||This article needs to be updated. (November 2016)|
|Lynchburg Baptist College
Liberty Baptist College
|Affiliation||Southern Baptist Conservatives of Virginia|
|Chancellor||Jerry Falwell, Jr.|
|Undergraduates||15,000+ (as of August 2016) and 100,000+ online|
|Location||Lynchburg, Virginia, U.S.|
|Colors||Red, White, Blue
|Big South Conference, Big East Conference|
Liberty University is a private, non-profit Christian university affiliated with the Southern Baptist Conservatives of Virginia and located in Lynchburg, Virginia, United States. It is classified as a doctoral research university by the Carnegie Classification.
In August 2016, Liberty's enrollment was expected to include 15,000 residential students and over 100,000 online students, and the school bills itself as the "largest Christian university in the world".
- 1 History
- 2 Campus
- 3 Academics
- 3.1 School of Law and Government
- 3.2 Liberty Divinity School
- 3.3 Zaki Gordon Cinematic Arts Center
- 3.4 College of Osteopathic Medicine
- 3.5 School of Business
- 3.6 School of Aeronautics
- 3.7 School of Engineering
- 3.8 School of Music
- 3.9 Liberty University Online
- 3.10 Rankings
- 4 Accreditation
- 5 Student life
- 6 Finances
- 7 Controversy
- 8 Notable alumni and associates
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The university was founded as Lynchburg Baptist College in 1971 by Jerry Falwell, who was also Senior Pastor of Thomas Road Baptist Church. The name was changed to Liberty Baptist College in 1976 before settling on its current name, Liberty University, in 1984, when it obtained university status.
Liberty University describes itself as a Christian academic community. Its stated mission and aims emphasize both the intellectual and spiritual development of the institution's students. Students are held to The Liberty Way, a code of conduct.
Main, East and North campuses
Liberty University's Campus East housing complex consists of 30 multi-story apartment style dormitories, the last six of which were completed in 2007. Rooms in these dormitories have their own kitchens, living room and private baths. A clubhouse offers a swimming pool, billiards room, and a private theater. A tunnel connecting the east and west ends of the campus was completed in 2004. A second tunnel was completed in May 2014, and provides pedestrian passage under the Norfolk Southern Railway and access to nearby shopping opportunities. In addition, a campus bus/shuttle system was added in the fall of 2006, providing transportation both on and off campus until midnight most evenings, along with an on-call late night shuttle bus until 2:30am.
The 90,000-square-foot (8,400 m2) LaHaye Student Center, has a lounge, basketball courts, cardio and weight rooms, cafe, multi-purpose rooms, aerobic rooms and other amenities. The adjacent Tilley Center has TV lounges, game tables, pool room, and social areas, as well as a stage for student performances, bands and small concerts. Other projects include a 60-mile (97 km) mountain bike trail system, a motocross facility, paintball fields, 3D archery range, intramural sports program and club sports, including lacrosse and ice hockey, which plays in an ice rink donated by Drs. Tim and Beverly LaHaye, and a new indoor soccer facility.
During the spring of 2007, a secondary practice facility for the Liberty volleyball program was opened as part of a new, on-campus training complex. The existing $750,000 facility on Campus East houses the volleyball coaches’ offices and a team room, and serves as the team’s practice facility whenever the Vines Center and Schilling Center are unavailable.
Construction was completed in August 2009 on the Liberty Mountain Snowflex Centre, a synthetic ski slope featuring Snowflex; the Centre was designed by England’s Briton Engineering. It includes beginner, intermediate and advanced slopes, and is the first of its kind in the United States.
On September 24, 2010, Liberty opened the new Tower Theater, with seating for up to 640 people. For the 2010-11 theater season, the Theater Department opened with Hairspray, and closed in Spring 2011 with The Phantom of the Opera. The theatre includes balcony seating, an orchestra pit, catwalks, a fly tower, a box office and 12,000 square feet (1,100 m2) of support area. The tower was originally part of a cell phone plant. BCWH Architects, which designed the adaptation of the tower as a theatre, won first place at the ASID's annual IDEAs for the Contract Institutional Category.
In August 2011, Liberty announced a 120 million dollar campus expansion. The expansion includes more dorms, greener space, and more academic buildings allowing the campus to hold 20,000 resident students.
In January 2012, Liberty University's Department of Theatre Arts announced the formation of a professional theater company to occupy the Tower Theater. The Alluvion Stage Company will hire professional actors to perform alongside the students, and the sets and costumes will meet professional standards. Department Chair Linda Nell Cooper said about the new company: "Alluvion, meaning overflow, will aim to enrich, educate and entertain the community by providing a superior theater experience in a wholesome family environment."
Liberty University opened a new Observatory Center in the Spring of 2013 next to Liberty's Equestrian Center. Lee Beaumont, Vice President of Auxiliary Services, says this dome consists of a classroom that can fit up to 20 people. It houses a 20-inch (510 mm) RC Optical Systems Truss Ritchey-Chrétien high-quality research telescope and several Celestron CPC 800 8-inch Schmidt-Cassegrain telescopes that will be on pedestal, able to roll out under a roof. Astronomy Professor Van Eaton says the observatory serves three purposes: instruction, public nights and research. Student Activities controls the use of the observatory and is open to all students.
As of Summer 2016, two new dorm buildings were completed on Main Campus. The rooms include a mini-fridge and microwave, as well as a private bathroom. There is a laundry room and common (or lounge) room on each floor. Student Housing currently resides in Commons II.
Liberty is also in the process of building the new Freedom Tower, which will house the Rawlings School of Divinity. Liberty replica of the Liberty Bell, which was first shown at the celebration of America's bicentennial in 1976 and Liberty's renaming from Lynchburg Baptist College to Liberty Baptist College, will be housed in the new structure, along with twenty-four other bells. The new building will be completed in the Fall of 2017.
