Claudia Sheinbaum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Claudia Sheinbaum
Claudia Sheinbaum.jpg
Claudia Sheinbaum (2018)
Head of Government of Mexico City
Assumed office
5 December 2018
Preceded byJosé Ramón Amieva
Delegational Chief of Tlalpan
In office
1 October 2015 – 6 December 2017
Preceded byHéctor Hugo Hernández Rodríguez
Succeeded byFernando Hernández Palacios
Secretary of the Environment of the Federal District
In office
5 December, 2000 – 15 May, 2006
MayorAndrés Manuel López Obrador
Preceded byAlejandro Encinas Rodríguez
Succeeded byEduardo Vega López
Personal details
Born
Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo

(1962-06-24) 24 June 1962 (age 58)
Mexico City, Mexico
Political partyNational Regeneration Movement (since 2014)
Other political
affiliations
Party of the Democratic Revolution (1989–2014)
Spouse(s)
Carlos Ímaz Gispert
(m. 1987⁠–⁠2016)
Children2
EducationNational Autonomous University of Mexico

Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo (born 24 June 1962) is a Mexican scientist, politician, and Mayor of Mexico City. She jointly received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 as a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. She was elected Mayor of Mexico City on 1 July 2018 as part of the Juntos Haremos Historia coalition. She is the first woman and the first Jew to be elected Mayor of Mexico City.

Sheinbaum has a Ph.D. in energy engineering, and is the author of over 100 articles and two books on the topics of energy, the environment, and sustainable development. She served as the Secretary of the Environment of Mexico City from 2000 to 2006 during Andrés Manuel López Obrador's term as mayor, and she was the Mayor of Tlalpan from 2015 to 2017. In 2018, she was listed as one of BBC's 100 Women.[1]

Early life[edit]

Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo was born to a secular Jewish family in Mexico City.[2] Her grandparents emigrated to Mexico City from Lithuania (her father's Ashkenazi parents, in the 1920s) and Sofia, Bulgaria (her mother's Sephardic parents, in the early 1940s to escape the Holocaust), and she celebrated all the Jewish holidays at their homes.[3][2] Both of her parents are scientists; her father, chemical engineer Carlos Sheinbaum Yoselevitz, and her mother, Annie Pardo Cemo, a biologist, now professor emeritus of the Faculty of Sciences at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.[4][5][3][2][6][7] Her brother is a physicist.[6]

Academic career[edit]

Sheinbaum studied physics at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), where she earned an undergraduate degree ('89), followed by a master's ('94) and a Ph.D ('95) in energy engineering.[7][6][8][9] She completed the work for her doctoral thesis in four years (1991-94) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, where she analyzed the use of energy in Mexico’s transportation, published studies on the trends of Mexican building energy use, and obtained a Ph.D. in energy engineering and physics.[10][2][11][9][12]

In 1995 she joined the faculty at UNAM's Institute of Engineering.[6] She was a researcher at the Institute of Engineering, and is a member of both the Sistema Nacional de Investigadores and the Mexican Academy of Sciences.[13] In 1999 she received the prize of best UNAM young researcher in engineering and technological innovation.[14]

In 2006 Sheinbaum returned to UNAM, after a period in government, publishing articles in scientific journals.[6]

In 2007, she joined the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) at the United Nations in the field of energy and industry, as an author on the topic "Mitigation of climate change" for the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.[15] The group won the Nobel Peace Prize that year.[12] In 2013, she authored the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report alongside 11 other experts in the field of industry.[16]

Political career[edit]

During her time as a student at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, she was a member of the Consejo Estudiantil Universitario (University Student Council),[17] a group of students that would become the founding youth movement of the Mexican Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD).[18]

Manuela Carmena meets with Claudia Sheinbaum, at the Cibeles Palace.

