All India Trinamool Congress

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All India Trinamool Congress
সর্বভারতীয় তৃণমূল কংগ্রেস
Abbreviation AITC
Leader Mamata Banerjee
Chairperson Mamata Banerjee
Secretary-General Subrata Bakshi
Lok Sabha leader Sudip Banerjee
Rajya Sabha leader Derek O'Brien
Founded 1 January 1998 (1998-01-01)
Split from Indian National Congress
Headquarters Trinamool Bhavan ,36G Tapsia Road, Kolkata, India - 700039.
Newspaper Jago Bangla (Bengali)
Student wing Trinamool Chhatra Parishad
Youth wing All India Trinamool Youth Congress
Women's wing All India Trinamool Mahila Congress
Labour wing Indian National Trinamool Trade Union Congress[1]
Peasant's wing All India Trinamool Kisan Congress
Ideology Populism
Democratic socialism
Social Liberalism
Political position Centre-left
Colours Bright Green
ECI Status State Party[2]
Seats in Lok Sabha
33 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
12 / 245

The All India Trinamool Congress (abbreviated AITC, TMC or Trinamool Congress) (Bengali: সর্বভারতীয় তৃণমূল কংগ্রেস) is an Indian regional political party based in West Bengal. Founded on 1 January 1998 as a breakaway faction of the Indian National Congress, the party is led by its founder and current Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee. Prior to the 2014 general election it was the sixth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 19 seats; following that election, it is currently the fourth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 34 seats.

On 18 September 2012, TMC Chief, Mamata Banerjee, announced her decision to withdraw support to the UPA after the TMC's demands to undo government-instituted changes including FDI in retail, increase in the price of diesel and limiting the number of subsidised cooking gas cylinders for households, were not met.[3][4]

Formation of the party[edit]

After remaining with the INC for over 2 decades, Mamata Banerjee formed her own party, the "Trinamool Congress", which was registered with the Election Commission of India during mid-December 1997. The Election Commission allotted to the party an exclusive symbol of Jora Ghas Phul.

Performance in elections[edit]

In the 1998 Lok Sabha polls, TMC won 8 seats.[5] In the next Lok Sabha election that was held in 1999, Trinamool Congress won 8 seats with BJP, thus increasing its tally by one.[6] In 2000, TMC won the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Elections. In the 2001 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 60 seats with Congress(I).[7] In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, TMC won 1 seat with BJP.[8] In the 2006 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 30 seats with BJP.

In the 2011 West Bengal state assembly election, TMC won a majority of 184 seats (out of 294). Mamata Banerjee became the Chief Minister. In the following 2016 West Bengal state assembly election, TMC retains its majority and won 211 seats (out of 294).[9]

Ma Mati Manush[edit]

Main article: Ma Mati Manush

Ma Mati Manush (Bengali: মা মাটি মানুষ) was primarily a slogan, coined by All India Trinamool Congress chief and current chief minister Mamata Banerjee. The term is literally translated as "Mother, Motherland and People". The slogan became very popular in West Bengal at the time of the 2011 assembly election. Later, Mamata Banerjee wrote a Bengali book with the same title.[10] A song was also recorded with the same title to glorify the theme. According to a report published in June 2011, it was one of the six most popular political slogans in India at that time.[11]

Nandigram movement[edit]

Main article: Nandigram violence

In December 2006, the people of Nandigram were given notice by Haldia Development Authority that major portion of Nandigram would be seized and 70,000 people be evicted from their homes.[12] People started movement against this land acquisition and Trinamool Congress led the movement. Bhumi Uchchhed Pratirodh Committee (BUPC) was formed against land grabbing and eviction. On 14 March 2007 the police opened firing and killed 14 villagers. Many more went missing. Many sources claimed which was supported by CBI in its report, that armed CPM cadres, along with police, fired on protesters in Nandigram.[13] A large number of intellectuals protested on the streets and this incident gave birth to a new movement. SUCI(C) leader Nanda Patra (A school Teacher of Tamluk) led the movement.

Post-Nandigram/Singur elections[edit]

In the 2009 Lok Sabha election, Trinamool Congress won 19 seats from West Bengal.

In the 2010 Kolkata municipal election, the party won 97 out of 141 seats. It also won a majority of other municipalities.[14]

2011 legislative assembly election[edit]

In the 2011 West Bengal state assembly election, the Trinamool Congress-led alliance that included the INC and SUCI(C) won 227 seats in the 294-seat legislature. Trinamool Congress alone won 184 seats, enabling it to govern without an alliance. Subsequently it won a by-election in Basirhat and two Congress MLAs switched to TMC, giving it a total of 187 seats.

Now the party is trying to get a National Party Status, expanding its base in Tripura, Assam, Manipur, Orissa, TN, Kerala[15] , Sikkim, Hariyana, Arunachal Pradesh. The party is now main opposition party in Manipur. In Kerala, the party contested from five seats in 2014 general elections.

Government of West Bengal Cabinet Ministers[16]


Mamata Banerjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal and leader of the All India Trinamool Congress.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]