DeMoss Hall, the main academic building on the campus, had an expansion completed in the Fall of 2016. The new expansion, the Montview Student Union was built onto the backside of the current building, houses several amenities for students. It has a grand entryway, much like the front of the current building does. The basement level will feature an eight-lane bowling alley, free to on-campus students. The first floor has several new on-campus dining options, including a convenience store, Mediterranean food, a burger place, Asian food, a new pizza place, and a new teahouse. The second floor features a game area with billiards and various game consoles. The third floor primarily has meeting rooms for several clubs, including the Student Government Association. It also has a large event space that seats about 700 people. There will be a bridge connecting the new Student Center and the Freedom Tower. when the Tower is finished The dining facility is operated by Sodexo America, and the CEO of that company, along with other top executives of the company, were present for the food court's grand opening. Also in 2016, the Reber Thomas Dining Hall was recognized as the #1 college dining facility in the United States by Bestcolleges.com
Liberty is also constructing a brand new practice facility. It will be in place of their current grass practice field and will tie into a future expansion of the football stadium. It will look much like the LaHaye Student Center does, with a lot of natural light inside. About a dozen teams will be able to use the facility, though it will mainly be utilized by the football team. The new building will also feature a plaza facing the campus's main road, University Boulevard. The plaza will be utilized for pregame activities, including tailgating.
It was announced in December 2016 that Liberty University will be constructing an on-campus shooting range for students to protect themselves against terrorist attacks.
Libraries and museums
Integrated Learning Resource Center
The Integrated Learning Resource Center (ILRC) has three components: the Curriculum Library, Computer Labs, and Media Services. The library contains the following: around 250,000 paper volumes, over 150,000 e-books, more than 97,000 unique electronic and print periodical titles, and more than 200 electronic databases. Students have access to the ILRC. Freshmen have a mandatory session in the Curriculum Library to assess basic research skills. Education students can make use of textbooks and teaching material. DVDs, CDs, and videos are available for audio visual use. Sixteen classroom labs contain more than 470 computers, with more than 350 computers in open spaces, and over 250 computers throughout the campus. All of these computers have a high-speed internet connection. Specific tutor sessions are available and posted at the ILRC. Media Services includes classroom technical support, Smart Board support, basic video duplication, and equipment for classroom projects.
Liberty University students are provided academic counseling and support services through the Center for Academic Support and Advising Services (CASAS). CASAS contains new student orientation support, professional academic advising, continuing education counseling, tutoring and testing services, and career placement services. A component of CASAS is the Bruckner Learning Center, which seeks to "provide University-wide academic support services for all students and faculty in general and special needs students in particular". The Bruckner Learning Center offers courses in transitioning from high school to college, college learning strategies, advanced reading and vocabulary development, and developmental math to help students succeed in the college environment. Additionally, in 2010, Liberty University opened the Osborne Assistive Learning Technology Center in the A. Pierre Guillermin Library, which is a learning and testing center for special needs students. The lab works in with the Bruckner Learning Center and contains assistive software, such as text-to-speech and speech-to-text programs for visually impaired or reading disabled students.
Jerry Falwell Library
In January 2014, Liberty University opened the new Jerry Falwell Library. The four-story, 170,000-square-foot building is located behind the Vines Center. The library features a robot-assisted storage and retrieval system for over 250,000 archived items, with room for another 170,000. The robot locates requested items within a large storage room and delivers the items to the front desk. There are also 150 public computers throughout the building for electronic archive research. The library features group study rooms, writable walls, balconies, terraces and a vegetative roof. The entrance to the library is highlighted by a 24 ft media wall powered by three Microsoft Kinect units and integrated using a custom program. The media wall uses motion-sensor technology to enable visitors to scroll through university news, browse pictures contributed from students and learn about upcoming university events. The $50 million library is part of a larger $500 million building and expansion plan announced by Liberty University.
National Civil War Chaplains Museum
The National Civil War Chaplains Museum contains exhibits of clergy members and religious activity during the Civil War era. It is the only museum in the nation devoted to this purpose. The mission of the museum is to "educate the public about the role of chaplains, priests, and rabbis and religious organizations in the Civil War; to promote the continuing study of the many methods of dissemination of religious doctrine and moral teachings during the War; to preserve religious artifacts, and to present interpretive programs that show the influence of religion on the lives of political and military personnel." A 501(c)(3) organization, the museum rents space from Liberty University’s DeMoss Center. It has 10,000 square feet, with a 50-seat video theatre, archive displays, a research library, and book store.
The museum features Catholic, Protestant, Jewish chaplains (including African American chaplains), publications, and artifacts from both the Union and Confederate militaries. There are several areas in the museum that are given special attention including:
- The role of the United States Christian Commission, which is the forerunner to today’s USO and Red Cross.
- "The relationship of religion to political and military leaders, common soldiers, and the public in the North and South."
Two new exhibits have been added to the museum as of 2012: "a "mourning room" with period furniture and decorations (including a cross formed from the woven hair of dead Confederate soldiers), and an exhibit on Civil War sharpshooters featuring Rev. Lorenzo Barbour, chaplain to the Confederate Berdan’s Sharpshooters."
In September 2012, Liberty University hosted the 16th annual Civil War Seminar. Titled "1862-The Rise of Lee and Grant", the seminar featured presentations on many different Civil War issues, highlighted by lectures on Grant's Mississippi and Vicksburg Campaigns and Lee's Seven Days' Campaign. The event also featured an online simulation of the Battle of Antietam.
