Eastern Mennonite University
|Motto||"Preparing students to serve and lead globally." Guiding biblical verse: "Do justice, love mercy and walk humbly with God." (Micah 6:8)|
|Type||Private four-year university, with graduate and seminary programs|
|Affiliation||Mennonite Church USA|
|Endowment||US $22.3 million|
|President||Loren Swartzendruber, DMin|
|104 full-time, 101 part-time; 10-1 student-faculty ratio; majority of classes fewer than 20 students.|
|Postgraduates||323 degree-seeking students in 7 masters programs – biomedicine, business, conflict transformation, counseling, education, nursing, organizational leadership, plus in seminary, offering master's degrees in divinity, church leadership, and religion.|
|Location||Harrisonburg, VA, USA
|Colors||White, Black and Royal Blue|
|Athletics||NCAA Division III, Old Dominion Athletic Conference Continental Volleyball Conference
Men's and women's basketball, cross-country, soccer, indoor and outdoor track & field, volleyball; golf; baseball for men; softball and field hockey for women.
|Mascot||HeRM (His Royal Majesty) the Lion|
Eastern Mennonite University (EMU) is a private liberal arts university in the Shenandoah Valley of the U.S. state of Virginia, affiliated with one of the historic peace churches, the Mennonite Church USA. Its 97-acre (390,000 m2) main campus is located near Harrisonburg, Virginia. The university operates a satellite campus in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, which primarily caters to working adults.
EMU's bachelor-degree holders traditionally engage in service-oriented work, such as health care, education, social work, and the ministry. Currently, the following are the most popular majors: health sciences and/or biology (21%), liberal arts (16%), visual/communications arts (9%), and psychology (6%).
Worldwide, EMU is probably best known for its Center for Justice and Peacebuilding (CJP), especially its graduate program in conflict transformation. CJP has educated and trained more than 3,000 people from 119 countries. CJP's founding director, John Paul Lederach, and its expert in restorative justice, Howard Zehr, are considered to be international leaders in the fields of peace and justice. CJP alumna Leymah Gbowee was a co-recipient of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize. In her autobiography, she speaks of EMU as "an American college with a well-known program in peace-building and conflict resolution" and with an emphasis on "community and service." President of Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud is also an alumnus of Eastern Mennonite University's Summer Peacebuilding Institute based in Harrisonburg, Virginia. In 2001, he completed three of the SPI's intensive courses, studying mediation, trauma healing, and designing learner-centered trainings. He credits the tools and instruments that he acquired while attending the SPI with having equipped him with the necessary diplomatic skills to successfully engage challenging circumstances in his everyday work.
More than half of EMU's undergraduate students do not come from Mennonite backgrounds, though the majority are Christian. EMU's graduate students represent a diversity of faiths, as exemplified by the mini-bios on Islamic, Jewish, Buddhist, and Hindu alumni posted on EMU's website. About 57 percent of EMU's undergrads are from out of state (32 states; 21 countries), and 20 percent are international or ethnic-racial minorities.
EMU describes itself as a "leader among faith-based institutions" in emphasizing "peacebuilding, creation care, experiential learning, and cross-cultural engagement."
- 1 History and mission
- 2 Academics
- 3 Campus life
- 4 Notable alumni
- 5 Notable faculty
- 6 References
- 7 External links
History and mission
Eastern Mennonite University was launched in 1917 by a handful of Mennonite church members. They recognized that their church-centered communities needed to offer schooling beyond the basic level for young-adult Mennonites who were hungry for more knowledge and for opportunities beyond the farm. These church leaders sought to stem the tide toward enrolling in secular educational institutions. One of that founding group, Bishop George R. Brunk Sr., stated that “the world standard of education is self-centered, self-exalting, and materialistic.” By contrast, he advocated a form of Christian education that “expands and develops the God-given powers both natural and spiritual, guides them [students] into channels of activity most conducive to God’s glory and the blessing of mankind.”
Eastern Mennonite's first registrar, John Early Suter, advocated that Eastern Mennonite not limit itself to being a Bible school, but also offer academic courses such as English, Algebra and Latin. This proposal was accepted when he and A.G Heishman agreed to teach these courses on the condition that their pay come out of any money remaining after the Bible teachers were paid. The Suter Science Center was named in honor of J. Early Suter's son, Dr. Daniel Suter, who taught in the Biology department from 1948 to 1985.
