National Capital Region (India)

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This article is about National Capital Region of India which includes Delhi and adjoining urban areas. You might be looking for Delhi, or New Delhi. For other uses see National Capital Region (disambiguation).
National Capital Region (India)
राष्ट्रीय राजधानी क्षेत्र (भारत)
Region
National Capital Territory of Delhi as captured by Landsat-5 satellite
National Capital Territory of Delhi as captured by Landsat-5 satellite
Government
 • Regional authority National Capital Region Planning Board
Area[1]
 • Total 51,109 km2 (19,733 sq mi)
Website ncrpb.nic.in

The National Capital Region (NCR) in India is the designation for the conurbation or metropolitan area which encompasses the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi, which includes New Delhi, as well as urban areas surrounding it in neighboring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.[2]

NCR is India's largest and one of the world's largest agglomeration with a population of over 47,000,000[3] at the 2011 Census.[citation needed] All the areas of NCR together generated GDP of $128.9 billion in 2011-12, which was 7.5 percent of the Indian GDP.[4]

History[edit]

In July 2013, NCR was expanded to include three more districts, Bhiwani, and Mahendragarh in the state of Haryana, as well as Bharatpur in the state of Rajasthan. This brought the number of districts in NCR to 19, with the total NCR area increasing 34% to 45,887 km2.[5]

Before July 2013, National Capital Region (NCR) had a total area of 34,144 km2 spanning over 15 districts in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan, together with the National Capital Territory of Delhi, with the Nation Capital as its core. After the addition of three more districts (Bhiwani, Mahendragarh and Bharatpur) - NCR expanded to 18 districts having a total area of 46,208 km2. On 9 June 2015, Government of India approved the inclusion of three more districts in NCR - Jind and Karnal in the state of Haryana and Muzaffarnagar in U.P.[6] There are now a total of 23 districts (plus Delhi NCT) within NCR,[7][8][9] covering a total area of 51,109 km2.

The four constituent Sub-Regions of NCR are as follows:[2]

1. The Haryana Sub-Region comprises thirteen districts: Faridabad, Gurgaon, Mewat, Rohtak,Sonepat, Rewari, Jhajjar, Panipat, Palwal, Mahendragarh (Narnaul), Bhiwani, Jind and Karnal.

2. The Uttar Pradesh Sub-Region comprises seven districts: Meerut, Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Gautam Budh Nagar, Baghpat, Hapur, Muzaffarnagar.

3. The Rajasthan Sub-Region comprises two districts: Alwar & Bharatpur

4. Delhi, which constitutes about 2.9% of the land area of the Region.

Uttar Pradesh is pushing to have the districts of Aligarh, Mathura and Agra included in the NCR.

Component Districts[edit]

A total of 20 districts in three neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan along with whole of the National Capital Territory of Delhi constitute the National Capital Region (NCR) of India as defined in National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) Act, 1985.[10] The areas and populations[11] of these component districts are set out below

District State Area (km2) Population
Census 2001
Population
Census 2011
Capital
Delhi
Sub-region
(NCT) 1,483 13,850,507 16,787,941
Delhi Delhi 1,483 13,850,507 16,787,941 Delhi
Uttar Pradesh
Sub-region
Uttar Pradesh 10,853 11,567,090 14,575,668
Ghaziabad Uttar Pradesh 1,179 3,290,586 4,681,645 Ghaziabad
Gautam Budh Nagar Uttar Pradesh 1,282 1,202,030 1,648,115 Gautam Budh Nagar
Bulandshahr Uttar Pradesh 3,719 2,282,826 3,498,507 Bulandshahr
Baghpat Uttar Pradesh 1,321 1,163,991 1,303,048 Baghpat
Hapur Uttar Pradesh -- 1,138,562 1,328,322 Hapur
Muzaffarnagar Uttar Pradesh 4,008 4,367,321 2,861,354 Muzaffarnagar
Haryana
Sub-region
Haryana 25,327 13,388,603 16,427,524
Faridabad Haryana 741 1,365,465 1,809,733 Faridabad
Gurgaon Haryana 1,258 870,539 1,514,432 Gurgaon
Mewat Haryana 1,507 789,750 1,089,263 Nuh
Rohtak Haryana 1,745 940,128 1,061,204 Rohtak
Sonipat Haryana 2,122 1,279,175 1,450,001 Sonipat
Rewari Haryana 1,594 765,351 900,332 Rewari
Jhajjar Haryana 1,834 880,072 958,405 Jhajjar
Panipat Haryana 1,268 967,449 1,205,437 Panipat
Palwal Haryana 1,359 829,121 1,042,708 Palwal
Mahendragarh Haryana 1,899 812,521 922,088 Narnaul
Bhiwani Haryana 4,778 1,425,022 1,634,445 Bhiwani
Jind Haryana 2,702 1,189,827 1,334,152 Jind
Karnal Haryana 2,702 1,274,183 1,200,000 Karnal
Rajasthan
Sub-region
Rajasthan 13,446 5,093,734 6,222,641
Bharatpur Rajasthan 5,066 2,101,142 2,548,462 Bharatpur
Alwar Rajasthan 8,380 2,992,592 3,674,179 Alwar

Sewage connectivity[edit]

About 46% of the National Capital Region (NCR)—home to 4 to 5 million people—is not connected to sewage networks. Sewage from these areas flows into stormwater drains that empty directly into the Yamuna.[12]

Till now, NCRPB has formulated Regional Plan-2001 and 2021.[13]

Counter magnets[edit]

Counter-magnet towns are identified as those that can be developed as alternative centres of growth and attract migrants to them rather than Delhi. These towns are located in six states-Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab, in addition to Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan, which are already part of the national capital region.

The criteria for selecting counter magnet towns are: that they should not be within approximately 250 kilometres from Delhi, should have their own established roots and potential of growth and should not be centres of either religious, strategic or environmental importance.

These are:[14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NCR Constituent Areas". National Capital Region Planning Board. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "NCR Constituent Areas". National Capital Region Planning Board. 
  3. ^ Within the area as expanded in January 2014, according to 2011 Census of India.
  4. ^ "Understand with Funalytics". Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "3 more districts enter National Capital Region fold - The Times of India". Times of India. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "NCR gets bigger; Jind, Karnal and Muzaffarnagar districts added". The Economic Times. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "NCR to now include these 3 new districts". 
  8. ^ Business Standard. "NCR to now include 3 new districts - Part - 2". Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Jind and Karnal now at NCR - हरियाणा के 2 और जिले NCR में Amar Ujala". http://www.delhincr.amarujala.com.  External link in |website= (help)
  10. ^ National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  11. ^ Census of India, 2001 and 2011.
  12. ^ "No sewerage in 46% of NCR". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "National Capital Region Planning Board". ncrpb.nic.in. 
  14. ^ National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in (2010-03-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  15. ^ Three more districts part of NCR - Times Of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-07-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°40′N 77°13′E / 28.667°N 77.217°E / 28.667; 77.217