Lynmouth Foreland Lighthouse

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Lynmouth Foreland Lighthouse
Foreland Point lighthouse - geograph.org.uk - 457819.jpg
Lynmouth Foreland Lighthouse in 2007
LocationLynmouth
Devon
England
OS gridSS7538951096
Coordinates51°14′44″N 3°47′12″W / 51.24556°N 3.78667°W / 51.24556; -3.78667Coordinates: 51°14′44″N 3°47′12″W / 51.24556°N 3.78667°W / 51.24556; -3.78667
Constructed1900
Constructionbrick tower
Tower height15 m (49 ft)
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern attached to 1-storey keeper's house
Markingswhite tower and lantern
OperatorNational Trust[1]
HeritageGrade II listed building Edit this on Wikidata
Automated1994
Focal height67 m (220 ft)
Lens1st order 920mm focal length, dioptric, (8 panels in 2 groups of 4 asymmetrical) rotating
Intensity150,000 candela
Range18 nmi (33 km; 21 mi)
CharacteristicFl (4) W 15s.
NGA no.6208
Admiralty no.A5590
ARLHS no.ENG 044

Lynmouth Foreland Lighthouse (also called the Countisbury Foreland Lighthouse, after the nearby village) is located on Foreland Point; it was originally simply named 'The Foreland Lighthouse'.[2] First lit on 28 September 1900, the lighthouse was built to assist vessels passing through the Bristol Channel, and is a round brick tower painted white.[3] The light is 67 metres (220 ft) above the high tide, and flashes 4 times every 15 seconds; the optic ('a 1st Order dioptric apparatus, eight panels in two groups of four, revolving on a motor driven mercury float pedestal')[4] was manufactured by Chance Brothers & Co.[5] and is very similar to that installed in Pendeen Lighthouse the same year.[6] It was rotated by clockwork until 1975.[2] Initially, the light was said to have the power of 56,750 candles;[3] later (its oil lamp having been superseded by a more powerful paraffin vapour burner) the intensity of the light was rated at around 190,000 candlepower.[7]

North aspect of the lighthouse as seen from a passing vessel.

In 1906, the lighthouse was provided with an explosive fog signal,[8] which sounded once every five minutes and was actuated by an automatic clockwork firing mechanism.[9] This was housed in a hut at the top of the steep steps leading down to the lighthouse, (the hut has since been demolished, along with the adjacent explosives magazine).[2] The explosive signal remained in use until 1958[9] (a few years later the mechanism was offered 'on permanent loan to any British museum which may be interested').[10] In its place, a triple-frequency electric fog signal was installed, sounding through a stack of thirty Tannoy speakers built on to the front of the lighthouse tower; because the lighthouse was not yet connected to mains electricity the 3,000 rpm alternator (which simultaneously generated alternating current of the three different frequencies required) was driven by a diesel engine.[9] The fog signal has since been decommissioned.

The light was electrified in 1975, when diesel generators were installed. Mains electricity was brought to the lighthouse in 1989,[11] and it was automated in November 1994.[4] In 2020 Trinity House submitted a planning application for the removal of the Fresnel lenses (and the more modern emergency light currently bracketed to the gallery railings), and their replacement with a pair of static LED lights (one 'primary', one 'standby') to stand on the old lens pedestal. This is part of their programme to replace all the mercury floated rotating lens systems in their lighthouses with static LEDs.[2]

Lynmouth Foreland had always been an unpopular posting among lighthouse keepers, not least because (due to its position on a steep north-facing slope) the isolated compound never sees the sun except during the three months of high summer.[12] The lighthouse keeper's cottage is now a National Trust holiday cottage. Porpoise and sea birds can be spied from its windows, and deer often shelter in the combe down to the lighthouse.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Southwest England (Devon and Cornwall)". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "DAS incorporating Heritage Statement Replacement Light System at Lynmouth Foreland Lighthouse". Exmoor National Park. Trinity House. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b London Gazette, Issue 27237, Page 6260, 12 October 1900.
  4. ^ a b "Lynmouth Foreland Lighthouse". Trinity House.
  5. ^ Chance, James Frederick (2018). A History of the Firm of Chance Brothers & Co. Sheffield: Society of Glass Manufacturers. p. 189.
  6. ^ "Pendeen Lighthouse". Worldwide Lighthouses. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Coastal Warnings to Mariners that Interest the Holiday Visitor". The Illustrated London News. 183: 315. 26 August 1933.
  8. ^ London Gazette, Issue 27935, Page 5145, 27 July 1906.
  9. ^ a b c Renton, Alan (2001). Lost Sounds: The Story of Coast Fog Signals. Caithness, Scotland: Whittles.
  10. ^ "Misc". Apollo: The Magazine of the Arts. LXXVII (11): 69. January 1963.
  11. ^ Wannell, Malcolm (June 1989). "Lynmouth Foreland Electrification". Flash: 7–12.
  12. ^ Woodman, Richard; Wilson, Jane (2002). The Lighthouses of Trinity House. Bradford-on-Avon, Wilts.: Thomas Reed. pp. 96–97.

External links[edit]