From exclusively serving members of the Mennonite church in the early and mid 1900s, EMU has evolved to educating thousands far beyond its original constituency of “Anabaptists,” a broad term for Mennonites and kindred subscribers to the theology of Anabaptism. EMU and its seminary are affiliated with the Mennonite Education Agency of the Mennonite Church USA, as are five other higher education institutions in Kansas, Indiana and Ohio – Bethel College (Kansas), Goshen College, Bluffton University, Hesston College and Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminary. Of these colleges, only Goshen College has a higher percentage of Mennonite students (53%) than EMU (50%).
Though it is difficult to sum up almost five centuries of evolution and differentiation among the Anabaptists, five distinctive attributes of Anabaptist Christians can be discerned: Firstly, they do not practice infant baptism – they believe it is important for someone to be old enough to make a mature choice about whether to be baptized and to be a church member. Secondly, Anabaptists have put special emphasis on the New Testament’s teachings on nonviolence and peacemaking. They also have stressed simple, non-materialistic lifestyles, and communities based on service to others or “works of love.” Finally, they have tried to put their understandings of Jesus' teachings into daily practice. As explained by Menno Simons, the 16th-century leader from whom the term “Mennonite” comes: “True evangelical faith cannot lie dormant. It clothes the naked, it feeds the hungry, it comforts the sorrowful, it shelters the destitute and it serves those who harm it. It seeks those who are lost. It binds up what is wounded. It becomes all things to all people.”
These core beliefs are shared by the Anabaptists who belong to the conservative Mennonite streams (including the Old Order, horse-and-buggy-driving groups) – who tend to dress distinctively and to live separately from mainstream society, thus avoiding higher education – as well as those modern Anabaptists who attend EMU and who go on to become physicians, nurses, social workers, counselors, lawyers, business people, teachers and other highly educated citizens fully functioning in the larger world. A study of the 80 members of EMU's class of '59 found that three quarters went into three fields of human services – education, social work and health, including 10 who became physicians (comprising one-eighth of the class of '59). Many of the remaining class members did church work. More than 25 percent of the class spent at least one year in work or service assignments outside of the continental United States, most often in the developing world. The countries or regions where they served included: Vietnam, Nigeria, Costa Rica, Puerto Rico, Honduras, Korea, Lithuania, China, Colombia, Egypt, Belize, Zambia, Taiwan, Ethiopia, Israel, Greenland, Haiti, Cuba, East Africa and Central America.
As its class of '59 suggests, EMU tends to graduate people oriented toward the wider world and toward helping others. "Motivated by faith and a philosophy of service, the Mennonites – cousins to the generally more conservative Amish – have come to be regarded as leaders on the international relief stage," stated an article in the Philadelphia Inquirer on 10 August 2010. The article described "massive volunteer effort" to ease suffering worldwide, especially in the face of disasters, "despite the fact that there are fewer than 370,000 Mennonites in the United States and only about 1.5 million worldwide."
This culture of service is reflected in the university's mission statement. EMU’s insists on linking peace and social justice – it is home to the Center for Justice and Peacebuilding, and its mission statement refers to Micah 6:8 on doing justice, loving mercy and walking humbly with God. This distinguishes it from most of the other 108 members of the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU), whose mission statements sometimes mention justice but almost never mention peace work. ”It’s no exaggeration to say that the graduate program in conflict transformation epitomizes the mission of EMU as a whole,” reported All-American Colleges in 2006. University president Loren Swartzendruber has said: "We're a people who don't always talk a lot about our faith. But we do put it into action."
In 2015, EMU, along with Goshen College announced in an employment policy change that it would hire faculty or staff members who were in a same-sex marriage. This prompted a crisis within the CCCU with two schools immediately leaving the Council and the threat of a broader split over what was seen as the authority of Scripture. The crisis was relieved by the announcement on September 21, 2015 that both EMU and Goshen had withdrawn from the Council.
In 1948-49, EMU quietly admitted two local African American students, becoming one of the first historically white colleges in the U.S. South to integrate, defying written and unwritten rules enforcing segregation prior to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. (The University of Arkansas also admitted African American students, beginning in 1948.)
In the last 20 years in particular, EMU has attracted people from all over the world and various faiths who are interested in the way it combines peace, social justice, simplicity and community. EMU orients its students toward “experiential learning” (i.e. hands-on learning, connected to real-world work), “creation care” (environmental sustainability), and “cross-cultural engagement” (required of all undergraduates).