She was the Secretary of the Environment of Mexico City from 5 December 2000, having been appointed on 20 November 2000 to the cabinet of the Head of Government of Mexico City Andrés Manuel López Obrador.[19] During her term, which concluded in May 2006, she was responsible for the construction of an electronic vehicle-registration center for Mexico City.[14][20] She also oversaw the introduction of the Metrobus, a rapid transit bus with dedicated lanes, and the construction of the second story of the Anillo Periférico, Mexico City's ring road.[6]

López Obrador included Sheinbaum in his proposed cabinet for the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources as part of his campaign for the 2012 Mexican general election.[21] In 2014 she broke away with Lopez Obrador's splinter movement from the mainstream Mexican left-wing party, the Party of the Democratic Revolution.[11] She served as Secretary of the Environment in 2015.[11]

Mayor of Tlalpan[edit]

From the end of 2015, Sheinbaum served as the Mayor of Tlalpan.[22] She resigned from the position upon receiving the nomination for candidacy of the mayor of Mexico City for the Juntos Haremos Historia (Together We Will Make History) coalition,[13] consisting of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA), the Labor Party (PT), and the Social Encounter Party (PES).[23]

Governor of Mexico City[edit]

After taking charge as head of government, Claudia Sheinbaum went to the Mexico City Theater to present her cabinet.

On 1 July 2018, Sheinbaum was elected to a six-year term as the Governor of Mexico City, defeating six other candidates.[2][24] During the campaign Sheinbaum was accused by the PAN of the 2017 collapse in a 7.1 level earthquake of an elementary school that killed 19 children.[2][25] She became both Mexico City's first elected female mayor, and its first Jewish mayor.[11][2]

In June 2019, she announced a new six-year environmental plan. It includes reducing air pollution by 30%, planting 15 million trees, banning single-use plastics and promoting recycling, building a new waste separation plant, providing water service to every home, constructing 100 kilometers of corridors for the exclusive use of Cablebús lines and the Mexico City Metrobús system, and constructing and installing solar water heaters and solar panels.[26]

In September 2019, Sheinbaum announced a 40 billion peso (US $2 billion) investment to modernize the Mexico City Metro over the next five years, including modernization, re-strengthening, new trains, improving stations, stairways, train control and automation, user information, and payment systems.[27]

Personal life[edit]

In 1986 she met politician Carlos Ímaz Gispert, to whom she was married from 1987 to 2016.[17] She has one daughter from this marriage (Mariana, born in 1988, who in 2019 was studying for a doctorate in philosophy at the University of California), and also became stepmother to Rodrigo Ímaz Alarcón (born in 1982; now a filmmaker).[28][8][29][7][30]

During the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico, Sheinabum tested positive for COVID-19 on 27 October 2020, but was asymptomatic.[31]

Abridged academic bibliography[edit]

Sheinbaum is the author of over 100 articles and two books on the topics of energy, the environment, and sustainable development.[32] A selection follows:

