All India Trinamool Congress

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All India Trinamool Congress
সর্বভারতীয় তৃণমূল কংগ্রেস
Abbreviation AITC
Leader Mamata Banerjee
President Mamata Banerjee
Chairperson Mamata Banerjee
Lok Sabha leader Sudip Bandyopadhyay
Rajya Sabha leader Derek O'Brien
Founder Mamata Banerjee
Founded 1 January 1998 (19 years ago) (1998-01-01)
Split from Indian National Congress
Headquarters 36G Tapsia Road, Kolkata, West Bengal, India-700039
Newspaper Jago Bangla (Bengali)
Student wing Trinamool Chatra Parishad
Youth wing All India Trinamool Youth Congress
Women's wing All India Trinamool Mahila Congress
Labour wing Indian National Trinamool Trade Union Congress
Peasant's wing All India Trinamool Kisan Congress
Ideology Regionalism
Nationalism
Secularism
Socialism[1]
Political position Centre-left
Colours      Green
ECI Status National Party[2]
Alliance NDA (1999−2001)
UPA (2009−2012)
Independent (2012−present)
National convener Mamata Banerjee
Seats in Lok Sabha
34 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
12 / 245
Website
aitcofficial.org

The All India Trinamool Congress (abbreviated AITC, TMC or Trinamool Congress) (Bengali: সর্বভারতীয় তৃণমূল কংগ্রেস) is an Indian national political party based in West Bengal . Founded on 1 January 1998 as a breakaway faction of the Indian National Congress, the party is led by its founder and current Chief Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee. Prior to the 2009 general election it was the sixth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 19 seats; following the 2014 general election, it is currently the fourth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 34 seats.

History[edit]

After remaining with the INC for over 12 years[clarification needed], Mamata Banerjee formed her own party of Bengal, the "Trinamool Congress", which was registered with the Election Commission of India during mid-December 1999. The Election Commission allotted to the party an exclusive symbol of Jora Ghas Phul. On 2 September 2016 election commission recognized AITC as a national political party.[3]

Nandigram movement[edit]

In December 2006, the people of Nandigram were given notice by Haldia Development Authority that major portion of Nandigram would be seized and 70,000 people be evicted from their homes.[4] People started movement against this land acquisition and Trinamool Congress led the movement. Bhumi Uchchhed Pratirodh Committee (BUPC) was formed against land grabbing and eviction. On 14 March 2007 the police opened firing and killed 14 villagers. Many more went missing. Many sources claimed which was supported by CBI in its report, that armed CPM cadres, along with police, fired on protesters in Nandigram.[5] A large number of intellectuals protested on the streets and this incident gave birth to a new movement. SUCI(C) leader Nanda Patra (A school Teacher of Tamluk) led the movement.

Post-Nandigram/Singur elections[edit]

In the 2009 Lok Sabha election, Trinamool Congress won 19 seats in West Bengal.

In the 2010 Kolkata municipal election, the party won 97 out of 141 seats. It also won a majority of other municipalities.

Trinamool in Tripura[edit]

Under the leadership of former leader of opposition and current MLA of Tripura, Sudip Roy Barman, 6 MLAs defected from INC along with many ex ministers, ex members of legislative assembly, senior state and district leaders along with thousands of party workers and supporters who joined AITC to fight the communists in Tripura. Tripura Pradesh Trinamool Congress is working in Tripura to establish Ma Mati Manush government in Tripura. But lately, due to inefficiency and carelessness in leadership by both senior state leaders and central leaders of the party, trinamool is fast approaching towards political irrelevance in Tripura. Everyday hundreds and thousands of party workers and leaders are leaving the party, mostly joining Bharatiya Janata Party which has emerged as the main opposition party in the state. Many of trinamool's senior leaders of the state like 5 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and former President of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Surajit Dutta, 3 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and Vice-President of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Prakash Chandra Das, 2 times former Member of Legislative Assembly, former Minister and former Chairman of Pradesh Trinamool Congress Ratan Chakraborty, former Member of Legislative Assembly, Deputy Speaker, Vice-President and ST face of the state unit Gauri Shankar Reang and many other senior state level leaders along with district and block level leaders and thousands of party workers have left the party and joined Bharatiya Janata Party in the last few months after being frustrated by lack of support from central leadership. Currently Trinamool is facing serious existential crisis in the state.[6]

Trinamool in Manipur[edit]

In the 2012 assembly elections of Manipur, AITC won 8 seats, got 10% of the total votes & became the only opposition party in the Manipur Legislative Assembly. In the 2017 assembly elections the party won only one seat from Bishnupur & polled 5.4% of the total votes cast in the elections. It's lone Member of Legislative Assembly T.Robindro Singh supported Bharatiya Janata Party in forming government in Manipur

Electoral performance[edit]

Mamata Banerjee, Chief Minister of West Bengal and leader of the All India Trinamool Congress.

