Californium(III) chloride

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Californium(III) chloride
Names
IUPAC name
Californium(III) chloride
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
  • InChI=1S/Cf.3ClH/h;3*1H/q+3;;;/p-3/i1-2;;;
    Key: SXTGCRCJBXYIFT-LBCWAVLQSA-K
  • [Cl-].[Cl-].[Cl-].[Cf+3]
Properties
CfCl3
Molar mass 357 g·mol−1
Appearance emerald-green solid
Structure
hexagonal
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Californium(III) chloride is an inorganic compound with a chemical formula CfCl3. Like in californium oxide (Cf2O3) and other californium halides, including californium fluoride (CfF3) and iodide (CfI3), the californium atom has an oxidation state of +3.

Preparation[edit]

Californium(III) chloride can prepared by reacting californium(III) oxide with hydrogen chloride.

Cf2O3 + 6 HCl → 2 CfCl3 + 3 H2O

Properties[edit]

Chemical properties[edit]

When heating californium(III) chloride until 500 °C, it can hydrolyse to produce californium oxychloride.

Physical properties[edit]

Californium(III) chloride is soluble in water, giving Cf3+ and Cl ions. This salt has an emerald-green color. Its crystal structure is hexagonal.[1] It is strongly radioactive.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cotton, Simon (2006). Lanthanide and Actinide Chemistry. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-470-01006-8.