Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa

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Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic دير العسل الفوقا
Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa
Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa
Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa is located in the Palestinian territories
Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa
Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa
Location of Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 31°28′07″N 34°56′17″E / 31.46861°N 34.93806°E / 31.46861; 34.93806Coordinates: 31°28′07″N 34°56′17″E / 31.46861°N 34.93806°E / 31.46861; 34.93806
Palestine grid 144/97
Governorate Hebron
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 1,600

Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa (Arabic: دير العسل الفوقا‎) is a Palestinian town located sixteen kilometers west of Hebron.The town is in the Hebron Governorate Southern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of over 1,600 in 2007.[1]

Etymology[edit]

According to Palmer, the name Deir el ’Asl means "the monastery of honey".[2]

History[edit]

In 1838, a Deir el-'Asl was noted as a place "in ruins or deserted," part of the area between the mountains and Gaza, but subject to the government of el-Khulil.[3][4]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found here "foundations, and heaps of stones, caves, cisterns, and a ruined chapel, apparently Byzantine."[5]

British Mandate era[edit]

At the time of the 1931 census of Palestine the population of the village, called Kh. Der el Asal el Gharbiya, was counted under Dura.[6]

Jordanian era[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa came under Jordanian rule.

In 1961, the population of Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa was 282.[7]

19167, aftermath[edit]

After the Six-Day War, Deir al-'Asal al-Fauqa has been under Israeli occupation.

In March 2013, Yusef a-Shawamreh, a 14-year-old from the village, who went with two others through the Israeli West Bank barrier near the village to pick Akub on part of his family’s land west of the barrier, was shot to death by Israeli soldiers, stationed to prevent unauthorized passage through the barrier. According to an IDF investigation, a-Shawamreh and his partners made a hole in the fence before passing. After passing through the fence the soldiers called them to stop. When they tried to escape, the soldiers shot towards a-Shawamreh's leg but mistakenly hit his waist, causing his death. Therefore, the soldiers were not prosecuted. B'Tselem criticized this decision, claiming that a-Shawamreh was shot without warning, and that, in any event, the decision to put soldiers in ambush near the fence and shoot those who pass was illegal.[8][9][10][11]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.118.
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p 392
  3. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 6
  4. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 117
  5. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 328
  6. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 30
  7. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 22
  8. ^ Nothing short of a war crime Mar. 28, 2014 Haaretz
  9. ^ The bitter anniversary of Yusuf Shawamreh’s death
  10. ^ Israeli forces kill Palestinian teen in southern West Bank
  11. ^ WhatsApp messages show Israeli soldiers knew they were about to kill a child, 21 June 2015, Patrick Strickland

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]