Carter Glass Mansion
The Carter Glass Mansion is an historic home originally built in 1923 by U.S. Senator Carter Glass a newspaper publisher, politician and U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under President Woodrow Wilson as well as Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee and President Pro Tempore of the Senate during President Roosevelt's era. Also known as Montview, the mansion is part of the National Register of Historic Places and is a state landmark. The 1.7-acre (0.69 ha) estate consists of a 1 1⁄2-story main building flanked by slightly smaller ells. The 18-inch (46 cm) walls are constructed of quartz fieldstone quarried from the property and the mansion is covered with a grey gambrel roof. The estate was purchased by Liberty University in the late 1970s as the headquarters of the university administration, including the main office of university founder Jerry Falwell. One of the many reasons for the estate’s continued fame is that Falwell died at his desk at the Carter Glass Mansion on May 15, 2007, and his office has been preserved in the same condition ever since. Falwell was buried on the lawn of the mansion and a memorial to Falwell was placed there, overlooking the rest of the campus. The estate now serves mostly as a tourist site for the historically restored mansion as well as the Falwell office, while the upstairs portion of the mansion has been converted to a bed and breakfast for Liberty University guests.
School of Law and Government
In 2017 Liberty announced the new School of Law and Government. The school will be lead by Robert Hurt and it will concert the Liberty University School of Law and the Helms School of Government. Future plans include a new building including an arena, lecture halls, and classrooms 
Liberty Divinity School
The Liberty Divinity School was founded in 1973, and offers various degrees for both academic and vocational endeavors. Many programs are on campus only, while others are available online.
Center for Ministry Training
The Center for Ministry Training is the practical experience requirement for Liberty University School of Divinity students. The requirements are much like internships for other programs with a religious aspect involved in the experience. Specifically, the CMT includes Ministry Impact and Supervised Field Ministry Experience (SFME). Ministry Impact asks a Ministry Specialist to speak on practical aspects of ministry in the world today. Additionally, "[t]he main requirement for completing SFME is completing a minimum of 40 hours of field ministry during each semester."
Zaki Gordon Cinematic Arts Center
Liberty University offers a Bachelor of Science in Cinematic Arts Degree, which is based in the new Zaki Gordon Cinematic Arts Center. Subjects include: producing, directing, screenwriting, cinematography, production design, post-production, general production, documentary, and narrative. Around $1.5 million was spent on professional equipment. Guest speakers come to offer their experience to the students in the classrooms as well as in a workshop to the public.
In the fall semester of 2012, 40 students were accepted as the inaugural class to major in Cinematic Arts. The program has expanded to 160 students. In the first year, students write a screenplay, and produce and direct a short film. The executive director of the Zaki Gordon Cinematic Arts Center is Stephan Schultze, a Hollywood veteran who is known for movies such as Far and Away. During the second year, students participate in a large-scale theatrical project and a film festival. Students also write a business and fundraising plan for producing their own screenplay.
College of Osteopathic Medicine
In August 2014 Liberty University opened the college of osteopathic medicine, also known as LUCOM. The college is housed in a new 144,000-square-foot, $40 million building completed in 2014 next to Candler Mountain. The college will feature a Christian faith-based curriculum consistent with Liberty University's mission statement in addition to the accepted curriculum expected of recognized accredited colleges of osteopathic medicine. The college received provisional accreditation from the American Osteopathic Association through the American Osteopathic Association Commission on Osteopathic College Accreditation in 2013 and is eligible for full accreditation in 2018. The college has secured long-term affiliations with Halifax Health, the Johnson Health Center, LifePoint, and a 30-year clinical clerkship and graduate medical education affiliation with Centra Health that includes a commitment of clinical rotations for 80 students per year.
In July 2015 the college of osteopathic medicine opened Liberty Mountain Medical Group LLC, a primary care clinic serving the greater Lynchburg area. The clinic will be staffed by licensed physicians from the college's professors as well as clinicians from Central Virginia Family Physicians. The clinic will offer a range of services such as family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics and sports medicine, as well as medical labs and x-ray machines. The clinic is able to serve approximately 180 patients daily. The clinic will also provide opportunities for students of the college to gain access to and participate in the care of patients as well as shadow specialists.
The school is a culmination of over 4 years of planning, starting with a $12 million grant sanctioned by the Virginia Tobacco Commission and matched by Liberty University to build a college of osteopathic medicine and expand the health sciences school. This grant is the second largest ever authorized to a medical school by the Virginia Tobacco Commission.
School of Business
In 2016, Liberty announced a new 78,000-square-foot, three-story academic building. The new School of Business facility will complement the classical Jeffersonian architecture of Liberty’s main campus, such as the nearby DeMoss Hall. It will feature a number of innovative spaces, including stock trading simulation rooms with ticker boards, information technology labs, networking and data centers, a 500-seat auditorium, and the Center for Entrepreneurship, which will serve both the campus and local communities. 
Liberty also announced a new partnership between the school and Charlotte, N.C.-based Hendrick Automotive Group, the nation’s largest privately held car dealership group, to establish an auto dealership management curriculum. 
School of Aeronautics
Liberty offers many degrees in Aeronautics from professional pilot to UAS  Liberty's drone program was ranked 6th in the nation.  Liberty has partnered with various airliners due to pilot shortages. American Eagle, Piedmont Airlines and Wayman Aviation   
School of Engineering
in 2017 Liberty bought The Center for Advanced Engineering and Research (CAER) facility in Bedford, Virginia. The property was bought for $4.3 million with the goal of moving its School of Engineering to the facility. The goal is to become a major research university and for the university to work with companies in the energy sector, establishing a research-focused campus within the park that will lead to new technologies and create new business opportunities. 