  1. Consumo de energía y emisiones de CO2 del autotransporte en México y Escenarios de Mitigación, Ávila-Solís JC, Sheinbaum-Pardo C. 2016.
  2. Decomposition analysis from demand services to material production: The case of CO2 emissions from steel produced for automobiles in Mexico, Applied Energy, 174: 245-255, Sheinbaum-Pardo C. 2016.
  3. The impact of energy efficiency standards on residential electricity consumption in Mexico, Energy for Sustainable Development, 32:50-61 Martínez-Montejo S.A., Sheinbaum-Pardo C. 2016.
  4. Science and Technology in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals, World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 14:2 - 17. Imaz M. Sheinbaum C. 2017.
  5. Assessing the Impacts of Final Demand on CO2-eq Emissions in the Mexican Economy: An Input-Output Analysis, Energy and Power Engineering, 9:40-54, Chatellier D, Sheinbaum C. 2017.
  6. Electricity sector reforms in four Latin-American countries and their impact on carbon dioxide emissions and renewable energy, Ruíz- Mendoza BJ, Sheinbaum-Pardo C. Energy Policy, 2010
  7. Energy consumption and related CO2 emissions in five Latin American countries: Changes from 1990 to 2006 and perspectives, Sheinbaum C, Ruíz BJ, Ozawa L. Energy, 2010.
  8. Mitigating Carbon Emissions while Advancing National Development Priorities: The Case of Mexico, C Sheinbaum, O Masera, Climatic Change, Springer, 2000.
  9. Energy use and CO2 emissions for Mexico’s cement industry, C Sheinbaum, L Ozawa, Energy, Elsevier, 1998.
  10. Energy use and CO2 emissions in Mexico's iron and steel industry, L Ozawa, C Sheinbaum, N Martin, E Worrell, L Price, Energy, Elsevier, 2002.
  11. New trends in industrial energy efficiency in the Mexico iron and steel industry, L Ozawa, N Martin, E Worrell, L Price, C Sheinbaum, OSTI, 1999.
  12. Mexican Electric end-use Efficiency: Experiences to Date, R Friedmann, C Sheinbaum, Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 1998.
  13. Incorporating Sustainable Development Concerns into Climate Change Mitigation: A Case Study, OR Masera, C Sheinbaum, Climate Change and Development, UDLAP, 2000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BBC 100 Women 2018: Who is on the list?". BBC News. 19 November 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Kahn, Carrie (25 July 2018). "Meet Mexico City's First Elected Female Mayor". NPR. Both Sheinbaum's parents, also scientists, are children of Jewish immigrants from Bulgaria and Lithuania. Sheinbaum says she celebrated holidays at her grandparents', but her home life was secular
  3. ^ a b "Judíos y científicos. La familia de Claudia Sheinbaum," Enlace Judío México, 17 December 2018.
  4. ^ "2019 April Archive | Carlos Slim Health Institute". Salud.carlosslim.org. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  5. ^ Ameyalli Villafán (30 July 2015). "Annie Pardo Cemo y su búsqueda constante de respuestas". Cienciamx. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Wade, Lizzie (2 July 2018). "Can this environmental engineer—now elected mayor—fix Mexico City?". Science Magazine. AAAS. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  7. ^ a b c "Mexico City chooses for the first time in history a Jew and female mayor, the scientist Claudia Sheinbaum". The Mazatlán Post. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Mexico City elects first-ever Jewish mayor, exit poll shows". The Times of Israel. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  9. ^ a b Erica Schuman (1 July 2018). "Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo Elected as Mexico City's First Female Mayor". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Mexico City Mayor-Elect Claudia Sheinbaum Visits Berkeley Lab," 9 November 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d Weber, Jonathan (2 July 2018). "Mexico City elects first Jewish, female mayor". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Former Berkeley Lab researcher elected as Mexico City mayor," The Daily Californian.
  13. ^ a b "Claudia Sheinbaum, la científica que gobernará CDMX". politico.mx. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  14. ^ a b Kenny Tang (2009). Green CITYnomics: The Urban War against Climate Change. Routledge. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Climate Change 2007 - Mitigation of Climate Change: Working Group III". IPCC. Retrieved 2 July 2018
  16. ^ "Industry Archived 14 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine". IPCC. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  17. ^ a b Belsasso, Bibiana (8 May 2017). "Me separé de Carlos Ímaz de común acuerdo hace un año" [I split with Carlos Ímaz by mutual agreement one year ago]. La Razon de Mexico (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 5 January 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  18. ^ Robles de la Rosa, Leticia (12 September 2016). "CEU: semillero de políticos; el movimiento estudiantil del 86" [CEU: A hotbed of politicians; the student movement of '86]. Excelsior (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  19. ^ Luis Flores, José (21 November 2000). "Presenta AMLO su gabinete" [AMLO presents his cabinet]. El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  20. ^ Cardoso, Laura (27 December 2000). "Crearán central de verificentros" [Center of vehicular registration to be created]. El Universal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  21. ^ Cabinet Proposal of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (31 January 2012). "Propuesta de Gabinete de Andrés Manuel López Obrador". Sitio Oficial de Andrés Manuel López Obrador (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 31 January 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  22. ^ "Claudia Sheinbaum". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  23. ^ Tello, Natividad (29 March 2018). "Estos son los candidatos de coalición 'Juntos Haremos Historia' en CDMX" [These are the candidates of the coalition "Together We Will Make History" in Mexico City]. Excelsior (in Spanish). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Mexico City elects first Jewish mayor". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Claudia Sheinbaum elected as the first woman mayor of Mexico City". The Free Press Journal. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  26. ^ "In six years, water service for everyone: Mexico City mayor". Mexico News Daily. 6 June 2019. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  27. ^ "Mexico City announces 40-billion-peso modernization plan for Metro". Mexico News Daily. 5 September 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  28. ^ "Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo confiesa que tiene novio". Cunadegrillos.com. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  29. ^ Álvarez, Ángel, "Ellos forman la familia de Claudia Sheinbaum," Capital Mexico, 1 Julio, 2018.
  30. ^ "El hijo de Claudia Sheinbaum que llego a Cannes". Cunadegrillos. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  31. ^ "Claudia Sheinbaum da positivo por coronavirus". El País. 27 October 2020.
  32. ^ "Mexico City Gets First Female Jewish Mayor". Jewish Press. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2020.

External links[edit]