|Borough of Calderdale|
|Motto: Industria Arte Prudentia
(Industry, skill and foresight)
Calderdale shown within West Yorkshire
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Metropolitan county||West Yorkshire|
|Granted Unitary Status||1986|
|• Type||Metropolitan Borough|
|• Governing Body||Calderdale Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Mayor||Cllr Pat Allen (LD)|
|• Leader of Council||Cllr Stephen Baines (Con)|
|• Chief Executive||Merran McRae|
|• Total||140.5 sq mi (363.9 km2)|
|Population (2001 Census,
2007 population estimates; Religion statistics 2001)
|• Total||200,100 (Ranked 81st)|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (550/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||91.1% White
1.0% Mixed Race
|• Religion||69.6% Christian
16.4% No Religion
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)|
|• Summer (DST)||British Summer Time (UTC+1)|
|Postcode areas||HX and parts of HD & OL|
|Dialling Codes||01422 (central core)
01706 (Todmorden area)
01274 (Shelf area)
|ONS code||00CY (ONS)
|Euro. Parlt. Const.||Yorkshire & the Humber|
The Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire, England. It takes its name from the River Calder, whose upper part flows through the borough. Several small valleys contain tributaries of the River Calder. The population at the 2011 Census was 203,826.
Calderdale covers part of the South Pennines and is the southernmost of the Yorkshire Dales, though it is not part of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. The borough was formed by the merger of six former local government districts, spanning, from east to west, the towns of Brighouse, Elland, Halifax, Sowerby Bridge, Hebden Bridge and Todmorden. Mytholmroyd is now part of Hebden Bridge, forming Hebden Royd.
Halifax is the main commercial, cultural and administrative centre of the borough, with numerous high street chain stores, markets, central library, borough council offices, public transport hub, central police station and the further and higher education college, as well as other major local organisations. Calderdale is served by Calderdale Council, Calderdale's admin headquarters is in Halifax, with some council organisations based in Hebden Bridge.
The borough was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of the then county borough of Halifax, the boroughs of Brighouse, Todmorden and the urban districts of Elland, Hebden Royd, Ripponden, Sowerby Bridge, part of Queensbury and Shelf urban district and Hepton Rural District.
Suburbs and villages
As well as the six towns, there are numerous villages and suburbs including:
- Bailiff Bridge, Bank Top, Barkisland, Blackshaw Head, Boothtown, Beechwood, now a part of Leeds, Bradshaw
- Chiserley, Clifton, Colden, Copley, Cornholme, Cragg Vale
- Fountain Head
- Gauxholme, Greetland
- Heptonstall, Highroadwell, Hipperholme, Holmfield, Holywell Green, Hove Edge
- Kebroyd, King Cross
- Lee Mount, Lightcliffe, Luddenden, Luddendenfoot, Lumbutts, Lydgate
- Mankinholes, Midgley, Mill Bank, Mixenden, Mount Tabor, Mytholm, Mytholmroyd
- Norland Town, Northowram, Norton Tower, Norwood Green
- Ogden, Old Town, Ovenden
- Peckett Well, Pellon, Portsmouth, Pye Nest
- Rastrick, Ripponden, Rishworth
- Salterhebble, Savile Park, Shelf, Skircoat Green, Siddal, Slack, Sowerby, Southowram, Sowood, Stainland, Stone Chair Stump Cross
- Upper Edge
- Wainstalls, Walsden, Warland, Warley Town, West Vale, Wholestone Hill, Wheatley
Both schools achieve excellent GCSE and A-level results, achieving a large proportion of A* to C grades at GCSE level. In 2005 the Crossley Heath School was the highest ranking co-educational school in the north of England.
Calderdale College is a local further education college on Francis Street, in Halifax. In December 2006 it was announced that Calderdale College, in partnership with Leeds Metropolitan University, would open a new higher education institution in January 2007 called University Centre Calderdale.
The borough is divided into 17 wards and each is represented on the borough council by three councillors. Each councillor is normally elected on a first past the post basis for a four-year period which is staggered with the other councillors of that ward so that only one councillor per ward is up for election at any one time. Exceptions to this include by-elections and ward boundary changes.
The wards are:- Brighouse; Calder; Elland; Greetland and Stainland; Hipperholme and Lightcliffe; Illingworth and Mixenden; Luddendenfoot; Northowram and Shelf; Ovenden; Park; Rastrick; Ryburn; Skircoat; Sowerby Bridge; Todmorden; Town; and Warley.
- Mayors of Calderdale
Calderdale is part of the Calderdale Primary Care Trust, South West Yorkshire NHS Foundation Trust and Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust. The borough has two hospitals and one hospice. The main hospital (part of Calderdale & Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust) is the Calderdale Royal Hospital, located on the main route to Huddersfield in Salterhebble. It has specialist departments: Calderdale's A&E department and the Calderdale Birth Centre. The hospital was built and opened in 2001 on the site of the original Halifax General Hospital. After the new hospital opened, the Royal Halifax Infirmary closed and all services were transferred, as were services from Northowram Hospital. NHS Ambulance services are provided by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service. Overgate Hospice provides specialist palliative care for adults in Calderdale. Elland Hospital, Calderdale's only private hospital, is located by the Calderdale Way. Formerly BUPA Elland Independent Hospital, it is now owned and operated by Classic Hospitals.
Calderdale is served by West Yorkshire Police; their Calderdale Division headquarters is at Halifax police station. Other police stations are located in Todmorden and at Brighouse, which has recently reopened.
Fire and rescue
West Yorkshire Fire & Rescue covers Calderdale and it has six fire stations in the borough. These are located at Brighouse, Elland, King Cross (Halifax Fire Station), Mytholmroyd, Illingworth, and Todmorden.
Calderdale Libraries provides services through 22 local libraries, including a central library in Northgate, Halifax, and a digital library service. A new central library and archive building is under construction in Halifax, adjacent to the Piece Hall and the Square Chapel.
- "Local Authority population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
- University Centre Calderdale
- "Ward profiles 2010". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
- "Libraries". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- "New central library and archive". Calderdale Council. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
- Calderdale Council website
- Calderdale College website
- Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion
- (Twinned with Calderdale) County Mayo,Ireland