Deer Island (New Brunswick)

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Leonardville Lighthouse
CanCat Beach Deer Island.jpg
Deer Island (New Brunswick) is located in New Brunswick
Deer Island (New Brunswick)
New Brunswick
LocationNew Brunswick, Canada Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates44°58′5.63″N 66°57′18.37″W / 44.9682306°N 66.9551028°W / 44.9682306; -66.9551028
Year first constructed1914
Foundationconcrete base
Constructionwooden tower
Tower shapesquare frustun tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / patternwhite tower, red lantern roof
Tower height8 metres (26 ft)
Focal height20 metres (66 ft)
Range10 nautical miles (19 km; 12 mi)
CharacteristicF W
Admiralty numberH4146
CHS numberCCG 46
NGA number11264
ARLHS numberCAN-274
Managing agentCanadian Coast Guard[1][2]

Deer Island is one of the Fundy Islands in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. It is at the entrance to Passamaquoddy Bay.

The island was first settled by colonists around 1770.[3] Administratively it is in Charlotte County, New Brunswick, At 45 km2, it is the largest in the West Isles Parish (census division) which had a 2001 population of 851. It has three communities: Fairhaven, Leonardville, and Lords Cove.[4] There is a primary school on the island, while older pupils attend Fundy High School on the mainland.

The economy is primarily fishing and aquaculture based although tourism is growing. The Old Sow, the largest tidal whirlpool in the western hemisphere[5] can be viewed from Deer Island Point Park.[6]

The major route is New Brunswick Route 772. The year round L'Etete to Deer Island Ferries run by the government, Deer Island Princess II and Abnaki II, connect Deer Island with L'Etete, New Brunswick on the mainland. During the summer, privately operated ferries, through East Coast Ferries Ltd, operate the Cummings Cove to Welshpool Ferry, Hopper II, to Campobello Island. The Cummings Cove to Eastport Ferry, Fundy Trail II to Maine, has been defunct since 2014.



  1. ^ Southern New Brunswick The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 25 February 2017
  2. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016.
  3. ^ "Deer Island History and Little Known Facts". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  4. ^ "LETETE - DEER ISLAND FERRY". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Old Sow Whirlpool". Retrieved 2 January 2017.
  6. ^ "Public Parks Recreation Areas Hiking Trails". Quoddy Loop. Retrieved 2 January 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°58′32.4″N 66°58′53.6″W / 44.975667°N 66.981556°W / 44.975667; -66.981556