School of Music
In September 2012, Liberty University announced that it will be combining the Department of Music and Humanities with the Department of Worship and Music Studies to form a new School of Music. The school of music will have 32 full-time and 24 adjunct faculty members separated into two distinct centers. The Center for Music and Performing Arts will focus on music education and performance technique, while the Center for Music and Worship will seek to train skilled musicians as worship leaders and specialists within the Christian music industry. The School of Music will be located in a new building being constructed across from the Arthur S. DeMoss Learning Center, featuring 124 Steinway & Sons pianos (an all-Steinway center). The faculty from the School of Music are collaborating with the construction team to optimize the building to their needs. The building will include a new fine arts auditorium for university and community use, and is part of Liberty University's campus transformation initiative. The building will also include a recording studio. Liberty has created their own music publishing, producing, and recording label, Liberty Music Group (also known as LMG), created to "support its growing commercial music programs and provide a platform for both budding artists and music industry professionals." LMG acquired Red Tie Music, a publishing and producing label, which now operates under LMG. LMG plans to add to Red Tie's current market, which mainly consists of churches, by dividing up LMG into different "sub-labels." These "sub-labels" would include LMG-Gospel, LMG-Praise and Worship, LMG-Classic, LMG-Champion "for up-and-coming artists," LMG-Film Score, LMG-Student Worship, LMG-Academic "for printed music education materials," and more. Liberty also plans to create a student-run label and imprint as well.
Liberty University Online
Liberty University has an internet education component which is called LU Online, previously the Distance Learning Program (DLP). Prior to the launch of its online education component in 2009, Liberty University provided adult learning courses through the LU School of Lifelong Learning (LUSLLL) by way of its External Degree Program. The LUSLLL was Liberty University's fastest growing school at the time with Jerry Falwell forecasting in his 1997 autobiography an enrollment of 40,000 students in the early 21st Century with the expectation of an addition 10,000 students studying on campus at the same time. Both expectations have been surpassed by current enrollment figures. Liberty's online component currently provides degrees from Associates level to Doctorate. The online school runs unilaterally with the semester program offered at Liberty University's campus. One difference with LU Online is that students take 16-week (full semester) classes for a few of their cataloged courses while the remainder are taken in 8-week subterms which are titled B, C, and D. These subterms provide the student with scheduling flexibility through shorter, slightly overlapping sessions. There is a separation at the 600-level and above at which courses are only offered in the B and D terms. LU Online promotes teacher/student discourse through interactive online discussions and class size limits (capped at 25 students). Liberty University reports that enrollment for their online program is six times greater than their residential enrollment, with about 80,000 of their 92,500 total students enrolled online.
|U.S. News & World Report||Rank not published|
In 2015, Forbes' list of America's Top Colleges ranked Liberty University 639 out of 650 rated colleges. In 2012, with 48.2% graduation rate, Liberty University ranked among the private universities with the lowest graduation rates, though this statistic includes the nearly 100,000 online student population.
Liberty University was ranked by U.S. News & World Report in several categories for 2015:
Regional Universities (South) - 80th
Best Colleges for Veterans - 37th
Best Online Bachelor's Programs - 79th
Best Online MBA Programs - 93rd
Best Online Graduate Business Programs (Excluding MBA) - 61st
Best Online Graduate Criminal Justice Programs - 18th
Best Online Graduate Education Programs - 112th
Best Online Graduate Nursing Programs - 56th
In 2005, Barron's Profiles of American Colleges ranked LU as a "competitive" college, its fourth-highest of six ranks, indicating that it accepts students in the top 65% of their graduating class.
In 2016, Liberty University was ranked in Top 50 Online Colleges with the Highest Student Satisfaction by OnlineCollegePlan.com.
Liberty was founded in 1971 and received Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) accreditation in 1980, which was most recently reaffirmed in 2006. In addition, it was accredited by the Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools (TRACS) in September 1984, but resigned its TRACS accreditation on November 6, 2008. Liberty has 60 accredited degree granting programs. The law school, which opened in August 2004, gained provisional accreditation from the American Bar Association in 2006 and was granted full accreditation in 2010. On December 9, 2009, Chancellor Jerry Falwell Jr. announced that "Liberty University has received Level VI accreditation from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). This is the highest classification from SACS and is reserved for colleges and universities that offer four or more doctoral degrees. Liberty is also accredited by: American Bar Association (ABA)  Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE) Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE) Aviation Accreditation Board International (AABI)  National Association of Schools of Music (NASM)  Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE), Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP), Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP). Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs (ACBSP) Commission on Sport Management Education (COSMA)
The acceptance rate for new first-time, full-time students entering Liberty’s resident program in Fall of 2014 was 20.2%. Liberty's annual enrollment includes 13,800 residential students and over 100,000 online students as of May 2013.
As of 2010, when including online students, LU was the largest Evangelical Christian university in the world. As of 2013, LU was the largest private non-profit university in the United States. In terms of combined traditional and distance learning students, Liberty University is the 7th largest four-year university, and the largest university in Virginia.
Students who live on campus are required to attend convocation at the Vines Center three times per week, although they have one unexcused absence per semester to use whenever they feel they should. At these convocations, they attend presentations by speakers from various professions, see performers and musicians, and participate in live praise and worship.
