|Casselman River Bridge State Park|
|Maryland State Park|
The bridge's south aspect
|Elevation||2,113 ft (644 m) |
|Area||4 acres (2 ha) |
|Management||Maryland Department of Natural Resources|
|IUCN category||V - Protected Landscape/Seascape|
|Nearest city||Grantsville, Maryland|
|Website: Casselman River Bridge State Park|
Casselman's Bridge, National Road
|Location||East of Grantsville on U.S. Route 40 Alternate, Grantsville, Maryland|
|NRHP Reference #||66000391|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||January 29, 1964|
The Casselman Bridge is an historic transportation structure located 0.5 miles (0.80 km) east of Grantsville in Garrett County, Maryland. The bridge was built to carry the National Road across the Casselman River. Historic markers posted at each end read:
Erected 1813 by David Shriver, Jr.,
Sup't of the "Cumberland Road" (The
National Road). This 80 foot span
was the largest stone arch in America
at the time. It was continuously
used from 1813 to 1933.
The structure, which has also been known as Casselmans Bridge, Castleman's Bridge, and Little Crossings Bridge, was preserved as Casselman River Bridge State Park in 1957, declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964, and placed on the National Historic Register in 1966.
The 354-foot-long (108 m) stone arch bridge spans 48 feet (15 m) with a 30-foot-high (9.1 m) arch. The bridge was constructed in 1813-1814 to aid in the westward movement through the frontier wilderness west of Cumberland, Maryland. The first wheeled vehicles crossed the bridge in 1815. As a "tidal wave" of western expansion followed the opening of the National Road, Casselman Bridge saw heavy traffic that included wagons drawn by twelve-horse teams and carrying ten-ton loads. A small portion of the original National Road still exists at the approaches to the bridge.
The bridge was strengthened for motorized traffic in 1911 and continued in service as a highway until 1933 when a modern steel span was built nearby to serve what is now US Route 40 Alternate. In the 1940s and early 1950s efforts were made to preserve the bridge when sections started to crumble and fall apart. The bridge was closed to vehicles in 1953 and partially restored by the state in the mid 1950s. Additional maintenance occurred in 1979, 1996, 2002, and 2012.
The state park offers picnicking facilities as well as fishing opportunities in Casselman River. The bridge is open to foot traffic. Stanton's Mill, which is also on National Register of Historic Places, lies adjacent to the park.
- Maryland bridges documented on the Historic American Engineering Record
- Maryland bridges on the National Register of Historic Places
- "Casselman Bridge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Fiscal Year 2015 DNR Owned Lands Acreage" (PDF). Maryland Department of Natural Resources. August 18, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
- "Casselman River Bridge State Park". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
- "Castleman's River Bridge". Historical Marker Database. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
- "DNR restricts access to the bridge and the immediate area" (Press release). Maryland Department of Natural Resources. March 6, 2012. Archived from the original on January 4, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
- "Listing by State: Maryland" (PDF). National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
- Joseph Scott Mendinghall, Historian (May 3, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination: Casselman Bridge, National Road" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
- "Casselman Bridge, National Road". National Register Listings in Maryland. Maryland Historic Trust. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
- "Little Crossings Bridge, National Road". Library of Congress. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
- "Repairs scheduled for Casselman River Bridge". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. September 28, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
- "Casselman River Bridge State Park History". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
- Sawyers, Michael A. (June 25, 2012). "No stone left unturned on Casselman Bridge". Cumberland Times-News. Cumberland, Md. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Casselman Bridge.|
- Casselman River Bridge State Park Maryland Department of Natural Resources
- Inventory No. G-II-C-014: Casselman Bridge, National Road (various documents) Maryland State Archives
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. MD-139, "Casselman River Bridge", 3 photos
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. MD-128, "Little Crossings Bridge", 2 measured drawings
- Casselman Bridge, Garrett County, including photo from 1996, at Maryland Historical Trust