A train of Line S2 at Dresden Airport station
|Locale||Dresden and surrounding districts|
|Transit type||Commuter Rail (Differing from other S-Bahn lines)|
|Number of lines||3|
|Number of stations||48|
|System length||128 km (80 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (standard gauge)|
The Dresden S-Bahn is a network of S-Bahn-type commuter train services in Dresden and the surrounding area. It was established in 1973 and has 48 stations on three lines (of which 17 are in Dresden city limits). The network, which is about 128 kilometers in length, connects many districts of Dresden as well as Meißen, Radebeul, Pirna and the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, Dresden Airport, Freital, Freiberg and Tharandt. Some stations grant direct access to the Weisseritz Valley and Radebeul-Radeburg narrow-gauge railways.
Unlike most other S-Bahn networks serving major cities in Germany, the Dresden S-Bahn does not provide high-frequency rapid transit service to and from various locations in the city centre, a role fulfilled by the local tram network operated by DVB. Because of this, the network uses push-pull trains normally consisting of an electric locomotive (of the class 243 or TRAXX type) and up to five bi-level cars, as opposed to multiple unit operation.
The following lines are operated:
- Meißen – Radebeul-Kötzschenbroda – Dresden-Neustadt – Dresden Hauptbahnhof – Heidenau – Pirna – Bad Schandau – Schöna Meißen Triebischtal –
- Dresden Airport – Dresden-Klotzsche – Dresden-Industriegelände – Dresden-Neustadt – Dresden Hauptbahnhof – Heidenau – Pirna
- Freiberg – Tharandt – Dresden Hauptbahnhof
All three lines carry two trains per hour in each direction, although this reduces to one train per hour in the outer sections of line S1 (Bad Schandau - Schöna) and S3 (Freiberg - Tharandt). In peak-hours S3 runs up to 4 times an hour between Dresden and Tharandt.