Past convocation speakers have included President Ronald Reagan, President George H. W. Bush, Presidential candidate John McCain, Senator Ted Kennedy, Rev. Billy Graham, Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, Lt. Col. Oliver North, Major Jeff Struecker, presidential candidate and editor of Forbes magazine Steve Forbes, Leonard Davidson, former U.S. Senator Jesse Helms, Sam Donaldson, John R. Rice, Rabbi Eric Yoffie, CEO William S. Simon, Elisabeth Elliot (wife of the late missionary Jim Elliot), Skip Erickson, Freddie Gage, Adrian Rogers, governor Tim Kaine, Congressman Trey Gowdy, Sean Hannity, Glenn Beck, Neurosurgeon and 2016 Presidential candidate Ben Carson, Pastors; Mel White, Mark Driscoll, Josh Mcdowell, Miles McPherson, Rick Warren, Steven Furtick, John Piper, David Platt, Matt Chandler, John F. MacArthur and Francis Chan, Entertainers/Athletes in pro-wrestler Lex Luger, rapper Lecrae, singer-songwriter Meredith Andrews, Kari Jobe, producer Mark Burnett and his wife actress Roma Downey, author Karen Kingsbury, Bobby Bowden, Lou Holtz, Carrie Prejean, Allan Houston, Tim Tebow and Candace Cameron Bure, Kirk Cameron, Douglas Gresham, Gianna Jessen, Clint Hubbard, 2016 Presidential candidates Bernie Sanders, Ted Cruz, Jeb Bush, and President Donald Trump, 2012 and 2016 Presidential candidate Rick Santorum, 2012 and 2016 Presidential candidate Rick Perry, 2008 and 2016 Presidential candidate Mike Huckabee and 2008 Presidential candidate Ron Paul.
Jerry Falwell regularly spoke at chapel, giving his "Never Give Up" speech in the first semester. Republican U.S. Senator Ted Cruz of Texas announced his candidacy for 2016 President of the United States at the university. Democratic U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, also candidate for President of the United States in 2016, spoke at the university on Morality and Social Justice.
In May 2012, Liberty University Chancellor and President Jerry Falwell, Jr. announced the school's intention to pursue NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) conference affiliation for all 20 varsity sports. This announcement followed several university developments supporting the push for conference re-alignment including a 6-month feasibility study, hiring Turner Gill as football coach (formerly head coach of the University of Kansas) and renovation of the football facilities. According to the university's FBS feasibility study Liberty has accomplished the preparation necessary and is ready to make a move to the FBS, they just need to find the right home. In order to complete the move to FBS competition, Liberty must receive an invitation from one of the ten FBS conferences.
For now, the Liberty Flames are a member of the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) in football (formerly Division I-AA) and NCAA Division I sports level in other competition. Liberty is a member of the Big South Conference for 18 of its 20 varsity sports. Women's swimming competes in the Coastal Collegiate Sports Association. The field hockey team had been a member of the Northern Pacific Field Hockey Conference before that league's demise following the 2014 season. It then competed as an independent in the 2015 season before joining the Big East Conference for the 2016 season and beyond. The university regularly competes for the Sasser Cup which is the Big South's trophy for the university which has the best sports program among the member institutions. Liberty has won the Sasser Cup ten times, placing it first in cup titles in the Big South. In 2012 Liberty became the first Big South school to win 5 consecutive Sasser Cups.
Newly renovated Williams Stadium is home of the Liberty Flames football program. Started in 1973, the Liberty Flames Football team originally used Lynchburg's City Stadium as their home stadium until October 21, 1989, when the Flames played their first home game on-campus at Williams Stadium in front of 12,750 fans. Recent upgrades to the stadium include increased capacity from 12,000 to 19,200 attendees, luxury suites, a Club level and a new media area. Additional phases of stadium expansion will increase seating to 30,000.
Liberty University is also notable for its basketball programs and its venue, the Vines Center, that can house up to 8,085 spectators for its games. Several members of the Liberty men's basketball (Liberty Flames Basketball) team have been recruited to the NBA. The women's basketball team (Lady Flames Basketball) was honored by the Big South "with the Top 25 'Best of the Best' moments in League history from 1983-2008, with Liberty University's 10-year women's basketball championship run from 1996-2007 being crowned the No. 1 moment in the Big South's first 25 years."
The Liberty Baseball Stadium, completed in June 2013 and home to Liberty Baseball, has been ranked No. 4 in best college ballpark experiences of 2015 by the Stadium Journey website. The stadium includes 2,500 chairbacks, locker room, four indoor batting tunnels, four luxury suites, offices for the baseball program, a weight room, team room and a fully functional press area. Several Liberty Flames baseball players were drafted during the 2015 Major League Baseball draft. With their fan base ever growing, local stations are airing select games. Some games have even been chosen to air nationally on ESPNU.
Liberty University supports men’s and women’s club ice hockey teams. Men’s hockey started in 1985 when students at Liberty self-organized a team to compete against surrounding colleges and clubs but has since become a competitive club team competing against much larger schools such as Oklahoma University, University of Delaware, and Penn State University. In 2006, Liberty University opened the 3000-seat LaHaye Ice Center, which was a gift from Drs. Timothy and Beverly LaHaye. Also in 2006, Liberty became the only school in the state of Virginia to host a men’s Division I American Collegiate Hockey Association (ACHA) club hockey team Currently, Liberty University has Division I, II and III men’s teams and Division I and II women’s teams, making it the only school in the ACHA to host 5 club hockey teams. The men’s Division I team is coached by Kirk Handy while the women’s Division I team is coached by Paul Bloomfield.
Liberty University is also proud of its Quiz Bowl team. Called the "varsity sport of the mind," Liberty's Quiz Bowl team has won Big South Conference Championship eight out of ten years (2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 & 2015). Liberty also placed 3rd in the National Academic Quiz Tournament's (NAQT) Regional Competition in 2012 and 14th in the Academic Competition Federation national tournament in 2015.
Clubs and organizations
According to Liberty's website, there are over 100 registered clubs on campus. This number includes a wide variety of clubs, each of which is led by students with the aid of a Faculty Advisor. After the university's revocation of the recognition of the College Democrats provoked controversy, the university removed official recognition from all political clubs on campus.
Debate and Forensics Speech
Liberty's Inter-Collegiate policy debate program ranked number one overall for their Division in the Championships at the National Debate Tournament in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, and 2011. The overall rankings include varsity, junior varsity, and novice results. In varsity rankings, Liberty finished 20th in 2005, 17th in 2006, 24th in 2007, 12th in 2008, 9th in 2009, 4th in 2010 and 4th in 2011. Liberty also hosts the Virginia High School League's annual Debate State Championships every April.