In August 2010, a 1991 graduate of EMU, Glen D. Lapp, was among a group of 10 unarmed volunteers with International Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, who were shot and killed while returning from providing health care in a remote region. "As with many of our alumni around the world, Glen was fulfilling EMU's mission of serving and leading in a global context, which often involves great personal sacrifice," said university president Loren Swartzendruber. Suraya Sadeed – an Afghan-American graduate of EMU's MA degree in conflict transformation and the founder and executive director of Help the Afghan Children – told a newspaper reporter that such murders would not deter her and others from continuing to provide humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan.
In January 2015, the NPR program All Things Considered profiled the work of EMU alumnus Michael Sharp ('05) convincing FDLR fighters in the Democratic Republic of Congo to lay down their arms. The approach he undertook, of engaging combatants in conversation and working toward a third way, seeking to find common cause between opposing sides by aligning needs and desires, typifies the Anabaptist approach toward conflict and work in international development.
EMU claims that it is a leader among universities countywide in low-energy consumption, solar energy production, sustainable new construction, recycling, and composting efforts. Its newest building, a dormitory, meets the gold-level requirements of LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design). In Recyclemainia 2015, EMU ranked first in the schools that participated in Virginia.
In the mid-Atlantic region of the United States, EMU positions itself as a university that produces "servant leaders" who, it says, are readily hired or accepted to graduate schools. Over the past 10 years, more than 90% of EMU students who completed EMU’s pre-medical program were accepted into medical school For education majors, nearly 100% who seek teaching positions are employed within six months of graduation, according to EMU. In total, the job and graduate school placement rate is 98% within 12 months of graduation, with 88% working in their field of study.
EMU's current undergraduate programs include 35 majors, 16 teacher education certification programs, 9 pre-professional programs such as pre-engineering and health sciences, and 4 associate degrees. A relatively new major, digital media arts, focuses on internet, digital video, audio and photography. A popular option at both the Harrisonburg and Lancaster locations is called the Adult Degree Completion Program.
Cross-cultural study requirement
EMU was one of the earliest colleges to require cross-cultural study of all undergraduates, with a university-sponsored program beginning in the 1970s. EMU recommends that its undergraduate students earn 15 semester hours of credit by living, studying and serving in cross-cultural settings. Nine cross-cultural credits are the minimum number required for graduation; these can be earned through in-class study and a summer stint of three to six weeks in a cross-cultural setting. Most undergraduates embark on semester-long, faculty-led, cross-cultural experiences, usually involving home stays in non-U.S. settings, such as Israel, Guatemala, South Africa, India, Spain and Morocco. But some students opt to satisfy the cross-cultural requirement by studying and interning in Washington D.C., while living in EMU-owned housing supervised by faculty members. Others choose individualized alternatives, such as a summer of studying business with an international manufacturer or 11 months of service with the SALT program of Mennonite Central Committee.
More than 75% of EMU's faculty members have lived in a cross-cultural context. The leaders of EMU-sponsored trips are drawn from the ranks of faculty and staff members who have had extensive experience in the settings to which they are leading students. Since 2001, three EMU faculty members have been Fulbright Scholars.
Academic range of students
Each year EMU offers a dozen high-achieving high school students the opportunity to be part of the university's honors program. To be eligible for this program, students must have a minimum high school GPA of 3.5 and a minimum 30 ACT or 1350 SAT (reading and writing combined). Selected students receive 50% to 100% tuition scholarships, renewable for each year of undergraduate study. They also receive mentoring from assigned faculty members and attend honors seminars and social gatherings together.
Students who struggle academically – whether for reasons of native language, learning or physical disability, poor quality of previous schooling, or a combination of reasons – receive free support through EMU's academic support center. "Many students with diverse backgrounds come to the university to pursue their degrees," wrote graduate student Sanjay Pulipaka in 2006 in The Hindu, a national newspaper in India. "Given their diverse backgrounds," he continued, "there is disparity in the communication skills of the students. Instead of indulging in deprecatory humorous statements about the alleged low standards of incoming students, the university runs an academic support center where the students are provided with various services such as proofreading and editing of their term papers." A young woman hit by a drunk driver – leaving her unable to walk, track with her eyes, retain information in her short-term memory, or write by hand – was able to graduate from EMU after five years, with the help of the academic support center and one-on-one help from faculty members and fellow students. In 2006 Fadi El Hajjar, a blind man from Lebanon, completed a master's degree in conflict transformation on a Fulbright scholarship, after EMU personnel made it possible for him to learn to walk with a white cane, cook for himself, use an electronic reader, listen to books on tape, dictate his papers for transcribing, and receive support from fellow students.
