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Doghouse circa 1835

A doghouse, also known as a kennel, is an outbuilding to provide shelter for a dog from various weather conditions.[1]


Scrap material

Humans and domesticated dogs have been companions for more than 15,000 years, beginning with the wolf and hunter–gatherers.[2] Initially, dogs would inhabit the outdoors staying close to humans.[3] Mud was used to construct the earliest known doghouses[4].[3] Over the millennia crude doghouses were built from the scrap material that was available to owners at the particular time and place.[3]

During the Industrial Revolution and economies of scale allowed manufactured doghouses to become a commodity that could be sold to the mass market.[5] Mass production allowed manufacturers to improve the design and quality of materials used to construct a doghouse.

During the 1800s, the animal rights movement began creating legislation for animal rights and animal welfare.[6] This allowed the creation of organizations like the humane society and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA), which have set standards of care for dogs that live outdoors including a properly designed doghouse that is structurally sound, weatherproof, insulated, of adequate size and appropriate for the dog's use, at all times.[7] Municipalities enforce legislation to protect dogs living outdoors with the animal control service.[8]

A wide variety of materials are used to make doghouses, including: hardboard, hard wood, plywood, and plastic. Do it yourself (DIY) projects allow owners to construct the doghouse to their exact design specifications using the best possible materials for their dogs' needs.[9]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Collins Dictionary: Definition of "doghouse"
  2. ^ Frantz, Laurent A. F.; Bradley, Daniel G.; Larson, Greger; Orlando, Ludovic (2020). "Animal domestication in the era of ancient genomics". Nature Reviews Genetics. 21 (8): 449–460. doi:10.1038/s41576-020-0225-0. PMID 32265525. S2CID 214809393.
  3. ^ a b c Evolution of Doghouses
  4. ^ Canton, Mick. "The History of Doghouses and Their Surprising Building Material". MashRadar. Retrieved 2023-02-15.[dead link]
  5. ^ "Industrial History of European Countries". European Route of Industrial Heritage. Council of Europe. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  6. ^ Hewson, C.J. (2003). "What is animal welfare? Common definitions and their practical consequences". The Canadian Veterinary Journal. 44 (6): 496–99. PMC 340178. PMID 12839246.
  7. ^ Ontario SPCA: Requirements for the Ideal Doghouse
  8. ^ What Services do Animal Control Provide?
  9. ^ Free DIY doghouse plans

External links[edit]