The Forensics Speech Team's Kenny Lau won the 2015 American Forensic Association National Individual Events Tournament National Championship in Program Oral Interpretation. Lau also received the Virginia Intercollegiate Forensics Association State Championship Individual Sweepstakes Top Speaker award in 2013.
In May 2012, Liberty University Chancellor and President Jerry Falwell Jr announced that the school's net assets are worth $1 billion, in part from the success of its online learning program and from accelerated facility expansion. The valuation is a 10-fold increase since 2006.
In December 2010, Liberty sold $120 million in facilities bonds, with the proceeds to be used to finance future expansion. An additional $100 million in taxable bonds were sold in January 2012, with the proceeds used to help finance $225.2 million of planned capital projects around the campus over the next five years. The bond offering is part of Liberty University's campus transformation plan which will include several renovations and additions to academic buildings and student housing, as well as fund the new Jerry Falwell Library and formation of a medical school. The bonds received a rating of "AA" from Standard & Poor's and in 2013 received an upgraded rating of "Aa3" along with a "stable outlook" projection from Moody's Investors Services based on "...the increasing scope of the University's activity", "...its large pool of financial reserves". "...uncommonly strong operating performance", and "...discipline around building and maintaining reserves".
The students at Liberty University received approximately $445 million in federal financial aid money in 2010, the highest total of any school in Virginia and one of the highest in the country. The total, a 56 percent increase over the prior year, was mostly in the form of student loans, but also included some grants and other forms of aid. Campus officials estimated the total received in 2013 at $775 million.
||This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (February 2016)|
Creationism as a biology course
Liberty University teaches young Earth creationism as an explanation for the appearance of life on Earth. The university works with young Earth creationist organizations including Answers in Genesis. In biology classes students are taught both creationism and evolution and that the former offers the better explanation of biological diversity. In October 2006 the university published an advertisement in The Chronicle of Higher Education in an attempt to recruit staff to its biology department. The advertisement stated that the university was "seeking faculty who can demonstrate a personal faith commitment to its evangelical Christian purpose" and specified that "compatibility with a young-earth creationist philosophy [is] required".
In the same month, prominent biologist Richard Dawkins was quoted saying the following about Liberty University: "If it's really true that the museum at Liberty University has dinosaur fossils which are labeled as being 3,000 years old, then that is an educational disgrace. It is debauching the whole idea of a university, and I would strongly encourage any members of Liberty University who may be here, to leave and go to a proper university." In December 1991 Creation reported that Arlton C. Murray "excavated a dinosaur for Liberty University’s museum", which proclaimed "this dinosaur was the first of its kind in any creationist museum."
Targeting of Muslims
In a December 5, 2015 convocation speech, President Jerry Falwell Jr. encouraged the student body to obtain concealed handgun permits. Falwell discussed the San Bernardino shooting and said, "If more good people had concealed carry permits, then we could end those Muslims before they walked in." This was met with public backlash for singling out a religion rather than the act of terrorism, but Falwell later clarified that the Muslims he was referring to in the statement were only those involved in the San Bernardino shooting.
Notable alumni and associates
- "Liberty University Quick Facts". Retrieved August 13, 2016.
- "Liberty University College rankings". US News and World Reports. Retrieved 2016-10-19.
- "Class of 2020 moves in, setting record for campus population and academic achievement". Liberty University. 2016-08-24. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- ¦ PR Web (2013-06-04). "Liberty University Hits 100,000 Enrolled, Ranks Among Nation's Top 5 Online Educators" (Press release). prweb.com. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- "Carnegie Classifications | Institution Lookup". carnegieclassifications.iu.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
- "Liberty Online now 80,000 strong | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Five years after death of Jerry Falwell Sr., growth booming at Liberty | The News & Advance". .newsadvance.com. Retrieved 2012-07-10.[dead link]
- Powell, Michael (December 3, 2016). "At Liberty University, All Sins Are Forgiven on the Altar of Football". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- "About Liberty - Purpose/Mission". Retrieved 2007-09-19.
- "The Liberty Way" (PDF). Retrieved 24 October 2016.
- LaHaye Student Center - Official Page - Liberty University Archived October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Volleyball - Campus East Volleyball Facility". Liberty Flames. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- Krystal, Becky (2009-11-29). "In Lynchburg, a skiing adventure, minus the snow". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-11-10.
- "BUILDING UP: Construction projects keep campus abuzz this summer | Liberty University". Liberty University. 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Tower Theater designers earn award | Liberty University". Liberty University. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Campus transformation planned | Liberty University". Liberty University. 2011-08-25. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Theatre Arts Department launches professional stage company | Liberty University". Liberty University. 2012-01-12. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Liberty to launch new observatory center". The Liberty Champion. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- Liberty University News Service (January 5, 2015). "Residential Commons II begins to take shape | Liberty University". Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- "Student Housing | Housing Locations - The Residential Commons | Liberty University". Liberty University. Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- "Student Housing | Official Page | Liberty University". www.liberty.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
- Liberty University News Service (November 5, 2015). "LU receives $5 million gift, names School of Divinity for longtime supporters". Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- Liberty University News Service (August 31, 2015). "Liberty breaks ground on Freedom Tower | Liberty University". Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- Liberty University News Service (March 18, 2016). "Pedestrian bridge joins upcoming Student Center, Freedom Tower projects | Liberty University". Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- "More food choices, venues on campus this fall". Liberty University News Service. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- Liberty University News Service (November 16, 2015). "Construction progresses on new student center". Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- Liberty University News Service (July 23, 2015). "Dining options expanded for upcoming semester". Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- Liberty University News Service (March 18, 2016). "Pedestrian bridge joins upcoming Student Center, Freedom Tower projects". Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- Liberty University News Service (November 19, 2015). "Liberty announces plans to build indoor football practice facility". Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- "Va. university to open on-campus shooting range". PoliceOne. Retrieved 2016-12-28.
