Cove Island Light

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Cove Island Lighthouse
Cove island light.jpg
Cove Island Lighthouse, June 2008
Cove Island Light is located in Ontario
Cove Island Light
Ontario
LocationCove Island at Gig Point
Bruce Peninsula
Tobermory
Ontario
Coordinates45°19′37″N 81°44′07″W / 45.327080°N 81.735411°W / 45.327080; -81.735411Coordinates: 45°19′37″N 81°44′07″W / 45.327080°N 81.735411°W / 45.327080; -81.735411
Year first constructed1855[1]
Year first lit1858[2]
Automated1991
Constructionlimestone tower
Tower shapetapered cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternwhite tower, red lantern
Tower height24 metres (79 ft)
Focal height31 metres (102 ft)
CharacteristicFl W 5s.
ARLHS numberCAN-149
Managing agentFathom Five National Marine Park[3][4]
Heritageclassified federal heritage building of Canada Edit this on Wikidata

The Cove Island Light, at Gig Point on the island, is located in Fathom Five National Marine Park, but is not part of the Park. It is situated on the Bruce Peninsula, Ontario Canada. It has been a navigational aid in the narrow channel between Lake Huron and Georgian Bay since 30 October 1858. It was the first of six stone Imperial Towers to be completed; all were illuminated by 1859.[5] Most other lighthouses of the era were built of brick, wood, iron or concrete.[6]

The six were built at a time when commercial shipping traffic was increasing on the Great Lakes between Canada and the U.S. because of new trade agreements and the opening of the Sault Ste. Marie Canal locks in 1855. The settlement of the Bruce Peninsula was also well underway by then, making the lighthouses even more useful. They acted as navigational aids for the boats and ships on Lake Huron and Georgian Bay. All are currently operating as automated lights.[7][8]

The Tower, Cove Island, Ontario, was formally registered on the Canadian Register of Historic Places on 14 November 2014.[9] The federal government restored the site in 2015-2016.[10]

History[edit]

The origin of the Imperial designation is not certain, but some historians speculate that because the towers were public construction built under the colonial administration while Canada was a self-governing colony of Britain, the name would assure at least some funding from the British Empire's Board of Trade.[11] All six Imperial towers, along with a limestone lightkeeper's dwelling, were constructed by John Brown (builder) from Thorold, Ontario, a contractor and stonemason.[12]

The design aspects of the tower are virtually identical to those of the Point Clark Lighthouse, well described in a Government of Canada document.[13]

The lamp itself underwent several transformations starting with an Argand lamp fueled with sperm whale oil, then a flat wick coal oil lamp, replaced with an oil vapour light about 1900. Vapourized kerosene was burned to keep the beacon aglow. An on-site generator provided electricity during the 1950s and in 1971, an underwater power cable was laid from Tobermory to the island.

The powerful "second order" Fresnel lens was manufactured by the Louis Saulter Company in Paris and installed by workmen from France inside the polygonal lantern with its three rows of rectangular glass panes.[14][15]

Lightstation on Cove Island

Similar in style to the other Imperial Towers lighthouses on Chantry Island, at Point Clark and on Griffith Island, the Cove Island lighthouse has 5 sets of stairs with 15 steps each, one set with 11 steps and the final curved iron stairway to the lamp room has 9 steps (total: 95 steps). An iron door leads into the lamp room. The stone lightkeeper's cottage adjacent to the tower was built at the same time. The "new" lightkeepers house was built in 1970 a short distance from the tower.

This lightstation was continuously manned from 1858 to 1991, making it the longest keeper-occupied light in Ontario.

The lighthouse tower, the original house and fog plant, a workshop, the assistant keeper's house and the modern lightkeeper's house make up the lightstation today. The light is currently a valuable aid to navigation operated by the Canadian Coast Guard; it is the only Imperial Tower that is still using the original Fresnel lens.[16] Although the facility has been renovated, access to the island is restricted so tours are not available. Views from the ferry or a private boat are excellent.

Lightkeepers[edit]

George F. Collins (1858–1860) was the first person to serve as light keeper at the Isle of Coves. Born in England, in 1817, George Collins went to sea at the young age of 12 where he traveled the world becoming a captain by his early 20s. In 1851, Collins immigrated to Canada to live in Kingston before moving to Collingwood in 1855.[17]

When the Imperial Towers were being built, applications for positions as light keepers came in from all over the country. With his maritime experience, George Collins applied for the Nottawasaga Island light near his home at Collingwood. Surprisingly, he was instead appointed keeper at the Isle of Coves. Collins' salary was $435 per year.[18]

Like the keeper at Point Clark, Collins was required to clean and whitewash the tower as required, to fuel the light and, twice a day, to wind up the clockwork-like mechanism -- with weights and pulleys -- that enabled the weights to rotate the lens.[19]

David McBeath, on the other hand, applied for the light keeper's position at Isle of Coves, and was initially given the job at Nottawasaga instead. Eventually, in 1860, the two were able to switch jobs.

David McBeath (1860 - 1872) of all the fascinating stories the Isle of Coves Light station has to tell, nothing compares with the drama of David McBeath and his family running out of food with the lake already freezing. Provisions finally arrived on a steamship before they starved.[20]

William McBeath (1872 - 1876)

Bryce Millar, (1876 – 1878)

George Currie (1878–1902) is remembered for his part in the aftermath of the sinking of the schooner 'Regina' off Gat Point, Cove Island, on 10 September 1866. The ship sank and the captain, Amos Tripp, a "mysterious character" according to some reports drowned during the storm. His body was found on Cove Island by George Currie. The body was returned to the family two weeks later.[21]

William Collier (1902 - 1903)

Kenneth McLeod (1903 - 1912)

William Simpson (1912 - 1915)

Jack Leslie (1915 - 1945)

Harold ("Hal") Banas (1945-1946) lived on the island with his wife Iris and his brother, assistant keeper Earl Banas. Hal and Iris had married in a ceremony on the island.[22]

Russell Botham, (1947–1948)

William (Bill) Spears (1949–1976) knew that his work must continue, transmitting information to Wiarton in addition to operating the light. Even when he was seriously ill with mumps in 1954, he had to continue radio reports while spending long days between the generator engines.[23]

Robert (Bob) Nelder (1977 – 1981)

Jack Vaughn was the last light keeper at Cove Island (1982-1991).[24] Because of automation, his role was virtually one of caretaker, particularly in the last few years.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cove Island Lightstation: History". Archived from the original on 2008-09-04. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  2. ^ "Cove Island Lightstation". Archived from the original on 2008-09-04. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  3. ^ Cove Island Light The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 9 August 2016
  4. ^ Cove Island Light Lighthouse Explorer. Retrieved 9 August 2016
  5. ^ http://www.brucecoastlighthouses.com/lighthouses/cove-island-lighthouse/
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Sapulski, Wayne (1996). "The Imperial Towers of Lake Huron and Georgian Bay". Lighthouse Digest. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ [4]
  11. ^ Sapulski, Wayne (December 1996). "The Imperial Towers of Lake Huron and Georgian Bay". Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  12. ^ [5]
  13. ^ [6]
  14. ^ [7]
  15. ^ [8]
  16. ^ [9]
  17. ^ [10]]
  18. ^ [11]
  19. ^ [12]
  20. ^ [13]
  21. ^ [14]
  22. ^ [15]
  23. ^ [16]
  24. ^ [17]
  25. ^ [18]

External links[edit]