Toole County, Montana

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Toole County, Montana
Toole County Courthouse in Shelby, Montana.JPG
Toole County Courthouse in Shelby
Map of Montana highlighting Toole County
Location in the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1914
Named for Joseph Toole
Seat Shelby
Largest city Shelby
Area
 • Total 1,946 sq mi (5,040 km2)
 • Land 1,916 sq mi (4,962 km2)
 • Water 30 sq mi (78 km2), 1.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 5,087
 • Density 2.8/sq mi (1.1/km2)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Website www.toolecountymt.gov

Toole County is a county located in the northern portion of the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,324.[1] Its county seat is Shelby.[2] The county was established in 1914 from parts of Hill County and Teton County and was named after Joseph Toole, the first and fourth governor of Montana. Its northern boundary is the Canada–United States border south of Alberta.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,946 square miles (5,040 km2), of which 1,916 square miles (4,960 km2) is land and 30 square miles (78 km2) (1.5%) is water.[3]

Its northern boundary is the Canada–United States border. A part of its southern boundary is formed by Marias River, which flows through the south-eastern portion. In the eastern part are several creeks, the largest of which is Willow, which rises in the Sweet Grass hills and follows a southerly course through the county. In the Sweet Grass hills and elsewhere indications of oil and gas have been found.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19203,724
19306,71480.3%
19406,7690.8%
19506,8671.4%
19607,90415.1%
19705,839−26.1%
19805,559−4.8%
19905,046−9.2%
20005,2674.4%
20105,3241.1%
Est. 20164,977[4]−6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 5,267 people, 1,962 households, and 1,308 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,300 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.89% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 3.19% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. 1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.0% were of German, 19.4% Norwegian, 10.2% Irish, 8.3% American and 8.3% English ancestry. 93.7% spoke English, 4.2% German and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 1,962 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 6.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 30.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 106.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,169, and the median income for a family was $39,600. Males had a median income of $27,284 versus $19,141 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,731. About 9.70% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,324 people, 2,015 households, and 1,246 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 2.8 inhabitants per square mile (1.1/km2). There were 2,336 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile (0.46/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 92.0% white, 4.5% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 30.8% were German, 17.7% were Irish, 15.8% were English, 10.5% were Norwegian, and 3.6% were American.[12]

Of the 2,015 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.2% were non-families, and 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 41.5 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,949 and the median income for a family was $54,722. Males had a median income of $41,490 versus $32,582 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,464. About 11.3% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 73.5% 1,497 19.7% 402 6.8% 138
2012 68.5% 1,440 27.7% 582 3.8% 80
2008 62.1% 1,317 34.8% 737 3.2% 67
2004 68.5% 1,583 29.9% 690 1.6% 38
2000 68.9% 1,639 26.5% 630 4.6% 109
1996 48.5% 1,203 35.2% 874 16.3% 405
1992 34.7% 943 31.4% 854 33.9% 920
1988 57.1% 1,505 40.6% 1,070 2.2% 59
1984 70.4% 1,949 28.5% 789 1.1% 30
1980 70.2% 2,000 22.3% 634 7.6% 216
1976 56.4% 1,469 41.5% 1,080 2.1% 54
1972 59.6% 1,679 31.9% 897 8.5% 239
1968 52.0% 1,407 38.7% 1,048 9.3% 253
1964 42.6% 1,223 57.4% 1,649 0.1% 2
1960 47.1% 1,577 52.8% 1,767 0.1% 4
1956 56.9% 1,927 43.1% 1,460 0.0% 0
1952 56.3% 1,853 43.3% 1,426 0.5% 15
1948 37.8% 1,092 60.8% 1,756 1.4% 40
1944 41.7% 1,113 57.9% 1,545 0.4% 10
1940 38.3% 1,218 61.4% 1,954 0.3% 10
1936 22.7% 654 73.5% 2,120 3.8% 110
1932 30.0% 862 66.7% 1,917 3.3% 95
1928 54.7% 1,325 44.4% 1,076 0.9% 21
1924 37.5% 697 23.6% 439 38.9% 723
1920 61.3% 861 28.8% 405 9.9% 139
1916 35.4% 698 54.5% 1,075 10.1% 199

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Earl W. Bascom (1906-1995), "Father of Modern Rodeo" and Hall of Fame Cowboy, artist, sculptor, actor, inventor, cowboyed in the 1920s on a ranch on Kicking Horse Creek once owned by his cousin C.M. Russell
  • Charles M. Russell (1864-1926), cowboy artist and sculptor, ranched on Kicking Horse Creek near the Sweetgrass Hills, honored in the Hall of Great Westerners in Oklahoma City

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-03. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°39′N 111°41′W / 48.65°N 111.69°W / 48.65; -111.69