Seminary, graduate and summer programs
EMU's Graduate School offers accredited master's degrees through the following programs:
- Master of Arts in Biomedical Leadership
- Master of Arts in Biomedical Science
- Master of Arts in Biomedical Teaching
- Center for Justice and Peacebuilding
- Master of Arts in Conflict Transformation
- Master of Arts in Counseling
- Eastern Mennonite Seminary
- Master of Arts in Church Leadership
- Master of Arts in Religion
- Master of Divinity
- Master of Arts in Education
- Master of Science in Nursing
- Organizational and Leadership Studies
- Master of Arts in Business Administration
- Master of Arts in Organizational Leadership
It is common for graduate students to take courses that cross these disciplinary lines. Extensive summer study programs are available through: EMU's Summer Peacebuilding Institute (four consecutive sessions); Washington Community Scholars' Program; Summer Bridge Scholarship Program, in which EMU collaborates with the National Science Foundation to offer scholarships for incoming science students to spend a summer working with faculty; a Ministry Inquiry Program in which upper-level students are able to spend 11 weeks as an intern in a congregation; nine-day Summer Institute for Spiritual Formation; graduate-level courses for teachers (i.e., 16 courses offered through the Lancaster site for 2011 and two offered online). The Intensive English Program typically attracts students who need to improve their mastery of spoken and written English before continuing into higher studies at EMU or another American college. Some simply use it to advance in their careers around the globe.
Eastern Mennonite University is situated on the rural-flavored edge of a small (45,000 population), non-bustling city in the scenic and historic Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Heading south and east from EMU, a traveler reaches hubs of urban activities in five minutes; heading north and west from EMU, a traveler immediately enters rural farming scenes laced with meandering two-lane roads that may be unpaved.
As a result of EMU's location, many faculty and students enjoy bicycling to commute, do errands, and take recreational jaunts around the countryside, both on and off roads. Biking also fits the EMU community's stated desire to be good stewards of one's body (i.e. physical exercise by biking) and good stewards God's earth by not using fossil fuels unnecessarily. The Shenandoah Valley Bicycle Coalition regroups people of all ages, often affiliated with one of the three universities in the area (EMU, James Madison, and Bridgewater College) to advocate for and practice safe, sustainable and enjoyable cycling on roads, trails, and streets.
Outdoor and indoor recreation
Other popular outdoor activities are kayaking & canoeing, swimming, golfing, hiking, horseback riding, hunting & fishing, spelunking and skiing & other winter sports at nearby private and public parks and centers, such as Shenandoah National Park, George Washington and Jefferson National Forests, and Massanutten Four-Season Resort. On campus, students, staff and faculty maintain a greenhouse, an arboretum, and a large vegetable garden.
Indoor recreational possibilities include gyms (for basketball, volleyball, indoor soccer, etc.), fitness center with exercise equipment, and climbing wall. Swimmers head 2.1 miles to the year-round municipal swimming pool at Westover Park.
The Campus Ministries program says that it offers a "supportive community, place to nurture and form faith, and caring faculty and staff who mentor students" and sponsors activities such as: campus-wide chapels on Wednesday and Friday mornings, a student-led praise-style service on Sunday evenings, monthly hymn sings and Taize worship services, annual "spiritual life week," and service experiences under the Young People's Christian Association. Campus Ministries is led by the three trained pastors, assisted by students at various stages in their education, including in graduate-level studies in the seminary at EMU. A Ministry Assistant lives on each hall of every residence building.
EMU's sports teams are known as the Royals. In most sports, EMU competes as NCAA Division III, a member of the Old Dominion Athletic Conference. Sports include field hockey, basketball, volleyball, soccer, baseball, softball, track and field (indoor and outdoor) and golf.
Team victories and individual record-breaking are celebrated, but EMU stresses a holistic approach to athletics: "The athletic program provides men and women with the opportunities to integrate personal growth in leadership, athletic skills, wholesome attitudes and spiritual understanding," says a statement posted online by the athletics department. "EMU emphasizes a balance between academic achievement and athletic accomplishment" and aims to graduate every student-athlete.
