List of Chief Ministers of Mizoram
|Chief Minister of Mizoram|
|Appointer||Governor of Mizoram|
|Inaugural holder||Ch. Chhunga|
|Formation||3 May 1972|
The Chief Minister of Mizoram is the chief executive of the northeast Indian state of Mizoram. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Mizoram Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Since 1963, five people from four parties have served as Chief Minister of Mizoram; the inaugural officeholder was Ch. Chhunga. The current incumbent is Lal Thanhawla of the Indian National Congress, in office since 7 December 2008. He is also Mizoram's longest-serving chief minister, with a combined tenure of over 17 years.
|No[a]||Name||Term of office||Party[b]||Days in office|
|1||Ch. Chhunga||3 May 1972||10 May 1977||Mizo Union||374 Days|
|11 May 1977||1 June 1978||N/A|
|2||T. Sailo||2 June 1978||10 November 1978||Mizo People's Conference||162 Days|
|10 November 1978||8 May 1979||N/A|
|(2)||T. Sailo||8 May 1979||4 May 1984||Mizo People's Conference||1824 Days|
|3||Lal Thanhawla||5 May 1984||20 August 1986||Indian National Congress||838 Days|
|4||Laldenga||21 August 1986||7 September 1988||Mizo National Front||749 Days|
|7 September 1988||24 January 1989||N/A|
|(3)||Lal Thanhawla||24 January 1989||3 December 1998||Indian National Congress||3600 Days|
|5||Zoramthanga||3 December 1998||11 December 2008||Mizo National Front||3660 Days|
|(3)||Lal Thanhawla||11 December 2008||11 December 2013||Indian National Congress|
|12 December 2013||Incumbent|
- A number inside brackets indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Mizoram as well.
- "About Government-Chief Minister". Mizoram state official website.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.