Coquet Island, England
|Coquet Island, England|
Coquet Island, England shown within Northumberland
|OS grid reference|
The most numerous species is the puffin, with over 18,000 pairs nesting in 2002, but the island is most important for the largest colony of the endangered roseate tern in Britain, which, thanks to conservation measures including the provision of nestboxes to protect the nests from gulls and bad weather, has risen to 92 pairs in 2005. Other nesting birds include sandwich tern, common tern, Arctic tern, black-legged kittiwake, fulmar, three gull species, and eider duck.
The island is uninhabited in winter, but seasonal wardens are present throughout the summer to protect the nesting birds. Landing on Coquet Island for the general public is prohibited, but local boating companies from Amble sail close up to the island in good weather throughout the summer, allowing visitors to get good views of the puffins and roseate terns.
|Year first constructed||1841|
|Tower shape||square tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||unpainted lower tower, white upper tower and lantern|
|Height||22 m (72 ft)|
|Focal height||25 m (82 ft)|
|Current lens||1st order catadioptric fixed lens|
|Light source||solar power|
|Intensity||white: 155,000 candela
red: 21,830 candela
|Range||white: 19 nmi (35 km)
red: 15 nmi (28 km)
|Characteristic||Fl (4) WR 20s.|
|Fog signal||one 3 second blast every 30s.|
|ARLHS number||ENG 025|
|Managing agent||Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (Coquet Island Preserve)|
Coquet Island also holds the remaining structure of a medieval monastery on the south western shore, which was largely incorporated into the 19th-century lighthouse and lighthouse keepers' cottages. Coquet Lighthouse was built by Trinity House in 1841 at a cost of £3,268.
James Walker designed the lighthouse, which is a white square tower of sandstone, with walls more than one metre thick, surrounded by a turreted parapet. The first keeper at Coquet Lighthouse was William Darling, the elder brother of Grace Darling. The lighthouse is now automatic with no resident keeper.
- List of lighthouses in England
- The Farne Islands; another important bird reserve about 30 km to the north.
- Henry of Coquet (12th century) - Danish hermit and miracleworking saint who lived on this island.
- Trinity House
- Tide times for Coquet Island from the BBC and Easytide[permanent dead link].
- History of Coquet Island. (Modified from "A History of Northumberland", volume V, by John Crawford Hodgson. Published 1899).
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