3D model (Jmol)
|Molar mass||396.61 g/mol|
|Appearance||dark blue crystals, moisture sensitive|
|Melting point||275 °C (527 °F; 548 K)|
|Boiling point||346.7 °C (656.1 °F; 619.8 K)|
|Solubility in chlorocarbons||soluble|
|α:rhombohedral, β: hexagonal|
|Main hazards||oxidizer; hydrolysis releases HCl|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Tungsten hexachloride is the chemical compound of tungsten and chlorine with the formula WCl6. This dark violet blue species exists as a volatile solid under standard conditions. It is an important starting reagent in the preparation of tungsten compounds. WCl6 is a rare example of a charge-neutral hexachloride, another example being ReCl6. Better known than WCl6 is the still more volatile WF6.
Tungsten hexachloride can be prepared by chlorinating tungsten metal in a sealed tube at 600 °C: 
- W + 3 Cl2 → WCl6
Properties and Reactions
Tungsten (VI) chloride is a blue-black crystalline solid at room temperature. At lower temperatures, it becomes wine-red in color. A red form of the compound can be made by rapidly condensing its vapor, which reverts to the blue-black form on gentle heating. It is readily hydrolyzed, even by moist air, giving the orange oxychlorides WOCl4 and WO2Cl2, and subsequently, tungsten trioxide. WCl6 is soluble in carbon disulfide, carbon tetrachloride and phosphorus oxychloride.
- WCl6 +3 Al2(CH3)6 → W(CH3)6 + 3 Al2(CH3)4Cl2
WCl6 is an aggressively corrosive oxidant, and hydrolyzes to release hydrogen chloride.
- J. W. Herndon "Tungsten(VI) Chloride" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis (Ed: L. Paquette) 2004, J. Wiley & Sons, New York. doi:10.1002/047084289.
- J. C. Taylor and P. W. Wilson "The structure of [beta]-tungsten hexachloride by powder neutron and X-ray diffraction" Acta Crystallographic (1974). B30, 1216-1220. doi:10.1107/S0567740874004572.
- M. H. Lietzke; M. L. Holt (1950). "Inorganic Syntheses". McGraw-Hill Book Company: 163. doi:10.1002/9780470132340.ch4.
- M. A. Umbreit, K. B. Sharpless (1990). "Deoxygenation of Epoxides with Lower Valent Tungsten Halides: trans-Cyclododecene". Org. Synth.; Coll. Vol., 7, p. 121