Two-thirds of EMU's students participate in intramural sports, playing against peers as well as college employees, in friendly, often coed competitions. In 2009-10, dozens of teams competed at various levels in basketball, billiards, floor hockey, flag football, golf, table tennis, and dodgeball.
Beyond physical activities, students at EMU are involved in clubs and groups typical of college campuses, such as student government, the student newspaper, literary magazine and theater productions. Many students also are involved in choral or musical groups, both formal and informal. This reflects, in part, the presence on the faculty of well-known hymnal editor Ken J. Nafziger – he's an accomplished conductor who also directs the Bach Festival each summer – and a wide-ranging instrumental music program,
Expectations for community members
Residential undergraduates, faculty and staff gather for twice-weekly chapel services, planned by the campus pastoral team. Voluntary Bible study and worship also occur in smaller settings during the week and on weekends.
EMU expects its employees and students to commit themselves to a lifestyle based on "clearly stated expectations [to] promote orderly community life," coupled with "trust in and responsibility to one another." This includes refraining from "sexual relationships outside of marriage, sexual harassment and abuse, pornography, acts of violence, abusive or demeaning language and the use of illegal drugs." EMU also expects community members to "respect and abide by the university policy that prohibits the use of alcohol and tobacco on campus or at university functions and the misuse of alcohol off campus." EMU calls for "stewardship of mind, time, abilities and finances," and takes the unusual step of asking for "social responsibility in my standard of living and use of economic resources." The 361-word statement, adopted by EMU's board of trustees in 2001, also refers to "forgiveness" in three places, including seeking forgiveness and extending it in the spirit of "unselfish love."
This "Community Lifestyle Commitment," which reflects the official position of the Mennonite Church USA, has been cited as reason for ending the employment of faculty and staff members who are actively homosexual or lesbian and who live with a partner. President Loren Swartzendruber says the university's policy that sexual relationships are reserved for a man and a woman in marriage applies equally to faculty members who are heterosexual, and that a number of heterosexual employees have been let go after having extramarital sexual relationships. He has repeatedly said that he wishes the campus to be hospitable to people regardless of their sexual orientation, adding "we will not tolerate bigotry, poor language, inappropriate comments about persons of any sexual orientation."
Is Eastern Mennonite University liberal or conservative? George Duncan, former editorial page editor of the Harrisonburg (Va.) Daily News Record, noted that it was hard to pigeonhole EMU, because on some matters (e.g., internationalist views rather than nationalist ones) it tends to side with traditional "liberals," and on other matters (e.g. "religious critiques about the awful materialism and consumerism of American society"), EMU tends to sound conservative.
In the fall 2006 issue of the EMU alumni magazine, university president Loren Swartzendruber wrote a four-page essay on refusing the mantle of either liberal or conservative and daring to be "different from other colleges," in keeping with Anabaptist tradition and theology. "How do we define ourselves within a cultural context that wants to reduce complex realities to simplistic clichés?" he asked rhetorically. He told the online journal Inside Higher Ed: "We are, I think, a different kind of Christian... If [students] assume they’re going to find at EMU what they would also find at Liberty University [the nearby institution founded by the Rev. Jerry Falwell] they’re not going to be very happy here. They’re going to run into it headlong. They’re going to hear about the peace tradition. They’re going to hear a lot of language about what it means to be a follower of Jesus in this world. From our perspective, that means less nationalism, and a much more global perspective, care for creation. What they would find here is a concern for personal piety … but we’re not willing to stop there because we also believe that the New Testament is pretty clear that there is a social dimension to what Jesus called us to be and to do.”
- Ingida Asfaw '62 – Leading cardiovascular surgeon in Michigan and major philanthropist on behalf of health care in Ethiopia.
- Rick Augsburger '91 – Managing director of the KonTerra Group. Formerly deputy director and emergency services director for Church World Service.
- Emmanuel Bombande, MA '02 (in conflict transformation) – Executive director & co-founder of West Africa Network for Peacebuilding. Winner of the Millennium Excellence Peace Award 2005.
- Sam Gbaydee Doe, MA '98 (in conflict transformation) - Co-founder and first executive director of West Africa Network for Peacebuilding. As of 2011, employed by United Nations on development and reconciliation. A fellow Liberian, worked with Leymah Gbowee on Liberian peace movement. Has PhD in social and international affairs from University of Bradford (UK).
