Elizabethtown, Illinois

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Elizabethtown, Illinois
Main Street
Main Street
Location of Elizabethtown in Hardin County, Illinois
Location of Elizabethtown in Hardin County, Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°26′57″N 88°18′13″W / 37.44917°N 88.30361°W / 37.44917; -88.30361Coordinates: 37°26′57″N 88°18′13″W / 37.44917°N 88.30361°W / 37.44917; -88.30361
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyHardin
Area
 • Total0.71 sq mi (1.84 km2)
 • Land0.70 sq mi (1.83 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Population
 • Total299
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
279
 • Density395.74/sq mi (152.70/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62931
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-23191
GNIS ID2398801

Elizabethtown is a village in Hardin County, Illinois, United States, along the Ohio River. The population was 299 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 348 at the 2000 census. As it is the county seat of Hardin County,[4] the Hardin County Courthouse is located in Elizabethtown.[5]

History[edit]

One of the earliest settlers in the area of the future village of Elizabethtown was James McFarland who arrived around 1809. The village was later founded around the McFarland Tavern built in 1812. The tavern later became the site of the Rose Hotel named after the owner Sarah Rose. Up until the 1960s when it closed as a hotel the Rose Hotel was the oldest continuously run hotel in the state of Illinois and is now a state historic site. Elizabethtown was named after James McFarland's wife. The First Baptist Church located in Elizabethtown, is the oldest Baptist church congregation in Illinois and the oldest known Protestant church in Illinois, founded in 1806. [6] Elizabethtown is referred to as "Etown" by the local population as the nickname is preserved in the name of the downtown E'town River Restaurant.

Elizabethtown was founded around the McFarland Tavern in 1812, which was soon rebuilt as the Rose Hotel. Until the 1960s when it closed as a hotel the Rose Hotel was the oldest continuously run hotel in the state of Illinois and now a state historic site.

Geography[edit]

Elizabethtown is located in southern Hardin County at 37°26′57″N 88°18′13″W / 37.44917°N 88.30361°W / 37.44917; -88.30361 (37.449136, -88.303748).[7] It is bordered to the south by the Ohio River, which forms the state boundary with Kentucky.

Illinois Route 146 passes through the village, leading southwest (downriver) 15 miles (24 km) to Golconda and east 9 miles (14 km) to Illinois Route 1 north of Cave-In-Rock. Rosiclare, the only city in Hardin County, is reached by traveling 2.5 miles (4.0 km) west on IL-146 then 2 miles (3 km) south on IL-34.

According to the 2010 census, Elizabethtown has a total area of 0.715 square miles (1.85 km2), of which 0.71 square miles (1.84 km2) (or 99.3%) is land and 0.005 square miles (0.01 km2) (or 0.7%) is water.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880484
189065234.7%
19006682.5%
1910633−5.2%
19201,05566.7%
1930488−53.7%
194062227.5%
1950583−6.3%
1960524−10.1%
1970436−16.8%
19804789.6%
1990427−10.7%
2000348−18.5%
2010299−14.1%
Est. 2016279[2]−6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[10] there were 348 people, 183 households, and 99 families residing in the village. The population density was 495.6 people per square mile (191.9/km²). There were 226 housing units at an average density of 321.9 per square mile (124.7/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.99% White, 1.44% African American, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.

There were 183 households out of which 18.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.9% were non-families. 44.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.90 and the average family size was 2.63.

In the village, the population was spread out with 17.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 15.5% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 29.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $17,750, and the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $16,563 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,567. About 16.0% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.0% of those under age 18 and 17.1% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Elizabethtown village, Illinois". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ F., W.G. "Illinois Historic Sites Survey Inventory: Hardin County Courthouse and War Memorial". Springfield: Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, n.d.
  6. ^ "Elizabethtown Credits Teens in Flood Fight". Retrieved May 8, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-03.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.