All India Trinamool Congress
|General Secretary||Abhishek Banerjee|
|Parliamentary Chairperson||Mamata Banerjee|
|Lok Sabha leader||Sudip Bandyopadhyay|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Derek O'Brien|
|Founded||1 January 1998|
|Split from||Indian National Congress|
|Headquarters||30B Harish Chatterjee Street Kolkata-700026, West Bengal, India.|
|Newspaper||Jago Bangla (Bengali)|
|Student wing||All India Trinamool Chhatra Parishad|
|Youth wing||All India Trinamool Youth Congress|
|Women's wing||All India Trinamool Mahila Congress|
|Labour wing||All India Trinamool Trade Union Congress|
|Peasant's wing||All India Trinamool Kisan Congress|
|ECI Status||National party|
|Alliance||NDA (1999 – 2007)|
UPA (2009 – 2012)
Federal Front (2019 – present)
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
22 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
12 / 245
|Seats in State Legislative Assemblies|
|Number of states and union territories in government|
1 / 31
The All India Trinamool Congress (abbr. AITC or TMC; translation: All India Grassroots Congress) is an Indian political party which is predominantly active in West Bengal. The party is led by current chief minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee. Following the 2019 general election, it is currently the fourth-largest party in the Lok Sabha with 22 seats. Since its inception the party has been at the forefront of the anti-communist movement in West Bengal.
After being a member of the Indian National Congress for over 26 years, Mamata Banerjee established "Trinamool Congress", which was registered with the Election Commission of India during mid-December 1997. The Election Commission allotted to the party an exclusive symbol of Jora Ghas Phul. On 2 September 2016 election commission recognized AITC as a national political party.
In December 2006, the people of Nandigram were given notice by Haldia Development Authority that major portion of Nandigram would be seized and 70,000 people be evicted from their homes. People started movement against this land acquisition and Trinamool Congress led the movement. Bhumi Uchchhed Pratirodh Committee (BUPC) was formed against land grabbing and eviction. On 14 March 2007 the police opened fire and killed 14 villagers. Many more went missing. Many sources claimed (and which was supported by the Central Bureau of Investigation in its report) that armed Communist Party of India (Marxist) cadres, along with police, fired on protesters in Nandigram Many intellectuals protested on the streets and this incident gave birth to a new movement. SUCI (C) leader Nanda Patra led the movement.
In the 2010 Kolkata municipal election, the party won 97 out of 141 seats. It also won a majority of other municipalities.
Presence in other states
Trinamool in Tripura
Under the leadership of former leader of opposition and then MLA of Tripura, Sudip Roy Barman, six MLAs defected from INC along with many ex ministers, ex members of legislative assembly, senior state and district leaders along with thousands of party workers and supporters who joined AITC to fight the communists in Tripura. Barman himself later defected to the Bharatiya Janata Party along with 5 other AITC MLAs of Tripura Legislative Assembly in the presence of Himanta Biswa Sarma and Dharmendra Pradhan after they cross voted against party lines in the 2017 Indian presidential election.
Trinamool in Manipur
In the 2012 assembly elections of Manipur, AITC won 8 seats, got 10% of the total votes & became the only opposition party in the Manipur Legislative Assembly. In the 2017 assembly elections the party won only one seat from Bishnupur & polled 5.4% of the total votes cast in the elections. Its lone Member of Legislative Assembly, Tongbram Robindro Singh supported Bharatiya Janata Party in forming government in Manipur in 2017. Later, Robindro Singh withdrew support from the Bharatiya Janata Party following the disqualification of 7 of its members to grant support the Indian National Congress as of 18 June 2020.
Trinamool in Assam
Trinamool in Kerala
Since 2012 the state unit is there in Kerala. Party fought in 2014 Indian general election and in 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election. In Assembly Election the candidates were contested without party symbol due to some technical issues.
From 2021, Mr. Sukumara Menon (Thrissur) is leading the Party as the President in charge and Mr. Aboobacker Siddique (Palakkad) is leading as the State General Secretary, Mr.Raju Mathew (Ernakulam) leading as the state Organizing Secretary, while Derek O'Brien is the Observer of the State.
In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, the Trinamool Congress-led alliance that included the INC and SUCI(C) won 227 seats in the 294-seat legislature. Trinamool Congress alone won 184 seats, enabling it to govern without an alliance. Subsequently, it won a by-election in Basirhat and two Congress MLAs switched to TMC, giving it a total of 187 seats.
Now the party has got a National Party Status, expanding its base in Tripura, Assam, Manipur, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Sikkim, Haryana and Arunachal Pradesh. In Kerala, the party contested from five seats in 2014 general elections.
On 18 September 2012, TMC Chief, Mamata Banerjee, announced her decision to withdraw support to the UPA after the TMC's demands to undo government-instituted changes including FDI in retail, increase in the price of diesel and limiting the number of subsidised cooking gas cylinders for households, were not met.
In the 1998 Lok Sabha polls, TMC won 7 seats. In the next Lok Sabha election that was held in 1999, Trinamool Congress won 8 seats with BJP, thus increasing its tally by one. In 2000, TMC won the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Elections. In the 2001 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 60 seats with Congress(I). In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, TMC won 1 seat with BJP. In the 2006 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 30 seats with BJP.
In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC won a majority of 184 seats (out of 294). Mamata Banerjee became the Chief Minister. In the following 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC retains its majority and won 211 seats (out of 294).
