10th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)
10th Infantry Brigade
|Part of||4th Infantry Division|
|Garrison/HQ||Essex Barracks, Hildesheim|
|Engagements||World War I
World War II
First World War
With the 4th Division, the 10th brigade served with the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front and was one of the first British units to be sent overseas upon the declaration of war. The brigade fought in the Battle of Mons and the subsequent retreat from Mons and many other battles such as that as First Ypres, the Somme and Third Ypres.
Order of battle
The order of battle was as follows:
- 1st Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders
- 1st Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers (until August 1917)
- 2nd Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers (until November 1916)
- 1/7th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (from January 1915 until March 1916)
- Household Battalion (from November 1916 until February 1918)
- 3/10th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment (from August 1917 until February 1918)
- 2nd Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment (from February 1918)
Second World War
The 10th Infantry Brigade again saw active service as part of the British Expeditionary Force that was sent to France after the outbreak of war in 1939. The brigade and division were evacuated at Dunkirk after fierce fighting in the battles of France and Belgium. After being based in the United Kingdom, the brigade spent many years on home defence and training duties, anticipating a German invasion which never arrived. The brigade was later sent to Algeria and Tunisia in 1943. After this the brigade fought in Italy where it saw extremely hard fighting at Monte Cassino through most of 1944, before being shipped off to Greece to help calm the Civil War as part of Lieutenant-General Ronald Scobie's III Corps, where it ended the war.
Order of battle
Subordinate units included:
- 2nd Battalion, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment
- 2nd Battalion, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry
- 1st Battalion, Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (to May 1940)
- 10th Infantry Brigade Anti-Tank Company
- 1/6th Battalion, East Surrey Regiment (from May 1940)
Commanders during World War II
- Brigadier Evelyn Barker: 1938 - 1940
- Brigadier Walter Clutterbuck: 1940 - 1941
- Brigadier Owen Murton Wales: 1941 - 1942
- Brigadier John Harold Hogshaw: 1942 - 1943
- Brigadier Stephen Shoosmith: 1943 - 1945
- Brigadier R.C.H. Kirwan: 1945
Post-World War II
Following the reactivation of the 4th Infantry Division on 1 April 1956, from the 11th Armoured Division, the 10th Brigade again became part of the division (along with the 11th and 12th brigades). The brigade headquarters was based at Essex Barracks in Hildesheim until it was disbanded in April 1958.
- "The 4th Division in 1914-1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment". The Wartime Memories Project. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "Subordinates". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "Appointments". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "British Army of the Rhine". BAOR Locations. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- "History of BAOR and BFG". Archived from the original on July 3, 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- 10th Infantry Brigade at Orders of Battle.com