- "Library | ILRC - What is the ILRC? | Liberty University". Liberty University. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Curriculum Library | Official Page | Liberty University". Liberty University. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "ILRC Labs | ILRC Computer Labs - Tutors | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Media Services | Official Page | Liberty University". Liberty University. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Center for Academic Support and Advising Services | Official Page | Liberty University". Liberty University. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Bruckner Learning Center" (PDF). Liberty University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-25.
- "Alumnus contributes lab for special needs students | Liberty University". Liberty University. 2010-03-04. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- Amy Trent. "Falwell Library opens to the public - NewsAdvance.com : News - Lynchburg, Virginia Area". NewsAdvance.com. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Media wall helps increase engagement at Liberty University library; OnWindows". onwindows.com. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
- "Falwell library opens to the public; The News & Advance". .newadvance.com. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
- "Liberty University dedicates Jerry Falwell Library; wdbj7". ..wdbj7.com. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
- "Tinney Café". liberty.sodexomyway.com. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
- "We'll Be Back!". Chaplainsmuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Local Attractions, National Civil War Chaplains Museum". Discover Lynchburg. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "New Museum Will Honor Civil War Chaplains". Civilwarnews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "Darrell Laurant: Civil War chaplain museum to feature two new exhibits | The News & Advance". .newsadvance.com. 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Liberty to host 2012 Civil War Seminar | Liberty University". Liberty University. 2012-09-17. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "National Register of Historic Place : Inventory - Nomination Form" (PDF). Dhr.virginia.gov. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Falwell's family preserving his office at Carter Glass mansion | The News & Advance". .newsadvance.com. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "About Liberty". Retrieved 2011-10-18.
- "Degree Programs | Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary and Graduate School". Liberty University. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "Center for Ministry Training | Official Page | Liberty University". Liberty University. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "Center for Ministry Training | Ministry Impact | Liberty University". Liberty University. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "Supervised Field Ministry Experience". Liberty University. Archived from the original on 2013-01-11. Retrieved 2016-08-13.
- "About Liberty | Feature - Cinematic Arts Program | Liberty University". Liberty University. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Liberty University debuts first round of classes in new film school | The News & Advance". .newsadvance.com. 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Liberty University readies new medical school". Lynchburg News and Advance. Retrieved 2014-07-13.
- Schierhorn, Carolyn (February 5, 2014). "New school aims to meld Christian worldview, dedication to underserved". The DO.
- "Liberty University College of Osteopathic Medicine" (PDF). AACOM infobook. American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine.
- "Centra, Liberty University sign 30-year affiliation agreement". Lynchburg News and Advance. Retrieved 2014-11-11.
- "Liberty Mountain Medical will open June 29". Lynchburg News and Advance. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
- "The doctor will see you now at a new Lynchburg medical partnership". Lynchburg News and Advance. Retrieved 2015-07-14.
- "LUCOM partners with local family physicians to open community care clinic". WSLS.com. Retrieved 2015-06-15.
- "Tobacco Commission approves grant for medical school | Liberty University Online". Luonline.com. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- Bruyn, Sarah (2011-09-16). "Liberty University's medical school recommended for $12 million grant". Roanoke.com. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "New School of Music announced | Liberty University". Liberty University. 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "New School of Music announced for Liberty University". The News & Advance. Lynchburg, VA. 2012-09-17. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2016-08-13.
- "New Liberty University School of Music Announced". WAFB 9 News. Baton Rouge, LA. 2012-09-15. Archived from the original on 2013-02-05. Retrieved 2016-08-13.
- "All-Steinway Schools". Steinway & Sons. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "New music group, recording labels will support commercial music programs". Liberty Journal. May 31, 2016. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Academic Calendar | Liberty University Online". Luonline.com. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- "Virginia's Liberty transforms into evangelical mega-university". The Washington Post. 2013-03-05. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "Liberty University Quick Facts". Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- "America's Top Colleges". Forbes. July 5, 2016.
- "Best Colleges 2017: Regional Universities Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. September 12, 2016.
- "Liberty University". Forbes. 2015-08-11. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- "50 private colleges with best, worst grad rates". Cbsnews.com. 2012-10-08. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Liberty University | Overall Rankings | Best College | US News". Colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Karlin, Adam (2005-09-21). "More students are drawn to conservative colleges". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2007-09-19.
- Barron's Profiles of American Colleges, 26th Edition (Barron's 2005). This comprehensive guide provides an index of college majors, admissions requirements, tuition and financial, student-faculty ratios, extra-curricular activities and campus life for more than 1650 schools
- "What do you mean by a "competitive" college?". Centerforpubliceducation.org. 2010-01-15. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
- "Top 50 Online Colleges with the Highest Student Satisfaction - Online College Plan". Retrieved 2016-09-11.
- "Commission on Colleges: Institution Details". Retrieved 2007-09-19.
- "About Liberty - Institutional and Program Accreditation". Retrieved 2007-09-19.
- "Accreditation Details: Liberty University". United States Department of Education. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
- "Commission Action November 2008" (PDF). Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools. November 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
- "About Liberty | Institutional and Program Accreditation | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Liberty University School of Law Awarded Full Accreditation by the ABA".
- "News & Events - News Article - Liberty University". Liberty.edu. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- "About Liberty | Institutional and Program Accreditation | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "Aviation Accreditation Board International Members". Aabi.aero. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "Individual Members". Nasm.arts-accredit.org. Retrieved 2014-02-08.