General election results
|Year||LokSabha||Party leader||Seats Fight||Seats won||Seats +/-||Vote %||Vote swing||Ref.|
|1998||12th Lok Sabha||Mamata Banerjee||29||
7 / 29
|1999||13th Lok Sabha||29||
8 / 29
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||33||
2 / 33
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||26||
19 / 26
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||42||
34 / 42
|2019||17th Lok Sabha||42||
22 / 42
State Legislative Assembly Elections
|Election Year||Party leader||Seats contested||Seats won||Change in seats||Percentage of votes||Vote swing||Popular vote||Result|
|2001 Election||Mamata Banerjee||226||
60 / 294
|2006 Election||Mamata Banerjee||257||
30 / 294
|2011 Election||Mamata Banerjee||226||
184 / 294
|2016 Election||Mamata Banerjee||293||
211 / 294
|2021 Election||Mamata Banerjee||290||
213 / 294
Ma Mati Manush (Bengali: মা মাটি মানুষ) was primarily a slogan, coined by All India Trinamool Congress chief and current Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee. The term is literally translated as "Mother, Motherland and People". The slogan became very popular in West Bengal at the time of the 2011 assembly election. Later, Mamata Banerjee wrote a Bengali book with the same title. A song was also recorded with the same title to glorify the theme. According to a report published in June 2011, it was one of the six most popular political slogans in India at that time.
After the 2014 Indian general elections, AITC has a national party status, because AITC had received 6% of the vote from five different states (West Bengal, Manipur, Tripura, Jharkhand, Assam). In 2016, the party was recognised as state party in four states (West Bengal, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur), satisfying one of the conditions of the Election Commission.
The highest decision-making body of the party is its Core Committee.
- Mamata Banerjee – Founder, National Chairperson, Leader of the party in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly and Chief Minister of West Bengal.
- Subrata Bakshi – National President.
- Yashwant Sinha – National Vice President.
- Abhishek Banerjee- General Secretary of All India Trinamool Congress.
- Subrata Bakshi – President of West Bengal State Trinamool Congress , MP, Rajya Sabha
- Subrata Mukherjee – Cabinet Minister, Panchayat and Public Health Engineering, Govt of WB.
- Derek O'Brien -National Spokesperson and Leader of the party in the Rajya Sabha.
- Partha Chatterjee – General Secretary (West Bengal Trinamool Congress), Deputy Leader of the party in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly.
- Sudip Bandyopadhyay – Leader of the party in the Lok Sabha.
- Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar – Deputy leader of the party in the Lok Sabha.
- Kalyan Banerjee – Chief whip of the party in the Lok Sabha.
- Sukhendu Shekhar Roy -Deputy Leader in Rajya Sabha.
- Firhad Hakim – Mayor of Kolkata, Cabinet Minister, Transport Dept, Govt of WB.
- Indian National Congress breakaway parties
- Nationalist Trinamool Youth Congress
- List of political parties in India
- "Lok Sabha Elections 2014: Know your party symbols!". Daily News and Analysis. 10 April 2014.
- "Membersaspects :of Lok Sabha". loksabha.niccivilisation.in.
- "The Anti-Communist of West Bengal". Forbes. Retrieved 18 April 2011.
- "Trinamool Congress gets national party status". Indian Express. 2 September 2016.
- "Nandigram says 'No!' to Dow's chemical hub". International Action Center – Boston. December 2007. Archived from the original on 6 July 2009. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
- "CPM cadres joined cops to fire, now beating up witnesses: CBI". Indian Express. 19 December 2007.
- "Mamata wins Bengal civic polls, demands early elections". NDTV. 2 June 2010.
- "Recognise Ex-TMC MLAs as BJP Members in Tripura: BJP".
- "Mess in Manipur". The Indian Express. 1 June 2020.
- "Assam Assembly Election Results in 2001". www.elections.in.
- "Kerala Pradesh Trinamool Congress". Archived from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "Rupee falls after TMC pulls out from government". Moneycontrol.com. 20 September 2012.
- "Mamata Banerjee's party ready to meet President tomorrow to officially quit UPA". NDTV. 20 September 2012.
- "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1998 to the 12th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1999 to the 13th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Key Highlights of General Election, 2001 to the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004 to the 14th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "West Bengal Election Results 2016: TMC storms back to power in Bengal, Cong-Left alliance loses". The Financial Express (India). 20 May 2016.
- "Statistical report on general elections, 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "Statistical report on general elections, 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "Statistical report on general elections, 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "LS 2009 : Performance of National Parties" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "LS 2014 : List of successful candidates" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 93. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "LS 2019 : List of successful candidates". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
- "West Bengal Assembly Election Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
- Maa Mati Manush. Menaka Books. ISBN 978-93-5080-024-9.
- "Six popular contemporary slogans". DNA India. 28 July 2011.
- "Archive of General Election 2014". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015.
- PTI (2 September 2016). "Trinamool Congress recognised as national party". thehindu.com. New Delhi: The Hindu. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
It is a recognised State party in West Bengal, Manipur, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh, satisfying one of the conditions of the Election Commission.
- Sujit Nath (20 July 2019). "Why Did TMC, CPI, NCP Fail to Meet National Party Status When NPP Made It? An Explainer". News18.com. Kolkata: Network 18. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
Due to several political developments over the past few years, the EC wants the three political parties to respond on why their ‘national party’ status should not be taken away.
- "West Bengal | History, Culture, Map, Capital, & Population". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 21 September 2018.