Robert Melvin "Bob" Adelman (October 30, 1930 – March 19, 2016) was an American photographer known for his images of the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
Adelman used his background as a graduate student in Applied Aesthetics from Columbia University to forge close ties with leading figures of art and literature, including Andy Warhol and Samuel Beckett. After studying photography for several years under the tutelage of Harper's Bazaar art director Alexey Brodovitch, Adelman volunteered as a photographer for the Congress of Racial Equality in the early 1960s, a position which granted him access to key leaders of the Civil Rights Movement, including; Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Jr. and James Baldwin. Adelman's work captured a decade of racial strife during the 1960's, including portraits of Martin Luther King reciting his "I Have a Dream" speech, the 50 mile March from Selma to Montgomery, and King resting in his casket after the assassination. His photos, some of which are archived at the Library of Congress, captured segregation and civil unrest in the South. In 2007, he published his book "Mine Eyes Have Seen: Bearing Witness to the Struggle for Civil Rights".
Westwood Gallery NYC presented the premiere gallery exhibition for Bob Adelman's civil rights photographs in 2008, curated by James Cavello. During the exhibition the gallery held an event on April 4, 2008 marking the 40th anniversary of the death of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The actress and civil rights advocate Ruby Dee read from Dr. King’s “Beyond Vietnam” speech.  The gallery also exhibited and represents Adelman’s photographs of New York artists, including Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann, James Rosenquist, Robert Indiana, Adolph Gottlieb, other artists and social photographic essays.
His work is also represented by the Howard Greenberg Gallery.
- King, Martin Luther; Adelman, Bob (Ed.);& Johnson, Charles (Intro.). MLK: A Celebration in Word and Image. Beacon Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0-8070-0316-9
- "Bob Adelman, Mine Eyes Have Seen, exhibition". westwoodgallery.com. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- "Ruby Dee Reads from Dr. Martin Luther King Jr's Beyond Vietnam". Getty Images. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- "Ruby Dee". Good News Planet.
- "4 April 1967, Beyond Vietnam". King Encyclopedia. Stanford University.
- "Bob Adelman". Westwood Gallery.
- Veciana-Suarez, Ana, "Photographer Bob Adelman witnessed historic events in civil rights movement", Miami Herald, August 1, 2010. 
- Peralta, Eyder. "Bob Adelman, Who Photographed Iconic Civil Rights Moments, Dies". NPR. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- Rosenberg, Carol; Flechas, Joey (March 19, 2016). "Noted civil rights movement photographer found dead at Miami Beach home". The Miami Herald. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
- Bob Adelman official website
- Bob Adelman at the Internet Movie Database
- Bob Adelman on Charlie Rose
- Mine Eyes Have Seen, national museum tour (2009–2012)
- Collected coverage in the Lens blog at The New York Times
- Bob Adelman's best shot, Leo Benedictus, The Guardian, 3 January 2008
- Photographs by Bob Adelman