Custer County, Montana

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Custer County, Montana
Miles City MT Custer County Courthouse.jpg
Custer County Courthouse in Miles City
Map of Montana highlighting Custer County
Location in the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1877
Named for George Armstrong Custer
Seat Miles City
Largest city Miles City
Area
 • Total 3,793 sq mi (9,824 km2)
 • Land 3,783 sq mi (9,798 km2)
 • Water 9.9 sq mi (26 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 12,135
 • Density 3.1/sq mi (1.2/km2)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Website http://ccsomt.com/

Custer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,699.[1] Its county seat is Miles City.[2] The county was formed in 1877[3] and named in honor of George Armstrong Custer.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,793 square miles (9,820 km2), of which 3,783 square miles (9,800 km2) is land and 9.9 square miles (26 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[5]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 70.5% 3,657 22.7% 1,176 6.8% 352
2012 62.9% 3,373 34.2% 1,833 3.0% 159
2008 55.9% 3,047 41.6% 2,267 2.5% 138
2004 65.3% 3,297 32.3% 1,630 2.4% 121
2000 64.3% 3,156 30.6% 1,501 5.1% 248
1996 46.3% 2,467 39.7% 2,115 14.0% 747
1992 37.5% 2,105 35.1% 1,968 27.4% 1,538
1988 55.1% 3,007 42.9% 2,343 2.1% 112
1984 65.5% 3,879 33.5% 1,982 1.0% 58
1980 60.8% 3,533 31.3% 1,822 7.9% 461
1976 55.3% 3,120 42.9% 2,425 1.8% 102
1972 63.3% 3,486 34.1% 1,875 2.6% 145
1968 58.1% 2,831 36.1% 1,760 5.9% 285
1964 45.1% 2,302 54.7% 2,790 0.2% 9
1960 55.0% 2,943 44.7% 2,393 0.3% 15
1956 58.3% 3,240 41.7% 2,317 0.0% 0
1952 62.5% 3,461 37.0% 2,050 0.4% 24
1948 43.3% 1,845 55.3% 2,359 1.4% 59
1944 47.0% 1,830 52.3% 2,038 0.7% 29
1940 41.7% 2,017 57.6% 2,782 0.7% 35
1936 29.3% 1,381 67.8% 3,196 2.9% 136
1932 37.0% 1,675 60.3% 2,729 2.7% 124
1928 64.1% 2,503 35.5% 1,386 0.4% 17
1924 43.8% 1,654 10.9% 412 45.3% 1,712
1920 64.5% 2,347 31.0% 1,127 4.5% 163
1916 37.1% 1,615 59.7% 2,602 3.3% 142
1912 21.7% 695 33.3% 1,068 45.0% 1,440
1908 60.7% 967 33.3% 531 6.0% 96
1904 72.2% 824 25.0% 285 2.8% 32

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
187038
18802,5106,505.3%
18905,308111.5%
19007,89148.7%
191014,12379.0%
192012,194−13.7%
193011,242−7.8%
194010,422−7.3%
195012,66121.5%
196013,2274.5%
197012,174−8.0%
198013,1097.7%
199011,697−10.8%
200011,6960.0%
201011,6990.0%
Est. 201611,924[6]1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census, there were 11,696 people, 4,768 households and 3,089 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 per square mile (1/km²). There were 5,360 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.02% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 1.27% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.3% were of German, 12.0% Norwegian, 8.4% English, 8.3% Irish and 5.4% American ancestry. 96.8% spoke English, 1.5% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.

There were 4,768 households of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 29.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.94.

25.10% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median household income was $30,000 and the median family income was $38,779. Males had a median income of $27,857 compared with $18,343 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,876. About 10.10% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.10% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,699 people, 5,031 households, and 3,014 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 3.1 inhabitants per square mile (1.2/km2). There were 5,560 housing units at an average density of 1.5 per square mile (0.58/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 95.5% white, 1.7% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 33.6% were German, 18.3% were Irish, 14.3% were American, 14.1% were Norwegian, and 10.6% were English.[13]

Of the 5,031 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.1% were non-families, and 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 42.1 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,913 and the median income for a family was $49,011. Males had a median income of $37,535 versus $26,576 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,676. About 12.4% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Economy[edit]

The main source of income for Custer County has largely come from cattle ranching and dryland farming.[15] Miles City serves as the center of commerce in an area extending for 100 miles in every direction.[16] As of 2009 the largest employers were Holy Rosary Healthcare, Sanjel USA, Stockman Bank and Walmart.[16]

Communities[edit]

County Courthouse in Miles City

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "A Brief Custer County History". Custer County Montana. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  5. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-02. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09. 
  15. ^ Merrill, Andrea; Judy Jacobson (1997). Montana almanac. Helena, Montana: Falcon Publishing. ISBN 1-56044-493-2. 
  16. ^ a b Montana Dept. of Labor and Industry (September 2010). "Demographic & Economic Information for Custer County" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 

Coordinates: 46°16′N 105°35′W / 46.27°N 105.58°W / 46.27; -105.58