In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, the Trinamool Congress-led alliance that included the INC and SUCI(C) won 227 seats in the 294-seat legislature. Trinamool Congress alone won 184 seats, enabling it to govern without an alliance. Subsequently, it won a by-election in Basirhat and two Congress MLAs switched to TMC, giving it a total of 187 seats.

Now the party is trying to get a National Party Status, expanding its base in Tripura, Assam, Manipur, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Kerala,[7] Sikkim, Haryana and Arunachal Pradesh. In Kerala, the party contested from five seats in 2014 general elections.

On 18 September 2012, TMC Chief, Mamata Banerjee, announced her decision to withdraw support to the UPA after the TMC's demands to undo government-instituted changes including FDI in retail, increase in the price of diesel and limiting the number of subsidised cooking gas cylinders for households, were not met.[8][9]

In the 1998 Lok Sabha polls, TMC won 8 seats.[10] In the next Lok Sabha election that was held in 1999, Trinamool Congress won 8 seats with BJP, thus increasing its tally by one.[11] In 2000, TMC won the Kolkata Municipal Corporation Elections. In the 2001 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 60 seats with Congress(I).[12] In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, TMC won 1 seat with BJP.[13] In the 2006 Vidhan Sabha elections, TMC won 30 seats with BJP.

In the 2011 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC won a majority of 184 seats (out of 294). Mamata Banerjee became the Chief Minister. In the following 2016 West Bengal Legislative Assembly election, TMC retains its majority and won 211 seats (out of 294).[14]

Political slogan[edit]

Ma Mati Manush (Bengali: মা মাটি মানুষ) was primarily a slogan, coined by All India Trinamool Congress chief and current chief minister Mamata Banerjee. The term is literally translated as "Mother, Motherland and People". The slogan became very popular in West Bengal at the time of the 2011 assembly election. Later, Mamata Banerjee wrote a Bengali book with the same title.[15] A song was also recorded with the same title to glorify the theme. According to a report published in June 2011, it was one of the six most popular political slogans in India at that time.[16]

Important Leaders[edit]

The highest decision making body of the party is its Core Committee. |Mamata Banerjee - Founder, National President & Chairperson, Leader of the party in the West Bengal Legislative Assembly |Subrata Bakshi - General Secretary |Mukul Roy - Assistant General Secretary |Derek O'Brien - National Spokesperson & Leader of the party in the Rajyasabha |Partha Chatterjee - Secretary General |Sudip Bandyopadhyay - Leader of the party in the Lok Sabha Saugata Ray - Deputy leader of the party in the Lok Sabha Kalyan Banerjee - Chief whip of the party in the Parliament Sudip Ray Barman - Leader of the party in the Tripura Legislative Assembly

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Constitution of All India Trinamool Congress". AITC official. 
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 13 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "Trinamool Congress gets national party status". Indian Express. 2 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Nandigram says 'No!' to Dow's chemical hub". International Action Center - Boston. December 2007. 
  5. ^ "CPM cadres joined cops to fire, now beating up witnesses: CBI". Indian Express. 19 December 2007. 
  6. ^ "Mamata wins Bengal civic polls, demands early elections". NDTV. 2 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Kerala Pradesh Trinamool Congress". 
  8. ^ "Rupee falls after TMC pulls out from government". Reuters via MoneyControl.com. 20 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Mamata Banerjee's party ready to meet President tomorrow to officially quit UPA". NDTV. 20 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1998 to the 12th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 1999 to the 13th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 
  12. ^ "Key Highlights of General Election, 2001 to the Legislative Assembly of West Bengal" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Elections, 2004 to the 14th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 
  14. ^ "West Bengal Election Results 2016: TMC storms back to power in Bengal, Cong-Left alliance loses". The Financial Express (India). 20 May 2016. 
  15. ^ "Maa Mati Manush". Menaka Books. ISBN 978-93-5080-024-9. 
  16. ^ "Six popular contemporary slogans". DNA India. 28 July 2011. 

External links[edit]