|OS grid reference|
|Area||6 ha (15 acres)|
The most numerous species is the puffin, with over 18,000 pairs nesting in 2002, but the island is most important for the largest colony of the endangered roseate tern in Britain, which, thanks to conservation measures including the provision of nestboxes to protect the nests from gulls and bad weather, has risen to 92 pairs in 2005. Other nesting birds include sandwich tern, common tern, Arctic tern, black-legged kittiwake, fulmar, three gull species, and eider duck.
The island is uninhabited in winter, but seasonal wardens are present throughout the summer to protect the nesting birds. Landing on Coquet Island for the general public is prohibited, but local boating companies from Amble sail close up to the island in good weather throughout the summer, allowing visitors to get good views of the puffins and roseate terns.
|Year first constructed||1841|
|Tower shape||square tower with balcony and lantern|
|Markings / pattern||unpainted lower tower, white upper tower and lantern|
|Tower height||22 m (72 ft)|
|Focal height||25 m (82 ft)|
|Original lens||1st order catadioptric fixed lens|
|Light source||solar power|
|Intensity||white: 155,000 candela|
red: 21,830 candela
|Range||white: 19 nmi (35 km)|
red: 15 nmi (28 km)
|Characteristic||Fl (4) WR 20s.|
|Fog signal||one 3 second blast every 30s.|
|ARLHS number||ENG 025|
|Managing agent||Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (Coquet Island Preserve)|
Coquet Lighthouse was built by Trinity House in 1841 at a cost of £3,268. James Walker designed the lighthouse, which is a white square tower of sandstone, with walls more than one metre thick, surrounded by a turreted parapet. The first keeper at Coquet Lighthouse was William Darling, the elder brother of Grace Darling.
The lighthouse was initially provided with a large (first-order) fixed dioptric along with a set of mirrors (which were replaced with refracting prisms ten years later); the lens was by Isaac Cookson & co. of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The lamp was oil-fuelled. In 1854 red sectors were added, to warn ships of Hauxley Point to the south and Boulmer Rocks to the north. Later a second sector light was added, pointing south from a lower window in the tower. By the 1890s the main light was made occulting.
In 1976 the light was electrified and 1990 the lighthouse was automated, at which point a set of quartz halogen sealed beam lamps were installed in place of the old optic. Subsequently a small revolving optic was installed, mounted on an AGA PRB gearless drive. Coquet's light has been solar powered since 2008.
- List of lighthouses in England
- The Farne Islands; another important bird reserve about 30 km to the north.
- Henry of Coquet (12th century) - Danish hermit and miracleworking saint who lived on this island.
- Coquet Island The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 30 April 2016
- "Lighthouse management : the report of the Royal Commissioners on Lights, Buoys, and Beacons, 1861, examined and refuted Vol. 2". p. 94.
- Davenport Adams, W. H. (1891). The Story of our Lighthouses and Lightships: Descriptive and Historical (PDF). London, Edinburgh & New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons. p. 147. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- Woodman, Richard; Wilson, Jane (2002). The Lighthouses of Trinity House. Bradford-on-Avon, Wilts.: Thomas Reed. pp. 64–66.
- Photo, 1990.
- "Coquet Lighthouse". trinintyhouse.co.uk. Trinity House. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- "Coquet Island". Visit Northumberland. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- "Souter Lighthouse (National Trust)". Northern Leisure. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
- Trinity House
- Tide times for Coquet Island from the BBC and Easytide[permanent dead link].
- History of Coquet Island. (Modified from "A History of Northumberland", volume V, by John Crawford Hodgson. Published 1899).
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