10th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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10th Brigade
10th Infantry Brigade
Active 1907–1947
1956–1958
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Size Brigade
Garrison/HQ Essex Barracks, Hildesheim
Engagements World War I
World War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Samuel Lomax
Edward Montagu-Stuart-Wortley
Sir Evelyn Barker

The 10th Infantry Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army. During World War I and World War II this brigade was part of the 4th Division.

History[edit]

Formation[edit]

The 10th Brigade was first formed in the early 1900s, originally serving with the 5th Division until 1907 and 4th Division, Eastern Command from 1907 until 1914; Northern Command-1920; 4th Division, Eastern Command from 1920;

First World War[edit]

With the 4th Division, the 10th brigade served with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) on the Western Front and was one of the first British units to be sent overseas upon the declaration of war. The brigade fought in the Battle of Mons and the subsequent retreat from Mons and many other battles such as that as First Ypres, the Somme and Third Ypres.[1]

Order of battle[edit]

The 10th Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:[1]

Between the wars[edit]

Second World War[edit]

The 10th Infantry Brigade, commanded since August 1938 by Brigadier Evelyn Barker, again saw active service as part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) that was sent to France after the outbreak of war in 1939, arriving there on 1 October, less than a month since the outbreak of World War II. The brigade and division were evacuated at Dunkirk after fierce fighting in the battles of France and Belgium.

After being based in the United Kingdom, the brigade spent many years on home defence and training duties, anticipating a German invasion which never arrived. The brigade was later sent to Algeria and Tunisia in 1943.

After this the brigade fought in Italy where it saw extremely hard fighting at Monte Cassino through most of 1944, before being shipped off to Greece to help calm the Civil War as part of Lieutenant General Ronald Scobie's III Corps, where it ended the war.

Order of battle[edit]

The 10th Infantry Brigade was constituted as follows during the war:[2]

Postwar[edit]

The brigade was disbanded in Greece in 1947. However, following the reactivation of the 4th Infantry Division on 1 April 1956, from the 11th Armoured Division of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR), the 10th Brigade, formerly the 91st Lorried Infantry Brigade, again became part of the division (again, along with the 11th and 12th Infantry Brigades).[3] The brigade headquarters was at Essex Barracks in Hildesheim until it was finally disbanded in April 1958.[4]

Commanders[edit]

The following officers commanded the 10th Infantry Brigade throughout its existence:

  • Brigadier-General William E. Franklyn: October 1902-March 1904
  • Brigadier-General Samuel H. Lomax: April 1904-April 1908
  • Brigadier-General the Hon. Edward J. Montagu-Stuart-Wortley: April 1908-April 1912
  • Brigadier-General J. Aylmer L. Haldane: April 1912-November 1914
  • Brigadier-General C.P. Amyatt Hull: November 1914-February 1916
  • Brigadier-General Charles A. Wilding: February–December 1916
  • Brigadier-General Charles Gosling: December 1916-April 1917
  • Brigadier-General Aubrey G. Pritchard: April–November 1917
  • Brigadier-General H.W. Green: November 1917-April 1918
  • Brigadier-General John Greene: April 1918-December 1919
  • Brigadier-General Winston J. Dugan: December 1919-December 1923
  • Brigadier-General Albemarle B.E. Cator: December 1923-October 1925
  • Brigadier-General Thomas W. Stansfeld: October 1925-March 1929
  • Brigadier Francis H. Stapleton: March 1929-March 1932
  • Brigadier William N. Herbert: March 1932-August 1934
  • Brigadier Robert H. Willan: August 1934-August 1938
  • Brigadier Evelyn H. Barker: August 1938-October 1940
  • Brigadier Walter E. Clutterbuck: October 1940-November 1941
  • Brigadier Owen M. Wales: November 1941-June 1942
  • Brigadier John H. Hogshaw: June 1942-December 1943
  • Brigadier Stephen N. Shoosmith: December 1943-March 1945
  • Brigadier Rudolph C.H. Kirwan: March 1945
  • Brigadier John A. Mackenzie: March 1945-
  • Brigadier Graham Peddie: 1953-April 1956
  • Brigadier Ronald C. Macdonald: April 1956 – 1959

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The 4th Division in 1914–1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  2. ^ Joslen, p. 248
  3. ^ "British Army of the Rhine". BAOR Locations. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "History of BAOR and BFG". Archived from the original on 3 July 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1843424746.

External links[edit]