- "About Liberty | Institutional and Program Accreditation | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- "Main - Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs". Acbsp.org. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- "COSMA - Home". Cosmaweb.org. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- "US News and World Reports". US News and World Reports. Retrieved 2016-05-08.
- "About Liberty | Liberty University Quick Facts | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- Boorstein, Michelle (June 2, 2010). "Liberty University reviewing claims that seminary president lied about his past". Washington Post.
- McDonald, Michael (February 26, 2013). "God a Click Away as Web Courses Fuel Falwell's College". Bloomberg Business.
- Wukman, Alex (2012-06-13). "Liberty University Online Enrollment Reaches 80,000". Online Colleges. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Spiritual Programs | Changes to Convocation — Fall 2015 | Liberty University". www.liberty.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-15.
- Martin, Nathan; Maggie Haberman (March 22, 2015). "Ted Cruz Hopes Early Campaign Entry Will Focus Voters' Attention". The New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- "Senator Bernie Sanders at Liberty University". CSPAN. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
- David Ubben (2011-12-15). "FCS school Liberty Flames hire ex-Kansas Jayhawks coach Turner Gill - ESPN". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "At Liberty, FBS dreams and a high-resource reality". Usatoday.com. 2014-08-19. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "LU seeking to join FBS conference in all sports | The News & Advance". .newsadvance.com. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- "BIG EAST Adds Liberty, Quinnipiac For Field Hockey" (Press release). Big East Conference. December 8, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
- "Flames News". Libertyflames.com. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Liberty First to Win 5 Straight Sasser Cups". Liberty Flames. 2012-06-01. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Liberty University athletic director gets top award". wdbj7.com. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- ""News & Events - News Article -Liberty University". Liberty.edu.". Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "Bigger, flashier Williams Stadium readies for Saturday's game". Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- "Facilities - Vines Center Basketball". Liberty Flames. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "NBA Draft Picks From Liberty University". Basketball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "NBA Players who Attended Liberty University - Basketballreference.com". Databasebasketball.com. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Big South Conference History - BigSouthSports.com—Official Web Site of the Big South Conference". Bigsouthsports.com. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "2015 NCAA Ballpark Experience Rankings". Stadium Journey. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- "Liberty Baseball Stadium | Liberty Flames". Liberty.edu. 2013-02-23. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- "Liberty Baseball Stadium Reviews, Liberty Flames". Stadium Journey. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- "2015 Baseball Promo Schedule Announced | Liberty Flames". Liberty.edu. 2015-02-24. Retrieved 2015-11-15.
- ""News & Events - News Article - Liberty University". Liberty.edu.". Retrieved 2010-09-16.
- Lohmann,Bill,"Playing for the Lord; Liberty finds it has passion for ice hockey"Richmond Times Dispatch p. G-1. February 04, 2007.
- "Liberty University Hockey Schedule 2011-12"Liberty.edu.". Retrieved 2011-10-12.
- "LaHaye Ice Center". LaHaye Ice Center. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Official Website of ACHA – (W1) Liberty University Coaches and Team Staff". Retrieved 2011-10-12.
- "UPDATE: Quiz Bowl team fares well in regionals | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. 2012-01-31. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- "Quiz Bowl Team". Liberty.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-18.
- "Student Government Association | Official University Clubs | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- National Debate Tournament Spring 2005 Report National Debate Tournament, 2005. (MS Word file)
- National Debate Tournament Spring 2006 Report National Debate Tournament, 2006. (MS Word file)
- National Debate Tournament Spring 2007 Report National Debate Tournament, 2007 (MS Word file)
- National Debate Tournament Spring 2009 Report National Debate Tournament, 2009. (MS Word file)
- National Debate Tournament Spring 2010 Report National Debate Tournament, 2010. (MS Word file)
- National Debate Tournament Spring 2011 Report National Debate Tournament, 2011. (MS Word file)
- "LU sells $120M in facilities bonds". The News & Advance. 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- Michael McDonald (January 12, 2012). "Falwell's Liberty University Doubles Debt Selling $100 Million to Expand". Bloomberg.
- "Liberty University issues taxable bonds | Liberty University". Liberty.edu. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- "Rating Action: Moody's upgrades Liberty University's (VA) bonds to Aa3; outlook stable". Moody's Investors Service. Retrieved 2013-09-10.
- Barry, Liz (March 27, 2011). "Liberty tops state in federal aid for its students". The News & Advance. Lynchburg, Virginia. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- "Fall Headcount Enrollment". Research.schev.edu. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- Marklein, Mary Beth (September 14, 2013). "Jerry Falwell's legacy: A thriving Liberty University". Religion News Service from USA Today. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Which universities, colleges, and seminaries teach a literal Genesis, including six-day, young-earth Creation?
- Ham, Ken (31 July 2007). "Liberty University scholarship awarded to AiG research paper winner". Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 7 January 2009./
- Ham, Ken (14 May 2006). "Graduation day at Liberty University". Answers in Genesis. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- Desrets, Christa (14 February 2009). "Liberty University disputing evolution". The News & Advance. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
- Hendrix, Steve (2009-03-11). "Creationist Students Take Trip to Evolution Headquarters: The Smithsonian". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- "Liberty University is looking for Biology Professors". Richarddawkins.net. 6 November 2006. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
- "Dawkins @ Liberty Univ owning Intelligent Design". Retrieved 2016-04-30.
- Doolan, Robert (December 1991). "The fossils shout creation". Creation Magazine. Retrieved 2006-11-04.
- Bailey, Sarah Pulliam (2015-12-05). "Jerry Falwell Jr.: 'If more good people had concealed-carry permits, then we could end those' Islamist terrorists". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2015-12-11.
- Tobi Walsh and Jessie Pounds. "Update:Falwell defends convocation remarks - 'I'm not backing down'". Lynchburg News & Advance. Retrieved 2015-12-06.