National Capital Region (India)

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This article is about the National Capital Region of India which includes Delhi, New Delhi, and adjoining urban areas. For other uses, see Capital region.
National Capital Region (India)
राष्ट्रीय राजधानी क्षेत्र (भारत)
Region
National Capital Territory of Delhi as captured by Landsat-5 satellite
National Capital Territory of Delhi as captured by Landsat-5 satellite
Coordinates: 28°40′N 77°13′E / 28.667°N 77.217°E / 28.667; 77.217Coordinates: 28°40′N 77°13′E / 28.667°N 77.217°E / 28.667; 77.217
Country India
Government
 • Regional authority National Capital Region Planning Board
Area[1][2]
 • Total 58,332 km2 (22,522 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]:6
 • Total 46,069,000
 • Density 790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Website ncrpb.nic.in

The National Capital Region (NCR) is the designation for a conurbation or metropolitan area in India. It encompasses the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi, including New Delhi and urban areas surrounding it in neighboring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.[3]

NCR is India's largest and one of the world's largest agglomeration with a population of over 46,069,000.[2]:6 All the areas of NCR together generated GDP of $128.9 billion in 2011-12, which was 7.5 percent of the Indian GDP.[4]

History[edit]

Delhi and its urban region have been given the special status of National Capital Region (NCR) under the Constitution of India's 69th Amendment Act of 1991.

In July 2013, NCR was expanded to include three more districts, Bhiwani, and Mahendragarh in the state of Haryana, as well as Bharatpur in the state of Rajasthan. This brought the number of districts in NCR to 19, with the total NCR area increasing 34% to 46,208 km2.[5]

Before July 2013, National Capital Region (NCR) had a total area of 34,144 km2 spanning over 16 districts in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan, together with the National Capital Territory of Delhi, with the Nation Capital as its core. After the addition of three more districts (Bhiwani, Mahendragarh and Bharatpur) - NCR expanded to 19 districts having a total area of 46,208 km2. On 9 June 2015, Government of India approved the inclusion of three more districts in NCR - Jind and Karnal in the state of Haryana and Muzaffarnagar in U.P.[6] There are now a total of 22 districts (plus Delhi NCT) within NCR,[7][8][9] covering a total area of 58,332 km2.

The four constituent Sub-Regions of NCR are as follows:[3]

  1. The Haryana Sub-Region comprises thirteen districts: Bhiwani, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Jhajjar,Jind, Karnal, Mewat, Mahendragarh (Narnaul), Panipat, Palwal, Rewari, Rohtak and Sonepat.
  2. The Uttar Pradesh Sub-Region comprises seven districts: Baghpat, Bulandshahr, Ghaziabad, Gautam Budh Nagar, Hapur, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar.
  3. The Rajasthan Sub-Region comprises two districts: Alwar and Bharatpur
  4. Delhi, which constitutes about 2.9% of the land area of the Region.

Uttar Pradesh is pushing to have the districts of Agra, Aligarh and Mathura included in the NCR.

Component districts[edit]

A total of 22 districts in three neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan along with whole of the National Capital Territory of Delhi constitute the National Capital Region (NCR) of India as defined in National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) Act, 1985.[10]

The areas and populations of these component districts are set out below:[2]:3,6

State Districts Area Population
(in lakhs)
Uttar Pradesh Meerut 14,858 145.76
Ghaziabad
Gautam Budh Nagar
Bulandshahr
Baghpat
Hapur
Muzaffarnagar[11]
Haryana Faridabad 28,545 110.31
Gurugram
Mahendragarh
Bhiwani
Mewat
Rohtak
Sonipat
Rewari
Jhajjar
Panipat
Palwal
Jind[11]
Karnal[11]
Rajasthan Alwar 13,446 36.74
Bharatpur[11]
NCT Delhi NCT Delhi 1,483 167.88
Total 58,332 460.69

Sewage connectivity[edit]

About 46% of the National Capital Region (NCR)—home to 4 to 5 million people—is not connected to sewage networks. Sewage from these areas flows into stormwater drains that empty directly into the Yamuna.[12]

Till now, NCRPB has formulated Regional Plan-2001 and 2021.[13]

Counter magnets[edit]

Counter-magnet towns are identified as those that can be developed as alternative centres of growth and attract migrants to them rather than Delhi. These towns are located in six states-Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab, in addition to Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan, which are already part of the national capital region.

The criteria for selecting counter magnet towns are: that they should have their own established roots and potential of growth and should not be centres of either religious, strategic or environmental importance.

These are:[14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NCR Constituent Areas". National Capital Region Planning Board. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Census 2011" (PDF). National Capital Region Planning Board. National Informatics Centre. p. 3. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "NCR Constituent Areas". National Capital Region Planning Board. 
  4. ^ "Understand with Funalytics". Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "3 more districts enter National Capital Region fold - The Times of India". Times of India. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "NCR gets bigger; Jind, Karnal and Muzaffarnagar districts added". The Economic Times. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "NCR to now include these 3 new districts". 
  8. ^ Business Standard. "NCR to now include 3 new districts - Part - 2". Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Jind and Karnal now at NCR - हरियाणा के 2 और जिले NCR में Amar Ujala". www.delhincr.amarujala.com.  External link in |website= (help)
  10. ^ National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  11. ^ a b c d "NCR gets bigger; 3 more districts added". The Hindu (New Delhi). 9 June 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "No sewerage in 46% of NCR". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  13. ^ "National Capital Region Planning Board". ncrpb.nic.in. 
  14. ^ National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in (2010-03-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
  15. ^ Three more districts part of NCR - Times Of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-07-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.

External links[edit]