Telugu Desam Party

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Telugu Desam Party
AbbreviationTDP
LeaderN. Chandrababu Naidu
ChairpersonN. Chandrababu Naidu
Parliamentary ChairpersonY. S. Chowdary
Lok Sabha leaderJayadev Galla
Rajya Sabha leaderY. S. Chowdary
FounderN. T. Rama Rao
Founded29 March 1982 (37 years ago) (1982-03-29)
HeadquartersNTR Bhavan, Road No. 2, Hyderabad, Telangana, India[1]
Student wingTelugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF)[2]
Youth wingTelugu Yuvata[3]
Women's wingTelugu Mahila[3]
Labour wingTelugu Nadu Trade Union Council (TNTUC)[3]
Peasant's wingTelugu Raithu[3]
IdeologyRegionalism[4][5]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
Economic liberalism
Social conservatism
Populism[5]
Political positionCentre[4] to centre-right[6]
ColoursYellow
ECI StatusState Party[7]
AllianceNDA (1999–2005; 2014–2018)
National Front (1989–1996)
United Front (1996–1998)
Third Front
(2009; 2018–2019)
UPA (2019-present)
National convenerChandrababu Naidu
Seats in Lok Sabha
3 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
6 / 245
Seats in Andhra Pradesh
Seats in Telangana
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Cycle.png
Website
www.telugudesam.org

Telugu Desam Party (translation: Party of the Telugu Land), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party active in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.[9] The party was founded by N.T. Ramarao on 29 March 1982. After 1995, the party is headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in Hyderabad.

N. T. Rama Rao became the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1983, within nine months of the party's formation, thus forming the first non-Congress government in Andhra Pradesh.[10] TDP was the first regional party to become the main opposition party in 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.[11]

On 16 March 2018, Telugu Desam Party (TDP) led by its leader N. Chandrababu Naidu walked out of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's coalition NDA over financial support and Special Status for Andhra Pradesh.[12]

Ideology and Symbolism[edit]

Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing on the Telugu regional pride and a party for farmers, backward castes and middle class people. Since the 1990s, it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development party. The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. A bicycle is used as the official party symbol.

Lok Sabha election history[edit]

The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. But in the next election they were just limited to 2 seats out of 42, which remains till date as the biggest defeat for the party.

Year General Election Seats won Change of Seats Vote % Change of Vote %
1984 8th Lok Sabha 30 - 4.31 % -
1989 9th Lok Sabha 2 Decrease 28 3.29 % Decrease 1.02 %
1991 10th Lok Sabha 13 Increase 11 2.96 % Decrease 0.33 %
1996 11th Lok Sabha 16 Increase 3 2.97 % Increase 0.01 %
1998 12th Lok Sabha 12 Decrease 4 2.77 % Decrease 0.20 %
1999 13th Lok Sabha 29 Increase 17 3.65 % Increase 0.83 %
2004 14th Lok Sabha 5 Decrease 24 3.04 % Decrease 0.61 %
2009 15th Lok Sabha 6 Increase 1 2.51 % Decrease 0.53 %
2014 16th Lok Sabha 17 Increase 11 2.52 % Increase 0.01 %
2019 17th Lok Sabha 03 Decrease 14

List of Chief Ministers[edit]

  • N. T. Rama Rao
    • First term (9 January 1983 – 16 August 1984).
    • Second term (16 September 1984 – 2 December 1989).
    • Third term (12 December 1994 – 1 September 1995).
  • N. Chandrababu Naidu
    • First term (1 September 1995 – 1999).
    • second term (1999-13th May 2004)
    • Third term (8 June 2014 –30th May 19) (first Chief Minister Naidu assumed office to post-divided State / Newly formed State of Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014.

National General-Secretary[edit]

Currently, there are 4 National General Secretaries, youngest person in the history of TDP to hold this position is Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu, followed by Nara Lokesh, E. Peddireddy and M. A. Sharif.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "contact TDP". Telugudesam.org. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Telugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF) holds dharna at TSPSC". newswala.com. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "TDP appoints leaders for its frontal wings". thehindu.com. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Andhra Pradesh Telugu Desam Party". India Mapped. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Telugu Desam Party (TDP)". Elections.in. Retrieved 20 July 2018. The Telugu Desam Party has a centre-left political position and operates on the political ideologies of Populism, Regionalism and Social Liberalism.
  6. ^ "Why no centre-right political party in India today?". Rediff.com. 17 February 2014.
  7. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Telangana Election Results 2018 Live: Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) (MLA) Elections Result, News & Updates". News18.
  9. ^ "TDP plans to emerge as a national party". 27 May 2014 – via www.thehindu.com.
  10. ^ List of Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh
  11. ^ Indian general election, 1984
  12. ^ "Chandrababu Naidu Quits NDA Alliance, Blames PM For 'Injustice To Andhra'". NDTV.com.
  13. ^ "New National General Secretaries of TDP".

External links[edit]