Adams (A),
Anti-Jacksonian (Anti-J),
National Republican (NR)
Anti-Administration (Anti-Admin)
Anti-Masonic (Anti-M)
Conservative (Con)
Democratic (D)
Dixiecrat (Dix),
States' rights (SR)
Democratic-Republican (D-R)
Farmer–Labor (FL)
Federalist (F)
Free Soil (FS)
Free Silver (FSv)
Fusion (FU)
Greenback (GB)
Jacksonian (J)
Nonpartisan League (NPL)
Nullifier (N)
Opposition (O)
Populist (Pop)
Pro-Administration (Pro-Admin)
Progressive (Prog)
Prohibition (Proh)
Readjuster (Rea)
Republican (R)
Socialist (Soc)
Unionist (U)
Whig (W)


Independent,
or None,
or Unaffiliated


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Seat was vacant due to failure of legislature to elect a senator by the beginning of the congress.
  2. ^ George S. Houston presented credentials as a senator-elect on February 9, 1866 but was not permitted to take his seat, Alabama having not been re-admitted to the Union.
  3. ^ The seat was vacant from August 8, 1913 to May 11, 1914. Henry D. Clayton was appointed to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Joseph F. Johnston in 1913, but his appointment was challenged and withdrawn. Franklin Potts Glass, Sr. was also appointed to the seat, but the U.S. Senate voted not to seat him.
  4. ^ Seat was contested by James Q. Smith and declared vacant; the original representative won back his own seat.
  5. ^ Successfully contested the election of the representative that was replaced.
  6. ^ Parker Griffith was elected as a Democrat, but switched his party affiliation to Republican on December 22, 2009