Canton (country subdivision)

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A canton is a type of administrative division of a country.[1] In general, cantons are relatively small in terms of area and population when compared to other administrative divisions such as counties, departments, or provinces. Internationally, the best-known cantons - and the most politically important - are those of Switzerland. As the constituents of the Swiss Confederation, theoretically (and historically), the Swiss cantons are semi-sovereign states.

The term is derived from the French word canton, meaning corner or district (from which "Cantonment" is also derived).[2]

In specific countries[edit]

Cantons exist (or existed) in the following countries:

In former countries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Canton". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 221. 
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary cantonment and canton, v.