Bull Point Lighthouse
Bull Point Lighthouse
|Year first constructed||1879 (first)|
|Year first lit||1974 (current)|
|Construction||brick tower (current)|
metal skeletal tower (second)
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern attached to 1-storey keeper's house|
|Markings / pattern||unpainted tower, white lantern|
|Tower height||11 m (36 ft)|
|Focal height||54 m (177 ft)|
|Current lens||small 6 panel 3rd order catadioptric optic|
|Range||24 nmi (44 km)|
|Characteristic||Fl (3) W 10s.|
|ARLHS number||ENG 017|
|Managing agent||Rural Retreats|
Bull Point Lighthouse is a lighthouse on Bull Point, about one mile (1.6 km) north of the village of Mortehoe, on the northern coast of Devon, England. The lighthouse provides a visual aid to the villages of Mortehoe, Woolacombe and Ilfracombe, and warns of the inhospitable and rocky coast that lines the area.
The old lighthouse
The original lighthouse was constructed in 1879 after a group of local "clergy, ship-owners, merchants and landowners" appealed to Trinity House for one. The oil-powered lamp displayed three white flashes every half minute. A fixed red sector light was also displayed, from a window in the tower, using light diverted by lenses from the landward side of the main light source; it marked the Morte Stone, a local hazard to shipping. The revolving optic was manufactured by Chance Brothers of Smethwick, as was the lantern. A fog horn was also provided, powered by two caloric engines (provided by Brown & co. of New York).
The light was electrified in 1960, and at the same time a new optic, generator and diaphone fog signal equipment were installed,  with the trumpets being replaced by a pair of rectangular exponential horns.
The new lighthouse
In September 1972 the headland on which the lighthouse stood subsided making the structure dangerous. Trinity House used an old light tower from Braunton Sands for two years whilst a new structure was rebuilt further inland. This was completed in 1974 at a cost of £71,000 and is currently in use; much equipment was reused from the old lighthouse, including the 1960 optic and fog signal. The sector light was also retained. It was fully automated from completion, stands 11 metres tall, has a light intensity of 800,000 candelas and can be seen for 24 nmi (44 km). The triple F-type diaphone foghorn was switched off in 1988, but inside the redundant equipment remains intact. The lighthouse was automated in 1995.
The site can be visited by an adjacent public footpath. The old lighthouse keepers' cottages are now being let out to tourists as self-catering holiday establishments.
- Bull Point The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 30 April 2016
- "A harder walk over coastal heathlands via Damage Barton and Bull Point Lighthouse". Lee Bay North Devon. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
- "Bull Point Lighthouse". Woolacombe & Mortehoe Voice. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- Renton, Alan (2001). Lost Sounds: The Story of Coast Fog Signals. Caithness, Scotland: Whittles.
- "Bull Point Lighthouse". Trinity House. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- "World Wide Lighthouses". Bull Point Lighthouse. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- "Bull Point Lighthouse". Trinity House. Archived from the original on 29 December 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2010.
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