- Leymah Gbowee, MA '07 (in conflict transformation) - A co-honoree for the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize for leading the women's peace movement that brought an end to 14 years of warfare in Liberia in 2003, most recently the Second Liberian Civil War.
- Merle Good '69 - Writer and co-owner/publisher of Good Books, a supplier of books to Target, Costco, Wal-Mart and other major outlets, headquartered in Intercourse, Pa. Co-author with wife Phyllis Good of the bestselling 20 Most Asked Questions About the Amish and Mennonites.
- Ali Gohar, MA '02 (in conflict transformation) - Founding director of JustPeace International, which has combined restorative justice with traditional jirga practices into community-level conflict resolution implemented in much of Pakistan as of 2011. Translator and adapter of Howard Zehr's Little Book of Restorative Justice into Pakistan’s languages of Pushto, Urdu and Persian.
- Glen D. Lapp '91 - A Mennonite Central Committee volunteer who was one of 100 members of the International Assistance Mission murdered on 21 August 2010 while returning from a medical relief trip in the mountains of northern Afghanistan.
- Erik Kratz '02 – Baseball Player for the Kansas City Royals. Played in the 2014 World Series
- Donald Kraybill '67 – Expert on the Amish, Mennonites and other Anabaptist topics, frequently quoted in the worldwide media. Author of more than 20 books, including the bestselling The Riddle of Amish Culture and the Upside-Down Kingdom, which won the National Religious Book Award in 1979.
- Hassan Sheikh Mohamud '01 – President of Somalia. Founder and Chairman of the Peace and Development Party (PDP). Co-founder of the Somali Institute of Management and Administration (SIMAD).
- Anthony Pratkanis '79 – Expert in techniques of propaganda and ways it can be recognized and resisted, often quoted by the media. Co-author, The Age of Propaganda: The Everyday Use and Abuse of Persuasion; founding editor of journal Social Influence.
- Larry Sheets '87 – Former major league baseball player for Baltimore, Detroit, Seattle.
- Dwight Schrute '96 - Assistant (to the) regional manager Dunder Mifflin.
- Allen Grant Stoltzfus '65 - Founder of Rosetta Stone language-learning software, in partnership with family members John Fairfield '70 and Eugene Stoltzfus '72
- Maven Huffman '98 - Professional Wrestler best known for his time in the WWE and WWE Tough Enough.
- Hizkias Assefa – Part-time EMU professor since founding of CJP in 1995, who works internationally as mediator for protracted national conflicts in over 50 countries, often as a consultant to the United Nations, European Union or NGOs. Has master's degrees in law (from Northwestern) and in economics (from U. of Pittsburgh) and a PhD in public and international affairs from the University of Pittsburgh.
- Myron Augsburger '55, ThB '58 – Former president of EMU, global evangelist, author of more than 20 works of fiction and non-fiction.
- John Paul Lederach – Founding director of Center for Justice and Peacebuilding at EMU. Professor of international peacebuilding at the Joan Kroc Institute of the University of Notre Dame. Author, co-author, or co-editor of eight English-language books on peace, healing and/or reconciliation.
- Lisa Schirch - Faculty member at EMU's Center for Justice and Peacebuilding since late 1990s. Founding director of 3P Security (formerly 3D Security), an international "partnership for peacebuilding policy." Author of five books on conflict prevention and peacebuilding. Huffington Post blogger and frequent public speaker on U.S. foreign policy. She holds a PhD in Conflict Analysis and Resolution from George Mason University.
- Howard Zehr – EMU professor known as "grandfather of restorative justice." Quoted widely on the subject in academic and media outlets. Author, editor or co-editor of more than 30 books, including the 16-volume series of Little Books on Justice and Peacebuilding.
- As of February 14, 2014. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2013 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2012 to FY 2013" (PDF). 2013 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- College Board's College Handbook 2014, Eastern Mennonite University entry.
- "Fast Facts" about EMU. http://www.emu.edu/about/facts/. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2013.
- "Graduate Programs for the Common Good," http://www.emu.edu/academics/graduate-programs/. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2013.
