National Capital Region (India)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2009)|
|National Capital Region (India)
राष्ट्रीय राजधानी क्षेत्र (भारत)
National Capital Territory of Delhi as captured by Landsat-5 satellite
|• Regional authority||National Capital Region Planning Board|
|• Total||51,109 km2 (19,733 sq mi)|
The National Capital Region (NCR) in India is the designation for the conurbation or metropolitan area which encompasses the entire National Capital Territory of Delhi, which includes New Delhi, as well as urban areas surrounding it in neighboring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.
NCR is India's largest and one of the world's largest agglomeration with a population of over 47,000,000 at the 2011 Census. All the areas of NCR together generated GDP of $128.9 billion in 2011-12, which was 7.5 percent of the Indian GDP.
In July 2013, NCR was expanded to include three more districts, Bhiwani, and Mahendragarh in the state of Haryana, as well as Bharatpur in the state of Rajasthan. This brought the number of districts in NCR to 19, with the total NCR area increasing 34% to 45,887 km2.
Before July 2013, National Capital Region (NCR) had a total area of 34,144 km2 spanning over 15 districts in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan, together with the National Capital Territory of Delhi, with the Nation Capital as its core. After the addition of three more districts (Bhiwani, Mahendragarh and Bharatpur) - NCR expanded to 18 districts having a total area of 46,208 km2. On 9 June 2015, Government of India approved the inclusion of three more districts in NCR - Jind and Karnal in the state of Haryana and Muzaffarnagar in U.P. There are now a total of 23 districts (plus Delhi NCT) within NCR, covering a total area of 51,109 km2.
The four constituent Sub-Regions of NCR are as follows:
4. Delhi, which constitutes about 2.9% of the land area of the Region.
A total of 20 districts in three neighbouring states of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan along with whole of the National Capital Territory of Delhi constitute the National Capital Region (NCR) of India as defined in National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) Act, 1985. The areas and populations of these component districts are set out below
|Gautam Budh Nagar||Uttar Pradesh||1,282||1,202,030||1,648,115||Gautam Budh Nagar|
About 46% of the National Capital Region (NCR)—home to 4 to 5 million people—is not connected to sewage networks. Sewage from these areas flows into stormwater drains that empty directly into the Yamuna.
Till now, NCRPB has formulated Regional Plan-2001 and 2021.
Counter-magnet towns are identified as those that can be developed as alternative centres of growth and attract migrants to them rather than Delhi. These towns are located in six states-Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab, in addition to Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan, which are already part of the national capital region.
The criteria for selecting counter magnet towns are: that they should not be within approximately 250 kilometres from Delhi, should have their own established roots and potential of growth and should not be centres of either religious, strategic or environmental importance.
- Patiala, 230 km
- Rajasthan state
- Mumbai Metropolitan Region
- National Capital Region Transport Corporation
- NCR Proposed Transport Plan
- "NCR Constituent Areas". National Capital Region Planning Board. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "NCR Constituent Areas". National Capital Region Planning Board.
- Within the area as expanded in January 2014, according to 2011 Census of India.
- "Understand with Funalytics". Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "3 more districts enter National Capital Region fold - The Times of India". Times of India. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
- "NCR gets bigger; Jind, Karnal and Muzaffarnagar districts added". The Economic Times. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "NCR to now include these 3 new districts".
- Business Standard. "NCR to now include 3 new districts - Part - 2". Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "Jind and Karnal now at NCR - हरियाणा के 2 और जिले NCR में Amar Ujala". http://www.delhincr.amarujala.com. External link in
- National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in. Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- Census of India, 2001 and 2011.
- "No sewerage in 46% of NCR". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "National Capital Region Planning Board". ncrpb.nic.in.
- National Capital Region Planning Board. Ncrpb.nic.in (2010-03-15). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- Three more districts part of NCR - Times Of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2013-07-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.