- "Mennonite Education Agency". http://www.mennoniteeducation.org. Retrieved 29 July 2010. Archived 22 July 2007 at WebCite
- "EMU at Lancaster". http://www.emu.edu/lancaster. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- Lofton, Bonnie Price. "Amazing Living by the Class of '62," http://emu.edu/now/news/2013/10/amazing-living-by-the-class-of-62-hard-to-imagine-more-adventure-accomplishments-in-one-group/. Retrieved 20 Oct. 2013.
- Julie Polter. "Peace by Degree," Sojourners Magazine, September/October 2005. http://www.sojo.net. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- John Zmirak (editor). All-American Colleges – Top Schools for Conservatives, Old-Fashioned Liberals, and People of Faith (2006), p. 84.
- "Sowing Seeds of Peace Worldwide". Peacebuilder Magazine, Spring/Summer 2009, pp. 2-3.
- Joan Fallon. "Peacebuilders Share Work and Wisdom with Apprentices Worldwide," http://kroc.nd.edu/newsevents/news/peacebuilders-share-work-and-wisdom-apprentices-worldwide-485. Retrieved 17 August 2010. For Howard Zehr, see his list of publications and honors at his Wikipedia entry.
- Leymah Gbowee. Mighty Be Our Powers. Beast Books, 2011: 178.
- Bonnie Price Lofton. "President of Somalia Welcomed Home as Alumnus of EMUs Summer Peacebuilding Institute". EMU. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- "Eastern Mennonite University". U.S. News & World Report – The Ultimate College Guide, 2010 Edition, p. 1648
- "CJP Alumni". http://www.emu.edu/cjp/alumni/. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- "Eastern Mennonite University". Barron's Profile of American Colleges 2011, p. 1506
- "EMU Mission Statement". www.emu.edu/president/mission. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- Donald Kraybill and C. Nelson Hostetter. Anabaptist World USA (2001), pp. 118-122 "(The World of Institutions" and "Education"); 129-132 ("The Great Transformation").
- Hubert R. Pellman. Eastern Mennonite College, 1917-1967 – A History (1967), p.16.
- Hubert R. Pellman. Eastern Mennonite College, 1917-1967 – A History (1967), p. 45.
- Kirk Shisler "Dr. Suter, Model Teacher" http://www.emu.edu/crossroads/summer08/suter
- Harold S. Bender, Robert Friedmann and Walter Klaassen. "Anabaptism," Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online (1990). www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/A533ME.html. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
- ”Overview of Mennonite Church USA higher education institutions.” http://www.mennoniteeducation.org. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- Bonnie Price Lofton. “Is the Light Dying?” Crossroads Magazine, Spring 2009. p. 40
- "Enrollment Chart" Goshen College Fact Book, 2009-2010. p.12
- Donald Kraybill and C. Nelson Hostetter. Anabaptist World USA (2001). Provides an overview of more than 60 Amish, Brethren, Hutterite, and Mennonite groups, including their origins, relationships, similarities and differences.
- Stuart Murray. “Baptism Is for Believers,” The Naked Anabaptist – The Bare Essentials of a Radical Faith (2010), pp. 110-112
- Stuart Murray. “Justice and Peace,” The Naked Anabaptist – The Bare Essentials of a Radical Faith (2010), pp. 117-134
- Donald B. Kraybill, “Luxurious Poverty,” The Upside Down Kingdom (1990), pp. 107-129
- John Driver. Radical Faith – An Alternative History of the Christian Church (1999), p. 209.
- Stuart Murray. ”Following Jesus,” The Naked Anabaptist The Bare Essentials of a Radical Faith (2010), pp. 58-64
- Menno Simons. The Complete Works (1871), p. 246
- John L. Ruth. A Quiet and Peaceable Life (1997)
- Menno S. Harder and Adolf Ens. "Education, Mennonite". Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online (July 2006). www.gameo.org/encyclopedia. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- John Zmirak (editor), All-American Colleges – Top Schools for Conservatives, Old-Fashioned Liberals, and People of Faith (2006), p. 82.
- Donald Kraybill and C. Nelson Hostetter. "Transformational Groups," Anabaptist World USA (2001), p. 56.
- J. Daniel Hess. "Class of '59 Chose to Serve," Crossroads Magazine (Summer 2007), p. 48.
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- Eastern Mennonite University
- Eastern Mennonite University Athletics
- Center for Justice and Peacebuilding (Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA)
- Eastern Mennonite Seminary (Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA)
- Eastern Mennonite University (Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA) at Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online